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An immense mausoleum of white marble, built in Agra between 1631 and 1648 by order of the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his favourite wife, the Taj Mahal is the jewel of Muslim art in India and one of the universally admired masterpieces of the world's heritage.
Description is available under license CC-BY-SA IGO 3.0
Le Taj Mahal
Immense mausolée funéraire de marbre blanc édifiée entre 1631 et 1648 à Agra sur l'ordre de l'empereur moghol Shah Jahan pour perpétuer le souvenir de son épouse favorite, le Taj Mahal, joyau le plus parfait de l'art musulman en Inde, est l'un des chefs-d'œuvre universellement admirés du patrimoine de l'humanité.
إنّ تاج محل هو ضريح جنائزي هائل شُيّد من الرخام الأبيض بين عامي 1631 و1648 في أغرا بناءً على أوامر الإمبراطور المغولي شاه جهان بهدف تخليد ذكرى زوجته المفضّلة. ويشكّل تاج محل الذي يُعتبر أفضل جوهرة في الفن الإسلامي في الهند إحدى أبرز تُحف التراث البشري التي هي محطّ إعجاب العالم بأسره.
source: UNESCO/ERI Description is available under license CC-BY-SA IGO 3.0
Мавзолей Тадж-Махал (город Агра)
Великолепный мавзолей из белого мрамора был возведен в Агре между 1631 и 1648 гг. по приказу могольского императора Шах-Джахана в память о его любимой жене. Тадж-Махал – это жемчужина мусульманского искусства в Индии и один из всеми признанных шедевров всемирного наследия.
Edificado entre 1631 y 1648 por orden del emperador mogol Shah Jahan para perpetuar la memoria de su esposa favorita, este grandioso mausoleo de mármol blanco es el más precioso joyel del arte musulmán en la India y una de las obras maestras universalmente admiradas del patrimonio cultural de la humanidad.
Dit gigantische mausoleum – opgetrokken uit wit marmer – werd tussen 1631 en 1648 gebouwd in Agra in opdracht van de Mogolse Keizer Shah Jahan, ter nagedachtenis aan zijn favoriete echtgenote Mumtaz Mahal. Het is het kroonstuk van de islamitische kunst in India en wordt universeel gezien als één van de meesterstukken op de Werelderfgoedlijst. Het mausoleum is gebouwd op de rechteroever van de (rivier) Yamuna en staat in een geweldige Mogolse tuin die bijna 17 hectaren beslaat. De Taj Mahal wordt beschouwd als het grootste architectonische werk binnen de Indo-islamitische cultuur. Het reliëfwerk in het marmer en de ingelegde edel- en halfedelstenen maken het een buitengewoon monument.
मुगल बादशाह शाहजहाँ के आदेश से अपनी प्रियतमा पत्नी की याद में 1631 और 1648 के बीच आगरा में सफेद संगमरमर का एक विशाल मकबरा बनाया गया, ताजमहल भारत में मुस्लिम कला की उत्कृष्ट कृति है और विश्व विरासत में सार्वभौमिक रूप से प्रशंसित उत्कृष्ट कृतियों में से एक है।
Outstanding Universal Value
The Taj Mahal is located on the right bank of the Yamuna River in a vast Mughal garden that encompasses nearly 17 hectares, in the Agra District in Uttar Pradesh. It was built by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his wife Mumtaz Mahal with construction starting in 1632 AD and completed in 1648 AD, with the mosque, the guest house and the main gateway on the south, the outer courtyard and its cloisters were added subsequently and completed in 1653 AD. The existence of several historical and Quaranic inscriptions in Arabic script have facilitated setting the chronology of Taj Mahal. For its construction, masons, stone-cutters, inlayers, carvers, painters, calligraphers, dome builders and other artisans were requisitioned from the whole of the empire and also from the Central Asia and Iran. Ustad-Ahmad Lahori was the main architect of the Taj Mahal.
The Taj Mahal is considered to be the greatest architectural achievement in the whole range of Indo-Islamic architecture. Its recognised architectonic beauty has a rhythmic combination of solids and voids, concave and convex and light shadow; such as arches and domes further increases the aesthetic aspect. The colour combination of lush green scape reddish pathway and blue sky over it show cases the monument in ever changing tints and moods. The relief work in marble and inlay with precious and semi precious stones make it a monument apart.
The uniqueness of Taj Mahal lies in some truly remarkable innovations carried out by the horticulture planners and architects of Shah Jahan. One such genius planning is the placing of tomb at one end of the quadripartite garden rather than in the exact centre, which added rich depth and perspective to the distant view of the monument. It is also, one of the best examples of raised tomb variety. The tomb is further raised on a square platform with the four sides of the octagonal base of the minarets extended beyond the square at the corners. The top of the platform is reached through a lateral flight of steps provided in the centre of the southern side. The ground plan of the Taj Mahal is in perfect balance of composition, the octagonal tomb chamber in the centre, encompassed by the portal halls and the four corner rooms. The plan is repeated on the upper floor. The exterior of the tomb is square in plan, with chamfered corners. The large double storied domed chamber, which houses the cenotaphs of Mumtaz Mahal and Shah Jahan, is a perfect octagon in plan. The exquisite octagonal marble lattice screen encircling both cenotaphs is a piece of superb workmanship. It is highly polished and richly decorated with inlay work. The borders of the frames are inlaid with precious stones representing flowers executed with wonderful perfection. The hues and the shades of the stones used to make the leaves and the flowers appear almost real. The cenotaph of Mumtaz Mahal is in perfect centre of the tomb chamber, placed on a rectangular platform decorated with inlaid flower plant motifs. The cenotaph of Shah Jahan is greater than Mumtaz Mahal and installed more than thirty years later by the side of the latter on its west. The upper cenotaphs are only illusory and the real graves are in the lower tomb chamber (crypt), a practice adopted in the imperial Mughal tombs.
The four free-standing minarets at the corners of the platform added a hitherto unknown dimension to the Mughal architecture. The four minarets provide not only a kind of spatial reference to the monument but also give a three dimensional effect to the edifice.
The most impressive in the Taj Mahal complex next to the tomb, is the main gate which stands majestically in the centre of the southern wall of the forecourt. The gate is flanked on the north front by double arcade galleries. The garden in front of the galleries is subdivided into four quarters by two main walk-ways and each quarters in turn subdivided by the narrower cross-axial walkways, on the Timurid-Persian scheme of the walled in garden. The enclosure walls on the east and west have a pavilion at the centre.
The Taj Mahal is a perfect symmetrical planned building, with an emphasis of bilateral symmetry along a central axis on which the main features are placed. The building material used is brick-in-lime mortar veneered with red sandstone and marble and inlay work of precious/semi precious stones. The mosque and the guest house in the Taj Mahal complex are built of red sandstone in contrast to the marble tomb in the centre. Both the buildings have a large platform over the terrace at their front. Both the mosque and the guest house are the identical structures. They have an oblong massive prayer hall consist of three vaulted bays arranged in a row with central dominant portal. The frame of the portal arches and the spandrels are veneered in white marble. The spandrels are filled with flowery arabesques of stone intarsia and the arches bordered with rope molding.
Criterion (i): Taj Mahal represents the finest architectural and artistic achievement through perfect harmony and excellent craftsmanship in a whole range of Indo-Islamic sepulchral architecture. It is a masterpiece of architectural style in conception, treatment and execution and has unique aesthetic qualities in balance, symmetry and harmonious blending of various elements.
Integrity is maintained in the intactness of tomb, mosque, guest house, main gate and the whole Taj Mahal complex. The physical fabric is in good condition and structural stability, nature of foundation, verticality of the minarets and other constructional aspects of Taj Mahal have been studied and continue to be monitored. To control the impact of deterioration due for atmospheric pollutants, an air control monitoring station is installed to constantly monitor air quality and control decay factors as they arise. To ensure the protection of the setting, the adequate management and enforcement of regulations in the extended buffer zone is needed. In addition, future development for tourist facilities will need to ensure that the functional and visual integrity of the property is maintained, particularly in the relationship with the Agra Fort.
The tomb, mosque, guest house, main gate and the overall Taj Mahal complex have maintained the conditions of authenticity at the time of inscription. Although an important amount of repairs and conservation works have been carried out right from the British period in India these have not compromised to the original qualities of the buildings. Future conservation work will need to follow guidelines that ensure that qualities such as form and design continue to be preserved.
Protection and management requirements
The management of Taj Mahal complex is carried out by the Archaeological Survey of India and the legal protection of the monument and the control over the regulated area around the monument is through the various legislative and regulatory frameworks that have been established, including the Ancient Monument and Archaeological Sites and Remains Act 1958 and Rules 1959 Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains (Amendment and Validation); which is adequate to the overall administration of the property and buffer areas. Additional supplementary laws ensure the protection of the property in terms of development in the surroundings.
An area of 10,400 sq km around the Taj Mahal is defined to protect the monument from pollution. The Supreme Court of India in December, 1996, delivered a ruling banning use of coal/coke in industries located in the Taj Trapezium Zone (TTZ) and switching over to natural gas or relocating them outside the TTZ. The TTZ comprises of 40 protected monuments including three World Heritage Sites - Taj Mahal, Agra Fort and Fatehpur Sikri.
The fund provided by the federal government is adequate for the buffer areas. The fund provided by the federal government is adequate for the overall conservation, preservation and maintenance of the complex to supervise activities at the site under the guidance of the Superintending Archaeologist of the Agra Circle. The implementation of an Integrated Management plan is necessary to ensure that the property maintains the existing conditions, particularly in the light of significant pressures derived from visitation that will need to be adequately managed. The Management plan should also prescribe adequate guidelines for proposed infrastructure development and establish a comprehensive Public Use plan.
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The Taj Mahal is an ivory-white marble mausoleum on the south bank of the Yamuna river in the Indian city of Agra. It was commissioned in 1632 by the Mughal emperor, Shah Jahan (reigned from 1628 to 1658), to house the tomb of his favourite wife, Mumtaz Mahal. The tomb is the centrepiece of a 17-hectare (42-acre)complex, which includes a mosque and a guest house, and is set in formal gardens bounded on three sides by a crenellated wall.
Construction of the mausoleum was essentially completed in 1643 but work continued on other phases of the project for another 10 years. The Taj Mahal complex is believed to have been completed in its entirety in 1653 at a cost estimated at the time to be around 32 million rupees, which in 2015 would be approximately 52.8 billion rupees (U.S. $827 million). The construction project employed some 20,000 artisans under the guidance of a board of architects led by the court architect to the emperor, Ustad Ahmad Lahauri.
The Taj Mahal was designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983 for being “the jewel of Muslim art in India and one of the universally admired masterpieces of the world’s heritage”. It is regarded by many as the best example of Mughal architecture and a symbol of India’s rich history. The Taj Mahal attracts 7–8 million visitors a year. In 2007, it was declared a winner of the New 7 Wonders of the World (2000–2007) initiative.
How to Reach:
It takes 12 minutes to travel from Taj Mahal to Kheria Airport. There is a distance of 10 km between the Taj Mahal and the Kheria Airport
There is a good network of trains connecting Agra with the rest of the country. Apart from the main railway station of Agra Cantonment, there are other two stations also, that of Raja-ki-Mandi and Agra Fort. The main trains connecting Agra with Delhi are Palace on Wheels, Shatabdi, Rajdhani, and Taj Express.
There are regular bus services from Agra to a number of important cities. The main bus stands of Idgah and ISBT has a number of buses running for Delhi, Jaipur, Mathura, Fatehpur-Sikri, etc. if you are coming from Delhi to Agra. you can hire Delhi to Agra Taxi on specail discounts.
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- Table Of Contents
The Taj Mahal is a mausoleum complex in Agra , western Uttar Pradesh state, northern India . It is considered the finest example of Mughal architecture (a blend of Indian, Persian, and Islamic styles). The Taj Mahal is also one of the world’s most iconic monuments, visited by millions of tourists each year. The complex was designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1983.
Who was the Taj Mahal built for?
The Taj Mahal was built as a tomb for Mumtaz Mahal (“Chosen One of the Palace”) by her husband, the Mughal emperor Shah Jahān (reigned 1628–58). She died in childbirth in 1631, after having been the emperor’s inseparable companion since their marriage in 1612.
Is the Taj Mahal a tomb?
The Taj Mahal is a mausoleum complex that houses the tombs of Mumtaz Mahal (“Chosen One of the Palace”) and her husband, the Mughal emperor Shah Jahān (reigned 1628–58).
When was the Taj Mahal built?
Building of the Taj Mahal began about 1632. The mausoleum itself was completed by about 1638–39. The adjunct buildings were finished by 1643, and decoration work continued until at least 1647. In total, construction of the 42-acre (17-hectare) complex spanned 22 years.
Why does the Taj Mahal change colours?
The Taj Mahal is built of white marble that reflects hues according to the intensity of the sunlight or the moonlight.
Read a brief summary of this topic
Taj Mahal , also spelled Tadj Mahall , mausoleum complex in Agra , western Uttar Pradesh state, northern India . The Taj Mahal was built by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahān (reigned 1628–58) to immortalize his wife Mumtaz Mahal (“Chosen One of the Palace”), who died in childbirth in 1631, having been the emperor’s inseparable companion since their marriage in 1612. India’s most famous and widely recognized building, it is situated in the eastern part of the city on the southern (right) bank of the Yamuna (Jumna) River . Agra Fort (Red Fort), also on the right bank of the Yamuna, is about 1 mile (1.6 km) west of the Taj Mahal.
In its harmonious proportions and its fluid incorporation of decorative elements, the Taj Mahal is distinguished as the finest example of Mughal architecture , a blend of Indian, Persian , and Islamic styles. Other attractions include twin mosque buildings (placed symmetrically on either side of the mausoleum), lovely gardens, and a museum. One of the most beautiful structural compositions in the world, the Taj Mahal is also one of the world’s most iconic monuments, visited by millions of tourists each year. The complex was designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1983.
The plans for the complex have been attributed to various architects of the period, though the chief architect was probably Ustad Aḥmad Lahawrī, an Indian of Persian descent. The five principal elements of the complex—main gateway, garden, mosque , jawāb (literally “answer”; a building mirroring the mosque), and mausoleum (including its four minarets)—were conceived and designed as a unified entity according to the tenets of Mughal building practice, which allowed no subsequent addition or alteration. Building commenced about 1632. More than 20,000 workers were employed from India, Persia , the Ottoman Empire , and Europe to complete the mausoleum itself by about 1638–39; the adjunct buildings were finished by 1643, and decoration work continued until at least 1647. In total, construction of the 42-acre (17-hectare) complex spanned 22 years.
A tradition relates that Shah Jahān originally intended to build another mausoleum across the river to house his own remains. That structure was to have been constructed of black marble, and it was to have been connected by a bridge to the Taj Mahal. He was deposed in 1658 by his son Aurangzeb , however, and was imprisoned for the rest of his life in Agra Fort.
Resting in the middle of a wide plinth 23 feet (7 metres) high, the mausoleum proper is of white marble that reflects hues according to the intensity of sunlight or moonlight. It has four nearly identical facades, each with a wide central arch rising to 108 feet (33 metres) at its apex and chamfered (slanted) corners incorporating smaller arches. The majestic central dome, which reaches a height of 240 feet (73 metres) at the tip of its finial , is surrounded by four lesser domes. The acoustics inside the main dome cause the single note of a flute to reverberate five times. The interior of the mausoleum is organized around an octagonal marble chamber ornamented with low-relief carvings and semiprecious stones ( pietra dura ). Therein are the cenotaphs of Mumtaz Mahal and Shah Jahān. Those false tombs are enclosed by a finely wrought filigree marble screen. Beneath the tombs, at garden level, lie the true sarcophagi. Standing gracefully apart from the central building, at each of the four corners of the square plinth, are elegant minarets.
Flanking the mausoleum near the northwestern and northeastern edges of the garden, respectively, are two symmetrically identical buildings—the mosque, which faces east, and its jawāb , which faces west and provides aesthetic balance. Built of red Sikri sandstone with marble-necked domes and architraves , they contrast in both colour and texture with the mausoleum’s white marble.
The garden is set out along classical Mughal lines—a square quartered by long watercourses (pools)—with walking paths, fountains, and ornamental trees. Enclosed by the walls and structures of the complex, it provides a striking approach to the mausoleum, which can be seen reflected in the garden’s central pools.
The southern end of the complex is graced by a wide red sandstone gateway with a recessed central arch two stories high. White marble paneling around the arch is inlaid with black Qurʾānic lettering and floral designs. The main arch is flanked by two pairs of smaller arches. Crowning the northern and southern facades of the gateway are matching rows of white chattri s ( chhattri s; cupola-like structures), 11 to each facade, accompanied by thin ornamental minarets that rise to some 98 feet (30 metres). At the four corners of the structure are octagonal towers capped with larger chattri s.
Two notable decorative features are repeated throughout the complex: pietra dura and Arabic calligraphy . As embodied in the Mughal craft, pietra dura (Italian: “hard stone”) incorporates the inlay of semiprecious stones of various colours, including lapis lazuli , jade , crystal , turquoise , and amethyst, in highly formalized and intertwining geometric and floral designs. The colours serve to moderate the dazzling expanse of the white Makrana marble. Under the direction of Amānat Khan al-Shīrāzī, verses from the Qurʾān were inscribed across numerous sections of the Taj Mahal in calligraphy, central to Islamic artistic tradition. One of the inscriptions in the sandstone gateway is known as Daybreak (89:28–30) and invites the faithful to enter paradise. Calligraphy also encircles the soaring arched entrances to the mausoleum proper. To ensure a uniform appearance from the vantage point of the terrace, the lettering increases in size according to its relative height and distance from the viewer.
Over the centuries the Taj Mahal has been subject to neglect and decay. A major restoration was carried out at the beginning of the 20th century under the direction of Lord Curzon , then the British viceroy of India. More recently, air pollution caused by emissions from foundries and other nearby factories and exhaust from motor vehicles has damaged the mausoleum, notably its marble facade. A number of measures have been taken to reduce the threat to the monument, among them the closing of some foundries and the installation of pollution-control equipment at others, the creation of a parkland buffer zone around the complex, and the banning of nearby vehicular traffic. A restoration and research program for the Taj Mahal was initiated in 1998. Progress in improving environmental conditions around the monument has been slow, however.
From time to time the Taj Mahal has been subject to India’s political dynamics . Night viewing was banned there between 1984 and 2004 because it was feared that the monument would be a target of Sikh militants. In addition, it increasingly has come to be seen as an Indian cultural symbol. Some Hindu nationalist groups have attempted to diminish the importance of the Muslim influence in accounting for the origins and design of the Taj Mahal.
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Shah Jahan was the Muslim ruler of the Mughal Empire in India from 1628 to 1658. His wife died in 1631, and the construction of the Taj Mahal began the following year.
The monument is located on the bank of the Yamuna (or Jumna) River. It is surrounded by formal gardens and reflecting ponds. The building rests on a square marble base that rises 23 feet (7 meters) high. The building is roughly square-shaped. Each of the four faces of the structure has a large arch that rises 108 feet (33 meters) high. Above the center of the building is an onion-shaped dome.
Pure white marble covers the outside of the building. Set into the marble are gemstones of various colors. These include lapis lazuli, jade, crystal, turquoise, and amethyst. The stones form geometric and floral designs.
The interior of the Taj Mahal is a large room that contains monuments to Jahan and his wife. A carved marble screen surrounds these monuments. Beneath the monuments lie the actual tombs of Jahan and his wife.
Over the years the Taj Mahal has been affected by pollution from nearby factories as well as from motor vehicles. However, steps are being taken to prevent further damage to the site.
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- Taj Mahal Essay
Essay on Taj Mahal
Taj Mahal Essay: Taj Mahal requires no introduction. This structure is one of the world's Seven Wonders of the World. It's no surprise that people swarm in flies every year to see the splendor of his beauty. This monument may be found in the city of Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India. In other words , the Taj Mahal is a symbol of Mughal architecture at its best. The Taj Mahal is one of the most recognised landmarks in India. The Taj Mahal is a symbol of India that many people associate with the country. However, the tale behind it, rather than the magnificent architecture, appeals to me the most. This exquisite beauty is a powerful representation of a husband's devotion to his wife. It also serves as a reminder of the power of love and how it might serve as an example for future generations.
The Taj Mahal — A Love Symbol
The Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan's vision brought the world-famous Taj Mahal to life. After his loving wife, Mumtaz Mahal, died, he had this monument made for her.
Shah Jahan commissioned the finest artisans from all over the world to construct it in memory of his devoted wife. He wanted to create something that no one had ever seen before. The emperor wanted to give his wife, whom he adored, one more gift.
People continue to sing accolades for Shah Jahan's magnificent deed. It inspires you to believe in love and cherish it in new ways. We may also observe how the immortal lovers' bodies are buried beneath the tomb. Shah Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal were buried next to each other and remained so long after death.
Taj Mahal Construction
In 1983, UNESCO designated the Taj Mahal as a World Heritage Site. What distinguishes this monument from others? Why do people from all walks of life flock to see its beauty? White marble was used to construct the Taj Mahal. As a result, this marble was exported from a variety of countries around the world.
They started building it in 1630 and finished it about 20 years later. Shah Jahan rejected various concepts before deciding on the Taj Mahal's current structure. The monument's walls are encrusted with precious stones.
The Taj Mahal is a masterpiece of architecture. The four pillars in the corners have a slight inclination to them. This was done to protect the monument from natural disasters. The Taj Mahal was built with a large sum of money by Shah Jahan.
Furthermore, we can see how the construction of this edifice took around 20,000 individuals to finish. Furthermore, the Taj Mahal's architecture was influenced by a variety of architectural traditions, including Indian, Turkish, and Persian.
In addition, there is a lovely fountain with water channels in front of the Taj Mahal. The Taj's reflection in the water creates an enthralling sight. It has the appearance of a fairytale.
To summarize, every Indian is proud of the Taj Mahal's beauty and tradition. This monument is well-known throughout the world. Every year, between 2 and 4 million people visit the Taj Mahal. The monument's beauty and history draw the most visitors and make it famous around the world.
FAQs on Taj Mahal Essay
1. What is the Taj Mahal?
Taj Mahal can be well explained in the essay of the Taj Mahal Essay by Vedantu. It is considered one of the most important and seventh wonders of the world. It is an ancient architectural structure. Taj Mahal was built by Shahjahan in memory of his wife Mumtaz. It is a symbol of love and purity and many tourists visit Agra, India to see the beauty. It is one of the most beautiful monuments and is made with marble and is located on the banks of river Yamuna.
2. What is the significance of the Taj Mahal?
Taj Mahal is one of the world‘s famous monuments that has impeccable beauty and architectural structure. To date, no other architect has been able to build such a beautiful monument. It is a symbol of love and purity that was made for Mumtaz by Shahjahan. The Mogul emperor devoted his love in the form of this beauty for his queen. People from all over the world come to see the monument. To know more about the Taj Mahal, download the PDF from Vedantu on Taj Mahal Essay.
3. Is it easy to write a Taj Mahal Essay?
Writing an essay in English can be difficult for those who cannot read and speak proper English. An essay about the Taj Mahal requires deep research and knowledge about the monument (know the history) and putting the thoughts and views in the English language. You can learn and write the essay in a better way via Vedantu’s Taj Mahal Essay. The free PDF consists of all the information giving the significance, brief history and architectural structure of the Taj Mahal.
4. What are the other things to admire around the Taj Mahal?
Taj Mahal is situated on the banks of the river Yamuna in Agra, India. Apart from the main building Taj Mahal has other attractive destinations. There is a beautiful fountain that has a lot of water channels and can be located around the marble tomb. You can see the reflection of the same and it looks so beautiful. The nearby greenery can be relaxing and provide a stress-free environment for people. Taj Mahal looks impeccable on a full moon night.
5. What can I learn with the help of the Taj Mahal Essay?
Students who read the Taj Mahal Essay from Vedantu can learn about the Mughal emperor- Shahjahan’s masterpiece. It describes the significance, brief history and importance of the seventh wonder of the world, the Taj Mahal. You will be able to know about the history and cherish it in the name of love that was built for his wife Mumtaz. Mumtaz died and Shahjahan built the Taj Mahal in fond memory of her. You will be able to write the essay in your own words with regular eating and practice.
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Essay On Taj Mahal – 10 Lines, Short And Long Essay For Children
Key Points to Remember When Writing Essay On Taj Mahal For Lower Primary Classes
10 lines on taj mahal for kids, a paragraph on the taj mahal for children, short essay on taj mahal in english for kids, long essay on taj mahal for children, what will your child learn from taj mahal essay.
Taj Mahal doesn’t need any introduction. It is one of the most magnificent monuments on Earth. Kids can learn in detail about this beautiful monument by composing an essay on the Taj Mahal for classes 1, 2 and 3.
As per experts, it would have been nearly impossible to come up with such an architecture, but the Taj Mahal stands tall amongst the world-renowned Mughal architectures, and it took over 22 years to complete. Archaeologists marvel at the impeccable design and engineering professionals achieved around 400 years ago. All these reasons have made the Taj Mahal enter the list of seven wonders of the world. An essay on the Taj Mahal, one of the seven wonders of the world, in English will provide great insight into this topic.
When writing an essay for lower primary classes, keeping the details simple and easy to learn is crucial. Here are the key points that will help kids how to write an essay on the Taj Mahal.
- Mention the date of construction because it indicates the use of material and fusion in the style of architecture.
- Do not forget to add the location.
- Add details about the ruler who commissioned the building of the Taj Mahal.
- Talk about the typical Mughal architecture and the properties observed in the Taj Mahal.
- You can also talk about why the Taj Mahal is included in the list of seven wonders of the world.
- It is crucial to tell the story behind the Taj Mahal because it is what makes this monument so interesting.
- It would be best to refrain from indulging in too much technical information like complete historical background, dimensions, etc.
Kids have limited retention power. Therefore, you should only provide basic details in one-liners. However, you should cover all the crucial points so the kids can build on the given information in later classes. Here are a few lines about the Taj Mahal:
- Taj Mahal is located in Agra, a city in Uttar Pradesh.
- This famous monument is situated on the banks of the river Yamuna.
- Taj Mahal was built in 1632 by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan.
- Taj Mahal is made of white marble.
- The monument is one of the seven wonders of the world.
- Taj Mahal is essentially a tomb built in the memory of Shah Jahan’s wife, Mumtaz Mahal.
- Taj Mahal is also famous as the symbol of love.
- The popular dome and the pillars around the Taj Mahal are common in medieval Mughal architecture.
- In 1982, the Taj Mahal was designated as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.
- People from all over the world and from all walks of life come to India to adore the beauty of the Taj Mahal.
These lines can help them build an essay for classes 1 and 2.
Writing short paragraphs teaches children to structure the essay articulately. Use simple words and short sentences while writing a paragraph for generic topics like the Taj Mahal. Also, take note of the arrangement of sentences. Here is an example of a few lines about the Taj Mahal for children:
Taj Mahal is one of the most adored monuments in the world. The glazing white marble shimmers over the Yamuna river, creating a paradise illusion. In front of the Taj Mahal are lush Persian gardens that complement the majesty of the architecture. The beautiful monument is located in Agra, Uttar Pradesh. Every year, thousands of tourists visit India to take a look at this marvellous piece of architecture.
Taj Mahal is the symbol of love as it was built by Shah Jahan in the memory of his wife, Mumtaz Mahal. The grave of Mumtaz lies beneath the Taj Mahal. Today, the monument’s beauty is in danger because of environmental pollution, and this has led to the decolouring of white marble. Hence, the Taj Trapezium Zone (TTZ) Authority has banned the use of petrol and diesel vehicles to enter a 500m radius of the Taj Mahal.
We have seen that there is a chapter for short paragraphs or short essays in a lot of academic curriculums for primary kids. This is to introduce the kids to the basics of article writing. Here is an essay on the Taj Mahal in 150 words.
Taj Mahal is one of the major attractions in India and is known worldwide for its magnificence. As a result, tourists from global platforms travel our country to see and praise this beautiful creation. Situated in Agra, it is a stunning piece of art; Shah Jahan built it in the memory of his beautiful wife. It is also believed that Shah Jahan saw many designs of the Taj Mahal and later selected the present one. It showcases the ultimate power of love and dedication between two people. UNESCO declared the Taj Mahal a heritage site in 1982. It took almost 22 years to finish this great creation. Expensive stones are used to decorate the Taj Mahal. The most suitable time to visit the Taj Mahal is during the sunset when sun rays fall on the glimmering white marble to create a mesmerising image. This beautiful monument, the Taj Mahal, is named one of the seven wonders of the world.
Knowing about the Taj Mahal can be a very enriching experience for kids. They can learn a great deal about it by writing an essay for class 3.
This magnificent piece of architecture leaves everyone intoxicated at first glance. If you visit this monument on a clear sky day, you will notice the magnanimity of the beauty that people talk about. Moreover, the symmetrical reflection of the Taj Mahal on the Yamuna waters creates a multi-dimensional image that is amazing in itself. People fly miles and miles to have one look at this mesmerising piece of work. No wonder the Taj Mahal is one of the seven wonders of the world.
Taj Mahal symbolises the peak of Mughal architecture under the leadership of Shah Jahan. He was interested in architecture, but as per 17th-century manuscripts, Ustad Ahmed was the main architect behind its beautiful creation. We are no stranger to the majestic Mughal buildings, but what sets the Taj Mahal apart is the brilliance of architecture and engineering that people achieved around 400 years ago.
1. Taj Mahal – The Symbol Of Love & One Of The Seven Wonders
What adds to the beauty of the Taj Mahal is the fine story behind its origin? Mumtaz was Shah Jahan’s most loved wife, and he adored her in inexplicable ways. When Mumtaz died, it left Shah Jahan in despair and dismay.
He now longed for her even more. Shah Jahan could not come to terms with the death of his wife, who he loved immensely. He did not want Mumtaz’s name to be lost in history and decided to build a monument to etch an unforgettable chapter in history. The monument was supposed to represent the beauty and purity of his deceased wife.
For this reason, Shah Jahan asked his people to invite the best artisans and architects. Shah Jahan’s vision was to create a monument that was one of its kind. Taj Mahal is also known as one last gift by Shah Jahan to Mumtaz. In the end, Shah Jahan was also buried in the same building, next to his wife, so the two lovers could share eternity.
2. Construction/Making Of Taj Mahal
The fact that the Taj Mahal was built with imported marbles makes it unique. Moreover, we can see the fusion of Turkish, Persian, and Mughal architecture, which creates a magnificent design. According to historians, one of the reasons behind the Taj Mahal’s more than 22 years timeline is that Shah Jahan had initially rejected many designs. If you look closely, you will be able to see a slight inward inclination in the pillars. This was done to protect the monument in the event of a natural disaster. Lastly, let’s not forget the subtle contribution of the fountain and the underlying channels that create a mirror image of the Taj Mahal.
Your child can learn a great deal about this beautiful monument’s history and origin. He can comprehend unique facts and details about this historical place Taj Mahal.
The reason behind this beautiful creation is the sheer love and devotion that the Mughal emperor had for his wife. He could not let the death of his better half go in vain. He wanted the world to know about his love and commitment. Taj Mahal continues to inspire generations after generations. It tells us about the power of love and benevolence.
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The Taj Mahal
The location, paradise on earth, the gardens, what the taj mahal represents.
"The physical fabric is in good condition and structural stability, nature of foundation, verticality of the minarets and other constructional aspects of Taj Mahal have been studied and continue to be monitored."
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Taj Mahal Essay
500+ Words Essay on the Taj Mahal
The Taj Mahal is a great Indian monument that attracts thousands of people from all over the world every year. It is located on the bank of the Yamuna River in the city of Agra in Uttar Pradesh. It is situated around 2.5 km away from the Agra Fort. It is known as the symbol of love as Mughal emperor Shah Jahan built it in memory of his wife, Mumtaz Mahal. The Taj Mahal is the best-known and most famous example of Mughal architecture, which combined elements from Islamic and Indian architectural styles. The essay on the Taj Mahal is the most common topic which is asked in the English paper. So, students must go through this essay and try to write their own essay on the Taj Mahal in English.
Taj Mahal: The Symbol of Love
The Taj Mahal is one of the seven wonders of the world. It is recognized as one of the most beautiful structural compositions in the world and was designated as a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1983. Shah Jahan built the Taj Mahal in memory of his honourable and beloved wife, Mumtaz Mahal after she passed away. It is said that Shah Jahan gifted the Taj Mahal to his wife. It represents the love and bond of husband and wife and is recognized as the symbol of love. Interestingly, the Taj Mahal is believed to reflect the different moods of Mumtaz because it is pinkish in the morning, milky white in the evening and golden when the moon shines.
Shah Jahan made four promises to his wife when she was alive. These promises include building the taj, marrying again, visiting the tomb on every death anniversary, and being gentle with his children. After two years, he decided to make a monument to honour the memory of his wife. So, he decided to build an exceptional monument that had never been constructed before. He turned it into a reality by making the Taj Mahal with the effort of 20,000 workers. It took 22 years to complete the construction of the Taj Mahal. It was also suspected that Shah Jahan cut the hands of all the 20,000 workers so that they would never build this type of monument again.
What Makes Taj Mahal So Special?
The Taj Mahal is termed “the jewel of Muslim art in India”. The architecture of the Taj Mahal has five different main elements. The main gateway of the Taj Mahal is a curved shape and looks beautiful. There comes a beautiful garden after entering through the main gate. The garden has a long pool of water. The garden has beautiful beds of flowers and green trees. The Masjid is located on the left side of the Taj, which is built using red sandstones. The rest house is located on the right side of the Taj; it is named Saqqara khaana. The Taj Mahal is constructed using 28 different types of precious stones and varieties of marble. It has been structured by combining various architectural styles like Indian, Persian, Islamic and Turkish. The white marbles used in the construction of the Taj Mahal are very expensive, and the architecture is decorated with ornamental gem materials.
The Archaeological Survey of India carries out the management of the Taj Mahal. It is one of the most beautiful monuments in India. Tourists from all over the world visit the place to enjoy the beauty of this monument of love. So, every individual must help in preserving and maintain such an incredible monument.
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Frequently asked Questions on Taj mahal Essay
Why is taj mahal known as the symbol of love.
Taj Mahal was built in the span of 20 years by emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal. Thus it is seen as a depiction of love.
Is Taj Mahal still one of the World’s Wonders?
Yes, the Taj Mahal had constant visitors even during the COVID pandemic season and remains one of the famous – World’s Wonders.
How to write a descriptive and impressive essay?
It is important for a student to use different words while writing essays as repeatitive words can lead to boring content. Students should thus read articles, newspapers, blogs, etc to improve their vocabulary skills.
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