20 Animal Testing Articles to Support Your Persuasive Essay

If I say “animal testing,” which of the following two images comes to mind?

Image #1: Professional, ethical scientists carefully monitoring and testing animals and developing life-saving cures. Image #2: People needlessly injecting, probing, and torturing defenseless animals.

While some of you may have an image that’s somewhere between ethical testing and torture, I’m sure many of you will either see Image #1 or Image #2.

Animal testing is one of those topics that can polarize opinions. It’s this extreme difference in opinion that can make this topic a good choice for a persuasive essay.

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It’s easy to say you’re either for or against animal testing, but you can’t write an effective persuasive essay about the topic without evidence to support your opinion.

Use these animal testing articles to help support your persuasive essay.

Choosing Appropriate Animal Testing Articles

animal testing articles

One of the most important things to remember about research  and choosing articles for your persuasive essay is that not all sources are created equal.

Sources can be outdated, incorrect, biased, or simply not appropriate for your paper.

That blog written by your roommate about how to reduce stress and anxiety during exam week might provide some useful advice. But if you’re writing a research paper, you’re better off citing someone more credible, like a professor or doctor.

And because finding good sources takes time, don’t simply pick the first five sources you find after Googling “animal testing.”

Actually read the sources before you decide to use them for your paper. (I know, this adds some extra time to your research process, but trust me, it’s worth it.)

Wondering how to tell if a source is credible? Read  How to Apply the CRAAP Test to Your Essay Sources .

Still not sure what credible articles might look like? Review the following animal testing articles to find support for your persuasive essay.

animal testing articles

Whether you’re for or against animal testing, your paper needs to do the following:

I’ve divided these resources into categories to help you find the most appropriate articles for your persuasive essay.

I’ve also included an  MLA 8  citation and APA  citation for each article.

Articles on the history of animal testing

1. animal testing and medicine.

Written by a cardiologist, this article provides a brief overview of the history of animal testing but ultimately argues that animal testing is necessary and beneficial. (If you’re writing an argument of your own, check out How to Write a Winning Argument Essay .)

MLA 8 Citation Hajar, Rachel. “Animal Testing and Medicine.” Heart Views: The Official Journal of the Gulf Heart Association,  vol. 12, no. 1, 2011, p. 42, doi.org/10.4103/1995-705X.81548. APA Citation Hajar, R. (2011). Animal testing and medicine. Heart Views: The Official Journal of the Gulf Heart Association , 12 (1), 42. http://doi.org/10.4103/1995-705X.81548

2. Animal Testing: A Long, Unpretty History

This article provides a brief history of animal testing, including animal testing completed by the Greeks and Romans in the 2nd century and more recent testing on chimpanzees.

MLA 8 Citation Scutti, Susan. “Animal Testing: A Long, Unpretty History.” Medical Daily , Newsweek Media Group, 27 June 2013, www.medicaldaily.com/animal-testing-long-unpretty-history-247217. APA Citation Scutti, S. (2013). Animal testing: A long, unpretty history. Retrieved from http://www.medicaldaily.com/animal-testing-long-unpretty-history-247217

3. Animal Welfare Act

Published on the U.S. Department of Agriculture website, this page links to the full text of the Animal Welfare Act (which requires specific standards of treatment for animals used for commercial purposes or in research). This is a government website, and thus, the information is reliable.

MLA 8 Citation “Animal Welfare Act.” U.S. Department of Agriculture, www.nal.usda.gov/awic/animal-welfare-act. APA Citation U.S. Department of Agriculture. (n.d.). Animal welfare act. Retrieved from https://www.nal.usda.gov/awic/animal-welfare-act

Pro/con animal testing articles

animal testing articles

4. Pros and Cons of Animal Testing

Included in this article is a brief overview of the pros and cons of animal testing, two short animal experimentation videos, and an infographic about animal testing and cosmetics.

Want to use a pros and cons structure for your essay? Read How to Write a Pros and Cons Essay Like a Pro for helpful advice.

MLA 8 Citation “Pros and Cons of Animal Testing.” Health Research Funding, 26 Feb. 2014. healthresearchfunding.org/pros-cons-animal-testing/. APA Citation Health Research Funding. (2014). Pros and cons of animal testing. Retrieved from http://healthresearchfunding.org/pros-cons-animal-testing/

5. Should Animals Be Used for Commercial or Scientific Testing?

This page offers a variety of pro and con quotes about animal testing from authors, doctors, professors, and other credible professionals.

MLA 8 Citation “Should Animals Be Used for Scientific or Commercial Testing?” ProCon.org , 7 April 2017, animal-testing.procon.org/view.answers.php?questionID=001887. APA Citation Should animals be used for scientific or commercial testing? (n.d.). Retrieved from http://animal-testing.procon.org/view.answers.php?questionID=001887

6. Animal Testing Cons: What Every Person Should Know

As the title indicates, this article focuses on the negative aspects of animal testing, such as the cost, the lack of protection for animals, and the fact that some tests are, in the end, simply pointless.

This article is a blog post published by Udemy, “…a global marketplace for learning and teaching online.” Though the article provides valuable information, keep in mind that blog posts may not be appropriate for all research papers.

(Check with your prof, and read the assignment guidelines to make sure you’re allowed to cite blogs.)

MLA 8 Citation Klazema, April. “Animal Testing Cons: What Every Person Should Know.” Udemy.com , 13 June 2014, blog.udemy.com/animal-testing-cons/. APA Citation Klazema, A. (2014, June 13). Animal testing cons: What every person should know [Blog post]. Retrieved from https://blog.udemy.com/animal-testing-cons/

Pro/con animal testing websites

When citing full websites in APA, keep in mind that APA doesn’t require an entry in your references list. The APA citations below put the websites into formatting for the reference list in case your prof requires you to do it this way.

If not, then follow APA guidelines on citing full websites if you’re citing an entire site or for individual web sources if citing a particular page or article from a website.

7. Speaking of Research

The website Speaking of Research was “founded in 2008 by  Tom Holder and inspired by the British student movement ‘Pro-test'” ( www.pro-test.org.uk ).

The organization “…aims to change the tide of the controversial animal rights debate in the United States by encouraging students and scientists to speak out in favor of the lifesaving medical research developed with animals.”

MLA 8 Citation Speaking of Research . speakingofresearch.com/. APA Citation Speaking of Research. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://speakingofresearch.com/

8. Understanding Animal Research

animal testing articles

This website offers a variety of resources for journalists, scientists, schools, and policymakers. It also links to a number of news articles and other resources.

MLA 8 Citation Understanding Animal Research. www.understandinganimalresearch.org.uk/.   APA Citation Understanding Animal Research. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.understandinganimalresearch.org.uk/

9. International Association Against Painful Experiments on Animals

Founded in 1969, this organization argues against all forms of animal testing.

MLA 8 Citation International Association Against Painful Experiments on Animals . www.iaapea.com/. APA Citation International Association Against Painful Experiments on Animals. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.iaapea.com/

People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals is the self-proclaimed largest animal rights organization in the world and focuses on ending animal cruelty.

MLA 8 Citation People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA) . www.peta.org/. APA Citation People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA). (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.peta.org/

Animal testing news articles

11. how animal experiments paved the way for the cia’s torture program.

The author of this article, a neurologist and public health specialist, reveals that government torture of humans was directly inspired by similar animal testing. She also advocates for the government to stop its continued systematic experimentation on animals.

MLA 8 Citation Akhtar, Aysha. “How Animal Experiments Paved the Way for the CIA’s Torture Program.” HuffPost , Oath Inc., 21 Jan. 2015, www.huffingtonpost.com/aysha-akhtar/how-animal-experiments-pa_b_6462706.html. APA Citation Akhtar, A. (2015). How animal experiments paved the way for the CIA’s torture program. Retrieved from http://www.huffingtonpost.com/aysha-akhtar/how-animal-experiments-pa_b_6462706.html

 12. New Law Gives Cats and Dogs in Research Labs a Second Chance At Life

Published by HuffPost, this article discusses a 2016 law that states, “All state-funded research labs must make dogs and cats used as test subjects available for adoption—as opposed to euthanizing them—when testing is complete.”

MLA 8 Citation Hanson, Hillary. “New Law Gives Cats and Dogs in Research Labs A Second Chance At Life.” HuffPost,  Oath Inc., 17 Aug. 2016, www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/law-dogs-cats-adoption-testing-beagle-freedom_us_57b4b2b4e4b0fd5a2f40d552. APA Citation Hanson, H. (2016). New law gives cats and dogs in research labs a second chance at life. Retrieved from http://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/law-dogs-cats-adoption-testing-beagle-freedom_us_57b4b2b4e4b0fd5a2f40d552

Stuck on Your Essay? Check out thousands of example essays. Yes! Show me examples.

13. u.s. research lab lets livestock suffer in quest for profit.

This lengthy New York Times article describes a variety of tests, surgeries, and other experiments a giant research lab is using in an attempt to re-engineer farm animals. While the animals are a potential benefit to both the farms and the consumer, the harm and pain inflicted on the animals are extreme.

MLA 8 Citation Moss, Michael. “U.S. Research Lab Lets Livestock Suffer in Quest for Profit.” The New York Times , 19 Jan. 2015, www.nytimes.com/2015/01/20/dining/animal-welfare-at-risk-in-experiments-for-meat-industry.html?_r=1. APA Citation Moss, M. (2015, January 19). U.S. research lab lets livestock suffer in quest for profit. The New York Times . Retrieved from https://www.nytimes.com/2015/01/20/dining/animal-welfare-at-risk-in-experiments-for-meat-industry.html?_r=1

14. About Cosmetics Animal Testing

animal testing articles

MLA 8 Citation “About Cosmetics Animal Testing.”  Humane Society International , 6 March 2013, www.hsi.org/issues/becrueltyfree/facts/about_cosmetics _animal_testing.html. APA Citation About cosmetics animal testing. (2013). Retrieved from http://www.hsi.org /issues/becrueltyfree/facts/about_cosmetics_animal_testing.html

15. To Kill a Lab Rat

Many animals used in testing are euthanized after experiments by being forced to inhale carbon dioxide. Animals feel distress during this process, and this article reports that labs, because of the pain and discomfort felt by animals, are being asked to use anesthesia.

Many, however, question whether this practice will be effective as it too may cause some distress to animals.

This article highlights the controversy surrounding the topic of animal testing. If you’re completing your own research on the subject, take a look at How to Write Perfect Survey Questions for Your Paper .

MLA 8 Citation Grens, Kerry. “To Kill a Lab Rat.” The Scientist , LabX Media Group, 4 Nov. 2014, www.the-scientist.com/?articles.view/articleNo/41378/title/To-Kill-a-Lab-Rat/. APA Citation Grens, K. (2014, November 4). To kill a lab rat. The Scientist . Retrieved from http://www.the-scientist.com/?articles.view/articleNo/41378/title/To-Kill-a-Lab-Rat/

16. “Shocking” Animal Rights Exposés by Newspapers Were Nothing of the Kind

This article argues that, while it’s clear that some animal abuse occurs during experimentation, some newspapers sensationalize the reports. It further argues that only a handful of abuse cases can be substantiated.

MLA 8 Citation Fox, Fiona. “‘Shocking’ Animal Rights Exposés by Newspapers Were Nothing of the Kind.” The Guardian , Guardian News and Media Limited, 7 Oct. 2014, www.theguardian.com/science/2014/oct/07/animal-rights-uk-newspapers-buav. APA Citation Fox, F. (2104, October 7). “Shocking” animal rights exposés by newspapers were nothing of the kind. The Guardian . Retrieved from https://www.theguardian.com/science/2014/oct/07/animal-rights-uk-newspapers-buav

17. Animal Experimentation Up 73%, Study Says

The animal rights organization PETA claims that the use of animals in federally funded labs has increased 75% in the past 15 years. The article also includes the opinion of the National Institute of Health, who argues that PETA has used the data inappropriately and, thus, dismisses the study.

This article is published by CBS News and is a credible news source.

MLA 8 Citation Casey, Michael. “Animal Experimentation up 73 Percent, Study Says.” CBS News,  CBS Interactive, 26 Feb. 2015, www.cbsnews.com/news/peta-study-finds-animal-testing-in-federal-labs-on-the-increase/. APA Citation Casey, M. (2015). Animal experimentation up 73 percent, study says. Retrieved from http://www.cbsnews.com/news/peta-study-finds-animal-testing-in-federal-labs-on-the-increase/

18. Companies Are Making Human Skin in Labs to Curb Animal Testing of Products

Published by CNBC.com, this article explains that the cosmetics company L’Oreal is growing human skin (called EpiSkin) in labs. The lab-grown skin is used to test cosmetics and help reduce the number of animals used in testing.

MLA 8 Citation Woods, Bob. “Companies Are Making Human Skin in Labs to Curb Animal Testing of Products.” CNBC.com, 28 May 2017, www.cnbc.com/2017/05/25/loreal-is-making-lab-produced-human-skin-to-curb-animal-testing.html. APA Citation Woods, B. (2017). Companies are making human skin in labs to curb animal testing of products. Retrieved from http://www.cnbc.com/2017/05/25/loreal-is-making-lab-produced-human-skin-to-curb-animal-testing.html

19. The Price of Killing Off Animal Testing

Published in Newsweek , this article reports that, if animal rights activists achieved their goal of ending all animal testing, many people would suffer. The president of the Foundation for Biomedical Research even claims it “…would be a death sentence for millions of people around the world.”

MLA 8 Citation Ericson, John. “The Price of Killing Off Animal Testing.” Newsweek , 20 Feb. 2014, www.newsweek.com/2014/02/21/price-killing-animal-testing-245548.html. APA Citation Ericson, J. (2014, February 20). The price of killing off animal testing. Newsweek . Retrieved from http://www.newsweek.com/2014/02/21/price-killing-animal-testing-245548.html

20. The 6 Craziest Animal Experiments

Just as it sounds, this article provides a brief discussion of six strange and sometimes controversial animal experiments.

MLA 8 Citation Wolchover, Natalie. “The 6 Craziest Animal Experiments.” LiveScience , TechMedia Network, 1 August 2011, www.livescience.com/33420-6-craziest-animal-experiments.html. APA Citation Wolchover, N. (2011). The 6 craziest animal experiments. Retrieved from http://www.livescience.com/33420-6-craziest-animal-experiments.html

Finalizing Your Research

animal testing articles

It’s probably safe to say that, although this blog post contains 20 credible animal testing articles to support a persuasive essay, not all of the articles included here will work for your paper.

This, of course, means you’ll need to do more research.

Remember, finding good sources takes time, so don’t just use the first animal testing articles listed in your Google search. In fact, Google isn’t even the best way to complete your research (really!).

Google is a great start, but there are other places to find credible resources. Where, you ask? Read the  5 Best Sources to Help with Writing a Research Paper to find out!

Looking for even more help writing a persuasive essay? Read these posts:

Want to see what other students have written about the topic ? Check out these example essays about animal testing .

Need someone to review your finished paper? Have a  Kibin editor help revise and edit!

Psst... 98% of Kibin users report better grades! Get inspiration from over 500,000 example essays .

persuasive essay about animal testing

About the Author

Susan M. Inez is a professor of English and writing goddess based out of the Northeast. In addition to a BA in English Education, an MA in Composition, and an MS in Education, Susan has 20 years of experience teaching courses on composition, writing in the professions, literature, and more. She also served as co-director of a campus writing center for 2 years.


Animal Testing Persuasive Essay

Should we legalize animal testing ethical.

Animal testing is the cause of many controversial arguments. Is it ethical? Is it truely the best option? The answer to both of these questions is no. Animal testing is both cruel and unreliable. There are many alternatives to animal testing that would be safer for humans and animals alike. Although it cannot be completely eliminated at this point of time, steps need to be taken to minimize animal experimentation as much as possible.

Animal Testing Beneficial

In today's world, scientists have discovered alternative tests like a stem cell, genetic testing methods, and computer models, which is more reliable than animal testing. “ Almost every type of human and animal cell is grown in the laboratory. Scientists have even managed to coax cells to grow into 3D structures” (Cruelty-Free International). In another word, almost every kind of human organs is created in the laboratory. “Tissue Engineering is the science of growing replacement organs and tissue in the lab to replace damaged or diseased tissue” (Wake Forest School of

Animal Testing Barbaric And Inhumane Essay

Alternative testing methods that can be used are to get some volunteers, there are computer models, and scientist can make sheets of human cells grown in tubes over some time. During testing an object or substance, animals do not need to be involved. If you can replace animals with something then why wouldn’t you. It could help the life existences of the animals.

Persuasive Essay On Animal Testing

To begin, the experimental use of animals in medical studies is unethical. These creatures are confined in isolated cages where they are deprived of necessary environmental elements. It is not uncommon that they undergo ghastly methods of experimentation; including the inhalation of toxic fumes, the burning of their skin, and the crushing of their spinal cords ("People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals"). This information sheds light on the grim realities of animal experimentation. These creatures are living, breathing beings that do not deserve to be treated as they are nothing more than lab objects. Not only are they ripped from their natural habitats, but are forced to endure an irreversible psychological trauma . To put it in perspective, imagine a six-month-old child being taken from their parents and sent to a lab to undergo scientific experiments that could ultimately result in

Unethical Animal Testing

As of 2015, 200 to 225 million animals are said to used in laboratory research for the biomedical industry annually worldwide. Typically defended by arguments of reliability and human health benefits, recently the question of ethics and values placed on animal testing have caused it to become a relevant and pressing topic that has been more widely discussed and debated. First off, the laboratory conditions that are instigated upon millions of animal models for the sake of medical research has been said to be unethical and cruel. Additionally, it has been debated that the results of animal experimentation are unreliable across a wide range of areas. Lastly, animal testing not only leads away from the direction of resources from more effective testing methods but also prolongs the duration of time humans may need to wait for an effective cure. Therefore, the potential benefits of animal experimentation are greatly outweighed by the risks and collective harm of humans and animals which is why resources should be directed towards more human-based testing procedures.

Junior Rios. Britschgi. English 3. March 21St, 2017. Animal

Throughout the years the use of animals in medical research has been a hot debate around the world. Although animal testing may be cruel and inhumane, thousands of humans are saved thanks to the research that animals supply researchers with. Animals testing have taken over our knowledge of medicine and treatments to a whole different level. Animal testing also does this in a cheap and effective way. Without animals testing out knowledge wouldn’t be up to date, in other words animals’ testing is good.

Rachel Pollock. March 1, 2017. Essay #2. Writ 122: Jennifer

The harmful use of animals in experiments is not only cruel and inhumane but also often ineffective. Animals do not get many of the human diseases that people do, such as major types of heart disease, many types of cancer, HIV, Parkinson’s disease, or schizophrenia. There have been past occasions where drugs passed on animals weren’t even safe. There is no excuse for animal testing in today’s techy world, there are now many alternatives for animal testing that would put an end to the pain and suffering endured by these innocent animals during human testing.

Satire On Animal Testing

In conclusion, animal testing, is cruel to animals and very dangerous because of its unreliability. It also i just morally wrong these poor animals live in stress, fear, and pain and is forced upon them without their consent. It is largely inconclusive because animal anatomy is different from human anatomy; results of testing cannot be said to mimic the results in

Imagine just waking up one day being stripped of your home, children, food and everything you own. You’re in the dark and all of a sudden these bright, intense, fluorescent lights flick on. A very large, unfamiliar looking menacing figure approaches you and prods you with needles and all sorts of drugs. Your barely fed and you're stuck here for the rest of your life. Now what if I told you that already happens today in the year 2017. These “people” i'm talking about are poor defenseless animals that have to go through these horrible conditions every day just for an experiment that might not even work. All animal testing should be banned, even if such testings would save human lives because, the process is painful, you’re endangering a species and haven't all cruel despicable nations tested on not only humans but also animals.

Over the centuries, humankind has made incredible advancements in every field. Scientists have been able to document the history of the world without a single consistent writing system. They have gone to great lengths to finally prove evolution. Scientists have gained great knowledge, but some of this knowledge came at great cost to the innocent creatures of this planet. These creatures are being tortured and experimented on just because they are not human and somehow that makes them less important. There are alternatives to this behavior. The better path is not always easiest, but it will end this monster humankind created.

Arguments Against Animal Testing

Although there have been significant medical breakthroughs based in animal testing and experimentation, animal testing is a poor method of science as it is largely useless and

Can you imagine being breaking a limb? Can you already picture all the pain you'll feel? Want to know a fact? That pain you're imagining right now, isn't even half of the pain animals feel while under going "research." Animals are being forced consume deadly poison. Some are even given poisoned fumes. Certain animals are being tested for makeup products. Most, are being tested with household products. Everyday household products are tested, to make sure they won't harm humans. In order to discover this, animals are being spared or injected with this harmful chemicals. They are in so much pain, some are given mercy and put to death. Other must endure, until their last breath.

Every day, companies are caging animals just to test shampoo or cosmetics, and animals are getting abused every second. That is why we need to take action so we can make wildlife free from this tyranny of danger. We cannot let the persecution of animals keep happening again and again. Companies need to find a better substitution instead of animals. For the companies out there, you make think your product is working but your system for testing it, it’s not. There are more tortured animals than you think. According to Humane Society International, “animals used in horrific experiments are commonly subjected to force feeding, taking pills, fasting on food or water, long periods of physical restraint, burns and other wounds to study the healing processes, the infliction of pain to study its effects and remedies, neck-breaking, head chopping, or other means.” “This is cruel and inhumane, our country is supposed to be caring no matter if you're human or not. This is disgusting.” a local family in Minnesota responded. The US Department of Agriculture (USDA) reported in 2010 that “97,123 animals suffered pain during experiments while being given no anesthesia for relief, including 1,395 primates, 5,996 rabbits,

Persuasive Essay On Cosmetic Testing

We cannot overlook the factor that this process of using animals in experiments against their will subjects them to a lot of stress which in hindsight could tamper with the results making them less accurate and unreliable. As found on the Food and Drug Administration, Non-human creatures cannot contract the HIV virus yet it is considered deadly in humans. A medication that appeared promising in treating rhesus macaques in animals was also ineffective in humans. Animal experiments should stop because alternatives have been widely discovered (Christopher 40). In addition to this, scientists have developed a lot more in the campaign to terminate use of animals in experiments (Hackmann 40). Plastic models and computers can effectively substitute use of animals in experiments. In vitro examination: IC50 assesses how much chemicals can be to cells hence can replace LC50 examination that oversees a chemical given to a number of animals to determine what amount is able to kill more than half of the all population of the animals. Another method is the FDA, which is a technique that provides credible information on how humans can be widely affected by new drugs (Food and Drug Administration 77).

Why Is Animal Testing Wrong

Thousands of animals are hurt and even killed because of animal testing every year. Scientists use animals of all kinds, apes, mice, rabbits, cats, etc. to experiment on. These experiments range from giving them drugs, to see what effect they might have on humans, to testing what extreme heat would do to the human body. The outcome of these experiments are often harm and even death. Animal testing is not morally justified because it causes harm to live animals, there are suitable alternatives to animal testing, and there are too many differences between humans and animals to be able to call the outcome “Accurate”.

Related Topics

persuasive essay about animal testing

Writing a Persuasive Essay on Animal Testing: Pros and Cons

Table of Contents

Life Hacks For Animal Testing Essay Writing

Persuasive essay in five steps, follow the structure, give logical argumentation, advantages and disadvantages in examples, three sample pros, three possible cons.

It’s a common educational trend to write persuasive essays on the global problems which concern our society. If the topic of your current home assignment is a Persuasive Essay On Animal Testing: Pros And Cons, the following information will help you.

This theme is advantageous for students because there are different opinions on the matter. Most Americans say that animal testing should be banned. Supporters of experiments on dogs, rats or whatever enter into a controversy with opponents giving positive examples.

Persuasive essay writing is an effective practice for future journalists, politicians, top managers. It is a tool for participating in debates or negotiations. After mastering the techniques of a discursive speech, heavy conversational battles won’t let you down anymore.

Animal testing essay writing should satisfy the requirements stated for persuasive essays. Professional American writers working at the Assignmentbro team share their life hacks for covering the topic.

To write a persuasive essay, take five simple steps.

The correct structure is important for custom essay writing . Your essay should be written the following way:

This structure impacts people like the rule of Socrates. The bottom line is that the opponent has three times agreed with the speaker so that he or she takes the speaker’s viewpoint.

The animal testing persuasive essay must contain logical argumentative sentences because its goal is to convince others of your opinion. Make reasons for or against such experimenting sound significant by giving figures, statistics, etc.

Look through practical examples of pros and cons that you can use in a persuasive essay on animal experimentation of your own.

Good luck with your persuasive essay on animal experimentation!

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Persuasive Essay Against Animal Testing

Animal testing affects over 100 million animals a year. The main animals that are used are birds, fish, monkeys, guinea pigs, hamsters, rabbits, cats, dogs, frogs, rats, and mice. These animals are used for cosmetic, drug, chemical, and food testing. These animals also struggle in medical training, biology lessons, and interest-guided experiments (“Animal Testing Facts and Statistics”). While animal testing helps researchers develop new treatments and drugs, it needs to be put to an end because it is inhumane, it is inaccurate, and there are other testing methods.

Animal testing needs to be stopped because it is harsh. First animals are put through experiments that torment them. According to Kabene, the animals undergo painful experiments for, “cosmetic and medical tests.” This needs to stop especially the non-medical animal testing that is causing animals to go through extreme amounts of pain. The way that animals suffer when they are not going through tests is also cruel. For example, Jiaa states that animals are, “storage into cramped spaces, and lack of quality/quantity in nutrition.” Even when the animals are not going through painful testing, they receive poor behavior from the people looking after them. Some of the animals that do accommodate either go through life changes that affect them for the rest of their life or the animals will be neutralized. For example, losing their eyesight, muscle coordination, and possibly even their limbs (Jiaa). Those are the results of animal testing. Animal testing is inhumane, and it needs to be stopped.

Furthermore, animal testing gives inaccurate results that are why terminating it needs to occur. According to “Pros & Cons- ProCon.org,” “94% of drugs that pass animal test fail in human trials.” This quote shows that animal testing is ineffective. More than three-fourths of the drugs that worked in animals were unsuccessful in the human trials. That makes animal testing highly imprecise. The reason this happens is that humans and animals have different biological make-ups. They have cellular, metabolic, and anatomic differences. That makes animals inadequate test subjects for humans. Also, animal testing could mislead scientists to overlook cures and treatments (“Pros & Cons - ProCon.org”). Since animal testing gives ineffective results for human experiments it needs to be stopped.       

Animal testing can be stopped because there are other alternatives to it. For example, Curtis states that, “to conduct tests on ingredients and finished products in humans under critical observation.” The quote is saying that human test subjects could be used instead of animals. Human volunteers are available for specific experiments. The human test subjects have been way more accurate than animal test subjects could ever be. Another alternative is vitro testing, which are tests done in a petri dish of human cells (“Pros & Cons - ProCon.org”). This alternative is a crucial advancement for the stopping of animal testing. The reason why is that no harm to humans or animals would be done in this alternative. Human volunteers and vitro testing are the two best alternatives to animal testing. Both would be better than animal testing because these alternatives can give more accurate results. Which would benefit humans more than testing on animals. Finding alternatives to animal testing is a major step to ending animal testing. 

There are some positives to animal testing, but the negatives far outweigh the positives. For example, it helps provide product safety for humans. It slims the chances of humans being affected by certain everyday products like cosmetics. For instance, skin irritation and even death during the human testing phase. Except animal testing would not help with this because animals have different skin and different biological make-ups than humans. Which would lead to inaccurate results, and nobody could be sure how it would genuinely affect humans till it is tested on humans. Another result of animal testing is medical advancement. Specifically, vaccines and medical procedures like open-heart surgery. Some vaccines that were tested on animals and have worked in the human trials are hepatitis B and polio. Also, by testing on animals, veterinary medicine has benefited. Doing experiments on animals gives researchers a promising idea of how that experiment is going to affect the human body (Jiaa). Except, animal testing is inaccurate and, it is hard to see what will happen until testing is done on humans.  Although animal testing is harmful and inhumane to animals there are some positives. However, there are more negatives to animal testing than there are positives.

In conclusion, animal testing needs to come to an end. First, animal testing is inhumane. It is cruel because the animals are constantly getting mistreated. Second, many of the test results are inaccurate and fail in human trials. Third, there are other alternatives to animal testing like human volunteers and vitro testing. Lastly, there are some positives to animal testing like product safety and medical improvement. Except there are more negatives to animal testing than positives and it must be stopped. Animal testing needs to be put to an end. 

Works cited

“Animal Testing Facts and Statistics.” PETA, 6 Oct. 2021, https://www.peta.org/issues/animals-used-for-experimentation/animals-used-experimentation-factsheets/animal-experiments-overview/. 

Curtis, Gary L. "An alternative to animal testing." Drug & Cosmetic Industry, vol. 150, no. 4, 

Apr. 1992, pp. 46+. Gale Academic OneFile Select, link.gale.com/apps/doc/A12092354/GPS?u=tonk7465&sid=bookmark-GPS&xid=45eab0ca. Accessed 2 Nov. 2021.

Jiaa, Sherry. “The Debate on Animal Experimentation.” Sather Health, 29 Dec. 2017, https://www.ocf.berkeley.edu/~sather/the-debate-on-animal-experimentation/. 

Kabene, Stefane, and Said Baadel. “Bioethics: A Look at Animal Testing in Medicine and Cosmetics in the UK.” Journal of Medical Ethics & History of Medicine, vol. 12, no. 1, Feb. 2019, pp. 1–11. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=145249939&site=ehost-live

“Pros & Cons - ProCon.org.” Animal Testing, 10 June 2020, animal-testing.procon.org/.

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persuasive essay about animal testing


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