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  • Introduction
  • The Middle East
  • The birth of natural philosophy
  • Aristotle and Archimedes
  • Science in Rome and Christianity
  • Science in Islam
  • Medieval European science

The authority of phenomena

The rise of modern science

Even as Dante was writing his great work, deep forces were threatening the unitary cosmos he celebrated. The pace of technological innovation began to quicken. Particularly in Italy, the political demands of the time gave new importance to technology, and a new profession emerged, that of civil and military engineer . These people faced practical problems that demanded practical solutions. Leonardo da Vinci is certainly the most famous of them, though he was much more as well. A painter of genius, he closely studied human anatomy in order to give verisimilitude to his paintings. As a sculptor, he mastered the difficult techniques of casting metal. As a producer-director of the form of Renaissance dramatic production called the masque, he devised complicated machinery to create special effects . But it was as a military engineer that he observed the path of a mortar bomb being lobbed over a city wall and insisted that the projectile did not follow two straight lines—a slanted ascent followed by a vertical drop—as Aristotle had said it must. Leonardo and his colleagues needed to know nature truly; no amount of book learning could substitute for actual experience, nor could books impose their authority upon phenomena. What Aristotle and his commentators asserted as philosophical necessity often did not gibe with what could be seen with one’s own eyes. The hold of ancient philosophy was too strong to be broken lightly, but a healthy skepticism began to emerge.

The first really serious blow to the traditional acceptance of ancient authorities was the discovery of the New World at the end of the 15th century. Ptolemy, the great astronomer and geographer, had insisted that only the three continents of Europe, Africa, and Asia could exist, and Christian scholars from St. Augustine on had accepted it, for otherwise men would have to walk upside down at the antipodes. But Ptolemy, St. Augustine, and a host of other authorities were wrong. The dramatic expansion of the known world also served to stimulate the study of mathematics, for wealth and fame awaited those who could turn navigation into a real and trustworthy science .

In large part the Renaissance was a time of feverish intellectual activity devoted to the complete recovery of the ancient heritage. To the Aristotelian texts that had been the foundation of medieval thought were added translations of Plato, with his vision of mathematical harmonies, of Galen, with his experiments in physiology and anatomy, and, perhaps most important of all, of Archimedes, who showed how theoretical physics could be done outside the traditional philosophical framework. The results were subversive.

The search for antiquity turned up a peculiar bundle of manuscripts that added a decisive impulse to the direction in which Renaissance science was moving. These manuscripts were taken to have been written by or to report almost at first hand the activities of the legendary priest, prophet, and sage Hermes Trismegistos . Hermes was supposedly a contemporary of Moses, and the Hermetic writings contained an alternative story of creation that gave humans a far more prominent role than the traditional account. God had made humankind fully in his image: a creator, not just a rational animal. Humans could imitate God by creating. To do so, they must learn nature’s secrets, and this could be done only by forcing nature to yield them through the tortures of fire, distillation, and other alchemical manipulations. The reward for success would be eternal life and youth, as well as freedom from want and disease. It was a heady vision, and it gave rise to the notion that, through science and technology, humankind could bend nature to its wishes. This is essentially the modern view of science, and it should be emphasized that it occurs only in Western civilization. It is probably this attitude that permitted the West to surpass the East, after centuries of inferiority, in the exploitation of the physical world.

The Hermetic tradition also had more specific effects. Inspired, as is now known, by late Platonist mysticism, the Hermetic writers had rhapsodized on enlightenment and on the source of light, the Sun . Marsilio Ficino , the 15th-century Florentine translator of both Plato and the Hermetic writings, composed a treatise on the Sun that came close to idolatry. A young Polish student visiting Italy at the turn of the 16th century was touched by this current. Back in Poland, he began to work on the problems posed by the Ptolemaic astronomical system. With the blessing of the church, which he served formally as a canon, Nicolaus Copernicus set out to modernize the astronomical apparatus by which the church made such important calculations as the proper dates for Easter and other festivals.

The scientific revolution

Nicolaus Copernicus

In 1543, as he lay on his deathbed, Copernicus finished reading the proofs of his great work; he died just as it was published. His De revolutionibus orbium coelestium libri VI (“Six Books Concerning the Revolutions of the Heavenly Orbs”) was the opening shot in a revolution whose consequences were greater than those of any other intellectual event in the history of humankind. The scientific revolution radically altered the conditions of thought and of material existence in which the human race lives, and its effects are not yet exhausted.

Nicolaus Copernicus: heliocentric system

All this was caused by Copernicus daring to place the Sun, not the Earth, at the centre of the cosmos. Copernicus actually cited Hermes Trismegistos to justify this idea, and his language was thoroughly Platonic . But he meant his work as a serious work in astronomy , not philosophy, so he set out to justify it observationally and mathematically. The results were impressive. At one stroke, Copernicus reduced a complexity verging on chaos to elegant simplicity. The apparent back-and-forth movements of the planets, which required prodigious ingenuity to accommodate within the Ptolemaic system , could be accounted for just in terms of the Earth’s own orbital motion added to or subtracted from the motions of the planets. Variation in planetary brightness was also explained by this combination of motions. The fact that Mercury and Venus were never found opposite the Sun in the sky Copernicus explained by placing their orbits closer to the Sun than that of the Earth. Indeed, Copernicus was able to place the planets in order of their distances from the Sun by considering their speeds and thus to construct a system of the planets , something that had eluded Ptolemy. This system had a simplicity, coherence , and aesthetic charm that made it irresistible to those who felt that God was the supreme artist. His was not a rigorous argument, but aesthetic considerations are not to be ignored in the history of science.

Copernicus did not solve all of the difficulties of the Ptolemaic system. He had to keep some of the cumbrous apparatus of epicycles and other geometrical adjustments, as well as a few Aristotelian crystalline spheres. The result was neater, but not so striking that it commanded immediate universal assent. Moreover, there were some implications that caused considerable concern: Why should the crystalline orb containing the Earth circle the Sun? And how was it possible for the Earth itself to revolve on its axis once in 24 hours without hurling all objects, including humans, off its surface? No known physics could answer these questions, and the provision of such answers was to be the central concern of the scientific revolution.

More was at stake than physics and astronomy, for one of the implications of the Copernican system struck at the very foundations of contemporary society. If the Earth revolved around the Sun, then the apparent positions of the fixed stars should shift as the Earth moves in its orbit. Copernicus and his contemporaries could detect no such shift (called stellar parallax ), and there were only two interpretations possible to explain this failure. Either the Earth was at the centre, in which case no parallax was to be expected, or the stars were so far away that the parallax was too small to be detected. Copernicus chose the latter and thereby had to accept an enormous cosmos consisting mostly of empty space. God, it had been assumed, did nothing in vain, so for what purposes might he have created a universe in which Earth and humankind were lost in immense space? To accept Copernicus was to give up the Dantean cosmos. The Aristotelian hierarchy of social place, political position, and theological gradation would vanish, to be replaced by the flatness and plainness of Euclidean space . It was a grim prospect and not one that recommended itself to most 16th-century intellectuals , and so Copernicus’s grand idea remained on the periphery of astronomical thought. All astronomers were aware of it, some measured their own views against it, but only a small handful eagerly accepted it.

In the century and a half following Copernicus, two easily discernible scientific movements developed. The first was critical, the second, innovative and synthetic . They worked together to bring the old cosmos into disrepute and, ultimately, to replace it with a new one. Although they existed side by side, their effects can more easily be seen if they are treated separately.

Science Essay

Betty P.

Science Essay - The Ultimate Guide to Writing an A+ Essay

Published on: Jan 5, 2023

Last updated on: Jan 23, 2023

science essay

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As a student, writing a science essay can be intimidating. 

It requires a good understanding of the topic, but also good writing skills. However, most science students are not good at writing essays.

But you shouldn’t worry!

With the right steps and tips, you can write an engaging and informative science essay easily!

This blog will take you through all the important steps of writing a science essay, from choosing a topic to presenting the final work.

So let's get into it!

What Is a Science Essay?

A science essay is an academic paper focusing on a scientific topic from physics, chemistry, biology, or any other scientific field.

Science essays are mostly expository. That is, they require you to explain your chosen topic in detail. However, they can also be descriptive and exploratory.

A descriptive science essay aims to describe a certain scientific phenomenon according to established knowledge.

On the other hand, the exploratory science essay requires you to go beyond the current theories and explore new interpretations.

So before you set out to write your essay, always check out the instructions given by your instructor. Whether a science essay is expository or exploratory must be clear from the start. Or, if you face any difficulty, you can take help from a science essay writer as well. 

Now that you know what it is, let's look at the steps you need to take to write a science essay. 

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How To Write a Science Essay?

Writing a science essay is not as complex as it may seem. All you need to do is follow the right steps to create an impressive piece of work that meets the assigned criteria.

Here's what you need to do:

Choose Your Topic

A good topic forms the foundation for an engaging and well-written essay. Therefore, you should ensure that you pick something interesting or relevant to your field of study. 

To choose a good topic, you can brainstorm ideas relating to the subject matter. You may also find inspiration from other science essays or articles about the same topic.

Conduct Research

Once you have chosen your topic, start researching it thoroughly to develop a strong argument or discussion in your essay. 

Make sure you use reliable sources and cite them properly . You should also make notes while conducting your research so that you can reference them easily when writing the essay. Or, you can get expert assistance from an essay writing service to manage your citations. 

Create an Outline

A good outline helps to organize the ideas in your paper. It serves as a guide throughout the writing process and ensures you don’t miss out on important points.

An outline makes it easier to write a well-structured paper that flows logically. It should be detailed enough to guide you through the entire writing process.

However, your outline should be flexible, and it's sometimes better to change it along the way to improve your structure.

Start Writing

Once you have a good outline, start writing the essay by following your plan.

The first step in writing any essay is to draft it. This means putting your thoughts down on paper in a rough form without worrying about grammar or spelling mistakes.

So begin your essay by introducing the topic, then carefully explain it using evidence and examples to support your argument.

Don't worry if your first draft isn't perfect - it's just the starting point!

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Proofread & Edit

After finishing your first draft, take time to proofread and edit it for grammar and spelling mistakes.

Proofreading is the process of checking for grammatical mistakes. It should be done after you have finished writing your essay.

Editing, on the other hand, involves reviewing the structure and organization of your essay and its content. It should be done before you submit your final work.

Both proofreading and editing are essential for producing a high-quality essay. Make sure to give yourself enough time to do them properly!

After revising the essay, you should format it according to the guidelines given by your instructor. This could involve using a specific font size, page margins, or citation style.

Most science essays are written in Times New Roman font with 12-point size and double spacing. The margins should be 1 inch on all sides, and the text should be justified.

In addition, you must cite your sources properly using a recognized citation style such as APA, Chicago, or Harvard. Make sure to follow the guidelines closely so that your essay looks professional.

Following these steps will help you create an informative and well-structured science essay that meets the given criteria.

Don’t have enough time? Hire our essay writer now and get it done quickly!

How to Structure a Science Essay?

A basic structure for a science essay includes an introduction, body, and conclusion. 

Let's look at each of these briefly.

Your introduction should introduce your topic and provide a brief overview of what you will discuss in the essay. It should also state your thesis or main argument.

For instance, a thesis statement for a science essay could be, 

"The human body is capable of incredible feats, as evidenced by the many athletes who have competed in the Olympic games."

The body of your essay will contain the bulk of your argument or discussion. It should be divided into paragraphs, each discussing a different point.

For instance, imagine you were writing about sports and the human body. 

Your first paragraph can discuss the physical capabilities of the human body. 

The second paragraph may be about the physical benefits of competing in sports. 

Similarly, in the third paragraph, you can present one or two case studies of specific athletes to support your point. 

Once you have explained all your points in the body, it’s time to conclude the essay.

Your conclusion should summarize the main points of your essay and leave the reader with a sense of closure.

In the conclusion, you reiterate your thesis and sum up your arguments. You can also suggest implications or potential applications of the ideas discussed in the essay. 

By following this structure, you will create a well-organized essay.

Check out a few example essays to see this structure in practice.

Science Essay Examples

A great way to get inspired when writing a science essay is to look at other examples of successful essays written by others. 

Here are two examples that will give you an idea of how to write your essay.

Science Essay About Genetics - Science Essay Example

Environmental Science Essay Example | PDF Sample

Want to read more essay examples? Here you can find more science essay examples to learn from.

Science Essay Topics

Choosing an appropriate topic for a science essay is one of the first steps in writing a successful paper.

Here are a few science essay topics to get you started:

Important science topics can cover anything from space exploration to chemistry and biology. So you can choose any topic according to your interests!

Need more topics? We have gathered 100+ science essay topics to help you find a great topic!

Continue reading to find some tips to help you write a successful science essay. 

Science Essay Writing Tips

Once you have chosen a topic and looked at examples, it's time to start writing the science essay.

Here are some key tips for a successful essay:

Make sure you do extensive research before you begin writing your paper. This will ensure that the facts and figures you include are accurate and supported by reliable sources.

Avoid using jargon or overly technical language when writing your essay. Plain language is easier to understand and more engaging for readers.

Always provide references for any information you include in your essay. This will demonstrate that you acknowledge other people's work and show that the evidence you use is credible.

Make sure to follow the basic structure of an essay and organize your thoughts into clear sections. This will improve the flow and make your essay easier to read.

It’s also a good idea to get someone else to proofread your work as they may spot mistakes that you have missed.

These few tips will help ensure that your science essay is well-written and informative!

You've learned the steps to writing a successful science essay and looked at some examples and topics to get you started. 

Make sure you thoroughly research, use clear language, structure your thoughts, and proofread your essay. With these tips, you’re sure to write a great science essay! 

Do you still need expert help writing a science essay? Our science essay writing service is here to help. With our team of professional writers, you can rest assured that your essay will be written to the highest standards.

Contact us now to get started!

Betty P. (Natural Sciences, Life Sciences)

Betty is a freelance writer and researcher. She has a Masters in literature and enjoys providing writing services to her clients. Betty is an avid reader and loves learning new things. She has provided writing services to clients from all academic levels and related academic fields.

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413 Science and Technology Essay Topics to Write About [2023]

Would you always go for Bill Nye the Science Guy instead of Power Rangers as a child? Were you ready to spend sleepless nights perfecting your science fair project? Or maybe you dream of a career in science?

Our specialists will write a custom essay on any topic for $13.00 $10.40/page

The picture shows the definitions of science and technology.

Then this guide by Custom-Writing.org is perfect for you. Here, you’ll find the following:

🔍 References

🔝 top 10 science and technology topics.

🔬 Science and Technology: Scope of Research

Now you can start looking for an essay idea in our topics list. But first, have a look at the following fields of research in science and technology that our topics cover:

🤖 Modern Technology Essay Topics

🧪 Science Topics to Write About

Science Essay Topics for Middle School

Science Essay Topics for High School Students

🔭 Space Exploration Essay Topics: Science and Technology

Science and Technology Topics in Space Studies

Technology Essay Topics about Space Exploration

Space Race Essay: Scientific Topics

The picture shows a fact about the Moon landings.

Science and Technology Essay Ideas in Space Innovations

💡 Science and Technology Essay Topics: Other Ideas

The picture shows a quote by Elon Musk.

📝 Science and Technology Essay Prompts

Writing science and technology essays might be a challenging task. Our essay prompts are here to inspire you. Keep reading to make your essay writing even more effortless.

Science in Everyday Life Essay Prompt

Every day we are surrounded by marvelous inventions that can be described in your paper:

Technology in the Future Essay Prompt

If you choose to write a paper about technology in the future, you can consider describing the following technologies:

Interest in Science Essay Prompt

If you wish to tell about your interest in science or make your reader interested in it, take a look at these ideas:

Importance of Science Essay Prompt

Science is essential for our society, environment, and many other parts of our lives. In your essay about the importance of science, you can include the following points:

✍️ How to Write a Scientific Essay

To achieve academic prowess in science and technology studies, you will need to get good at writing scientific essays. Here are the general principles of essay writing:

Receive a plagiarism-free paper tailored to your instructions.

Essay on Science and Technology Outline

The structure of a science and technology essay remains the same as basically any other essay type. It includes the following points:

The picture shows the structure of a science and technology essay.

Science & Technology Essay Introduction

In your introduction, you should make your reader interested in your topic. Start with a hook, and don’t forget to include some background information. You can consult our article about writing a good introduction for more info.

An introduction of a science and technology essay about the disadvantages of space exploration can look like that:

Space exploration’s contribution to environmental science is impossible to deny. However, it might also be damaging to the environment itself. Space exploration produces hydrochloric acid and carbon dioxide that contribute to global warming.

Thesis Statement about Technology & Science

Close your introduction with a thesis to state the main point of your essay. Make sure to support your point with evidence throughout the text.

Just $13.00 $10.40/page , and you can get an custom-written academic paper according to your instructions

There should be ways to make space exploration less damaging to the environment since the pollution caused by it is getting worse every year.

Science and Technology Essay Body

The body paragraphs are the central part of your essay. There you show your investigation results and support them with solid arguments. Don’t forget to open each of the paragraphs with a topic sentence that can let your reader know the main idea of the passage (you can learn more from this article about topic sentences by Rochester Institute of Technology.)

Aluminum oxide particles produced during rocket launches absorb the radiation and contribute to global warming. NASA uses fuel that consists of aluminum powder and ammonium perchlorate in their solid booster rockets. They form aluminum oxide when combined. As a result, these rocket launches are damaging to the environment and are one of the causes of climate change and global warming.

Science and Technology Essay Conclusion

The conclusion closes your essay by restating your thesis statement and making your reader want to dive further into your topic. Keep in mind that just saying that “more research on the subject is required” is not what the conclusion should be about. Make sure to include plenty of details in addition to summarizing the articles.

To sum up, although space exploration allows us to know more about our universe and makes our life easier, it also negatively affects the environment. Less damaging ways are needed in order for us to continue gaining knowledge and improving our life quality without hurting our planet.

Choosing Topics Related to Science and Technology

The field of science and technology is so broad that it is not very easy to decide on good science and technology topics right away. That is why we will explain the main issues to pay attention to while picking out a topic for your scientific essay:

If you consider these three points, you’ll have an excellent opportunity to succeed in writing your essays on science and technology.

If you feel lost and unsure what is a worthy topic, try thinking about something down-to-earth and present in our daily lives. For more tips on choosing good topics, check out some brainstorming techniques in our Guide to Academic Writing or use our topic generator .

Scientific Essay: Bonus Tips

Although essays might be one of the most common writing assignments, our free tips are here to make your studies even more enjoyable! We hope the information presented here will help you create an excellent scientific essay. Let us know what you think about our guide in the comments below!

Further reading:

Well, I like your tips and suggestions, but please give us some topics that are related to our issues nowadays. Also, give us some specific and eye-catching title to help us with our article. Thank you : )

Custom Writing

Thanks for the advice, Barbie, I’ll keep that in mind 🙂

Excellent post. I’m going through a few of these issues as well.

I hope to write my Science and Technology essay successfully. I read your post and think to complete my essay on Science and Technology without any problems.

Fascinating topics for my essay on Science and Technology! Hm, don’t know which one to choose for my paper… but now this is not a big problem) Thanks!

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Some Wonders of Modern Science

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The present is an age of science. Now –a-day in all think in terms of science and its gifts to mankind. It has rendered possible a safe flight in the air, safety in finer, transmission of news of various kinds from one corner of the world to another in no time, and so on and so forth. The advantages derived from these and other glorious achievement of science, such as swift locomotion, gramophone, television, telephone, cinema, medicines, X-rays, etc. , are so intimately linked with our modern life that is simply next to impossibility to conceive of modern civilization and cultural progress something apart from science .

The world of the means of communication has been simply revolutionized and cultural by the invention of wireless. It has ensured safety of ship at sea. Radio is a source of great recreation for all. It keeps many people in touch. Now let us move to an other great discovery that is electricity. This great discovery which is has defined time and space and has added greatly to the enjoy and comfort of life is electricity .

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“ She followed all my directions. It was really easy to contact her and respond very fast as well. ”

Electric machines have largely supplanted hand – labour and are producing better necessaries of life in great abundance at much lower cost of production .

Science has not only added to our physical comforts but is also no less responsible for our mental and intellectual development and dissemination of knowledge is mainly due to the improved ways of printing. There is no doubt to say that all what is happening today is because of science.

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There is one problem and question, Is science all for human comforts? Aero planes carry passengers and mails, but they also drop bombs and kill men in thousands poisonous gasses, tanks, armoured cars, (Protected by armour (used of persons or things military) Long-range guns and others instruments of war are terribly destructive in character .

So we may also say that science , in spite of all the comforts and relief’s that is brought to humanity, is no less responsible for the misery, restlessness and worries of man . Here again there is no point in fact science is in power of man . Man is not power of science . Man is using science . Science is not using man. So it depends on us how we use it . we can use this science for the constructive as well as destructive purposes but it is up to man how he uses it.

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Wonders of modern science essay

NB : This essay contains 300 words.

Introduction: We live in the age of science. There are many wonders of modern science around us. These wonders of science have made our life easy and enjoyable. Now a day we cannot think of our life without them.

Description : From the beginning to the end of the day we go to the touch of many wonders of science. They are electricity, television, computer, internet, mobile phone, etc. All of them have become an important part of our life.

Electricity: Electricity is the main driving force of modern civilization. Today every life of both village and town has depended on it. It gives us light and runs industries, fans, TVs and other electronic things.

Television: Television is electronic media. We can see both picture and sound in it. We can enjoy many interesting programs in it. It also telecast news and views of home and abroad.

Mobile phone : Mobile phone is a medium of rapid communication. We can communicate from one place to another place in a very short time by using mobile phone. It is very essential for businessmen, the high officials, and the foreign serviceman.

Internet: Internet means international network. It is used to share information from one computer to another computer. We can collect messages, pictures, and videos from any part of the world by using it.

Conclusion : Science is a blessing for modern civilization. Though science has some demerits, proper use of it can bring welfare for human beings.

Wonders of modern science essay (2)

This essay contains 640 words.


Wonder of science refers to a feeling of amazement by the inventions of science. Today we live in the world of science. Science has given us many wonders. These wonders of science have made our life easier and comfortable.  Science has made impossible dreams and imaginations of man possible. Man has invented great things by the observation of simple events. All the inventions of science have developed a great civilization in the world. These inventions are too many to illustrate but they are really wonders of science. Ralph Waldo Emerson has truly said, “Men love to wonder, and that is the seed of our science.”


We can consider electricity as the first wonder of modern science.  It is also the greatest invention of modern science. It has limitless applications which include transport, heating, lighting, communications, and computation.   The speedy growth in electrical technology has changed industry and society. Electricity is now called as the backbone of our modern society. The light bulb is one of the first applications of electricity that lightens our houses and streets. Electricity runs mills and factories and acts as a driving force for industrial revolution in many countries. It is an energy source for heating and refrigeration. Electricity is used to enable telecommunication across the globe. Electrical power also runs electronic devices like radio, television, mobile phone, computer etc.

Medicines and surgery:

Medicine  and surgery are the science that can treat diseases and improve our health. At present, the whole world feels cure under the umbrella of medical science. Man has achieved his success to a great extent on the battle against disease by discovering wonderful medicines and diagnostic instruments. The battle against disease is still under way. There are some wonders of medical science. Firstly, cancer is a fatal disease that kills thousands of people yearly in the world. The war against cancer makes easy to treat it now and reduces the cost of treatment drastically. Another wonder is the discovery of insulin for the treatment of diabetes. Heart transplant surgery, liver transplant surgery, kidney transplant surgery etc, are now a success story in medical science.

Information technology:

The present age is the age of information technology. Wonders of the technological world are computer, internet, satellite, international Space Station, artificial intelligence, digital electronics, etc. There will be no controversy about this that computer has changed the world so much. Internet supersedes the computer in order of importance. Satellites are used for television, telephone, radio, internet, navigation, weather and many other applications. Digital electronics have made a revolution in the world in producing electronic products. Artificial Intelligence technologies have become an essential part in computer science and research. In short, information Technology has made lives on this earth easier and comfortable.

Nuclear energy

In today’s world, nuclear energy is a hot topic. It is a wonders of modern science. It has both advantages and disadvantages in the modern civilization of the world.  A relatively small amount of uranium can be used to produce enough electricity to power a city of about half a million people. It has low cost, low pollution to the environment and sustainable. On the contrary, nuclear power from nuclear fission reactions is also used to make powerful weapons. If we let this energy get into the wrong hands we could look at ourselves facing an overall nuclear war. In 1945, the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki that resulted in the deaths of approximately 200,000 people were the result of nuclear fission reaction.

Wonders of modern science are so many that we cannot describe in short. Day by day, science is still increasing the number of wonders. We cannot think every moment of our life without science. Scientific inventions have it both merits and demerits. It depends on the humans to use science wisely for the betterment of society.

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Essay on Science and Technology | Science and Technology Essay for Students and Children in English

June 18, 2020 by Prasanna

Essay on Science and Technology: Science encompasses the methodical study of the physical and natural properties of our surrounding through the medium of research and experiment. Technology is the application of science to achieve a realistic goal. The combination of science and technology enables us to live a comfortable life.

Science and technology are the essences of our everyday life. They give a futuristic vision to our thoughts and actions.  Science and technology contribute to promoting various aspects of our lives. Without science and technology, we would still be living in the Stone Age.  The existence of the modern era is the consequence of science and technology.

You can read more  Essay Writing  about articles, events, people, sports, technology many more.

Long and Short Essay on Science and Technology in English for Children and Kids

You will find two types of essays to suit the needs of children of different age groups. The long Essay on Science and Technology consists of 400 to 500 words. On the other hand, the Short Essay on Science and Technology is of 150 to 200 words.

Long Essay on Science and Technology 500 Words

The Essay on Science and Technology is in English for students and children from classes 6, 7, 8, 9, 10. However, students appearing in competitive exams or any such examination will also find it useful.

Science and technology are two different terms, but they cannot survive without each other. Science is a systematic study of the functioning of the physical and natural environment that surrounds us. On the other hand, technology is the application of science to bring about innovative changes. The intervention of science and technology has revolutionized not only the way we think, but it has also remodeled our lives. Whether we wake up at the sound of our morning alarm or go to bed after switching off the lights, it is influencing every aspect of our lives. The intention to lead a comfortable life is compelling us to walk on the path of progress, which is not possible without the help of science and technology. We have to give credit to science and technology to make our lives comfortable and relaxed.

On the other hand, we cannot deny the harmful aspect of destruction and war as a result of science and technology. Thus, science and technology play a pivotal role in progress as well as war. However, when we weigh their pros and cons, we find that the benefits of science and technology are immeasurable.

Science and technology are indispensable in constructing a thriving economy of the nation. Economic growth climbs the technological ladder by increasing the gross domestic product.  They support the establishment of high-tech industrial development, increases productivity, accumulates capital, and aids in healthy international competition. Science and technology have a tangible influence on the agricultural sector. It is needless to say that their involvement is increasing crop production by multifold.   Furthermore, science and technology is also helping farmers to adopt new techniques and machines to reduce their manual labor.

Not to mention, the contribution of science and technology in the world of medicine, which is helping to develop a healthy nation. The invention of medical equipment and researches in the field is providing the cure for the deadliest diseases. Thus, we find a substantial decrease in the death rate.

Science and technology are bringing the world closer day by day. We find visible development in the department of transport and telecommunication. The introduction of the internet and metro network has overcome the barrier of physical distance. They have given a virtual makeover to every sphere of our lives.

A nation progresses when the rate of literacy is high. Science and technology have made a mark in the field of education. Its continuous presence in schools and colleges is boosting the quality of teaching and learning. Introduction of audio-visual aid, online lessons, etc. are some of the examples of science and technology in education.

The penetration of science and technology is so deep-rooted that it is difficult to imagine our day to day life without them. Thus, we can conclude that science and technology are an inevitable part of our lives.

Short Essay on Science and Technology 200 Words

The brief essay on science and technology is in English for kids from classes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. Nevertheless, children can utilize the piece to prepare for periodic tests, speeches, and debates.

Science and technology are an essential component of our everyday lives. The modern civilization is a contribution of science and technology.

Their presence is the reason for our improved lifestyle. The development that we see around us is a result of science and technology. Science and technology allow us to lead a comfortable life. The replacement of the bullock cart by a car is proof of science and technology. They are prevalent in every aspect of our lives.  Whether it is baking a cake or a launch of a satellite, we find science and technology. With the help of science and technology, we can search for life on other planets. They alert us by predicting the weather forecast.  Many lives can be saved when the metrological department warns us about the tornado, cyclone, hurricane, tsunami, etc.    Thus, we cannot deny the importance of science and technology.

Science and technology are not static. Every day there is a discovery. Science and technology is a significant factor in improving various sectors, such as agriculture, industry, transport, communication, education, health, construction, etc. We avail of the benefits that science and technology provide us. The knowledge of science and technology are helping us in the betterment of our lives.

10 Lines on Science and Technology Essay in English

Science and Technology Essay

Conclusion on Science and Technology Essay

FAQs on Essay Science and Technology

Question 1. How have science and technology helped us in the field of agriculture?

Answer: Science and technology introduced improved techniques and instruments to increase the production of crops.

Question 2. How have science and technology helped in saving lives?

Answer: Science and technology enable us to find a cure for deadly diseases. Furthermore, the weather forecast of a hurricane, tornado, tsunami, etc. helps to evacuate people in that region.

Question 3. Are science and technology helpful in creating a comfortable life?

Answer: Yes, the invention of the fan, heaters, refrigerators, vacuum cleaners, cars, etc. are the result of science and technology. They help create a comfortable life for us.

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Example Of Essay On Renaissance And Modern Science

Type of paper: Essay

Topic: Art , Europe , Medicine , Students , Politics , Education , Renaissance , History

Words: 2250

Published: 03/03/2020


The term renaissance was coined in the 14th and the 15th century by Italian intellectuals and was used by these intellectuals in describing their age or era the one which saw the rebirth of learning, literature and arts. This was after a long, vast and dark period through the middle ages. This period is the most disputed in European history. Ironically, though, it is the most interesting periods in the European history. Many intellects view this period as being unique and as having characteristics of its own variant with other periods in history. Another group of scholars are of the view that the renaissance period began in the last half of the 15th century and extended to the very nascent stages of the French Revolution in 1789 or more still, extended to the very end of the era of Napoleon in 1815. There is a bunch of social historians who reject the renaissance concept altogether. Generally, there are heated and varying arguments from historians over the marked differences between the middle age and the renaissance periods and whether the beginning of the modern day world can be attributed to the renaissance period. Despite the heated arguments and conflicting understanding, the scholars and historians agree that the renaissance period was a unique historical era marked with very distinct themes in literature, politics, learning art, religion, music and social life. The radical changes marking the shift or transition from the middle age to the renaissance era influenced the subsequent centuries. The Italian intellectuals viewed the ancient world depicted in Greece and Rome whose learning, politics and literature they highly admired as an important and significant age marked with great achievements. It is also their view that a lot of the literature and the learning developed in the ancient worlds of Greece and Rome got lost during the more than a hundred years of cultural darkness which followed. This period of cultural darkness is what the Italian scholars have referred to as the middle age. Italian humanists have held the view that this middle age era paved way for a new dawn which was the rebirth of the renaissance period. Petrarch, a vernacular writer and a humanist, has been viewed by many scholars as the most important figure marking the beginning of the renaissance era. The vernacular writer and scholar highly criticized the medieval habits and practices as being inadequate. He elevated literature and ancient ideals as models worth emulating. Between 1400 and 1450, a majority of Italian scholars agreed with this criticism. They supported a classical revival or a radical shift from the thoughts and habits of the middle age period. As a result of this criticism, a new intellectual movement referred to as humanism was born. This movement dominated the Italian ethical ideas, scholarship, public discourse and schooling. It spread to the larger Europe in the last half of the 15th century up to the first half of the 16th century. Both modern day historians and contemporaries also view the Great Plague which occurred between 1348 and 1350 as a dividing point between the two ages, that is, the middle age and the renaissance. The Plague had huge, devastating and tragic demographic losses as well as negative psychological impacts in the human history. Radical political changes in the period of 1400 to 1500 also marked a new dawn in the political arena. This radical political change was renaissance. England, France and Spain turned out to be powerful monarchies in the late 15th century. Quarrels among them and their continued interventions in other smaller states affairs dominated the politics of Europe. Efficiency in the distribution of printed books and other materials to all parts of Europe also ushered in a new period distinct from the past. This followed Johannes Gutenberg’s invention of the movable type in 1450 which was a clear indication of a major break from the medieval age. This enhanced a greater production and efficient distribution or dissemination of great and many volumes of books to all parts of Europe. Printing presses could be found in many towns as early as 1470. The 16th century was marked with a greater spread of printed materials and an efficient system of their distribution. This had a major impact in the way of life especially the religious and intellectual life.

Renaissance and Background to a New Science

Scholars and intellects of the renaissance era inherited greatly the intellectual views of the middle ages and their philosophical approaches, science and medicine. However, a majority of the inherited conceptions and ideas of the middle ages were highly criticized by the renaissance scholars. In the field of astronomy, the renaissance scholars and intellects inherited the Ptolemy’s concept of the sun revolving around the world. This was a highly valued conception in the ancient worlds. Nicolaus Corpernicus criticized and differed with this medieval conception. He argued that all planets revolved around the sun. The Earth was no exception. This view prevailed and was supported by a majority of the early 17th century astronomers. The protestant and Catholic religious authorities, however, highly opposed Corpernicus’ proposition. Galileo Galilei supported the Aristoterian science but later rejected it. He favored the mathematical analysis of a physical reality which he termed as the modern mechanics science over the Aristotelian science. The calendar reform was another major mathematical achievement that affected the whole of the European continent and the world at large. The Julian calendar was adopted by Renaissance Europe from the ancient Rome. One major and outstanding characteristic of the Julian calendar was that it was in arrears of ten days by the 16th century. A team of intellects was appointed in 1582 by Pope Gregory XII to assist in the preparation of a new calendar. This team deliberated on the issue and eventually came up with the modern day Gregorian calendar which is used globally. Medical scholars during the renaissance era also inherited a deeper human body understanding from the medieval scholars. Their medical healing and practice approach was based on Galen, Aristotle and Arab medical scholars of the medieval ages. The conceptions inherited from the medieval scholars did not escape criticism from the renaissance medical scholars. These scholars challenged the inherited medical conceptions and altered it. These medical scholars were referred to as medical humanists and their leader was Niccolo Leoniceno. They criticized the ancient medical conceptions and they conducted fresh investigations of the human body and its anatomy. As a result of their continued efforts to analyze and understand the human anatomy, they brought about a medical research revolution. Major parts of the human body were named after these renaissance medical intellects and scholars. For instance, the Eustachian tube was named after Bartolomeo Eustachi while the uterine or the Fallopian tube was named after Gabriele Fallopia. The larger part of research in medicine, science, law and philosophy was conducted by universities. The quality and number of universities expanded tremendously during this era of renaissance. In 1400, twenty-nine universities were inherited from the medieval age. All these universities were functional during their inheritance. Forty six new universities had been created by 1601. Only two universities were lost by closure between 1400 and 1601. The total number of universities in Europe was therefore more than twice that of the medieval period. There was an increase in the demand for universities from all directions. The most important factor contributing to the increase in the number of universities in the renaissance period was the fact that a lot of people wanted and had a great desire to learn. There was also an increased high demand for trained professionals in the society. Cities, princes and monarchs needed educated civil servants and other personnel especially those who had law degrees. A degree in medicine enabled its holder to practice as a court physician, private physician or to be employed by the town authorities. There was also an increased demand for theological degrees stimulated by the Catholic and Protestants reformations. There was an increased demand for court judges and lawyers after the adoption of the Roman law in Europe. Protestants and Catholic Germans therefore continued studying in the Italian based universities which were the main centers for studying the Roman law.

Disintegration of the Social, Political and Theological Order

The renaissance period led to the evolution of a variegated society characterized by the emergence of various classes or categories of people raging from nobles to peasants and slaves. This age was marked by a conspicuous consumption of means using both ethical and unethical means. There were huge imbalances in the distribution of resources and wealth. The renaissance period saw strong intellectual and cultural unity during its nascent stages. The prolonged Italian wars and the period of Protestant reformation cracked this unity. The disintegration of the strong cultural and intellectual has been viewed by many scholars as an attempted reversion to the old social order which existed during the medieval times. These heightened cultural and intellectual disintegrations led the Thirty years of war in Europe. Renaissance states were characterized by existence of three government forms; oligarchies, monarchies and princedoms. The oligarchies were also referred to as the republics by the renaissance. The republics were ruled by the consent of the people who inhabited them. This consent was expressed through a voting process. However, only a small percentage of adult males could participate in the voting process. The government comprised of those members of the society who were influential, for instance, lawyers, leading merchants and banks. Workers, clergymen and those who were lowly ranked in the society were not included in the government. Those in government wielded arbitrary powers and could at times exercise these powers arbitrarily. Monarchies ruled subjects who spoke multiple languages. Their laws of succession were developed such that whoever was to take on the reign of power was known in advance. During the renaissance period, the monarchies grew and increased in size. The powers of monarchs also became clearly defined. Territorial conflicts between monarchies dominated the international politics during the renaissance period. Princedoms were characterized by the existence of a prince who ruled a particular state with support from his family members. The prince had absolute authority of making decisions which concerned all the inhabitants of that particular state. There existed no means of checking the exercise of powers of the prince and he could therefore abuse his powers regularly. There was a great variance in the source and nature of the prince’s powers. The prince status was obtained by displacing a ruler by war, force, assassination, bribery, purchase or diplomacy. Most often, princes used a combination of these means to come to power. The prince would then promulgate laws which made him the legitimate ruler of the inhabitants. He also came up with laws of succession which ensured that he would be succeeded by his son or one of his family members. Development of diplomacy gained roots during the renaissance period. This was necessitated by the shifting and changing political realities at the time. The constant political instabilities in the republics, the frequent wars between these states and the ever increasing fights over supremacy called for mechanisms of quenching. This resulted to diplomatic means of dispute resolution. The prince wielded a lot of powers especially powers to enforce laws, collect taxes and quell rebellions. During the period of renaissance, the middle age theology suffered fragmentation. Renaissance theologians had opposed the medieval theologians’ conceptions and had adopted new religious conceptions. Protestanism and Catholicism were the major conceptions of the medieval periods. With renaissance, other religions gained popularity. Islam, for instance, gained popularity and started spreading to the Asiatic countries. The medieval conception of the existence of only two religious factions stopped holding ground in the renaissance period.

Humanistic Thought, Art and Court Culture

During the renaissance era, humanism was based on humanistic studies of grammar, poetry, rhetoric, moral and historical philosophy founded on ancient authors’ studies; and, good qualities which made men and women to be human. Humanism taught principles of leading a morally upright, successful and responsible life on earth. Humanism highly criticized those conceptions and principles that were inherited from the medieval period especially when the inherited conceptions conflicted with the renaissance beliefs. Humanists challenged and criticized medieval art, philosophy and government. They focused their critical minds to learning new conceptions of humanism. This brought about a new form of intellectual unity in the larger Europe. The renaissance period also saw the development of courts and the court culture especially in Italy. The fragmentation of the city states also contributed to the development of courts and the court culture. Customary court activities orbited around castles, villas and hunting lodges of the rulers. Court artists during the renaissance period were used as communication vehicles and they articulated status on the ruling family’s behalf.

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