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Home Schooling: Advantages and Disadvantages

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Homeschooling: Pros and Cons

Introduction, cons of homeschooling, pros of homeschooling, works cited.

The popularity of homeschooling seems on the increase, although some people are convinced that homeschoolers are not going to amount to anything valuable in the long run. In this speech, I am going to outline the strong points and drawbacks of homeschooling. It is believed that homeschooled children lack social skills, and their parents bear huge expenses and have no time for themselves; on the other hand, homeschooling perfectly fits the child’s needs, is valued no less than public schooling, and creates closer family bonds; additionally, in contrast to public schools, homeschooling de-stresses children rather than distresses them.

As their strongest argument, skeptics generally maintain that homeschooled children do not receive the social interaction they need. At earlier stages of development, it is critical for children to socialize and advance their communication skills. Children studying at home do not get this opportunity and are likely to have problems socializing and making friends later in life. An unsociable child is also prone to have troubles with peer acceptance – not least because homeschooling is still regarded as an oddity and deviation.

Another argument is concerned with the cost of home education. At that, it does not matter if the parents choose to educate the child themselves or hire a tutor –in both instances, their budget is likely to be shattered. A serious point to consider is that on average, a tutor’s services will cost $30-40 per hour (“The Tutor Guide” par. 1). A parent tutor will probably have to quit their job to get all the time they need. One way or the other, homeschooling is a costly affair.

Apart from the money it takes to homeschool children, parents are likely to devote most of their time to it. Eventually, they might find themselves spending 24 hours a day with their children with not a moment of solitude and privacy left. Although such parental participation does not seem alarming short-term, it can be stressful in the long run – which is the reason some parents find they are not quite ready to homeschool.

These arguments are logical and true-to-life – but let us look on the brighter side.

Those who stand for homeschooling insist that it provides tailor-fit education. The child has a chance to learn at their own pace, which can be slower or faster than that of public school students’. It is true that every child is special and every child’s needs matter. Still, in cases when children cannot cope with public school environment, homeschooling can be the only way out (Kirk et al. 2). The parents (or tutor) can fit the education process to their child’s needs – presumably, for the children’s own good.

To counter the parental stress argument, it does not take much logical reasoning to admit homeschoolers are likely to have better relationships with their families. Provided that the parents are not overly authoritative when it comes to educational activities, familial bonds are formed and preserved lifelong. Educating their children and tracking their progress, parents have a chance to know their children better, which is the cornerstone of good parenting. Additionally, parental involvement can prevent aggressive and destructive behaviors in teens and pre-teens, which is another solid point to consider.

Speaking about aggression, one cannot deny that bullying issues are pressing as ever. Despite public schools’ best efforts, peer pressure is persistent. Homeschoolers, in their turn, are free from the agony and negativity bullying brings. Consider a harassed school student trying to concentrate – and failing at that. Now consider education in a comfortable homely atmosphere where a child feels loved and valued. In this respect, a homeschooler not only has a chance to focus but also develops an emotionally stable personality.

Finally – and this is good news – there is an extensive list of colleges that accept homeschoolers (Bunday n.pag.). Each year homeschooled students are admitted to study in selected colleges and universities across the U.S. Such institutions as Harvard College, Yale University, University of Chicago, Trinity University, and many others are known to have admitted homeschooled students – that is, without high school diplomas. Many institutions believe homeschoolers are more fit for the scholarly atmosphere. Based on some general tests, portfolios, and application essays, homeschoolers have equal admission chances.

To conclude, it would be wrong to say homeschooling does not have its weak points. Still, the strong points can seem more relevant for some, and eventually determine their choice of educating children. Whether you think that the strengths of homeschooling outweigh the weaknesses or not, you have to admit the practice is viable and is quite likely to bring positive results.

Bunday, Karl M. “ Colleges That Admit Homeschoolers .” Learn in Freedom. Learn in Freedom, 2013.

Kirk, Samuel, James J. Gallagher, Mary Ruth Coleman, and Nicholas J. Anastasiow. Educating Exceptional Children. 13th ed. Belmont, CA: Cengage Learning, 2011. Print.

“ The Tutor Guide: Tutoring Fees .” ., 2016.

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homeschooling advantages and disadvantages essay

Homeschooling Advantages And Disadvantages

Homeschooling also known as home education, is the education of children inside the home. In several countries homeschooling in the sense is considered to be an alternative to attending public or private schools. According to the US National Household Education Surveys, 2.3 million homeschooled students in the United states. (Brian,2016) Homeschooling can be a factor in choice of parenting style and helping children learn under specific circumstances. There are benefits to homeschooling which including better environments, strengthening relationships, time and flexibility and being prepared for college. Opposed to benefits there are a few disadvantages of homeschooling, the cost of education, learning is limited, and parents lives can be …show more content…

In this essay, the author

Thomas, discovered that homeschool students typically earn more college credits before their freshman year than traditional students. Research shows that learning how to study independently pays off as homeschoolers have higher GPA’s that the rest of their class indicating they are better prepared for college. Skills learned in homeschooling translate well to the college campus with strong self discipline and motivation. These students do better than traditional students with a slightly higher retention rate, 88.6% vs. 87.6% for traditional students. When it comes to standardized testing , homeschooled students tend to score 15 to 30% points higher than public school students. A disadvantage that play a big factor of homeschooling is cost. Homeschooling costs more than public school, but less than private school. Parents are responsible for purchasing the curriculum needed. The average homeschool family spends about $900 per student per year. The cost is even higher for those families in which one parent has given up his or her full time job to home …show more content…

They all need to learn how to have relationships with their peers and homeschoolers are disadvantaged in this area because they do not have as many opportunities for forming friendships. For example their high school experiences such as senior prom, homecoming, pep rallies, football games. Even without the school setting the fact that they do not go to school with other kids in the neighborhood will single them out, making it harder to make friends.(Disadvantages of homeschooling) As for adults who were homeschooled often reference extreme social awkwardness as an obstacle they experienced upon entering college or the workforce. Some adults look back at their homeschooling days and express gratitude to their parents for letting them focus on career-boosting skills. Also teaching them the benefit of learning in the world as well as the classroom. The pros of homeschooling do outweigh the cons creating a safer content learning environment while still making it entertaining for the children. Children are more mature than others and tend have high scores on standardized tests if

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Homeschooling Advantages and Disadvantages

by Quynh Nguyen | Nov 19, 2021 | eLearning

Homeschooling means parents take all responsibilities to educate their children. Let’s explore homeschooling advantages and disadvantages to see if it is suitable for you and your kids .  

Homeschooling is not a new idea. In recent years, the number of homeschoolers has increased, especially during the Covid-19 pandemic. The US Census Bureau’s Household Pulse survey reports that the number of homeschoolers has increased to 5 million from the spring of the 2019-2020 school year to the autumn of the 2020-2021 school year ( ). It has doubled compared to the previous period. More parents accept this form of education than they did before. Besides, it has caught the attention of educators as well as the media.

In this blog, let’s learn about homeschooling and its benefits and drawbacks.    

This blog covers:

Homeschooling Advantages


Homeschooling is also known as home education. Parents educate their kids at home instead of sending them to public or private schools. But, home education does not mean that all learning activities take place at home. They can be at a museum, a park, or even a trip. Parents will fulfill all teaching roles, or combine with tutors, as well as other homeschooled parents.   

Young woman helping a girl with homework.

Young woman helping a girl with homework.

Image: Freepik

Parents should consider both positive and negative aspects. Find out homeschooling advantages and disadvantages in the next part. 

Below are 4 easy-to-realize benefits that home education brings to parents and kids. 

Flexibility and Freedom

Of course, learning distance from schools which are full of rules and regulations is much more flexible. You can educate your kids anywhere, anytime, and the way you want. Create a unique curriculum , timetable, and determine teaching methods that are suitable for you and your kids. For example, take them to a history museum to tell them national history. Besides, you can skip what your child already knows and go slow where they are unclear. Meanwhile, your kids have to follow the whole class’s pace. Teachers can only move to the next part when most students understand the lesson. Which style do you prefer?  

Individualized Learning 

Each kid is unique. Each of them has diverse talents and interests. Thus, parents can build teaching plans depending on them. For example, your kid’s learning style is visual. So, you should add more visual support in the lesson such as images and videos. If you realize that they have artistic or athletic inclinations, you can spend extra time practicing. This is not possible in schools indeed. 

Safe Learning Environment 

Home education helps parents protect their children from social harm. They may suffer from school violence, racism, and so on. Further, they may be stuck in drugs, alcohol, or bad relationship.   

Homeschooling advantages and disadvantages.

Besides, the Covid-19 pandemic is ongoing. Keeping kids off traditional schools can reduce the risk of infection. 

Strong Relationships

Educating kids means that you have more time with them. It can help build a stronger relationship between parents and kids. Spouse relationships also become closer. That is because they have to support each other in educating children. It’s what we expect, isn’t it?

Homeschooling Disadvantages

As mentioned above, homeschooling has both advantages and disadvantages. In this part, let’s explore potential cons that parents need to be aware of. 

Socialization Difficulties

About the cons, the first thing that comes to mind is socialization difficulties. Homeschooled kids have less chance to form bonds or interact with peers than normal. Of course, they can make friends outside of school. But, it takes some effort to arrange meetings or activities. Meanwhile, if they attend schools, they can spend up to 8 hours per day with a wide range of peers. As a result, they can form bonds naturally. Thanks to that, your kids can grow mental, physical health as well as social skills. 

Homeschooling advantages and disadvantages.

Image: Pixabay  

Significant Changes in Family’s Lifestyle 

Before, parents have a basic role as parents. But now, parents are also both teachers and administrators. The workload can be over. Apart from implementing lessons, they have to do many “behind the scene” tasks. For example, creating a learning plan or arranging field trips. As a result, the family’s timetable will change. Parents have less time for personal needs.   Homeschooling affects a family’s finance too. Parents have to spend money on learning materials, online courses, and so on. So, they have less time to earn money. More expenses, but less income. This makes them need to tighten the family’s spending.

For single-parent, this type of education can cause more pressure.  

Lack of Facilities

In reality, a home can not be equipped with facilities like a regular school. For example, it’s hard for parents to provide all necessary chemicals, materials, or chemistry labs for chemistry lessons. Of course, they can find them outside, but it doesn’t come without any effort. Also, parents are not masters in all subjects to guide kids as specialist teachers.

Homeschooling advantages and disadvantages.

Image: Freepik  

Excessive Interaction 

Most children spend a half-day or a full day at school. If you homeschool kids, you have to face them 24/7. It can make kids feel confined because they are always in their parents’ control. Moreover, it can frustrate you if kids misbehave or don’t know something.

We cannot deny that homeschooling brings some benefits for kids as well as parents. But, it still has some drawbacks. So, parents should learn both homeschooling’s advantages and disadvantages. Then, consider if it is suitable for themselves, their kids, and their family’s condition. 

If you are about to homeschool kids and find an eLearning authoring tool, ActivePresenter 8 is a good idea. With this app, you can: 

 Let’s download and try it out!

See more : 


Essay about The Pros and Cons of Home Schooling

The Pros And Cons Of Homeschooling Vs. Public School

An article from 2015 about homeschooling and public school stated that “it’s estimated that as many as 2 million American students are being educated at home.” There are several families that would prefer homeschooling over public school for several reasons, which will be discussed in this essay. The two topics that will be discussed are homeschooling and public school. There will be multiple topics discussed in this essay, such as pros and cons of homeschooling and public schooling, and which option would be the best option for certain types of families and students. These two topics will be contrasted by explaining which topic would be the better option for specific groups of people, and certain families. The purpose of this essay is to describe the advantages and disadvantages of home and public schooling. Also, the purpose of this essay to show statistics about which system of education would be best for certain families, specifically those who are low-income families, and want the best option for their children. Whereas public schooling is inexpensive and gives children a chance to make friends, homeschooling is the best option because it gives children a safe, and more compatible learning environment.

Argumentative Essay On Homeschooling

Surprisingly, there are a variety of people that do homeschooling. Both people from high-income to low-income families. There are parents that even have doctorates or even a diploma in a general subject. Families with either one or two parents and differing ethnics and religious or secular inducement choose to homeschool (Ray 2002). Researchers come to the conclusion that homeschoolers, for the most part, have free reign when it comes to their homework and school pace that they feel that suits them the best.

Persuasive Essay Homeschooling

All homeschoolers aren’t always necessarily smarter than public schoolers, but because they are very good at self-motivating themselves and they work very hard and set high expectations they normally do well on standardized tests. When it comes to college graduation, homeschoolers graduated at a rate of 66.7% and public schoolers graduated at a rate of 57.5% at a doctoral college. Homeschooled students also normally score fifteen to thirty percent higher on standardized testing and graduate with a consistently higher GPA than the average public schooler. Colleges, such as Harvard, have been looking for homeschoolers in particular because they are often the most prepared for college. It has been made clear that because of the homeschooler’s superior form of education, they score quite high on standardized tests and turn out to be more intelligent than the students of other schools. The fact that this type of education benefits the student should be an influential factor in the decision about homeschooling.

Advantages Of Homeschooling In Kazakhstan

Cooper B. S., & Sureau J. The politics of homeschooling new developments, new challenges // Educational Policy. – 2007. – № 21-1. – p. 110-131.

The Home School Link Between Home And School

Various reasons have been identified for why parents and other family members might fail to become adequately involved in the schooling of their children. For example, as reported by DePlanty, et al. (2007) studies have indicated that some parents tend to become less involved when their children grow into adolescence. This is believed to be due to parents feeling that their involvement is less important with older children, as well as the feeling that adolescents need more independence than younger children. Other findings have suggested that parents will be less involved in their children’s schoolwork if they lack sufficient social networks. There have also been research indications that school involvement is related to the educational level of the parents (DePlanty, et al, 2007). In addition, Christenson & Sheridan (2001) note that stereotypical attitudes among both parents and educators contribute to creating barriers between home and school.

Essay about Home Schooling vs Public Schooling : Which One Is Better ?

Thesis Statement: Many parents question what is best for their child’s education, home schooling or public school. Home schooling can sometimes provide a more direct and focused education than public schools, Public School is better in many ways including the child’s social development.

Michael Rowski Home Schooling Analysis

Summary: Michael Romanowski wrote an article called "Common Arguments about the Strengths and Limitations of Home schooling." Home schooling is continuing to grow rapidly in many places. He explains that home schooling serves children equally well as public schools. Romanowski supports the main idea by giving claims that home schooling helps a child improve their social skills, children who are homeschooled are more likely to become academically successful, a student is not put on time limit and they are not told to put everything up and focus on a new topic. Home schooling allows children to learn to socialize with older people and stills allows them to socialize outside of their home with community activities. When the parents are closely involved in the student's academic work

Why Is It Important To Be Home-Schooled-Teens-For-College?

While the American public school system educates the majority of students today, a fast growing population is beginning to accept homeschooling as an adequate alternative. Anyone with kids desires only the best education and experiences for them. Those who face this decision have to take in the plentiful list of differences and decide which will suit their family best. For years, most people saw homeschooling as an ineffiecent replacement to the government-provided schools already in existence. However, in the last ten years, studies have proved that homeschooling well equipps a student for college and beyond, changing the minds of many( In order to make this crutial decision between public or home school, one must account for the social and extracurricular opportunites, the educational aspect, and what role the family plays in education.

Essay on Home Schooling vs Public School

If you have children that are school age you have probably have thought about the options of home schooling vs. public schooling. You most likely have thought about how much would it cost or the amount of time it takes to teach home schooling. With the news articles out there about things that happen at schools you most likely have thought about how that would be on your child as well. One of the last things that most parents think about when choosing to home school or not is how your child’s social skills will develop. There are many different articles out there on this topic. The following essay will give you an indebt description of the

To Homeschool or Not to Homeschool, That is the Question Essay

Parents need not only be aware of the laws regarding homeschooling, they must also be clear on the reasons they choose to homeschool. Parents may feel a traditional school setting to be unsafe in relation to drugs, violence or bullying. Some feel public instruction too liberal or secular for their children. Parents aiming to instill certain beliefs in their children do not need or want outside influences working against them. Still other reasons include “dissatisfaction with academic instruction at other schools.” (Preface to ‘Why Do Parents Choose to Homeschool?’). Although these are some reasons parents choose to homeschool, the reasons not to homeschool include lack of socialization for the child, the quality of education being delivered to homeschooled children, the financial

Homeschooling's Controversy

Despite home-schooling’s controversy because of the lack of teaching credentials for parents and socialization, homeschooling has big benefits for children. The first benefit is that while homeschooled, students receive individualized education. Parents spend all their time and attention to their children. Parents can devote all their time and attention to their children. Martin points out that parents understand their children best (Martin). Therefore, they can choose the best method to motivate their children to learn. “Parents are also able to evaluate their children on a daily basis and provide further instruction if needed” (Martin). Individualized education also provide necessary help as needed. As a result, homeschooled students achieve

Home School Research Paper

In the ten-year period from 2003 to 2012, the number of American children 5 through 17 years old who were being home schooled by their parents climbed by 61.8 percent. There has been drastic increases in home education over the last several years. It is estimated that a total of 2 million students (2.3%) are home schooled in the U.S today. This begs the question, why home school?

Essay on Homeschooling VS Public Schooling

is being abused, students at home with abusive parents have no one to look after

Homeschooling Persuasive Essay

In today’s world, there are many different options for students to go to school. There is public school, private school, charter school, contract school, and home schools. The question on many people’s minds is “Why home schooling over any other schooling?” Since 1970s there has been a dramatic growth in homeschooling for student’s kindergarten to twelfth grade students. Although White gives effective arguments, and includes no obvious recall of evidence, she builds her credentials from subjects who have personally experiences, controversial evidence, and then by connecting White’s analysis to conclusions to her reader’s choice of choosing whether home schooling is a quality education.

Persuasive Essay On Homeschooling

Homeschooling a child can drastically affect their lives in the future, and put them in a clouded state of mind for seeing what the world is. Schooling your child from home will hold them back from learning a wide variety of basic skills that can be easily provided in public or private school systems. Although some see homeschooling as a good way to shelter their children from the world they view as harsh, it is not giving them any chance to gain common social skills. Social skills cannot be taught to a child, they are something the child must learn from interaction with his or her peers. Furthermore, homeschool teachers are not required the level of training and experience that a teacher at a public school are required (Hudak). Diversity is something widely portrayed in school systems; however, homeschooling doesn't allow students to bear witness to the diverse nature found in school systems.

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Advantages and Disadvantages of Homeschooling Essay

Introduction, why home school, challenges of home schooling, works cited.

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Homeschooling refers to the form of education that takes place in a home setup and usually without the restrictions that are found in a traditional education system (Cogan 1). The parent or guardian of the child plays the major role of being a teacher.

Lyman (1) defines home schooling as the art of educating children of school going age at home instead of having to take them to some school. Approaches to homeschooling are as varied as the number of people who opt for it (Lyman 1).

Although it may appear as a new concept, Cogan (1) explains that the concept of homeschooling has been with us for a very long time. In the past, it was regarded as the only option available for a majority of people unable to afford the cost of hiring teachers for their children (Cogan 1). For many parents wishing to start homeschooling, the main concern is whether or not they can effectively be able to teach (Jones 1).

With the advent of formal education, homeschooling lost popularity at some point. This saw a tremendous decline in the number of children under the homeschooling program. This trend has now been reversed leading to an increased number of people changing to homeschooling (Cogan 1). According to Lyman, the continuous rise in the number of home schooled students is a clear indication of the amount of dissatisfaction with the quality of education delivered at schools (1).

According to Ray (1), the concept of home schooling is nothing really new. Ray argues that most people who advocate for this kind of education are very much aware of the fact that it is not in any way, a new idea (Ray 1). The recent past has seen a notable growth in the area of home schooling with a good number of parents gaining confidence in the system.

This advancement in homeschooling is attributed to the fact that the traditional education system is dogged with some serious issues; poor discipline and decreased quality of education among others.

According to Jones (1), every family including those who send their children to school is in one way or another homeschooling with others putting in more time than others.

Lyman (1) observed that there are a number of reasons that make people opt for home schooling. Some parents are very much concerned about the increasing crimes at school as well as indiscipline. Others are dismayed by the diminishing education standard.

The bureaucratic setup at schools is also blamed for the mass exodus of parents and their children from a school based learning environment (Lyman 1). There has also been a substantial reduction in the cost of education and most families are able to establish stronger family ties (Lyman 1).

Supporters of homeschooling have strongly argued that it makes it possible to develop an education plan that directly meets the needs of an individual rather than a whole class (Mead 2). A common thought shared by most students who have undergone homeschooling is the fact that the program enables one to think for themselves and this to them is quite valuable (Mead 3). Jones (1) sees this as a very a key objective and therefore, a major motivation for those choosing homeschooling.

People may also choose homeschooling for reasons that may be religious, academic and at times, for their own personal needs (Jones 1).

Even though the idea of homeschooling is becoming very popular, it has various challenges. One of the major concerns raised has to do with the socialization of the homeschooled children. These children may grow up in a setup that completely denies them a chance to meet and interact with other people. Later, they get shocked when they join college only to discover that they were not well socialized.

They begin to face problems dealing with other people who were not brought up like they were (Lyman 2). Fitting in a controlled setup later in life may also become a challenge for the homeschooled students (Lyman 3). A similar argument is presented by Mead (2) who made similar observations. From an environment that is to some extent closed these students have to now learn how to deal with the outside world (Mead 2).

Although proponents of homeschooling claim that there are numerous avenues such as the church or events for homeschooling students available for purposes of socialization, exposing the students to a comprehensive educational experience is just next to impossible (Cogan 1).

Testimonies by some who have gone through homeschooling show that despite the many advantages of homeschooling, the traditional education system presents children with a thorough preparation for what is ahead in life (Mead 3).

Although there are a number of challenges with the homeschooling system, there is a very high likelihood that if implemented in a well thought out manner, there are distinct advantages. Parents who are afraid of subjecting their children to the traditional schooling system where there is increased indiscipline and decline in the quality of education, and are considering homeschooling for their children will need to more creative.

They should endeavor to provide their children with opportunities to interact with the outside world. This will ensure that as they instill discipline in the children, they are also able to prepare them to face the future in a world that is full of hostility.

Cogan, Michael F. Exploring Academic Outcomes of Homeschooled Students. Journal of College Admission , summer 2010, pp. 1-10., 2010.

Jones, Lillian. Introduction to Homeschooling. California: HomeSchool Association of California. 2009. Web.

Lyman, Isabel. Homeschooling: Back to the Future? Washington, DC: Cato Institute. 1998. Web.

Mead, Tyra L. Singing the Praises of Home – Schooling . New York: Hearst Communications Inc. 1999. Web.

Ray, Brian D. Homeschoolers on to College: What Research Shows Us. Journal of College Admission , Fall 2004, pp. 1- 10., 2004.

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IELTS Writing Samples by topic

What are the advantages and disadvantages of home- schooling, home schooling has become very popular in recent years. however, most people still believe that attending schools is the best way to obtain formal education. what are the advantages and disadvantages of home-schooling, some people believe that teaching children at home is best for a child’s development while others think that it is important for children to go to school. what are the advantages and disadvantages of home-schooling, you should spend about 40 minutes on this task. more and more people are buying food that is ready to eat rather than choosing to eat home-cooked food. do you think the advantages of this development outweigh the disadvantages.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Homeschooling


Homeschooling in this research is referred to as an educational process involving personalized children, or a child, instruction by the parent or teacher for necessary living skills as well as academic study courses. It includes learning at home or in other places instead of school and is mostly done by online teachers, tutors, or parents. Some families employing homeschooling consider using less official teaching procedures, while the homeschooling practices vary.

Home education ranges from structured programs that were established on traditional school education to unbound forms like unschooling. Prior to the initiation of mandatory school attendance laws, the earliest education of children was conducted by local communities and families. In many developed countries, home education is a lawful alternative to private and public schools. According to Bhopal and Myers (2018), learning from home remains restricted or illegal in particular circumstances, as mentioned by home education international statistics and status in other countries.

Little preliminary research has been conducted concerning homeschooling benefits and disadvantages. Consequently, it is not easy to conclude several advantages and challenges involving homeschooling, but there are undoubtedly various considerable assumptions about what home education may bring to students (Dreyer, 2017). For example, it allows people to direct their own learning due to adult guidance.

This research is aimed to critically analyze the benefits and drawbacks of homeschooling in order to contribute to the promotion of continuous and sustainable school improvement. The author also hopes that information presented in this paper will be useful for people considering offering home education to their children. It is vital for schools and parents to be alert of students’ choices being homeschooled to initiate effective decision-making concerning whether or not learners be home educated.

Research Questions

The following are the research questions developed for discussing and exploring the homeschooling topic in consideration of the appropriate scholarly literature:

This research attempted to describe four study questions concerning homeschooling practices and the advantages and disadvantages facing them. Significantly, the below null hypotheses were evaluated by use of a quantitative research approach:

Literature Review

This section involves a review of the research questions in regards to the benefits and drawbacks of home learning students. It also discusses homeschooling pertaining to academic prosperity. Additionally, the researcher investigated the connection between social development and homeschooling. Finally, this chapter will incorporate information concerning legal entities for homeschoolers.

Theoretical Framework

Fusch, Fusch, and Ness (2017) assert that the theoretical viewpoint reflects the scholars’ theoretical orientation. It is vital to the analysis of data in qualitative research, regardless of whether it is implicitly or explicitly stated. Various theories support the study and include Walberg’s model of educational performance and Lev Vygotsky’s Sociocultural Theory.

Walberg’s model of educational performance

Brouwer, Jansen, Hofman, and Flache (2016) peer-reviewed the theory’s factual literature concerning the predictors and correlates of academic success and indicated that learners’ characteristics show the most important direct effect on their achievement. It was approved to be among one or two theories of educational attainment. The theory postulates that the psychological attributes of individual learners, as well as their rapid psychological environments, impact academic results, namely attitudinal, behavioral, and cognitive (Phan & Ngu, 2020). Additionally, it identified nine crucial variables influencing academic results, which are motivation, instruction quantity, instruction quality, student’s prior or capacity success, developmental or age level, home environment, classroom climate, vulnerability to mass media outdoors, and peer group.

Academic prosperity

Several research pieces based on Walberg’s academic achievement theory have been conducted to address homeschooling learners’ prosperity. However, it is considered a less structured practice, and then little study concerning homeschooling might be applied to it with consideration to the various techniques and their similarities. Several people may enquire about the capacity of parents to teach their children. Teachers, administrators, policymakers, and multiple parents occasionally question the ability of parents to tutor their youngsters effectively. According to Cochran-Smith et al. (2018), it is unnecessary for a home educator or a parent to contain a significant certification amount for productive teaching.

Nevertheless, scholars with certified tutors succeeded to a higher degree than those whose caregivers’ were uncertified (Cuevas, 2020). However, being without certification did not show that a learner would not be successful since they still showed higher exam scores besides their fellows in public institutions. In contrast, those who had both parents who did not possess a higher education level degree had slightly good results than scholars whose parents owned a university certificate. Home learning students eventually focus on the same discipline areas as those in public schools but generally at an immensely different rate (Cuevas, 2020). Altogether, the concentration of several families who tutor at home is based on moral and religious values; therefore, it is compelling to pass excellently with standardized exams. Home educating students appear to possess enough time to study morals and religion while still defeating their colleagues regarding standardized assessment.

Several factors affect homeschoolers’ academic prosperity. These include both parents’ education level, the gender of the student, the period tutored at home, and the rate of persisted public library visits. The home learning majority tend to study in groups of three or more students. Conversely, they are advantaged with more face to face interactions with the teacher, who usually is a guardian or a parent. Even when families have more children, there is yet an opportunity to study in mini-groups compared to public institutions. Likewise, since homeschooled learners generally are educated together with their siblings, they usually have enough interaction with various age levels. Mixing of age has been proved to contain an optimistic link to a higher level of academic prosperity.

Lev Vygotsky’s sociocultural theory

Lev Vygotsky’s work (1934) seems to be the origin of much study and model in cognitive development across the many recent decades, especially for the sociocultural theory, which outlooks human growth as a culturally mediated procedure whereby people attain their beliefs, social values, and strategies of solving problems through shared dialogues having well-informed society members (Veraksa & Sheridan, 2018). The theory emphasizes the underlying role of cultural interaction in cognition development, as the author strongly believed that society plays a vital role in the procedure of bringing a meaning.

According to him, learning is a vital and universal feature of the exercise of developing socially organized, incredibly individual psychological functions (Veraksa & Sheridan, 2018). Human growth cannot be acknowledged in the absence of reference to the cultural and social context in which it embeds. Higher mental procedures in the person have their foundation in cultural processes. He states the benefit of social and cultural contexts for education (Veraksa & Sheridan, 2018). Cognitive growth originates from social relationships from guided studying in the proximal zone of growth as students and their fellows cogenerate knowledge.

Social growth

Various research-based on Lev Vygotsky’s theory established that social growth is fostered dramatically in the school system as well as the environment of the institution occupies a considerable part in fostering peer interactions and socializing future people between children. Meanwhile, Ryan (2017) realized that social growth depends highly on the network of the social brain that gets vulnerable to the influences of the environment all over the lifespan. Therefore, social growth depends on both environmental and biological influences. The growth of the proper social skills is essential to all learners, development. Lacking social skills can cause numerous problems such as destructive behaviors, developmental issues, psychological distress, cognitive impairments, and neurological conditions. Students with a lack of proper social skills show a higher rate of criminal or delinquent behaviors in adulthood and adolescence. Underdeveloped moral skills are associated with high levels of hostility, psychiatric conditions, violence, and neuropsychological issues.

Ryan (2017) discovered that social problems might grow due to limitations of opportunities and social participation. It means, either at home or school, social limitations can affect a learner’s social growth. A student can grow sufficient social skills if exposed to adequate experiences and opportunities to maintain social development. What homeschooling students do not get in the institution system can be catered for while at home. For instance, when you study at home, you experience several other field trips compared to students in public schools, whereby they can get a magnitude of social relation. Home learners also usually have the support and social groups with other homeschooling fellows (Beláňová, Kostelecká, Machovcová, & McCabe, 2020). According to the explanation above, learning at home appears to allow enough or more relationship opportunities conducive for social growth. No study that has ever suggested those interactions to have been affected or unavailable among homeschooling learners. The social development amount appears to be dependent on the number of external experiences are given by a homeschooling student teacher.

Several pieces of research conducted regarding homeschooling have come up with similar benefits to the practice. The first main advantage is flexibility, whereby through observations, it has been admitted that students learning from home have the freedom to select the series of subjects to be tackled. Moreover, they choose the amount of time to spend on a particular unit, where they want classes done, their time to sleep and wake up, their activities, and the kind of music to be playing while studying. The other one is that homeschoolers have time for more activities. It means that they have extra time to do activities of their interests, for example, reading, gardening, and running (Neuman, 2020). It would be impossible to have more time for non-scholastic activities if they attend public schools.

Additionally, family bonding is seen to be another benefit of homeschooling. In most studies, students give their views that they could not have done numerous years of home learning if they were not close to their family, seeing them grow together and the way they help each other. The parents, on this matter, claim that they can notice how their children grow closer to them and the way they are free to discuss various subjects (Neuman, 2020). Guardians find this beneficial, whereas public school students lack since they have restricted time with their parents.


According to Neuman (2020), the issue of time management among homeschoolers is one of the biggest challenges in this practice. Lack of time management causes the students not to do assignments in time, and this makes them accumulate tasks. The other issue is not attending various school events such as prom and homecoming. However, parents claim that it depends on the importance of these activities for their kids. It is a minor issue, but too many homeschoolers’ parents hear various homeschooled households claim that, at times, their kids wish to have those activities. Most students also claim that on occasions, they miss particular school activities, like honors assembly and science fairs, although they also express that the events are not important to them.

Ray (2017) of the National Home Education Research Institute conducted a study and came up with statistics, facts, and trends about homeschooling. The research found asserted that there exist close to 2.5 million home learners in K-12 (school-age kids of 3% to 4%) grades in the US. It means that there were approximately 2.5 million in term 2019. It seems that the population of home education is growing continuously at an approximate rate of 2% to 8% per year recently. A demographically comprehensive variety of homeschoolers include Christians, Atheists, and Mormons. There are also libertarians, conservatives, and liberals; wealthy, middle, and low-income households; black, white and Hispanic, GEDs, Ph.D. parents, and none holders of a high school diploma.

Those involved in home-based learning do not depend on the public, tax-financed resources for the family’s education. The funds related to their home-based learning likely represent more than $27 billion that Taxpayers in America do not spend per year because these individuals are not enrolled in public schools. An average of $11,732 per child is spent by Taxpayers in public institutions, as well as capital expenditures. They do not spend on most home learning students, but home educating families spend $600 on average per child annually for their studies. Home-based education is growing faster in popularity amidst minorities. Close to15% of home educating households are non-Hispanic or non-white (Ray, 2017). Furthermore, an approximated 3.4 million United States grown-ups have been home educated for more than a year regarding their K-12 years, and they were home tutored for 6-8 years on average. If someone adds to this figure, the 2.3 million currently homeschooling, and evaluated 5.7 million Americans have passed through home learning.

Academic Success

Generally, homeschoolers achieve points between 15% and 30% above students in public schools based on standardized examinations of academic success. A study in 2015 found that homeschool based black people score 23 to 42 points in percentage more than public school-based learners (Ray, 2017). They attain above-average marks on academic exams regardless of the level of parents’ education and household income. It does not matter whether the parents of homeschoolers are certified tutors since it is unrelated to their kids’ academic prosperity. The homeschooling regulation and the level of state control does not relate to academic success. Finally, students in home education typically achieve above-average regarding ACT and SATs, which are considered for college admissions. Therefore, homeschool individuals are continuing to be recruited actively by colleges.

Social Growth

Facts concerning homeschooling research propose that the students are performing well, generally above the standard, regarding emotional, social, and psychological growth. Study measures involve interaction with peers, skills of leadership, self-concept, self-esteem, family cohesion, and community service participation. They are frequently involved in educational and social events outside their home-grounds and with other individuals besides members of the nuclear family. The students are usually engaged in events, including scouting, field trips, church ministries, society volunteer tasks, political drives, and 4-H. According to limited research conducted, homeschooled mature people are more tolerant politically compared to those studied in public schools.

I have learned that homeschooling is a critical practice because students studying from home are performing well compared to those in public schools. I also have acknowledged that students in homeschools are free to choose the sequence of subjects to work on and that homeschoolers do not manage their time well. It is because while at home, one feels relaxed, which results in delaying doing and submitting assignments. Before I started writing this report, I wish I knew that homeschooling is this beneficial. There was a biased notion that no student could perform well while studying at home only since I thought that learning in an environment you are used to cannot produce better results. Finally, what would be done differently next time is that, instead of using preexisting data for research, I will collect and gather my data through questionnaires offered to be filled by parents, teachers, and students regarding facts about homeschooling.

Beláňová, A., Kostelecká, Y., Machovcová, K., & McCabe, M. (2020). ‘Twofold otherness’: On religion, spirituality, and homeschooling in the Czech Republic. Journal of Beliefs & Values , 1-13. Web.

Bhopal, K., & Myers, M. (2018). Home schooling and home education: Race, class and inequality . New York, NY: Routledge.

Brouwer, J., Jansen, E., Hofman, A., & Flache, A. (2016). Early tracking or finally leaving? Determinants of early study success in first-year university students. Research in Post-Compulsory Education , 21 (4), 376-393. Web.

Cochran-Smith, M., Carney, M. C., Keefe, E. S., Burton, S., Chang, W. C., Fernandez, M. B.,… & Baker, M. (2018). Reclaiming accountability in teacher education . New York, NY: Teachers College Press.

Cuevas, J. G. (2020). The effects of the practice-based coaching model in emerging biliteracy instruction: A descriptive case study of Early Head Start mentor coaches and caregivers (Doctoral dissertation, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX). Web.

Dreyer, M. C. (2017). Former homeschooled students’ perceptions of social skills attainment (Dissertation, California State University, Fullerton, CA). Web.

Fusch, P. I., Fusch, G. E., & Ness, L. R. (2017). How to conduct a mini-ethnographic case study: A guide for novice researchers. The Qualitative Report , 22 (3), 923-941. Web.

Neuman, A. (2020). Ask the young: What homeschooled adolescents think about homeschooling. Journal of Research in Childhood Education , 34 (4), 566-582. Web.

Phan, H. P., & Ngu, B. H. (2020). Schooling experience and academic performance of Taiwanese students: The importance of psychosocial effects, positive emotions, levels of best practice, and personal well-being. Social Psychology of Education , 23 (4), 1073-1101. Web.

Ray, B. D. (2017). A systematic review of the empirical research on selected aspects of homeschooling as a school choice. Journal of School Choice , 11 (4), 604-621. Web.

Ryan, N. (2017). Reconceptualizing pediatric traumatic brain injury as a disorder of the ‘social brain’: A longitudinal prospective study of brain-behavior relationships (Doctoral dissertation, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia). Web.

Veraksa, N., & Sheridan, S. (Eds.). (2018). Vygotsky’s theory in early childhood education and research: Russian and Western values . New York, NY: Routledge.

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Home Schooling IELTS Essay Advantages Disadvantages

Home schooling ielts essay.

In some countries, there has been an increase in the number of parents who are choosing to educate their children themselves at home instead of sending them school. Do the advantages of home education outweigh the disadvantages?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience. You should write at least 250 words.

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It has become increasingly common to see parents in some nations opting for homeschooling rather than sending their children to schools, in recent years. While this method of delivering classes might be advantageous in some respects, I am of the opinion that it is more likely to have a harmful impact.

There are a number of positives to home education. One obvious benefit is that it allows both parents and children to choose the times of their classes flexibly. When, for instance, parents are not able to conduct lessons during the day, they may decide to teach their child early in the morning or in the evening after returning from their work. Another important advantage of homeschooling is that it permits children study at their own pace and thus progress accordingly. In conventional schools, by contrast, different knowledge acquisition rates of schoolchildren are not usually taken into consideration since they have a set curriculum to follow; in other words, whether a child grasps a topic quickly or slowly should study in the same group.

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Nevertheless, I would argue that the benefits of education at home are outweighed by the drawbacks. Firstly, children taught by parents tend to lack interaction with their peers, and as a result are likely to grow up to be shy, introverted and dependent individuals. This is likely to make their lives difficult due to problems they may encounter in communicating and socializing with others. I also disfavor the idea of homeschooling because children are not provided with the proof of graduation when taught at home. If no official document, such as a school certificate, confirms children’s completion of school-level education, it is less likely that they can further their education at a college or university.

Home education has both pros and cons. However, despite some advantages, I strongly believe that the latter outweighs the former for homeschooling negatively affects young learners’ personality and hinders future educational prospects.

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