essay questions on groundwater

Free Groundwater Essays and Papers

essay questions on groundwater

Managing Groundwater Sustainability

we take groundwater as an advantage and now we experience groundwater management problems all over the world. Ground water contributes worldwide about twenty percent of people’s fresh water (Kinzelbach, Bauer, Siegfried, and Brunner). Groundwater is considered the most suitable for drinking, but we didn’t realize that over pumping ground water could be vulnerable to degradation, which leads to drying wetlands, deterioration in water quality, and increasing salinization. As groundwater cannot be

Groundwater Management Essay

Groundwater is the most significant source of clean water for an assortment of uses, including industrial, irrigation, drinking and domestic habits. Nevertheless, excessive usage of groundwater has resulted depletion of this natural resources and thus a continual fall in its groundwater level. A gradual decline in water quality is also taking place, from industrial, farming and domestic effluents entering into hydrologic cycle. To counteract groundwater resource depletion and deterioration, its management

Groundwater Pollution Essay

Groundwater Pollution Groundwater is vital for life and although 71% of the earth’s surface is covered by water only 2.5% of all the water is freshwater. Earth’s freshwater is located 1.2% on the surface and other freshwater bodies, 30.1% is groundwater, and 68.7% is in glacier and ice caps. Of the earth’s total water supply only 1% is freshwater that is accessible and is trapped in snow field and glaciers, In short, only 0.007% of the planet 's water is available to fuel and feed its 6.8 billion

Groundwater and the Hydrologic Cycle

Groundwater and the Hydrologic Cycle Introduction Water is the lifeblood of every living creature on earth. Approximately 70 percent of the earth's surface is covered with water. Thought the wonders of nature, water can take on many different forms, form the water we drink, to the ice we use to chill a glass of lemonade, to the water vapor used to steam clean equipment equipment. It is easy to understand the significance water plays in our lives, but it may be much more difficult ot understand

Groundwater Pollution and Drinking Water Scarcity

earth. I'm sure that you think that groundwater is kind of like an underground river or lake. If you do your somewhat right but that not just quit it. Only in caves or near lava flow does the underground rivers and lakes occur. Instead ground water is usually held within pours of soil or rock material. An good example to show how the water is held is to fill a sponge with water that is kind of the way that ground water is held in these underground materials. Groundwater is very beneficial to human life

water, due to population growth, has placed a huge burden on our nation's groundwater resources. Groundwater resources make up a minute 0.31% of the world's water supply. Groundwater quality can be defined in terms of the concentration of its chemical constituents relative to a variety of potential uses. Groundwater is used not only for drinking water, but also for irrigation, industrial supply and cleaning. For groundwater to be used as a supply, it must be situated in an aquifer. An aquifer is


Rivers are the arteries of the planet, delivering most of the fresh surface water people use. An estimated 263 international river basins cover about 50 % of the Earth’s surface, yet by volume they carry about 2,120 km3, or about 6/1,000 of one % of total water (Table 1). Approximately 40 % of the world’s population live in river basins that comprise two or more countries. According to the United Nations, 145 countries have territory within international basins. While most basins are shared between

Threats to Groundwater

Topic: Major threats & issues/ Threats to groundwater Question: What can be done do decrease the potential contamination threat to South Australian water by Pharmaceuticals and Personal Care Products (PPCPs)? In order for living and non-living things to survive water is necessary. Some 72 percent of Earth is covered in water, but 97 percent of that is salty ocean water and not suitable for drinking. Most of the remaining 3 percent water is freshwater and locked up in ice layers or glaciers or it’s

Threats to Groundwater The 1/3rd of the world is covered with land. Other sector is in water. Water is one of the most important natural resources for living. It is use for drinking, fertilizing, washing and many other things to do with it. Now the water condition is very bad. The environment suffers the water condition and its purity. The ground water is one of our valuable sources. “The water we drink and use everyday might be called our most valuable resource. Agriculture, manufacturing, brewing

Groundwater Quality and Quantity

Groundwater is a merchandise which is proposed to be utilized wisely whilst ensuring its serenity and sacredness as far as quality and amount. Universal usage in segments, for example, streamlined, metropolitan, commercial, agricultural and private makes groundwater polluted and changing over it as a powerless element. Populace development is on the cutting edge to make an upgraded water request because of everlasting lack of surface water and overweening industrialization. Geographic Data Systems

The Threat Of Groundwater Protamination: The Threat Of Groundwater Contamination

The threat of Groundwater Contamination About Groundwater Contamination Groundwater contamination is defined as introduction of undesirable substances to groundwater resource due to anthropogenic reasons which causes it to become unfit for human use (Environment Canada and The Ground Water Foundation). The groundwater can be contaminated either when the liquid contaminants infiltrates into the soil surface going down the groundwater or when the surface or rain water infiltrates into the ground dissolving

Tulare Lake Hydrologic Region

From the 16.5 MAF of groundwater pumped annually in the state of California, 39% will be used for agriculture, 41% will be used in the urban sector, while 18% will be used to manage the state’s wetlands (DWR 2015). The Central Valley alone uses 74% of all extracted groundwater, where the Tulare Lake Hydrologic Region is the greatest groundwater user (DWR 2015). Since the state’s topography and hydrological conditions vary throughout the state, the amount of precipitation that the state receives will

Corangamite Case Study

land and salt lakes. A large proportion of the natural process occurs through the ground water process; being present in all landscapes, groundwater travels throughout geological materials under gravity’s influence (AGV, 2001). A small portion of salt is present in initial rain and larger amounts in ground water travelling along soils and rock paths. Where groundwater discharges, water is absorbed by plants, however salt is left behind to accumulate. Historically, in the Corangamite region, salinity

Effects Of Groundwater Contamination

Groundwater contamination can have serious effects on the environment, economy and human health. Serious health consequences can be seen by infants, pregnant women, and the elderly who regularly consume contaminated groundwater. Additionally, marine wild life can be hazardous to human health if they are harvested from an area of contaminated water. The source of groundwater contamination can come from many different causes such as chemical or pesticide use as well as agricultural run off. These chemicals

Groundwater Contamination Essay

rivers, groundwater can also be contaminated. Groundwater contamination can originate from several sources. First of all, groundwater can be contaminated by gas leaks from storage tanks, which have chemicals such as oil). In addition, toxic leaks from landfill sites and leaks of industrial chemicals from manufacturing sites can also cause groundwater contamination, as chemicals can leak into the groundwater if they are not managed properly. Bacteria can also contaminate the groundwater when fertilizers

Essay On Soil Remediation

water resources but has simultaneously deteriorated the quality of urban groundwater in many cities. Groundwater has been significantly polluted in over half of China’s 660 cities. Contamination transfer through the soil is partly responsible for this. The government has finally recognised this issue and is now spending tens of billions of Yuan each year on heavy metal soil remediation and treatment of over-exploited groundwater. The Shanghai Centre for Soil Remediation was opened in 2005 to study soil

Decline in Water Supply in India

understand why farmers overuse the already crippled groundwater resources in India, studies are conducted on a global scale to learn the factors in the agricultural industry in India. • Rise in Population - It is generally known to sustain life, as we know it, we must have access to water; which is why throughout history humans and animals have made homes near the water. The supply of water in India is depleting. This means that the groundwater that is located underneath the massive country is being

Causes and Impacts of Water Shortage in China

Change Threatening Water Supply.” CHINAPOST.COM. 25 April 2011. Web. Nov. 2013. Myslewski, Rik. “Chinese Apple suppliers face toxic heavy metal water pollution charges.” The Register. 5 Aug. 2013. Web. Nov. 2013. Qiu, Jane. “China faces up to groundwater crisis.” NATURE.COM. 13 July 2010. Web. Nov. 2013. Schneider, Keith. “Choke Point: China – Confronting Water Scarcity and Energy Demand in the World’s Largest Country.” Circle of Blue. 15 Feb. 2011. Web. Nov. 2013 Shan, Juan and An, Baijie. “Study

Ways to Conserve Water

Ways to Conserve Water Don’t let it run. We have all developed the bad habit of letting the faucet run while we brush our teeth or wait for a cold glass of water. Keeping a pitcher of water in the refrigerator or turning the faucet off while we brush our teeth can save several gallons of water each day! It’s simple really, before you turn on the tap, think of ways you can use less water to accomplish the same purpose. Fix the drip. There is no such thing as a little drip. A leaky faucet

Leachate From Landfill

decades. The leachate has the frequently significant potential to pollute ground water and surface water. The most common pathway for leachate to the environment is from the base of the landfill through the unsaturated soil layers to the groundwater, then by groundwater through hydraulic connections to surface water. Unprocessed landfill leachate requires treatment prior to the natural environment. If the raw leachate is disposed without treatment, it could become a major source of water pollution since

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Groundwater Questions

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Water is one of the essential resources found on Earth. Below the Earth’s surface, a vast water resource is seen, referred to as groundwater.

Groundwater underlies the Earth’s surface almost everywhere, beneath mountains, hills, deserts, and plains. Groundwater constitutes 22% of water below the surface land.

The water cycle defines the continuous movement of water above and below the Earth’s surface. The groundwater contains:

Read more : Groundwater

Important Groundwater Questions with Answers

1. What are the sources of groundwater?

The sources of groundwater are rivers, natural springs, aquifers, rain, and snow.

2. Define groundwater.

Groundwater is defined as the source of freshwater found below the earth’s surface.

3. Groundwater cannot fill the porous spaces in soil, sediment, and rocks.

Answer: FALSE

Explanation: Water under the surface of the earth, fills the porous spaces in soil, sediment, and rocks.

4. In which zones is groundwater found?

Groundwater is found in the unsaturated zone and saturated zone.

5. What is an aquifer?

An aquifer is a body of saturated rock through which water can quickly move.

6. Choose YES or NO: Can groundwater be recharged naturally? a) YES b) NO

Answer: a) YES

Explanation: The groundwater can be recharged naturally by rain, snowmelt, and surface water.

7. How is groundwater polluted?

Groundwater is polluted using septic tanks, leaky underground gas tanks, landfills, sewage systems, wastewater, and mines.

8. Does the overuse of fertilisers and pesticides contribute to groundwater pollution?

Yes, when the fertilisers and pesticides enter the groundwater, it leads to groundwater pollution.

9. The upper level of an underground surface is known as _____.

Answer: c) Water table.

Explanation: The upper level of an underground surface is known as the water table.

10 . What affects groundwater contamination?

Groundwater contamination is affected by sorption, biological degradation, and advection.

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Essay On Groundwater Resources

Groundwater is a vital element to sustain life and the rapid growth of population, urbanization and agricultural activities leading to depletion in groundwater level and deterioration in its quality due to geo-genic and anthropogenic activities (CGWB, 2011; Chopra and Krishan, 2014a, b; Krishan and Chopra, 2014; Krishan et al. 2013a,b; 2014a, b, c, d; Lapworth et al. 2014a, b; Lohani and Krishan, 2015; MacDonald et al., 2013, 2014; Rao et al. 2014).Water is not only essential for the lives of animals and plants, but also occupies a unique position in industries. Groundwater is an important source of water supply throughout the world. Groundwater occurs almost everywhere beneath the earth surface not in a single widespread aquifer but in thousands …show more content… Groundwater resources are affected in principle by three major activities. First of these activities is excessive use of fertilizers and pesticides in agricultural areas. The second one is untreated/partially treated wastewater to the environment. Finally, excessive pumping and improper management of aquifers result. The activity of solid waste disposal in open un-engineered landfill is the one of the factor that cause the ground water pollution due to lack of pollution control interventions such as water proof layer, leachate treatment pond, monitoring wells etc. (Mohamad et al., 2007). Groundwater pollution also occurs due to clandestine disposal of toxic wastes, especially from industrial sites, or undetected leakage from pipes, waste storage containers, or underground tanks. According to WHO organization, about 80% of all the diseases in human beings are caused by water. Once the groundwater is contaminated, its restoration to actual condition requires prolonged time and decontamination is not possible by just stopping the ingress of pollutants from the Show More

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Corporate Environment Obligation: An Examination Of The Performance Of Chevron Corporation

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AP Mid Year Exam Review Sheet Essay

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Water Quality Problem of Groundwater Pollution

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The Importance Of Protecting The Groundwater?

The pros and cons of using groundwater essay.

The ways that will decrease the depletion with groundwater is people should not waste as much water; sponsors should manage water; there should be a regulated amount of wells and crops should not be planted in dry areas whereas water is demanding. Dams are enormous barricades that are constructed throughout streams and rivers in order to control the flow of water for production of hydroelectricity as well as irrigation. Because water is limited, it generates artificial lakes. A reservoir is something in the neighborhood of a stream, lake, river, creek, or pond that occupies water until it is required for use (Kreifels, 2011).

A Rhetorical Analysis Of Water Works By Cynthia Barnett

Water is one of the most precious resources, which support the life of almost everything in the world. Indeed, the world is covered by 75% water, but most of this water is not suitable for human consumption or use. On the same note, the world has been increasing its consumption of water due to the increasing population, leading to increased demands. The increased water consumption, which has been a result of high population, is worrying because the matter may lead to massive water shortages in the future.

Drinking Water : Human Right Or Commodity? Essay

Water, like food, is a necessity for human life that is used for many purposes such as agricultural, industrial, and domestic systems. While water is a common element around the world not all of it is clean and able to be consumed or used by humans. With only a percentage of the world’s water being clean and the use of water increasing, the availability of water around the world has become a common issue in the developing and even the developed world. This may be a smaller problem in areas close to clean water sources compared to areas far from a clean water source but, the availability of water is not strictly based on location, it also depends on the specific political and social needs and issues of the area as well. These all become issues that must be accounted for when deciphering whether water is a basic human right or a commodity and what action must be taken to aid the developing water systems in community’s that lack them.

Argumentative Essay : Drinking Water Shortage

There is a water crisis which faces many parts of the world and it is a threat to survival of human beings since humans are primarily dependent on water. Shortage in drinking water is beginning to show its effects in first world countries, but is a current major problem facing lesser developed countries which have not taken drastic steps to harvest water and purify it to make it safe for human consumption. In developed countries the population growth has strained available water resources and stretched the ability of governments and private firms to provide safe drinking water to the vast majority of the population. Seventy one percent of

Mackenzie Jurosko. Geo 1110 Geology . Professor Macenczak

Around the world our water supply is depleting. Our water is becoming contaminated making it harmful for both mammals and aquatic life. Today over one billion people go without adequate water supply and every fifteen seconds a child dies of waterborne illness. Sources of water that once supplied water to millions can no longer meet the supply and demand of the water need. Scientist predict that the amount of useful water will keep depleting greatly in the years to come. In the next couple of pages it will talk about both the geological and human reasons as to why are water supply is depleting.

Alex Wiley. Geo1110 Geology. Mrs. Ma. 2 February 2017 .

According to “Implications of Growth”, in many parts of the world natural water sources are already pushed to and past their limits. The human population greatly relies on water, therefore, it is essential and necessary to the future population growth in the entire world.

Chemistry : The Chemistry Of Natural Waters Essay

Water: a necessary facet to all living things. For animals, water can be a home or a drink. As for humans, the uses of water are endless. Not only do we use water as a beverage or washing clothes or dishes, but we also use water for toilets, various kinds of plumbing and other things that aren’t as easily identifiable. As of 2005, this 70% of our Earth has been manipulated and used for thermoelectric power (41.5%), irrigation (37%), domestic affairs (8.5%), public supply (5.4%), industry (5%) and aquaculture (2.6%).1 The importance of water is infinite, not only to our way of life, but also our lives. We need to drink water to ensure the health of individual cells of the body, lubricate joints, moisten mucous membranes of the organs and many other vital bodily functions.2 Not only do we expect the availability of water, but it is highly important to humans and all living things. Although it is such an integral part of our Earth, one may ask about some of its properties and characteristics.

Depletion Of Water In Easter Island

Water is a fundamental resource necessary for all life on Earth. Humanity would be extinct without it. People think there is an unlimited supply of water, however there is not. The overuse of water is a problem that needs to be stopped. Society needs to learn to live in a more sustainable way. If humanity continues to overuse Earth’s natural resources the way it does today, the Earth will run dry. To prevent the depletion of water, people need to be aware of their impact on the environment and live sustainably. By controlling the population, limiting fossil fuel usage, and stopping greed, the depletion of water can be prevented.

Segerfeldt's Private Water Saves Lives and Postel's The Missing Piece a Water Ethical: Article Comparison

Water is the protection of life. Many countries are lack of water ,and many people do not know how to cherish water in our country .A lot of people to waste water every day, since all of them just take it for granted. We should consider that Water- poor countries are faced with the seriousness of water problem and how much water they can handle, and are also focused at how to adopt measures to facilitate a continuous supply of clean water to developing countries.

Schleifer's Seven Reasons We Are Facing A Global Water Crisis

The water crisis in the world is increasing, and it will continue to increase if something is not done. Water makes up approximately seventy-one percent of Earth’s surface. This does not include the water underground. Everyday water is being taken more than it is being put in, and people have a large role in this. Climate change, the number of people in the world, and water wasted is among the uppermost causes of the water crisis. It is simple, if you do not have water, you will eventually die. The water crisis is a health crisis for everyone globally.

Essay On Canada And International Environmental Issues

As we are all aware, water is essential to life on earth. It is a common need that plants, animals and humans share. In developed countries we are often consumed with items we think we need, such as clothing or new vehicles. In fact, those may not actually be needs, but are considered wants. Water is essential to survival, but somehow people don't have access to it worldwide.

Water Inequality Around The World

Around the world there are many inequalities which can affect ones happiness, health and prosperity in life. One inequality affecting peoples well-being is the inequality of water. Water inequality is a result of many factors and indicators such as which has been impacted by multiple factors such as pollution, high population rates, geographical barriers and climate change. A massive factor in the inequalities of water is the pollution, up to 90% of waste water in developing countries flows untreated into rivers, lakes and highly productive coastal zones, threatening health, food security and access to safe drinking and bathing water. Another factor is high population rate, every year the demand for water has been increasing. Due to the increased

Thesis Statement On Water Scarcity

Water is considered as an essential for human existence. We all can survive without food for some day but no one can live without water at least two days. Human body consists of 70% percent of water and our globe is covered by 69.9% percent of water. But unfortunately the useable fresh water is just 2.5% out of it. Water is a social good, water is an economic good, water has ecological value and water has religious, moral and cultural value.

Water Shortage in the Middle East Essay

Water is the main source of life on the Earth. It is vital for normal existence and functioning of organisms. Earth is sometimes called “water planet.” But, in fact, the number of freshwater is limited. “Only about 2 percent of the planet's water is fresh.” (How much water is there on Earth?) This water is not enough even to meet daily needs of mankind. According to World Health Organization, “a lack of water to meet daily needs is a reality today for one in three people around the world.” (2009) In the Middle East the situation is especially hard. This region is thought to be one of the droughtiest places in the world, most of it’s territory is deserted. Freshwater accounts to 1 percent of the world’s supplies, while the population comes

Water Shortages in China: Problems and Solutions Essays

Many people know that water is essential for human-being and it is not only valuable for health and life, but water is also important for industry and agriculture. Furthermore, use of water has a spiritual, cultural and recreational dimension. However, water resources are not infinite. Wide and inefficient use of water resources can lead to irreversible consequences, such as water shortage. This essay will firstly discuss the problem of water shortage on examples of developed and developing countries and include the diversification of the same issue in the different parts of the world. It will also identify causes and effects of this environmental problem on society and other spheres of life. Moreover, in this essay I am going to propose

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Blue and Green Tomorrow


How to write an epic essay on the global groundwater pollution crisis.

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Are you planning on writing an essay on an environmental topic? You may want to consider talking about the groundwater pollution crisis gripping the world. In the United States alone, there are 20,000 known groundwater pollution sites . That figure is growing every year.

The problems with groundwater pollution are becoming worse, as this recent paper on Science Daily shows . It shows underground water reservoirs are a hotbed for arsenic. You can consider this growing problem if you are looking for a topic for an essay for school.

Experts from have found that many people are talking about groundwater pollution. But how do you write a great research paper on the groundwater pollution problems gripping the world? You may want to start by researching the extent of the crisis and the issues the world is facing . We are going to share some details below.

Potential Essay Topics to Discuss Regarding the Groundwater Pollution Crisis in the United States

You can find a number of great research papers on the groundwater pollution problems in the United States. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has a great one here . However, if you don’t know enough to write your own paper, then you may want to keep reading.

Most of the fresh water available on Earth is groundwater. Groundwater is the great hidden resource. Its image is often associated with that of large underground rivers or lakes. However, the reality is very different. We must think of water in underground reservoirs like it is inside a sponge. The sponge is an analogy for the pores and cracks in the soil.

In many cases, aquifers are over-exploited, as they are subjected to exploitation rates that exceed their natural renewal capacity. This is a great topic to consider writing an essay on. The other major environmental problem affecting aquifers is pollution. Drinking contaminated groundwater can have serious health effects. In the long term, it can even lead to certain types of cancer. Ecosystems that depend on discharges from aquifers can also be damaged by the introduction of pollutants.

Contamination can occur when rainwater infiltrates through the soil, comes into contact with the sources of contamination present in the soil and washes them into the groundwater. Other times the entity of the spill or leak is large enough, which means that the contaminant itself reaches the groundwater without the help of rainwater infiltration.

Once contaminants reach the groundwater, they tend to form a concentrate and flow with it. This is called a pollution plume. The slow movement of the aquifers means that in some cases the contamination is not detected for several years, and it can move widely to other areas.

You may want to write an essay or research paper on one of the many types of groundwater pollution. The main sources of groundwater pollution are:

Others topics that you can focus your essay on include household chemicals, such as paints, detergents, solvents, oils, medicines, disinfectants, pesticides and batteries. Injection wells used for the disposal of domestic wastewater can affect the quality of groundwater for consumption if they are located near supply wells.

Similarly, urban waste accumulated in landfills can contaminate the soil and subsequently lead to the leaching of toxic compounds into the groundwater. There is a shortage of essays on urban groundwater waste, so this can be a great research paper.

Create a Great Paper on Groundwater Pollution

There are a lot of great environmental topics that you can write about. Groundwater pollution is one of them. I hope your groundwater pollution essay is an academic success!

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  1. Free Groundwater Essays and Papers

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  2. Groundwater Questions & Answers

    How important is groundwater? What makes a groundwater well go dry? Is groundwater always clean? Is measuring water in a well like measuring a

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    Ground water affects the earth as a whole because of its primary importance as the best protected reserves for distribution across the World, especially in arid

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    About 1% of water on the earth is made up by ground water and the groundwater volume is equal to a fifty five m thick layer in the earth surface

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    Importance of groundwater, and how much we rely on it for daily activities has been discussed. How groundwater is polluted and what are the

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    The problems with groundwater pollution are becoming worse, as this recent paper on Science Daily shows. It shows underground water reservoirs