Drinking Water Essay
Water Pollution For Drinking Water
safe water. On January 9, 2014, nearly 300,000 citizens in the greater Charleston area were confronted with a situation where their water was no longer safe. This devastating situation was the result of a chemical spill of 4-methylcyclohexanemethanol (MCHM) into the Elk River just upstream from the West Virginia American Water (WVAW) treatment plant. In response to the spill, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) was asked to determine a safe level of MCHM in the drinking water. Using
Drinking Water Steps
come to the right place. Let's get started. Week 1: Drink water. My biggest weaknesses are coffee and soda. I know, however, that when I drink water instead I have more energy and get sick less often. This week's assignment is to drink a glass of water just after waking in the morning and before every meal. By drinking water first thing in the morning, you are more likely to continue drinking water all day. If you drink a glass of water before every meal, you will eat less because you will be full
Drinking Water Is An Adjective
term “drinking water” is a wonderfully ambiguous pairing of words. “Drinking” can be an adjective, describing the many natures of this clear liquid. This water has special, vital qualities. It’s not ocean water, not dish water, not swamp water. It is potable water safe enough to consume without getting sick. A rare liquid, one that will become less and less taken for granted in the future. Or “drinking” can connote an action a specific intent to drink water rather than freeze water, sell water, wash
The Quality Of Drinking Water
The Quality of Drinking Water and its Impact on Human Health There are only few things that tie us directly to the natural environment; one such thing is the water that we drink daily. Water is one of the most valuable natural resources and we cannot live without it. I personally never thought much of the importance of water in our daily life, till about a three years ago when my mother was diagnosed with final stage of colon cancer. My father, a nature lover all his life, through out every trip
Hydrated Drinking Water
dose not drink water. you could get dehrited and if that happens you could die from not drinking water. some sitafects of be dehritated are when u have dry mouth or a person might have sour throte or a person could get very tired or have a headache.if a person dose not drink water. if a person dose not drink water he/she could die from it or could get very sick. why it is importent to stay hydrated and drink plenty of water. it is important beacuse if you dont drink plenty of water you could die from
Drinking Bottled Water
people already know that using tap water is better for the Earth since the use of plastic is minimal. Nonetheless most people don’t know about the health benefits of drinking bottled water instead of tap water. One of the pros of drinking bottled water is the minerals, vitamins, and flavors added to the water for taste. Not only does bottled water benefit your health, but as well as used for emergency cases such as hurricanes, earthquakes, or tornadoes, bottled water serves as a much more convenient
Is Water A Safe Drinking Water?
percent of the world is composed of water, yet only two percent is safe enough to drink. Water, simply two parts hydrogen and one part oxygen, is the most essential element for life function (Importance of Water Web). Water enables life for all organisms, makes up two thirds of the human body, and is important in maintaining homeostasis, a balanced body system. Without water the human body would deteriorate within a few days and cease to function. Without water, plants, animals and our thriving ecosystem
Bottled Water And Drinking Water Essay
many people have many opportunities to drink water, which is the closest and cheapest fluid. We can drink water in two kinds of ways, bottled water and tap water. Some recent articles recommend choosing tap water for several reasons, even though the investigations of the two kinds of water praised bottled water as better water for us than tap water until a little while ago. Which one is better for us? Both bottled water and tap water are the same water just by looking at them; however, each of one
Drinking Water Lead Contaminated Water
In Flint Michigan, nearly 100,000 residents are drinking lead contaminated water. (QuickFacts). We are not discussing a third world country on the other side of the globe, but rather a city in the United States. It would seem as though the land of opportunity, and the land many flee too should be able to provide clean drinking water. However, in the United States 310,000 children aged 1-5 are found with an unsafe level of lead running through their blood stream. (Lead 8). In Flint alone, 8,000 children
Water Drinking Water Quality Standards
Drinking water, also known as potable water or improved drinking water is safe enough for drinking and food preparation. Globally, in 2012, 89% of people had access to water suitable for drinking. Nearly 4 billion had access to tap water while another 2.3 billion had access to wells or public taps. The amount of drinking water required is variable. For those working in a hot climate, up to 16 liters a day may be required. Infants are about 70% to 80% water while the elderly are around 45%. Typically
Drinking Water Bottled Water Response
Though drinking water is the fundamental need for living, it can be the one to jeopardize our health if we don’t know what we are drinking. Due to the rampant human population explosion and over-exploitation of natural resources, drinking water has been a major crisis in the modern society. Bottled water has become one of the convenient ways to overcome the problem of drinking water but lately, it has various concerns regarding its impact on health, environment, and extravagances. In the article
Clean Water And Clean Drinking Water
"Water is an essential element in our daily lives, but for North Americans, water service is a convenience that we too often take for granted until a serious issue occurs,” (Waterworld, 2014). There is more than 1 billion people who lack adequate access to clean drinking water and at least estimated there are over 400 million that are children. "Because unclean water yields illness, roughly 443 million school days are missed every year." (Goodnet, 07 Oct, 2014). Providing clean water to the billons
The Fight For Clean Drinking Water
Drinking a glass of water does not usually stir up thoughts of injustice. If it in someway did, it would probably be over concern for those in underdeveloped countries who struggle to get clean drinking water. Yet, the struggle to attain clean drinking water occurs in the United States as well and especially for minorities. Regulations in the Federal Safe Drinking Act often go unmet and the purpose of the Safe Water Drinking Act unfulfilled as minority dominant and poor communities often have the
Disadvantages Of Drinking Water Bottles
ball game and you see everyone drinking Gatorade, soda, or water and then stay after and you will see all those bottles in the bleachers and on the field from the players. You start to realize that know one really cares about the environment anyone. Water bottles or just bottles in general are a big cause on the environment. Although many people do not care, littering causes a lot of harm to the environment and not many people realize it. Even though drinking bottle water is widely known as a good choice
The Importance Of Drinking Water
According to the WHO, Globally, at least 2 billion people use a drinking water source contaminated with faeces. Public health is dependent upon safe and accessible water. Water is consumed daily commercially and domestically. Water is an indispensable basic human necessity, which needs to be consumed every day for survival. However, water has wider impacts on health and well-being and improved water supply and sanitation as well as stronger management of resources can help individuals and whole communities
The Effects Of Drinking Water On The Water
if our drinking water is actually safe to drink? The topic of safe drinking water according to my research isn’t a topic that it’s given that much attention even though there have been events and statistics that have impacted our drinking water. There have been important events such as the chemical spill in Charleston, West Virginia and the ash sludge in Kingston Tennessee in 2008, these kind of events even though they have happen a few years ago still have an impact on our drinking water today.
Water Quality Of Drinking Water
“over 4,000 chemicals have been found in our drinking water.” This may not seem serious, but it is Water quality is sometimes unseen, it is a serious issue yet often ignored by many. Most people are convinced that bottle water is the best solution therefore no one really questions the quality of tap water. As a result, tap water is rarely investigated, and this leads to a detrimental issues. A three-year study was conducted, for the testing of water quality, as a result the report has found more
instructor told me that there is only about 0.7% available as fresh drinkable water. I understand the importance of water which is what got me thinking about ways to increase that percentage of the fresh drinking water in the world. I was walking on the Lenape trail next to Mill Pond, which is a local trail, and I saw the water did not look very clean because it is township property and the township may not be able to clean the water. So I decided that I would help clean the pond, but how? I did some
Chlorine Is The Single Largest Contributor For Safe Drinking Water
INTRODUCTION Chlorine is the single largest contributor to safe drinking water, in the history of public health. In 1902 the first chlorine disinfection system was installed in Belgium. By the 1920’s nearly the whole world started using the process. Due to this disinfection process many disease-causing microorganisms were abolished. According to Life Magazine (1997) “The filtration of drinking water plus the use of chlorine is probably the most significant public health advancement of the millennium”
Argumentative Essay On Drinking Water
The laws regulating the tap water is 35 years old and is out of date. 35 years ago the country was a completely different place. The Safe Drinking Water Act only regulates 91 contaminants in the water that we drink, but there are more than 60,000 chemicals within the water that the people drink within the United States of America based on the information taken from the Environmental Protection Agency. According to an analysis taking by government records, both scientist and government have inspected
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Essay On Importance Of Drinking Water
Lana mazahreh's speech 3 ways to conserve water.
Have you ever thought of how we can all conserve water? Do you ask yourself sometimes will we ever run out of water? When you ask people the same questions a majority will give you the response “ I don’t know…” In Lana Mazahreh’s speech “3 thoughtful ways to conserve water,” she talks about three lessons we can take into our hands to conserve water. The three lessons she focuses on are to tell people how much water we really have, empower people to save water and to look below the surface. Lana uses these three key points to trigger the audience mind, hoping it will change the way we treat and value our water. Today in our society we take water for granted when we should not. We as citizens do not know how much water we have left, or when we are going to run out.
Examples Of Loneliness In Catcher In The Rye
You don't need water to feel like you're drowning do you ? That is a question that many people ask when they are going through many obstacles and can not seem to overcome their problems. The water is used to represent isolation, loneliness, and alienation. To be isolated, alienated, and lonely you can either push yourself away from people or someone is making you be alone. Suffering from these things you may have some issues that make you feel that way. For example, Holden Caulfield is a troubled teen who struggles with isolation and loneliness. He isolates himself from people due to being depressed, but he talks to many people but still feels lonely. Another example is Jim Stark, another troubled teen who is being isolated by his parents
Psy/270 Week 4
The Institutional Review Board (IRB) was given the opportunity to give independent and prospective review and approval prior to the study beginning. Participation was voluntary for the women applying for identification. They were informed they could withdraw at any time if they wanted to and that no harm would come to them from participating. There were no incentives to any participants for completing the questionnaire. Participants were informed their survey answers would remain confidential from anyone and that all necessary steps would be taken to ensure their confidentiality would be
Est1 Task 2
All of our cells, organs and tissues depend on water to help regulate homeostasis. Homeostasis is when our cells seek and maintain a condition of equilibrium or stability internally as it deals with environmental external changes. Because water plays many important roles in the overall maintenance of the body, some of the functions of it include: regulates body temperature, carries nutrients and oxygen to cells, lubricates joints, helps dissolve minerals and other nutrients , and most importantly it also moistens tissues like the mouth, eyes and nose. Dehydration is when the body is deficient in water. Because the water in our bloodstream plays an important role in equally transporting cells and minerals throughout the body, when an individual is not getting enough water the cells in the body will begin to shrivel up and malfunction. The opposite of dehydration is water intoxication. In an occurrence of water intoxication, what happens is that an individual may consume too much water without giving the body the equal amount of nutrients to counterbalance the water consumed. The recommended intake of water is 64 oz. a day; in comparison to the amount of water I drank, I fell short by 22.4 oz. of water with an average intake of 41.6 oz. of water per day. Based from this project I realized that if I don’t drink enough water per day my body will have a hard time transporting minerals throughout my body and excreting all the toxins out of my
Water Bottles Persuasive Essay
We all drink water. Whether we like it cold, lukewarm, or in small amounts because it can taste so bland, we all drink it. Something that most of us do is buy and drink bottles of water because it is convenient for those of us who have a busy schedule. Most importantly, we buy it because from what we expect, it is the most safe option. Yet, what if it is not the safest option. Although we have all heard the rumors and comments about the harmful effects of water bottles, most of us have never really made it a priority to understand the actual health risks of drinking it. We have also brushed off the horrific facts of what it actually does to our planet regardless of the endless amount of television commercials that are trying to grab our attention. It is widely ignored and believed to just be another meaningless hoax, just as Donald Trump believes that Al Gore is a Chinese
Informative Speech On Water
Specific Purpose: To inform the audience about water shortage and how to cope with water scarcity
Persuasive Essay On Clean Water
Can you stop for a moment and think what would happen if we didn’t have water; clean water? It seems impossible, as we use water to drink, cook, clean, grow things, and for everything else in life. Unfortunately, because of the easy access to one of the most plentiful, and most valuable resources in the world, some people take water for granted. In contrast, other poor people live in places where the only easy way to get water is from a dirty irrigation ditch. Or their only source of water is backyard faucet shared by several homes. So, because of the availability of clean water is being abused, the problem of wasting water started to emerge. Some people thinks that with all the water on our plant’s surface, why are many so worried about water preservation? People who waste water think that it’s from their right to have plenty of water. If one mediates the world around, he/she should have observed that all creatures on earth need water to survive. Furthermore, the shortage of water in the body of any living creature happen to cause health problems and even death. The idea of preserving water is a debatable subject. However, humans should stop wasting water and should not take it for granted in order to survive with a healthy body, and reduce health risks.
Drinking Water Persuasive Speech
Central Idea: Many people may take drinking water for granted, but keeping hydrated can have a huge impact on overall health. Despite how crucial it is that people drink enough water, a significant amount of people may be failing to drink recommended levels of fluids each day.
Examples Of Quantitative Content Analysis
In my thesis I utilized the quantitative content analysis method. There are many definitions of this research method from different authors. Most of the definitions include similar principles. The research should be systematical, objective, quantitative and replicable. Daniel Riff introduced in his book the major definition and compiled their aspects into his own. He says:
Losing Weight Research Paper
I have dry skin issues and I find that if I get all of my water in each day, my skin is moist and more elastic. Over-hydration won’t make wrinkles go away, but dehydration will make your skin look dry and wrinkled. Once you have the proper amount of hydration, your kidneys kick in and dispose of any excess fluid. Fluids actually transport the waste from your cells and your kidneys play a part in that as well. You know you are getting the proper amount of fluids when your urine is flowing freely, is light in color and has no odor. If you chronically drink too little water you are at higher risk of getting kidney stones. Another great benefit of proper hydration is that it helps prevent constipation. When you are low on fluids, your colon draws fluid from your stools to maintain proper hydration and this cause the stools to be dry which in turn causes
Three Types Of Research Methodology
The term Research Methodology refers to a set of procedures, methods & techniques that are put together by the researchers to obtain a solution to the problems they confront during the collection of data. The researchers look for the most crucial data which is inevitable for the research. Generally there are three kinds of approaches or research methods namely Qualitative, Quantitative and Mixed. These methods are used to gather data and resolve issues that emerge during the process of data gathering. The researcher can bring forward his findings either in the form of quantitative or qualitative or mixed research methodologies only when the data is collected based on the preliminary data gathering process and the secondary data gathering process.
Water Scarcity Essay
Water is crucial to our survival! Water is one of the scarcest commodities in the world at the moment; some argue that it is scarcer than oil. Wars have been fought over oil; therefore a war over water is a very big possibility in the years to come on this planet. With the current growth of the world’s population and the increase in demand for water in the agricultural industry, the issue of water scarcity is very likely to get worse and worse (Gupta, 2016). This essay will therefore critically discuss water scarcity and how one can prevent a war fought over water, as well as how one can save water and implement change to better our future nationally and globally.
Importance Of Water In Hotel
Water is a transparent and nearly colorless chemical substance that is the main constituent of Earth 's streams, lakes, and oceans, and the fluids of most living organisms. Water plays an important role in the world economy. Approximately 70% of the freshwater used by humans goes to agriculture. Fishing in salt and fresh water bodies is a major source of food for many parts of the world. Much of long-distance trade of commodities (such as oil and natural gas) and manufactured products is transported by boats through seas, rivers, lakes, and canals. Large quantities of water, ice, and steam are used for cooling and heating, in industry and homes. Water is an excellent solvent for a wide variety of chemical substances; as such it is widely used in industrial processes, and in cooking and washing. Water is also central to many sports and other forms of entertainment, such as swimming, pleasure boating, boat racing, surfing, sport fishing, and diving.
Life Without Water: The Importance Of Water
Water is one of the most important and vital substance on earth. All life forms on earth require water to survive. If there will be no water there would be no life on earth. Aside from drinking water to survive, people have many other uses for water.
Essay About Water Management In The Philippines
By the year 2025, the Philippines is believed to be brought to a water crisis if no new sources of water are developed or found to meet the growing demand of the citizens. (Sapnu, R., Balabo, D., & Cervantes, D., 2007) "There is a Japan International Cooperation Agency study that says that if we will not conserve water, there may be some problems. But of course we can always start conserving now and look for other sources," Lopez (2013) said. Studies have shown how water conservation and appropriate water utilization are significant as early as today.
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- Essay – THE BENEFITS OF DRINKING WATER
Posted by Yocky
THE BENEFITS OF DRINKING WATER
Water is a natural gift given to us by nature. Drinking water regularly in daily basis is the best way we can give to our bodies. Some of us drink it when we are thirsty and some of us drink it when we are fully hydrated. The surprising thing is that there are some people who don’t like drinking water at all. In facts, we need water to keep our health no matter who we are. The importance of drinking water for our bodies is paramount to our health, because it makes up to 70 percent of our bodies’ weight. There are four fulfilling benefits of drinking water to our bodies, such as it can speed up our metabolisms, make our skins healthier, lose our weight, and stay alert.
The first benefit of drinking water is it can speed up our metabolisms. Increased hydration levels have an effect of increasing the blood volume. The increased of blood volume helps the transport of oxygen to our bodies’ cells. It also facilitates the transport of waste out the cells. If our cells are hydrated properly, our metabolisms will be optimal. The more water we consume, the more efficient our cells can work.
The next benefit is it can make our skins healthier. Drinking water can help our skins healthier, refreshed, and radiant for sure. Our skins will look unhealthy when the toxins are remained in our bodies. The role of water here is to flush the toxins away out of our bodies. Our skins need a lot of water to stay hydrated and supple, so we have to make sure that we drink enough water each day. We need to drink water for about 8 – 10 glasses in a day in order to keep our skins healthy.
The third benefit is water can lose our weight. When we are in a diet or fitness program, there is a suggestion that we have to drink a lot of water. Water can help us to suppress our appetite, so we don’t eat as much as usual. Drinking water also helps our bodies to burn the fat in our bodies, and so our weight can be reduced. Some people say that drinking 15 liters of water in a day can help in losing our weight drastically. By the loss of our fat in our bodies, we can be healthier because some diseases caused by the fat will be avoided.
Finally, water can make us stay alert and focus. When we are properly hydrated, the circulation in our body will be good. By the fact, our brains are made up 85 percent of water, so we have to stay hydrated to help our brains. If our brains are properly hydrated, it will keep the mood fresh and active. People who drink less water often feel bored and less enthusiastic. Meanwhile, people who drink more water are really energetic and full of zeal. It also helps our bodies in relieving the fatigue of the body.
In conclusion, drinking water is a very important thing to our bodies’ health. Not only human, but also all of the organisms need water to survive. The importance of drinking water for our bodies is paramount to our health, because it makes up to 70 percent of our bodies’ weight. There are four fulfilling benefits of drinking water to our bodies, such as it can speed up our metabolisms, make our skins healthier, lose our weight, and stay alert. So, we have to consume water as much as we can to keep our body in a good condition.
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Essay Service Examples Environment Water
The Importance of Drinking Water Essay
- Topics: Water
- Words: 1865
- This essay sample was donated by a student to help the academic community. Papers provided by EduBirdie writers usually outdo students' samples.
The aim this study is to ensures the supply of safe drinking water that needs to be monitors within real time applications by using IOT(Internet Of Things)based system . This system consists of several sensors are used to measures the physical as well as chemical parameters of the water . The parameters such as temperature, pH , turbidity , conductivity , dissolved oxygen and hardness and also some chemical parameters of water. The measured values from the sensors can be carried to the micro controller of IOT based system .For this purpose more than 20 water samples were collected in different mandals of East Godavari District,Andra Pradesh, India .
Water is one of the most significant and most precious natural resources.It is embodiment of something in the life of all living organisms from the simplest plant and microorganisms to the most complex living system known as human body. A person can live without food for five weeks or more, but without water he can survive for only a few days .Water is a combination of hydrogen and oxygen atoms with a chemical formula H2O and the most generous compound (70%)on earth surface. Water is a limited resource and is essential for agriculture, industry and for creatures existence on earth including human beings. Lots of people don’t realize the true importance of drinking enough water every day. More water are wasted by many uncontrolled way. Water is an outstanding due to its unique chemical and physical properties.It be a pivotal factor for development and the quality of life in many countries.In individual dreary areas it has even become a survival factor(1).Therefore,”water stands for human consumption must not contain pathogen-microbes or deleterious chemicals”, because water contaminated with micro-organisms is the cause of ubiquitous(2) . That is good drinking water is not a opulence but one of the most crucial requirements of life itself(3).Water makes up more than two thirds of human body weight , human brain is made up of 95% of water, blood is 82% and lungs 90% . However, developing countries have endures from a lack of access to safe drinking water from recovered sources and to acceptable sanitation services(4) . The WHO(5) bring to light that seventy five percent of all diseases in developing countries develops from polluted drinking water.
Therefore water quality concerns frequently the most important component for measuring access to improved water sources(6).Acceptable quality shows the safety of drinking water in terms of physical , chemical and biological parameters(7) . International and local areas have established those parameters to determine physicochemical quality of drinking water . The problems associated with chemical compounds of drinking water arise primarily from their ability to cause adverse or harmful health effects after sustained periods of revealing of particular concerns are contaminants that have collecting noxious properties such as heavy metals and substances that are carcinogenic(8) . The most common problems in household water supplies may be hardness , iron , sulphades , sodiumchlorides , alkalinity , acidity and dissolved solids and some chemical contaminations.By using the IOT based monitoring system , we avoid and detects the unpurified water quality for the human utilized water .
The word pH stands for potential of hydrogen . It deals with measure of hydrogen ion concentration in water . And it decides the nature of water that is acidity or alkalinity nature of water.If the pH value of nearly 1 , it acts as acidic nature of water . The pH of 14 being strongly basic (or alkaline) nature . The standard value of pH is 7 ( that is Neutral) . Generally,the pH value of drinking water is ranges between 6.5-8.5 . It is considered as a standard level concentration of standard organisations . The range exceeds degree level of concentration causes the harmful effects to consumers.
Turbidity is a measure of clearness of water quality . This measurement deterrmines the how many particles are floating around in the water such as plant refuses , sand , precipitate and clay , which influences the amount of sunlight reaching aquatic plants . Turbidity can potentially affect the rate of photosynthesis, and therefore the growth of plants or algae in the water body. It is typically expressed using Nephelometric Turbidity Units (NTU).
Dissolved oxygen (DO) are reported in units of milligrams of oxygen gas (O2) dissolved in each litre of water (i.e. mg/L) or as a percentage of the maximum amount of DO that is possible in a waterbody at a specified temperature and salinity (% saturation) . DO concentrations are dependent on atmospheric pressure, and this is taken into account during instrument calibration. Considerable differences between DO concentrations at the surface and at depth in waterbodies can result from stratification of the water column, due to temperature or salinity effects. This effect is usually most pronounced in summer months when surface waters are considerably warmer than deeper waters. Excess DO can lead to ‘gas bubble disease’ in fish, where oxygen bubbles can form in the vascular system, gill lamellae and eyes, amongest other organs, which can lead to death . It can measures the both (mg/L and % saturation) should be recorded.
Electrical conductivity (EC) often simply called conductivity, is a measure of the ability of water to conduct an electrical current. The ability to conduct an electric current is due to the presence of dissolved salts. Thus, EC is used to calculate salinity and the concentration of dissolved salts in a waterbody. The formal unit for conductivity is siemens per metre (S/m), however microsiemens per centimetre (μS/cm) is more commonly used when measuring fresh or brackish waters, and millisiemens per centimetre (mS/cm) when measuring estuarine and marine waters. EC varies with temperature, and values reported are usually corrected to 25°C. Such data are known as Specific Conductance. A difference of 5°C can alter conductivity by approximately 10%. Many conductivity instruments have compensation functions so that EC at 25°C can be read directly (verify by checking the instruments manual).
Total dissolved solids (TDS) include total dissolved salts but also non-ionised species (e.g. sugars, other organics and colloidal particles). Therefore , “TDS values are often larger than total dissolved salt values for the same water sample “. Total dissolved solids are either determined by filtering a water sample, evaporating a weighed amount of filtrate to dryness in a weighed dish, drying to a constant weight , and determining the increased mass of the dish .
In drinking water hardness is mainly contributed by bicarbonates , carbonates , sulphates and chlorides of calcium and magnesium . So , the principal hardness causing ions are calcium and magnesium . The acceptable limit of total hardness is 300 mg/L whereas the maximum limit is 600 mg/L . Hardness can classified water as soft , moderate , hard and very hard . As per this classification most of the samples comes under moderate to hard category . On the basis of this classification it has been observed that no water samples are soft but all the measured values were within the acceptable limit values of BIS (300 mg/L) and WHO (500 mg/L) .
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Arsenic contamination in drinking water has been reportes quality of water can be realised . WHO has prescribed a provisional guideline value of As 10 µg/l in drinking water and according to India standard drinking water specifications . The highest desirable limit is 50 µg/l and no relaxation for maximum permissible level . Early clinical symptoms of acute intoxication include abdominal pain, vomiting, diarrhea, muscular pain, and with flushing of the skin. Chronic exposure due to arsenic contaminated drinking water includes dermal lesions, peripheral neuropathy, skin cancer, and peripheral vascular disease. Major dermatological signs are nelano-keratosis, melanosis, spotted and diffuse keratosis, leucomelanosis, and dorsal keratosis .
Calcium is naturally present in water . It is a determinant of water hardness, because it can be found in water as Ca ions. Calcium content in the groundwater varies from 112.22 to 168.33 mg/l . All samples were within maximum permissible limit prescribed by the BIS and WHO .
Copper is an important to human health as an essential nutrient in low ammounts . As increasing the Cu content in the amount of water quality, it causes vomting , stomach cramps and nausea as well as liver and kidney problems . The desirable limits of Cu content in quality of water is 1.0 mg/l (WHO) and 0.05 mg/l (BSI) .
According to WHO 1984 and Indian standard drinking water specification 1991 the maximum permissible limit of fluoride in drinking water is 1.5 ppm and highest desirable limit is 1.0 ppm. Fluoride concentrations above 1.5 ppm in drinking water cause dental fluorosis and much higher concentration skeletal fluorosis. Low concentration (approximately 0.5 ppm) provides protection against dental caries.
Iron is the most abundant element , by weight , in the earth’s crust . Iron is the second most abundant metal in earth’s crust . It is an essential element in human nutrition . The minimum daily requirement of iron is ranged from about 10 to 50 mg/ day (FAO/WHO 1988) . Natural water contains variable amounts of iron despite its universal distribution and abundance. Iron in drinking water is normally present in the ferrous or bivalent from (Fe++) . It is a vital oxygen transport mechanism in the blood all vertebrate and some invertebrate animals .
According to India standard drinking water specification 1991, highest desirable limit of lead in drinking water is 0.05 ppm and no relaxation for maximum permissible limit. Provisional tolerable weekly intake of 25 µg/l lead per kg body wt or 93.5 µg/kg body wt/ day for all age group was established (WHO 1993). From a drinking water perspective, the almost universal use of lead compounds in plumbing fittings and as solder in water distribution systems is important . It is present in tap water to some extent as a result of its dissolution from natural sources but primarily from household plumbing systems in which the pipes, solder, fittings, or service connections to homes contain lead . Lead is a cumulative general poison and associated with several health hazards like anemia (Moore. 1988), reproductive effects (Wildt et al . 1983) (Cullen et al . 1984).
A large number of minerals contains the magnesium; It is washed from rocks and later on ends up in water. It has many different purposes and consequently may end up in water in many different ways. It also ends up in the environment from fertilizer application and from cattle feed. The values of magnesium ranges from 96.00 to 153.17 mg/l prescribed by BIS.
Sodium is the sixth most abundant element in The Earth’s crust and it stems from rocks and soils . Concentrations however are much lower, depending on geological conditions and water contamination sodium compounds serve many different industrial purposes . The Sodium content in study area has shown variation from 82 to 1093 mg/l prescribed by BIS .
In this, the supply of safe drinking water quality parameters such as pH, Turbidity, Temperature, Conductivity and Hardness and also some chemical parameters are can be monitors within real time applications by using IOT(Internet Of Things)based system . And also examines the more than 20 water samples in different mandals of East Godavari District,Andra Pradesh in India were be recorded .
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Purifying seawater has many benefits. Among those include providing potable water for third world countries, adequate amounts of agricultural water supply, and the ability to use the oceanic water supply as a source of drinking water. The current methods for purifying contaminated or salinated water include reverse osmosis and distillation. Both methods are energy-intensive and costly in terms of materials and equipment. Distillation also leaves behind the toxic contaminants which are usually disposed of in wastelands making the environment unsuitable...
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Benefit Of Drinking Water Essay
Show More Our bodies are composed of 60% water hence we cannot over emphasize the need for water for the benefit of the human body. Doctors and other medical professionals recommend that we drink at least 8 glasses of water per day or sometimes they encourage us to at least drink 2 litres of water daily. Water has its natural health benefits to the body which will give us a lot of good to our bodies when we drink water religiously. Here are some of the benefits of drinking water to the human body: 1. Water Helps to Improve Physical Performance- Our bodies require a good balance of water daily, this is especially important because the body loses water through different activities like for instance during intense exercises the body loses a lot …show more content… Hydration Affects Energy Levels and Brain Function- The human body is highly dependent on water hence the need for a balanced hydration levels. “Studies reveal that even very low dehydration (1-3% of body weight) can impair many aspects of brain performance”. www. authoritynutrition.com. It has also been revealed that Mild dehydration (fluid loss of 1-3%) can affect energy levels and mood, and can also reduce memory and brain performance. 3. Drinking Water May Help to Prevent and Treat Headaches. Lack of water in the body can trigger headaches, migraines in selected individuals. It has been revealed that water can reduce tension headaches, migraines and in some cases eye sight problems. 4. Hydration May Help Relieve Constipation. Constipation is a common occurrence in the human body. It results from infrequent bowel movement which leads to problems in passing stool. Water helps with the improvement in the digestion performance as the bowels easily move in the digestive system and in the end passing of stool is enhanced. It is highly recommended that drinking plenty of water can help reduce and relieve the problem of constipation, especially in individuals who has a low preference of …show more content… Another research has revealed that Drinking Water May Help Clear Kidney Stones in the body. The more water you drink the less the risk of accumulation of kidney stones in the body which can be a health hazard. 6. Another important aspect of drinking water is the quenching of thirsty which is a more common reason why people drink water. It helps to clear a dry throat and reduces the risks of colds and flus especially in winter. There are a lot more health benefits of drinking safe water and we cannot exhaust them in this document. It is for this reason that I have embarked on a research on bottled water as product which I intend to adopt on the market in order to satisfy the customer need of safe, reliable, modern and trusted water. I have chosen water as a product I will embark on the market and as a manager I believe that bottled water is profitable, easily accessible and feasible for the shareholders. “Bottled water is drinking water (e.g., well water, distilled water, mineral water, or spring water) packaged in plastic or glass water bottles. Bottled water may be carbonated or not. Sizes range from small single serving bottles to large carboys for water coolers”.
Drinking water speech.
Great and clearer skin. Water helps flushing out toxins from the body and helps in preventing pimples. It also helps de-clogging pores since toxins cause these. Also, dehydration makes skin dry and wrinkled so keeping yourself hydrated will make it look better though it can't erase fine lines. 7.…
Benefit Of Drinking Water
You will notice that if you are fond of taking high levels of stimulants and sugar, your body tends to have an imbalance of chemicals. However, if you drink more water, you can keep the levels of those chemicals within narrow ranges of fluctuation. In addition, water contributes to making your skin look clearer and brighter. 6. Helps you in losing weight.…
Benefit Of Mineral Water
It has been discovered and proved also in the study of the European Journal of Neurology that the intensity of the headache can be reduced by increasing your intake of water. Benefits of mineral water for health is to eliminate toxins from our body, especially when we urinate and sweat. The risk of urinary tract infections and kidney stones can be reduced with the sweat liquid discharge aided by mineral water. Chronic disease prevention can be done simply with just a many drinking plain water. Chronic disease in question here is a cancer and a stroke, but there are still many other deadly disease could certainly have been prevented if consuming a minimum of eight glasses of water a day.…
Drinking Water Filters
“Drinking water shortly after you awaken can reduce the level of acidity in your stomach and help relieve the symptoms of heartburn.”(Adams Dave, parag 3). This is telling you that water reduces the chances of you getting heartburn. It stomach also lowers the level of acidity. The importance of a water filter is without one it can lead to various problems. “burning in throat, severe eye irritation, non-stop vomiting, trouble breathing or severe skin irritation such as skin blistering.” (Anya Groner, parag 1).…
Garcinia Cambogia Research Paper
It helps to balance the cholesterol level in the body. HCA and other compounds in contained in the herb help to increase HDL cholesterol levels (good fats) and lower LDL cholesterol levels (bad fats). This will help to reduce the chances of heart attacks, atherosclerosis, and strokes, while also lowering blood pressure and giving you more energy for your daily tasks. Regulates Blood Sugar In the process of regulating the metabolism, the blood sugar level is also normalized in the body. This is the reason why Garcinia Cambogia is highly beneficial to those who are diabetic as it can help to ensure that there are no unexpected spikes or drops in blood sugar, which can have terrible consequences.…
Creatine Should Not Be Regulated Essay
Dehydration is a result from creatine because it makes the muscles in the body absorb more water that is usually used in other parts of the body. Dehydration can lead to extreme thirst or fatigue or in more severe cases it can lead to…
Essay On Alcoholism
Also, albumin, a blood protein, will decrease production along with other blood clotting factors (3). Vitamins, which are essential for metabolism, become present in small amounts in an alcoholics body and can lead to serious illnesses, such as liver failure. Vitamin C, folic acid and B vitamins levels are effected the most by alcohol use (1). Therefore, malnutrition will result if these lost nutrients are not replenished for extended period of…
Benefits Of A Water Filter
Some other benefits are, Drinking clean, filtered water protects the body from some disease, Filtered water is more healthy than distilled, alkaline water, and vitamin. Water Filtered reduces the risk of gastrointestinal…
Benefits Of Curd In Milk
Consumption of curd also lowers the cholesterol levels and reduces high blood pressure. The immunity of the body increases. And the external use helps in improving the skin health, reducing dandruff and other benefits as well. Apart from that, the curd reduces the stress level, which makes it a natural remedy for hypertension and other issues. With the right amount of regular consumption, curd helps in reducing the weight…
Bathua Case Study
1) Cures Constipation: Having irregular diet or not having fiber or water in food can cause constipation resulting in irritation in normal days. It can cause painful diseases like piles or anal fissure. Bathua have high fibre content which helps to smoothen the bowel movements. A good start in the day makes everything easy and perfect. Bathua helps to maintain the level of right fibre in the body.…
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Clean Drinking Water
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Our primary needs are food, water and shelter; but water is the most important need of every person. Without water, we cannot survive. Even for one day, we cannot live without water. If we have safe and clean water for drinking , we’ll live healthy and prosper. The clean water we drink and which is germless is called potable water. The water we drink in our homes, is supplied by the municipal community. We think that it is safe and germs free but in reality it is not fully safe for using in household works and also for drinking , for the reason that it is filtered in huge tanks ; the big particles and comparatively small particles are filtered but not purified .
So we should ensure that we purify the water before drinking.
There are two types of water :
i) The drinking water ii) The water for household works There are different sources of water and are classified as : Natural sources : Rivers , Ponds etc.
Proficient in: Clean Drinking Water
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Man made resources : Canals, pipeline services etc.
Before drinking water , we should purify it by using certain purifiers . If we drink dirty or unsafe water that contain germs; then we’ll fall ill and certain diseases will be caused such as diarrhoea , typhoid etc. People wash their clothes and their animals also take bath in rivers and pounds ; due to which the water get dirty and several types of germs are generated in the water and are transferred to the infected person to the healthy person . these types of diseases which are transmitted from one person to the another are called communicable diseases .
You won’t be charged yet!
If we take care of some small-n’-small things, then we can maintain our health; because prevention is better than cure. We receive potable water from the canals, rivers, and ponds ; groundwater is also potable. Now, the question is that how is water polluted?
Some ways of water pollution:
Some factories dispose their chemical wastes into the rivers due to which water is polluted. People according to their rituals , throw ashes in water , due to which water is polluted. Due to the lack of education, people dispose the dead bodies also in water bodies , again water is polluted. Due to the excessive use of pesticides, and insecticides our ground water is polluted .
How we can prevent water pollution?
We should organise several programmes to aware people about the cleanliness of water. At school level , we should develop healthy habits in the students, so that they can understand the importance of cleanliness. We should conduct several activities such as plays and skits etc. to aware students about the cleanliness. Court should issue notices to such factories which dispose harmful chemicals in water bodies. We should also aware the factory workers about the safely disposing of harmful chemicals in water bodies. Now , the question is that how can we clean and purify dirty water? The water we dispose in sewage is cleaned and purified by the government in several water treatment plants.
How water is purified in these plants : The dirty water is passed through some parallel bars to remove bigger impurities like polythene bags , fabrics etc. The second step is sedimentation in which comparatively small particles settle down in tank The third step is decantation in which water is separated by the help of a scrapper. The next step is chlorination in which germs are killed by the help of several disinfectants such as ozone , chlorine etc. When the water gets chlorinated it leaves a odour which is then controlled by another process called UV Radiation.
This essay conclude that we should save water because the amount of fresh water on earth is limited. Out of the total area of earth , 75% of the area is covered by water but out of this area only about 2% water is fresh; and even out of this percentage about 1.5%of water is in form of glaciers and 0.3% is groundwater; 0.2% water is usable. Our present Prime Minister Shri Narendra Damodar das Modi has also taken some initiatives such as “Swachh Bharat,Swastha Bharat Abhiyan”. His role in making Indian society aware of the cleanliness and conserving water is significant. CBSE has also initiated a few steps to make the students aware of the cleanliness of the environment and our surroundings .
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Drinking Water Essays (Examples)
615 results for “Drinking Water” .
Drinking Water Have You Ever Forgotten to
Drinking Water Have you ever forgotten to water your houseplants or garden? What do you notice? When you give the plants water, what do you see happening? Likely, within a few moments, you see the plant begin to perk up, to stretch, and to look healthier. Well, our bodies are similar in that water is an essential part of our daily intake -- every cell, tissue and organ in our bodies need water for proper function and it is important to drink enough fluids each day to remain hydrated (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2012). Water is very important to our bodies because it helps to do many things that keep our cells, joints, and blood flow working properly. or instance, water helps the body flush wastes through urination, perspiration and excretion. Without enough water, the body holds onto these toxins and buildup may lead to illness or discomfort…
Falkenmark, M., & Rockstrom, J. (2004). Balacing Water for Humans and Nature. Wiltshire, UK: Cromwell Press.
Salzman, J. (2012). Drinking Water: A History. New York: Peter Mayer Publishers.
United States Department of the Interior. (2013, January 10). The Water in You. Retrieved April 2013, from USCS.Gov: http://ga.water.usgs.gov/edu/propertyyou.html
Benefits of Drinking Water vs Soda
water v. soda ater is the building block of life; our bodies are composed mostly of water, as is the earth on which we live. If we "are what we eat," then it makes the most sense to drink more water than any other beverage available. However, many people fall out of the habit of drinking water because of all the flavored beverages on the market. Although most beverages are based on water, many of them can cause health problems and add unnecessary calories to the diet. Soda is one of the most popular beverages available. According to Dr. Joseph Mercola, "These popular beverages account for more than a quarter of all drinks consumed in the United States." Soda, also known as pop, refers to a variety of carbonated beverages that use water as their base. However, sodas embellish the water with a number of different chemical additives, flavorings, colors,…
Brett, Jennifer. "Why Drink Water?" Online at http://www.viewzone.com/water.html >.
Squires, Sally. "The Amazing Statistics and Dangers of Soda Pop." Online at http://www.mercola.com/2001/mar/10/soda_pop_dangers.htm >.
"Study: Sodas Linked to Obesity." CNN.com. Online at http://archives.cnn.com/2001/HEALTH/diet.fitness/02/15/soda.obesity/ >.
Safe Drinking Water Act Was
The EPA had been developing new regulations at a pace that was deemed too slow by Congress. Only one of the interim standards set in 1975 had been updated. There were also deficiencies in the implementation. Microbial contamination had not been sufficiently addressed. By the early 1980s, synthetic chemicals were being found in drinking water with increasing frequency. The 1986 Amendment therefore addressed these issues. Maximum levels for many contaminants were either set or updated. The Federal government also took a greater role in the provision of drinking water by compelling the EPA to establish regulations within specific time frames. Further amendments to the law were enacted in subsequent years, governing specific issues that had not been addressed in the original legislation. New components included stricter crackdown on coliform, the elimination of giardia, legionella and other pathogens and rules governing pipes and welding, specifically to curtail the use of lead…
No author. Safe Drinking Water Act. Environmental Protection Agency. Retrieved May 21, 2009 from http://www.epa.gov/OGWDW/sdwa/basicinformation.html
No author. (1999). 25 Years of the Safe Drinking Water Act: History and Trends. Environmental Protection Agency. Retrieved May 21, 2009 from http://permanent.access.gpo.gov/websites/epagov/www.epa.gov/safewater/consumer/trendrpt.pdf
No author. (2007). Safe Drinking Water Act. Water Encyclopedia. Retrieved May 21, 2009 from http://www.waterencyclopedia.com/Re-St./Safe-Drinking-Water-Act.html
Cadmium in Wastewater and Drinking Water the
Cadmium in Wastewater and Drinking Water The importance of efficiently controlling and monitoring potential toxins in water systems is extremely important. The potential contaminant known as Cadmium (Cd) is a naturally occurring trace metal that is regularly found in various types of ores. Its most common commercial uses are in the metal plating and coating of transportation vessels, household-cooking utensils, machinery and nickel-cadmium batteries (Advanced Purification Engineering Corporation, 2010). As a result of its multitude of uses, there are an equally large number of ways in which Cd can find its way into water systems. The most common of these are leaching, pipeline corrosion, corrosion from transportation vessels, runoff from metal and ore refineries among others. Cd is also capable of resulting in various negative health effects to humans unfortunate enough to consume it. Failure to adequately monitor Cadmium levels can result in numerous unsolicited health outcomes such as: "nausea,…
Advanced Purification Engineering Corporation, 2010, 'Drinking Water Contaminants: Cadmium', Retrieved April 13, 2011, from http://www.freedrinkingwater.com/water-contamination/cadmium-contaminants-removal-water.htm
Ahmed, FE 2001, 'Analysis of pesticides and their metabolites in foods and drinks', Trends in Analytical Chemistry, vol. 20, pp. 649-661.
Ansari, IA, Dewani, VK & Khuhawar, MY 1999, 'Evaluation of metal contents in Phulleli canal and Hyderabad city sewage by flame atomic absorption spectrometer', Journal of Chemical Society (Pakistan), vol. 21, pp. 359-368.
Bag, H, Lale, M & Turker, ART 1999, 'Determination of Cu, Zn and Cd in water by FAAS after preconcentration by baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) immobilized on sepiolite', Fresenius Journal of Analytical Chemistry, vol. 363, pp. 224-230.
Water Purification Natural Drinking and
"Raw water and post-treatment water are tested for bacterial, physical, and chemical standards, particularly pH, color, and turbidity. The Safe Drinking ater Act of 1974 established maximum contaminant levels, which are the national drinking water standards. These apply to any water distribution system that serves at least twenty-five units daily. Standards may vary from state to state, but they cannot be lower than those prescribed by the federal government" (Robson 2010). "astewater treatment means removing all the contaminants that are found in wastewater. This is a type of water that is composed of wastes found in industries, hospitals, homes, and other establishments that can be found in a particular community…. food scraps, soap, oil, human waste, and chemicals" ("astewater," 2010, All ater purification). In contrast to water that is rendered safe for drinking, wastewater is merely rendered safe for disposal into the environment, to ensure that it does not imbalance…
Robson, Mark G. "Water treatment." Encyclopedia of Public Health. January 24, 2010.
"Wastewater treatment." All water purification. January 24, 2010.
Water Geography Part One Terms
But after local wastewater plants were "...upgraded and farms' management practices were improved, the amount of phosphorus declined and the copper sulfate was no long considered necessary" (Royte, 2007). The Times' story reports that to prevent the dumping of partially treated sewage water into the waterways, septic tanks need to be upgraded and "cleaning the water in sewage treatments plants even more thoroughly before it is discharged into the watershed..." is necessary. That will be quite a job, because "more than two dozen of the roughly 100 wastewater treatment plants that discharge into the city's watershed use a suboptimal cleaning process." TO: The flooding problem. hy has it become a more serious problem in recent years? Taking New York City as an example of the problem and its roots, the New York Times article alluded to in the previous section points out that recently, as developers began clearing more and…
Clausen, Jan. (2000). Northwest Tribes Fight Against Formidable Odds to Save Endangered
Salmon. Nation. 270(3), 22-24.
Gelt, Joe. (2005). Managing the Interconnecting Waters: The Groundwater-Surface Water
Dilemma. University of Arizona. Retrieved Oct. 16, 2007, at http://cals.arizona.edu/axwater/arroyo/081con.html .
Water and Plastic Bottle Burden
With this information, people can make informed decisions regarding the water they consume. Which additives are healthful? Which are not? These are examples of only some of the questions responsible consumers should have when choosing their water. Regarding the use of plastics, the solution is simple. By simply changing their habits from plastic water bottles to stainless steel or any of the other alternatives, not only is the consumer choosing something that supports of the well-being of the planet, but also supports the well-being of themselves. This is merely one solution of many meant to work towards a more sustainable lifestyle across the globe. That the consumption of water increased so quickly, all over the world, signifies the impact of advertising on consumer choices. This can be a reason for hope, since just as quickly the use of stainless steel water bottles and clean water can be brought into individual…
7. Fluoride Action Network, Health Effects, ( http://www.fluoridealert.org/health ...)
8. Fluoridation/Flouride, Toxic Chemicals in Your Water, ( http://www.holisticmed.com/fluoride/ )
9. Worth Health Organization, Water Related Diseases, ( http://www.who.int/water_sanitation ...)
Water Gatorades and Powerades I Am a
Water, Gatorades and Powerades I am a registered dietician, presenting my piece of work on the different types of beverages. I am giving this presentation because water is an overlooked nutrient in the hydration process while it can be an excellent sports beverage. Water is the most essential nutrient in the body because death can occur rapidly in the absence of water than any other nutrient. Knowing this, does not take much imagination when dehydration occurs during sports performance or training. Around 60% of the human body is inside water called intracellular cells, and the muscle tissues have 70% of water which is critical during exercise. Gatorade and PowerAde contain added proteins, sodium and carbohydrates, which help in increasing blood glucose levels and high cycling performance. PowerAde has low calories while Gatorade is lightly flavored with enhanced vitamins also with low calories. These power drinks are moderately isotonic because, they…
Heather, F.A. (2011). Practical Applications In Sports Nutrients. Atlanta: Jones and Bartlett Publishers.
Jones, R.S. (2010). Nutrition for Sport and Exercise. Atlanta: Jonnes and Bartlett Publishers.
Water Supply the Dearth of
Water infrastructure and safety issues are far more pressing in the developing world, and large numbers of research teams and laboratories are engaged in developing better and safer water system in Africa and much of Latin America (Helmholz 2009). A lack of clean drinking water and reliable systems is a growing problem in much of the world, and so attention is shifted away from infrastructure issues in the developed world to where there is a greater need (Helmholz 2009). This leads to a lack of research in domestic water supply infrastructure issues. eferences Briscoe, J. (1983). "Selective primary health care revisited: water supply and health in developing countries." Arlington, Virginia, Water and Sanitation for Health Project NO. 28, pp. 18. Accessed 11 October 2009. http://www.popline.org/docs/0627/023354.html Helmholz. (2009). "esearch to secure a safe water supply." Helmholz association of German research centres. Accessed 11 October 2009. http://esciencenews.com/articles/2009/03/20/research.secure.a.safe.water.supply
Briscoe, J. (1983). "Selective primary health care revisited: water supply and health in developing countries." Arlington, Virginia, Water and Sanitation for Health Project NO. 28, pp. 18. Accessed 11 October 2009. http://www.popline.org/docs/0627/023354.html
Helmholz. (2009). "Research to secure a safe water supply." Helmholz association of German research centres. Accessed 11 October 2009. http://esciencenews.com/articles/2009/03/20/research.secure.a.safe.water.supply
Water Legislation Origins of Environmental
The Leblanc alkali production processes were especially pernicious, but they followed along the lines of previous industrial processes. In other words, the first British environmental legislation was a response not so much to a qualitative change in industrial processes and their environmental impact but more to a quantitative increase in sources of pollution that had up to that point been (if only barely) tolerable. Legislation Arising From Public Anger At the center of the first British environmental legislation was the Leblanc process, an industrial process that produced of soda ash (which is chemically sodium carbonate) that came into use in the first decades of the 19th century. Named after its inventor, Nicolas Leblanc, it replaced an older process in which soda ash had been produced from wood ash. However, as the availability of wood ash declined (because of deforestation, a process that was occuring both in Great Britain and across…
Resources Act (WRA) of 1991. This act "establishes the duties of the Environment Agency (EA) on flood defence and other areas relating to water management and quality."
"The EA has discretionary powers to improve and maintain river conditions. This means that the EA is not obliged to construct or maintain such works. In practice, the EA will only proceed with schemes that are not only beneficial but cost-effective.
"The Act also grants the EA powers to issue flood warnings and regulate what can be discharged into rivers, estuaries, coastal waters, lakes and groundwaters."
Canadian law on flooding is similarly divided between common law and statutory law.
Water in Sub-Saharan Africa
Water in Sub-Saharan Africa is of special interest because of my background but water is a fascinating issue in general, one that I think will play an increasingly large role in the 21st century, as the effects of population growth and climate change bring about significant changes to our water usage and availability. A lack of water in particular has a substantial destabilizing effect. Water as a social issue combines a lot of different elements. As an issue, water sits at the intersection of social justice, politics, economics and agriculture are all areas weather. This is probably because water is so essential to human life. We drink it, we use in for domestic purposes, agricultural, industrial, transportation. Yet clean water is not always easy to come by. Some feel that access to clean water is a human right. So there is a significant importance attached to water in most parts…
Acerman, M. & Hollis, G. (1996). Water management and wetlands in sub-Saharan Africa. IUCN: Switzerland.
Bayliss, K. & Fine, B. (2007). Privatization and alternative public sector reform in sub-Saharan Africa: Delivering on electricity and water. Palgrave MacMillan.
Bojo, J. (1996). The costs of land degradation in sub-Saharan Africa. Ecological Economics. Vol. 16 (2) 161-173.
Conway, D., Persechino, A., Ardoin, S., Hamandawana, H., Dieulin, C. & Mahe, G. (2008). Rainfall and water resources variability in sub-Saharan Africa during the 20th century. Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research Retrieved April 18, 2014 from http://tyndall.ac.uk/sites/default/files/wp119.pdf
Water in Your Area Your Perspective on
water in your area? ("Your perspective on water differs whether you live near the Great Lakes, in the arid west, or by the coast."(McCarthy, 2009) Outline a brief water conservation plan for your own daily use. How will these changes affect your personal life? What impact will it have on your local water supply? There is plentiful water in my region (I live in the Great Lakes region). Nonetheless, a brief water conservation plan is the following: To use water for just its needs and to ensure that tap water is not left running in between those needs. To double used bathwater as water that can be used for washing the floor. To, as much as possible, use rainwater for gardening In order to supply water to humans certain technologies must be utilized. Desalination is one of the methods that are used for promoting pure water supply. It literally means…
FAO report reveals GM crops not needed to feed the world http://www.psrast.org/faonowohu.htm
Forbes.com (11/03/2012) GMO Food Debate in the National Spotlight http://www.forbes.com/sites/rachelhennessey/2012/11/03/gmo-food-debate-in-the-national-spotlight/ )
Greenopolis. Top 10 Environmental Success Stories and 10 Future Challenges. http://greenopolis.com/goblog/joe-laur/top-10-environmental-success-stories-and-10-future-challenges
Groves, J (19 December 2009 ) Climate change summit accepts 'toothless' U.S.-backed agreement - but deal is not legally binding DailMail.com http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1236659/Copenhagen-climate-change-conference-World-leaders-reach-Copenhagen-agreement -- officials-admit-enough.html#ixzz2Cg3714zQ
Water Sanitation We Discuss the
The role of community in achieving proper water and sanitation standards in times of disaster It is important to note that whenever a natural or manmade disaster hits a particular region, the entire community is put at risk since it is them who suffer the direct results of the disaster. These negative outcomes of the disaster could be social, economic and even psychological. It is therefore necessary to properly educate the entire community on how they can cope with water shortage and sanitation problems that are as a result of either flooding or hurricanes. The various community drinking water treatment plants should have elaborate emergency plans that are to be put in action should there be a disruption of the service. It is integral that the community water treatment facilities comply with the stringent requirements that are laid down by both the federal and state regulations. After the emergency for…
Associated Contents,(2010) The Importance of Water to Health and to Human Life
Copeland, C (2005). Hurricane-Damaged Drinking Water and Wastewater Facilities:Impacts,
Needs, and Response
A) The water from my hometown in the Greater Cincinnati region is produced by the Miller Treatment Plant, which takes surface water from the Ohio River and is responsible for providing almost all of the region’s drinking water. Water is first tested before entering the treatment plant and the region has a number of alerts in place to allow it to proactively monitor the water situation. For example, there is a detection system used on the Ohio River that “warns treatment plants downstream about spills so that measures can be taken before the spill reaches water intakes” (GCWW, 2017). Since the Ohio River is susceptible to contamination, it is important that these detection systems be in place to avoid any problems in the treatment process. To protect drinking water, the Greater Cincinnati Waterworks (GCWW) can turn off the intake and water in storage while pollution dissipates and passes in the…
Water and Our Life
Rachel Carson, she asserts that water is our most precious natural resource and goes on to state that "most of the earth's abundant water is not usable for agriculture, industry, or human consumption because of its heavy load of sea salts" (1) and therefore "in the midst of this plenty we are in want" (1). Okay, so let's examine this particular argument; first she says that the earth's abundant water is not usable for consumption etc., due to the fact that the water contains a heavy load of sea salts. Really? Rachel offers no facts and no figures to back up her assertion, instead she implies that we are desperately in need of drinking water because most of the water is so heavily sedated with salt that it is undrinkable. Even assuming that her assertion was true, the logical answer to the dilemma is that the water would have to…
Polluting Water and Poisoning Fish
Water Pollution Water is the most precious environmental asset and natural resource on earth. Approximately seventy percent of the earth's surface is covered by water and it affects every facet of life and ecology. However, despite this obvious and crucial fact, many rivers, lakes and oceans are becoming increasingly more polluted, creating a serious ecological and environmental problem. Not only is pollution the cause of the death of many organisms essential to ecological balance, but human drinking water has also been affected. This is particularly relevant with regard to the spread of disease. " Estimates suggest that nearly 1.5 billion people lack safe drinking water and that at least 5 million deaths per year can be attributed to waterborne diseases." (Krantz D. And Kifferstein, . ) The waterways and oceans of the world have been seen as an easy dumping ground for refuse and waste. This includes pollution from raw…
Krantz D. And Kifferstein, B. WATER POLLUTION AND SOCIETY. May 22, 2005. http://www.umich.edu/~gs265/society/waterpollution.htm
Mercury in Fish and Shellfish. May 22, 2005. http://www.oceansalive.org/eat.cfm?subnav=mercury
Rubin K. Sources of Water Pollution. May 21, 2005. http://www.soest.hawaii.edu/GG/ASK/waterpol3.html
The Exxon Valdez Oil Spill. May 21, 2005. http://response.restoration.noaa.gov/spotlight/spotlight.html
Unhealthy Behavior Drinking Inadequate water
Drinking Inadequate water One must drink enough pure water on a daily basis for good health. However, many people forego water and concentrate on other fluids which have additional ingredients. These cannot be compared to water when it comes to health benefits. (McLennan, 2000) Take the example of young kids, who mostly prefer sweet drinks such artificial juice and sodas. Likewise, teens go for energy drinks and sports drinks in lieu of water. (Simpson, & Mazzeo, 2017) A recent Havard study found out that over half of the children in America are dehydrated. This has many negative implications on their health and academic performance. (McLenan, 2000) Another study showed that a quarter of American children do not drink water daily. Boys were found to be 75% more likely to be dehydrated than the girls. (Valtin, 2002) 65 % of the human body is made up of water. This water helps…
Causes Implications and Intervention Strategies Water Scarcity
Water Scarcity The World Water Council estimates that approximately 1.1 billion people, which translates to one-sixth of the world population, lacks access to safe drinking water. Another 2.6 billion lack access to proper sanitation facilities (World Water Council, n.d.). It is estimated that by 2025, almost 3 billion people will be finding it almost impossible to meet their basic water needs (Concern Worldwide, 2012). This text discusses the potential causes of the current water scarcity problem, its implications on the environment, and the various strategies that could be used to ease or eliminate the problem. Population growth, industrialization, and inefficient agricultural/food supply systems are the main causes of water scarcity in the world today. Population increases that are not matched with concurrent increases in the available resources put a strain on the existing resource base and increase the risk of faster depletion. Forests are cleared to create more room for…
Concern Worldwide. (2012). Water: How can we Improve the World's Access to Clean Water? Concern Worldwide. Retrieved April 22, 2015 from http://gcc.concernusa.org/content/uploads/2014/08/Water.pdf
The World Water Council. (n.d.). Water Crisis: Towards a Way to Improve the Situation. The World Water Council. Retrieved April 22, 2015 from http://www.worldwatercouncil.org/index.php?id=25
Toledo, V.J. & Harvey, M. (2015). Thirsty Crops Cause Water Shortages and Pollution. WWF Global. Retrieved April 22, 105 from http://wwf.panda.org/about_our_earth/about_freshwater/freshwater_problems/thirsty_crops/
Water in the Middle East
While on one hand, the Nile gets the highest discharge from rainfall on the highlands of Ethiopia and upland plateau of East Africa, located well outside the Middle East region; on the other hand, discharge points of the other two rivers, Euphrates and Tigris, are positioned well within the Middle East region, prevailing mostly in Turkey, Syria along with Iraq. In other areas, recurrent river systems are restricted to the more northern upland areas of Iran and Turkey, in common with the coastline of Levant (Peter eaumont, Gerald H. lake, J. And Malcolm Wagstaff, 1988). The conflict in the Future It is widely believed by many experts that those who control the waters in the Middle East; control the Middle East; and those who control the Middle East; control the oil supply of the world (David M. Hummel, 1995). From the above mentioned facts it is clear that the water…
Anthony H. Cordesman. Peace is Not Enough: The Arab-Israeli Economic and Demographic Crises. Part Two. Population Growth, Fertility and Population Doubling Rates, Regional Trends, National Trends, and the "Youth Explosion" Center for Strategic and International Studies, 1998.
Adel Darwish. Troubled waters in rivers of blood. Water Issues. 3 December 1992. http://www.mideastnews.com/water004.html
Adel Darwish. Inadequacy of international law. Taken at http://www.mideastnews.com/WaterWars.htm
Ashok Swain. A new challenge: water scarcity in the Arab world. Arab Studies Quarterly (ASQ). January, 1998.
Mitigating the Effects of Emerging Water Pollutants
Contaminants in Drinking Water and Wastewater and Effects on Environment Drinking water and wastewater contamination pose a significant threat to the public health sector. The contaminants affect the society in various ways, including causing diseases, developmental and growth problems. The causes of the problem are identifiable and can be managed by using the most applicable strategies. As such, necessities for the adoption of strategies that will help identify the contributing factors, results and adopt effective strategies that will prevent and reduce waterway pollution. Therefore, the research provides analysis on the effects, studies, and recommendations appropriate in reducing drinking water and wastewater contamination. Introduction A number of chemicals play a significant role in influencing human activities of the daily living. They enable the development of new technologies and improve the standards and quality of life. Because of the widespread use of technology, chemicals enter the environment. Although, it is unintentional in…
Altaf, M.M., Masood, F., Malik, A., 2008. Impact of Long-Term Application of Treated Tannery Effluents on the Emergence of Resistance Traits in Rhizobium sp. Isolated from Trifolium alexandrinum. Turk J. Biol. 32, 1 -- 8
Bolong, N., Ismail, A.F., Salim, M.R., Matsuura, T., 2009. A review of the effects of emerging contaminants in wastewater and options for their removal. Desalination 239, 229 -- 246
Chen, M., Ohman, K., Metcalfe, C., Ikonomou, M.G., Amatya, P.L., Wilson, J., 2006. Pharmaceuticals and Endocrine Disruptors in Wastewater Treatment Effluents and in the Water Supply System. Water 41, 351 -- 364
Focazio, M.J., Kolpin, D.W., Barnes, K.K., Furlong, E.T., Meyer, M.T., Zaugg, S.D., Barber, L.B., Thurman, M.E., 2008. A national reconnaissance for pharmaceuticals and other organic wastewater contaminants in the United States -- II) Untreated drinking water sources. Sci. Total Environ. 402, 201 -- 216
" As will be shown below, the bottled water market is increasingly competitive and consumers have a dazzling array of choices available to them. It is clear that Voss has taken this into account when developing its sophisticated packaging, some samples of which are shown in Figure ____ below. Figure ____. epresentative Sampling of Voss Packaging Techniques. Source: noisedfisk.com/illustrations/vosswater.jpg, www.uncrate.com/men/images/voss-water.jpg, http://www.urbanfare.com/featuredfare/images/weeklyad/voss_water.jpg In fact, one new admirer of the Voss brand unashamedly proclaimed that even though she liked the water, it was the "wicked cool" Voss packaging that sold her: "Yesterday, I drank a few bottles of Voss Artesian Water from Norway. One was Still. One was Sparkling. Both were pretty good but its wicked cool glass bottle is the best thing about it. My friend Sharon said she paid $20 for a bottle of Voss at the tres upscale Michael Mina estaurant in San Francisco, which was more than she…
AquaMaestro: The Source for Fine Waters. (2007). Available: http://www.aquamaestro.com/innerview.asp?catid=33 .
Aras, Bulent. (2004). "The Future of Liberal Islam," Futures, 36(9), 1034.
Beer, Cider and FABs in Turkey to 2010," 2007, MarketResearch.com. Available: http://www.market research.com/product/display.asp?productid=1474151&xs=r.
Brown, F.E., S.J. Neary and M.S. Symes. The Urban Experience: A People Environment Perspective (London: E & FN Spon), 1994.
Gray Water Systems
Gray Water System As the world's population continues to grow, there will be an ever greater need for potable or purified water. Most people are completely unaware of just how big the problem of world water consumption is because they never think past turning on their sink or sprinkler system. Take into consideration the demands on the water supply by less obvious factors such as livestock and farming. There is an economy of scale: those massive agricultural irrigation systems that suck water out of rivers, lakes, streams and ponds consume hefty amounts of water that cannot then be used for any other purpose. Farms, cities, industry and the many other levels of human consumption place a great deal of pressure on Mother Nature. Globalization has actually increased the demand for water and has strained many regionally dry areas into even worse water deficits. For example, "industries and communities located in…
Technology Controlling Water Infrastructure Much Contemporary Research
Technology Controlling water infrastructure Much contemporary research and literature over the need for water include recognition of ethical issues for example water like a public good assert Gleick (2004) and Tipping et al. (2005). Hence, overall scope of management should be extended to incorporate the social size of water systems; which means all stakeholders have to be informed and incorporated in making decisions for the development and use of long-term sustainability water systems. Exterior systems or water stresses could possibly be the primary change motivators for controlling water systems. Global warming might be one particular example heavily affecting water systems because of elevated frequency of extreme weather for example flooding, storms and droughts (Clemitt, 2007). Around Australia, droughts and water stress within the primary metropolitan areas forced the adoption of an entire new selection of methods to controlling water. Water sector is facing institutional changes that need modernization as well…
Ashley, R. And Cashman, A. (2006). The impacts of change on the long-term future demand for water sector infrastructure. Infrastructure to 2030, Chapter 5 OECD, pp. 241 -- 349.
Clemitt, M. (2007). Ageing infrastructure: is neglected maintenance putting Americans in danger? Congressional Quarterly Researcher, 17 (34), pp. 793 -- 816.
Copeland C, Tiemann M. (2008). Water infrastructure needs and investment: review and analysis of key issues. Congregational research service report, RL31116.
Doshi, V., Schulman, G. And Gabaldon, D. (2007). Lights! water! motion! Booz Allen Hamilton.
Oceans & Waters Surface Runoff Is the
Oceans & Waters Surface runoff is the water that makes its way to water collection sites, streams, rivers, lakes and ultimately to the oceans when the ground itself is beyond the capacity to hold it. If this water works its way through places where many people live, it can pick up various chemical, materials and pollutants, which is what is often referred to as well as urban runoff. Surveys suggest that the public believes industry is mostly responsible for the damaging effects of this process, when in fact it is individual activities that make up the greatest concern (CA EPA 2001). CONTOL OF PET WASTE: People tend to be misinformed about where the water goes that enters street drains. It does not go to treatment facilities, but usually gets diverted to local water holdings or into ground waters (CA EPA 2001). In waste plants, the waters are cleaned and given…
Bulkheads and Seawalls. Unattributed web posting. No date. .
California EPA. Urban runoff and water pollution. California Environmental Protection Agency, Regional Water Control Agency, Santa Ana Region 8. July 2001. http://www.waterboards.ca.gov/rwqcb8/water_issues/programs/nps/docs/urbanrunoff.pdf >.
LKBlog. Global warming now threatening marine food chain. Mendo Coast Current. July 28, 2010. http://mendocoastcurrent.wordpress.com/2010/07/28/global-warming-now-threatening-marine-food-chain/ >.
Puget Sound Shorelines. Bulkheads can change the beach. Department of Ecology. .
International Water Policy
operation and data management of the water-authority with a specific focus on the ability to provide a sustainable water supply for the next century in the Caribbean. This literature review will examine previous studies (both qualitative and quantitative) of water sustainability and specific problems related to water quality, such as the build-up of nitrogen in the water supply. It will also review ways to assess water quality through the use of geographic information system (GIS) and remote sensing (RS) as a feasible tool of water management. The review will conclude with different philosophies of water delivery in the developing world, specifically the use of Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) and the philosophy's pros and cons. Water management According to Gleick (1998), the impending water crisis is one which will have seismic political and environmental consequences, if not addressed soon: "as human populations continue to grow, these problems are likely to…
Al-Barqawi, H. & Zayed, T. 2008. Infrastructure management: Integrated AHP/ANN model to evaluate municipal water mains' performance. Journal of Infrastructure Systems, 14:305-318.
Aspinall, R. & Pearson, D. 2000. Integrated geographical assessment of environmental condition in water catchments: Linking landscape ecology, environmental modelling and GIS
Journal of Environmental Management (2000) 59, 299 -- 319
Diamond Water Paradox Economics General
Differentiations are always brought up by the contemporary mainstream economists and their theories regarding ontological questions and assumptions or mere recognition regarding conformity of preference structures regarding some rules can be approximated usefully. This is done by the commodities' association or there quantities uses. Taking into account that preference can as well be taken as a usefulness determinant, departing of this conception from the usefulness concept should not take place. Different marginal utilities may occur for diverse people regarding same object for any customary conception. Market price and diminishing marginal utility In a case whereby the stock flow or the flow of goods and services in a country is of lower marginal utility as compared to the commodities that the same country trade for with other country, then decision to affecting that trade is only upon the country. Evidently, business transaction involves a case of exchange of goods whereby there…
Venkatesh, B. (2003). The diamond-water paradox. Retrieved August 31, 2010, from http://www.thehindubusinessline.com/iw/2003/01/05/stories/2003010500241300.htm
Yousuf, D (1996). Adam Smith and the division of labour. Retrieved August 31, 2010, from
Food No Water Surviving Without
However, "although not as critical as going without water, missing even a few meals can cause a host of undesirable complications," such as lethargy, confusion and disorientation, poor judgment, a weakened immune system and the "inability to maintain body temperature which can lead to hypothermia, heat exhaustion and heat stroke." Much like studies done on surviving without water, exactly how long a person can go without food varies tremendously, yet it is dependent on several important factors, such as a person's overall state of health, the amount of muscle on the body which is "broken down by a starving body and used for both fuel and nutrients," the amount of body fat (an overweight person will normally survive longer than a thin or underweight person), a person's metabolism and the temperature of the environment in which a person finds himself; that is, a cold environment expends additional calories to stay…
Autrotrophic Humans Survive With No Food or Water." Unexplainable.net. Internet. 2007. Retrieved at http://www.unexplainable.net/artman/publish/article_1333.shtml .
Glanze, Walter D., Ed. Mosby's Medical, Nursing and Allied Health Dictionary. St. Louis: C.V. Mosby Company, 2003.
How Long Can You Live Without Food?" Survival Topics. Internet. 2007. Retrieved at http://www.survivaltopics.com/survival/how-long-can-you-live-without-food .
Myers, Harold M. The Human Body and Survival Techniques. New York: G.H. Patterson, 2004.
Doctors Without Borders and Clean Water Crisis
Clean Water Crisis Introduction Every human being on earth necessitates at least 20 to 50 liters of clean, safe water on an everyday basis for the purposes of drinking, cooking, and basically maintaining themselves to be clean. However, there is a significant need for clean water in countries. In the contemporary setting, statistics indicate that 1 in 9 individuals lack accessibility to clean and safe water (Water.org). There are 844 million people across the globe that are presently living without access to clean water. This lack of clean water has resulted in a health crisis as it causes diseases. Notably, access to safe water leads to poor sanitation, which consequently adds to deteriorated health and increases the spread of infectious diseases. The inference of this is that it results in increased child and mortality rates. Statistics further indicate that every 2 minutes in the present day, a child does because…
Flint water crisis
The Flint, Michigan water crisis has become a poster child for environmental injustice, environmental racism, and inequitable resource distribution in the United States. It has also represented a case of bleak mismanagement of precious natural resources and the inability of the United States to adequately respond to the most basic human needs. The water crisis was but a grim manifestation of decades of racist land use policies and political realities, which can be traced back to periods of segregation and the white flight to the suburban sprawl. Moreover, the Flint water crisis showcases the role government plays in colluding with polluters, with issues related to the not in my back yard (NIMBY) phenomenon also relevant in this case. As Bell (2012:28) points out, “environmental justice...concerns patterns of inequality in the distribution of environmental goods.” Flint residents lacked access to environmental “goods,” such as clean drinking water given the long-term contamination…
Commodity Chain Analysis Water Commodity
Though municipal untreated tap water can be used for premix (as opposed to post mix when soda syrup was mixed on site) that comes from the beloved soda fountain in most restaurants the marketing of the Aquafina brand is still likely to be present and bottled Aquafina is often sold there. If on the other hand an individual asks for a cup for water and then pours water from the "water" bypass tap on the soda fountain they are getting municipal tap water, usually unfiltered. Endorsements are often developed in a similar way to those associated with other types of soft drinks and sports endorsements are common in the bottled water industry as even the Aquafina spin off products that contain the Aquafina (seven step) water and additional flavorings and sweeteners are considered by many to be healthier than soda, but to some degree this remains to be seen. As…
Aquafina (2010) Website Retrieved December 13, 2010 from
Brown, Bruce. The Skinny on Bad Bottled Water: Due diligence reveals why America drinks Coke & Pepsi. (January 2005) Web. Retrieved December 13, 2010 from
"Factory Accident Risks and Injuries" (November 2010) Web. Retrieved December 13, 2010 from
Quantus Environmental Life Cycle Assessment of Drinking Water Alternatives & Consumer Beverage Consumption in North America (February 2010) Web. Retrieved December 13, 2010 from http://beveragelcafootprint.com/?page_id=102// >
Effects of potable water on nutrition
Introduction There is a direct correlation between the lack of clean safe water for drinking and cooking with nutritional problems. The lack of clean drinking water leads to diseases like diarrhea. Nutritional deficiencies are directly related to lack of potable water. This is because a person does not get enough calories, proteins, carbohydrates, vitamins, or minerals in their body. Undernutrition has been associated with 45 percent of global deaths and nearly 7.4 percent of the world's children are at risk of undernutrition. Malnourished children have weakened immune systems that make them more susceptible to diarrhea when they are exposed to dirty water. The lack of clean water means that individuals will be living in non-sanitized environments and this increases the risk of suffering from diarrhea. People suffering from diarrhea will eat less and they are unable to absorb the nutrients they need from the food they eat, which results in…
Boil Water Alert in Jackson MS
Water Crisis: Windshield Survey of Jackson, MSJackson, MS is a city located in central Mississippi. As of 2020, the city\\\'s population was estimated to be around 160,000 people. The vast majority of residents are African American (82%), and the median household income is relatively low ($40,000). Jackson also has a high rate of poverty and crime (Data USA, 2022). Unfortunately, these socio-economic factors have led to poor health outcomes for many residents. The city\\\'s mortality rate is higher than the national average, and residents are more likely to suffer from chronic illnesses such as obesity and diabetes. There has also been a water crisis in the area that is ongoing and which is the subject of this assessment. In recent years, there have been efforts to improve the health of the community through initiatives such as childhood obesity prevention programs and expanding access to healthcare. However, much more work needs…
ReferencesData USA. (2022). Jackson, MS. Retrieved from https://datausa.io/profile/geo/jackson-ms/ Fazal-ur-Rehman, M. (2019). Polluted water borne diseases: symptoms, causes, treatment and prevention. Journal of Medicinal and Chemical Sciences, 2(1), 21-26.Hyllestad, S., Kjørsvik, S. S., Veneti, L., & Amato, E. (2021). Identifying challenges in drinking water supplies: assessment of boil water advisories in Norway (2008–2019). Journal of Water and Health, 19(5), 872-884.
Main Character of Water for Elephants
Sara Gruen is a Canadian citizen, moved to United States in 1999 for a technical writing job. After she got laid off she decided to be a writer. She is an animal lover and has written famous novels Riding Lessons, Flying Changes, Ape House and Water for Elephants. Main characters of Water for Elephants Jacob Jankowski -- The novel's protagonist. He is a ninety or ninety-three-year-old nursing home resident who spent his life as a veterinarian in a circus during the great depression. Rosie -- An elephant that Uncle Al bought from another circus. She understands commands only in Polish. She is the target of August's rage. Marlena -- eautiful star performer of the circus, who fell in love with Jacob Jankowski. August -- Head animal trainer and husband of Marlena. He is a charming and brutal both to the humans and animals. Uncle Al -- The violent and abusive…
Guen, Sara. "Water for Elephants: a novel." 2007. Algonquin Books.
O'Connor, Anahad. "Always Follow the Elephants: More Surprising Facts and Misleading Myths about our health and the World We Live In." 2009. Macmillian.
Gruen, Sara. Web: http://saragruen.com/bio / Date accessed 15th June 2011.
Arab-Israeli Region Is One in Which Water
Arab-Israeli region is one in which water is a critical problem, and being able to get access to clean, safe water on a regular basis is one element of the ongoing Arab-Israeli conflict. While there may be serious, conflicting views on political and religious issues, along with many other aspects of the way people in the various areas live their lives, it is no secret that they all have to work together if everyone is going to have enough water to enjoy. A report in 2010 indicated that there were a number of challenges with ensuring that everyone in the region received enough clean water for drinking, irrigation, and other needs (Schneider, 2012). In order to attempt to combat that, Israel, Jordan, and Palestine all have water departments who are looking into working with one another. Without that level of cooperation, there will be numerous people in those areas without…
Schneider, V. (2012). Regional water data banks -- Overview of Middle East water resources. USGS International Programs. Retrieved from http://international.usgs.gov/projects/pawc-overview.htm
Existence of Tap Water Contamination The Topic
existence of tap water contamination. The topic interests me due to the fact that I have long heard that tap water is contaminated and that, in order to avoid this contamination, one has to spend money on any number of schemes ranging from the comparatively cheapest of buying bottled water to the enormously expensive project of retrograding and dismantling the entire water system with a purification procedure. It strikes me that it is particularly important to find out whether this is simply a moneymaking scam on the part of businesses or whether there is any reality to this situation. Even were I to adopt the cheapest of all alternatives, which were to buy bottled water, in the long run the accumulation of expense is worrisome. On the other hand, purifying the tap water may be a necessary step as safeguard for my health. To that end, it may be well…
McGeehin, M.A., Reif, J.S., Becher, J.C., Mangione, E.J. (1993).Case-control study of bladder cancer and water disinfection methods in Colorado. Am J. Epidemiol 138, 492-501.
Weisel, C.P. & Jo, W.K. (1996). Ingestion, inhalation, and dermal exposures to chloroform and trichloroethene from tap water. Environmental Health Perspectives 104, 48 -- 51.
West, L. Tap Water in 42 States Contaminated by Chemicals. About.com. http://environment.about.com/od/waterpollution/a/tap_water_probe.htm
Earth's Water Is Contained in
We do believe our design will help the kooma people to get access to cheap and clean drinking water from within their very own communities, and in addition to providing them with the health and cost benefits of having a readily available supply of clean drinking water, and make their life better and bit more comfortable. Team Reflection We as a team struggled at first because of the initial delays to our progress in both the research and the design phases of this project due to various reasons. Eventually, however, everyone became engaged in the work allocated by the team leader to each individual person, and with each one of us as a team working really hard to achieve our goals we achieved much greater satisfaction from the project. The newfound fervor with which the team approached this project began with discussions on a number of various of different designs,…
Preventing Terrorist Attacks on the Water and Wastewater Systems Sector
Preventing Terrorist Attacks on the Water and Wastewater Systems Sector Terrorism is nowadays an already established threat that is part of every security strategy of modern states. It is not only an un-conventional threat at the address of national security but also it drove the re-definition of the term of security as it was understood and worked with some twenty years ago. Currently, there is talk about economic, political, social security as part of the areas that the state must take into account when drafting and enabling a national security strategy. At the same time though, especially after the events from September 2001, the security of the infrastructure and that of natural resources has become an increasingly important aspect to consider. Currently in the United States, the country considered to be the most targeted by terrorist threats, an important part of the security strategy is related to the economic sectors…
Copeland, C. 2005. "Hurricane-Damaged Drinking Water and Wastewater Facilities: Impacts, Needs, and Response" CRS Report for Congress. Available at http://www.hsdl.org/?view&did=463973
Copeland, C. 2010. "Terrorism and Security Issues Facing the Water Infrastructure Sector" Congressional Research Center Available at http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/terror/RL32189.pdf
Dept. Of Homeland Security. 2013. Water and Wastewater Systems Sector. Available online at http://www.dhs.gov/water-and-wastewater-systems-sector
Leuven, L. 2011. "Water/Wastewater Infrastructure Security: Threats and Vulnerabilities" in R.M. Clark et al. (eds.), Handbook of Water and Wastewater Systems Protection, 27 Protecting Critical Infrastructure, available online.
Drinking Alcohol Together With Tobacco
hile each of these studies has reported a cardioprotective effect of alcohol, they differ over which type of alcoholic beverage provides the greatest benefit" (634). Overlooked in many of these studies, though, is the fact that some people who categorize themselves as being one type of drinker compared to another may engage in other activities that are unhealthy from the outset (for instance, beer drinkers may be more likely to also be tobacco users) while others may engage in a wide range of healthy behaviors (for example, wine drinkers may not be smokers and may job or exercise regularly). As McGregor and his colleagues emphasize, "One inherent difficulty within these studies is that in the general population, drinkers distinguished as primarily wine, beer or spirits drinkers tend to differ in other important aspects. If, for example, wine drinkers are found to be healthier, it may be the result of a…
"Alcohol." 2009, Partnership for a Drug-Free America. [Online]. Available: http://www.drug free.org/Portal/drug_guide/Alcohol.
Booth, Brenda M., Joann, Kirchner, John Fortney, Robin Ross and Kathryn Rost, 2000, "Rural
At-Risk Drinkers: Correlates and One-Year Use of Alcoholism Treatment Services."
Journal of Studies on Alcohol 61(2): 267.
Water for Chocolate May-August the
Synthesis: This quote is similar to a comment Nick makes about the Tom and Daisy Buchanan in F. Scott Fitzgerald's the Great Gatsby: "They were careless people, Tom and Daisy -- they smashed up things and creatures and then retreated back into their money or their vast carelessness or whatever it was that kept them together, and let other people clean up the mess they had made" (188). Though the Buchanans are not exactly like Mama Elena in their motives, and completely unlike her in their "carelessness" because Mama Elena's destructive impulses are controlled and purposeful, both quotes demonstrate the selfishness and amount of control that the characters involved like to exert on the others around them. Dialectic Journal #2 Quote: "Each person has to discover what will set off these explosions in order to live, since the combustion that occurs when one of them is ignited is what nourishes…
Future of Southeastern Water in the U S
ater ars: Georgia, Florida and Alabama The 'water wars' between Georgia, Florida, and Alabama specifically revolve around the ownership and allocation of water "in two major river basins that cross their borders (the Alabama-Coosa-Tallapoosa and the Apalachicola-Chattahoochee-Flint basins)" ("Tri-State water wars"). Georgia, an 'upstream user' of these bodies of water is concerned about having enough water to fuel development in the cities of Atlanta and Columbus while also having enough money to support the state's agriculture. Alabama, in contrast, is a downstream user and needs water to support its power industry, to ensure it has enough municipal supplies for residents, and to support its fishing industry ("Tri-State water wars"). Florida is also concerned about the impact that a limited water supply could have upon its fisheries as well as its critical agricultural products such as oranges. "The dispute has involved several local, state and federal agencies, courts and mediators, and…
"Chattahoochee blues." The Economist. 16 Sept 2010. Web. 2 Apr 2015.
Cotterell, Bill. "Water wars between Florida, Georgia advance at U.S. Supreme Court."
Reuters 3 Nov 2014. Web. 2 Apr 2015.
Oforiaa-Amoah, Abigale. "Water wars and International Conflict." Water is Life. 2004. Web.
Dehydration Water Is Essential to
In many ways, this is also responsible for and compounded by the bad eating habits and obesity so prevalent in today's Western societies. Electrolytes work in conjunction with the water levels in the body, and is responsible for conducting electricity within the body. This is essential for the normal functioning of cells and organs. odium and potassium are both positive ions, or cations, within the body, while chloride is a negatively charged anion. odium and Chloride are found in fluids outside of cells, while potassium is found inside of cells. odium is responsible for water regulation in the body, as well as electrical signals to and from the brain. Too much or too little sodium can be fatal. Excess is discarded through urine. Inside cells, potassium regulates the heartbeat and function of muscles. A lack or excess of this electrolyte can also be fatal, as it can lead to heart…
Klotter, Jule. (2001, Aug). Physiological Effects of Dehydration: Cure Pain and Prevent Cancer. Townsend Letter for Doctors and Patients. Article database: FindArticles.com.
REACT. (2007). Functions of Water in the Human Body. http://www.resultsproject.net/water_functions.html
Stoppler, Melissa Conrad. (2007). Dehydration: How to Recognize and Prevent its Effects. Medicinenet.com. http://www.medicinenet.com/dehydration/article.htm
Stoppler, Melissa Conrad (2006). Electrolytes. Medicinenet.com. http://www.medicinenet.com/electrolytes/article.htm
Humanity's Global Need for Water as the
Humanity's Global Need For Water As the Earth's population of human inhabitants continues to swell in exponential fashion, moving from 6 billion to 7 billion during the last decade alone, humanity has been forced to confront a crisis it has long ignored: the finite amount of fresh water on the planet. Seemingly every human behavior, from agriculture to armed conflict, requires massive amounts of potable water for a wide array of reasons. Drinking, bathing, waste disposal, washing clothes and dishes, watering lawns and gardens; all of these daily activities are dependent on an available supply of running water. Even specialized activities like cooling heavy machinery during construction projects, clearing silt and debris within mine shafts, and extinguishing house or wild fires necessitate the collection, storage and dispersal of tremendous reserves of water. Despite the seemingly endless supply of fresh water emanating from the world's creeks, streams, rivers, lakes and ground…
Hoekstra, A.Y., & Chapagain, A.K. (2007). Water footprints of nations: water use by people as a function of their consumption pattern. Water resources management, 21(1), 35-48.
Sustainable Engineering Practice Water Is
As a consequence, social unrest can then be avoided only by subsidies. The town is socially and entinancially heavily burdened. Another problem is that the spontaneous rainwater flow, mixed with wastewater in a heavy downpour, pollutes the river or lake once again and provides more problems for gaining potable water. Scenario 3: As a result of climatic and geological conditions there is little potable water available; the resources are quickly exhausted. The possibilities for development by the town are therefore restricted. The cost of a long-distance water supply is prohibitive. This paper examines possible applications of rainwater utilization and application in an urban context. In doing so, it examines some of the more available technologies for this purpose, and draws on Germany's experience in dealing with the related issues. As part of this discussion, variants of practice and boundary conditions of decentralization issues are raised. Questions and demands Centralized water…
Dehydration Water Is More Important
" (Klotter, 2001) Additionally, salt functions as an extraction agent for excess acidity in the body which are in the form of "hydrogen ions, and oxidants from ATP production" from cells. (Klotter, 2001; paraphrased) Morris (2008) states that in order for the body to become adequately hydrated the individual should replace fluid lost by perspiration when exercising and should always drink water prior to consuming food. The ideal water intake for someone who exercises is stated to be as follows: "Drink 17 ounces of water 2 hours before the activity and weigh yourself right before you exercise. While you exercise, drink 6-10 oz. every 15-20 minutes." (Morris, 2008) IV. SIGNS of DEHYDRATION When the body is in a state of severe lack of water the body becomes dehydrated and this results in the "cell membranes become[ing] less permeable, hampering the flow of hormones and nutrients into the cell and preventing…
Body Effects (2008) Alcohol. Online available at http://www.alcohol.org.nz/BodyEffect.aspx?PostingID=671
Klotter, Jule (2001) Physiological Effects of Dehydration: Cure Pain and Prevent Cancer. A review of a videotaped lecture of F. Batmanghelidj. Cure Pain & Prevent Cancer. 2001. Online available at http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0ISW/is_2001_August/ai_78177228
Morris, Whitney (2008) Effects of Dehydration on Performance. Triathelete Magazine Online available at http://www.triathletemag.com/Departments/Training/2007/Effects_of_dehydration_on_performance.htm
Weatherwax, Dawn (nd) NSCA's Performance Training Journal Vol. 4 No. 6. Online available at www.nsca-lift.org/perform.
Tragedy of Commons and Clean
The solution that Hardin proposes is that of a coercive method; as always he gives a lucid example to support the point that he proposes. Hardin reminds the reader that society mutually agreed to make it illegal to rob banks, rather than appeal to the sense of responsibility to those who wish to rob banks as a means of deterring them. Bank robbers (real and potential) know that very immediate consequences await them, such as police chases which could end in injuries or fatalities, jail time and other comparable results. These consequences are real and immediate because they're reinforced by the state, the judicial system and by the police force. This form of coercion prevents more people from attempting to rob banks. Our natural resources of water need to be treated as though they're as valuable as banks filled with money. Dumping chemicals such as fertilizers, pharmaceuticals and personal care…
Environmentalgraffitti, n.d. 7 Extinct Animals: Rare Photographs. [Online]
Available at: http://www.environmentalgraffiti.com/featured/rare-photographs-
Magnuson, M.L. et al., 2005. Responding to Water Contamination Threats. [Online]
U S Sugar Deal Purchase for
What would make you decide to put an end to th e project/ What are you solutions for dealing with the problem? Part of the problem of cost and procrastination is the continuous spate of law suits. What can be done, if anything, to resolve conflicts between the opposing parties and to make opposing parties more amenable to th ugar deal? Further resources Learn & Teach About the Everglades http://www.evergladesplan.org/education/index.aspx Everglades Foundation http://www.evergladesfoundation.org/ Florida's Water http://www.protectingourwater.org/watersheds/map/everglades/ Water's journey Everglades http://theevergladesstory.org/ ources Burnham, Michael. (2010). Energy and Environment News. Energy by the Acre. http://www.eenews.net/special_reports/everglades/energy_by_the_acre/ Caperton Morton, Mary. (May 20, 2010). Land Deal Likely to Improve Everglades, Ecologists ay. Inside cience News ervice. Freechild, a. (2010).ugar Barons and takeholders:the Impact of the U.. ugar Deal on Everglades Restoration http://www.nyu.edu/brademas/pdf/AFreechild.EvergladesUugarDealpaper.pdf Eye on Miami Blog. (2010) Kendrick Meek's sweet tooth could doom his political campaign for U.. enate. http://eyeonmiami.blogspot.com/2010/03/kendrick-meeks-sweet-tooth-could-doom.html National Research Council of the…
Burnham, Michael. (2010). Energy and Environment News. Energy by the Acre.
Caperton Morton, Mary. (May 20, 2010). Land Deal Likely to Improve Everglades, Ecologists Say. Inside Science News Service.
Freechild, a. (2010).Sugar Barons and Stakeholders:the Impact of the U.S. Sugar Deal on Everglades Restoration
Backwashing and Sand Filter Medium Filters Are
Backwashing and Sand Filter Medium Filters are the much-in-need tools for getting clean fluids when purity is declining in all the substances. Whether water or milk, fluids can be filtered using a porous material. Where there are even many other methods of filtration like crystallization and evaporation, the filtration through sand as medium is highly effective especially while filtering water. Filtration plants remove suspending particles from water at commercial as well as domestic level. These plants are easy to operate as well as maintain. These plants can be backwashed thus cleaning the medium of filtration i.e. sand. The water as well as size of sand particles decide when the sand should be cleaned through backwashing. While paper and cotton can also be used in filtration process, they have much lesser life than sand. The regular cleaning of sand keeps the waste management plants operational. The sewage water is the most…
Cleaning the pool filter sand, (2013), Retrieved from:
Chalasani, G. And Sun, W., (n.d.), "A Report on Backwashing of Sand Filter medium," Retrieved
Removal of Suspended Substances in Domestic Wastewater
emoval of Suspended Substances in Domestic Wastewater by Coagulation Using Slow Sand Filtration and oughing Filtration Water to be supplied for public use must be potable i.e., satisfactory for drinking purposes from the standpoint of its chemical, physical and biological characteristics. Drinking water should, preferably, be obtained from a source free from pollution. The raw water normally available from surface water sources is, however, not directly suitable for drinking purposes. The objective of water treatment is to produce safe and potable drinking water. Some of the common treatment processes used for water purification includes Plain sedimentation, Slow Sand filtration, apid Sand filtration with Coagulation-flocculation units as essential pretreatment units. Pressure filters and diatomaceous filters have been used though very rarely. oughing filters are used, under certain circumstances, as pretreatment units for the conventional filters. This paper specifically deals with emoval of suspended substances in domestic wastewater by coagulation using slow…
Amy, G. (2006) Hybrid low pressure membranes (LPM). UNESCO IHE Institute for Water Education.
Bichii, A. (2006) Application of Ceramic Membranes for Surface Water treatment, MSc Thesis, UNESCO - IHE, Delft.
Carroll, T., King, S., Gray, S.R., Boltom, B.A., and Booker, N.A. (2000) The Fouling Of Microfiltration Membranes By NOM After Coagulation Treatment. Wat. Res., 34(11), 2861-2866.
Furukawa, DH (2002) Global Status of Microfiltration and Ultrafiltration Membrane Technology. National Water Research Institue Briefing, 8.
Fluoridation A Public Health Debate Fluoridation the
Fluoridation: A Public Health Debate Fluoridation (the adding of fluoride to water) has been a hotly debated health issue for over half a century. Some advocate fluoridation by citing the many oral benefits available through the process, heralding the betterment of public hygiene that has been achieved from the procedure's inception. Detractors, on the other hand, point out the possible side effects from the abuse of fluoridation, the health problems being experienced around the globe by countries with fluoridated water, and the indelible rights of man. Because the decision to fluoridate drinking water or not affects so many of the worlds population it is definitely a worthy topic to sink ones teeth into. The concept of fluoridation began in the early 20th century by a Colorado Springs, Colorado dentist named Frederick McKay. Upon moving to the area from the East Coast, McKay noticed that several of his patients "exhibited strange…
http://www.ada.org -- retrieved February 18, 2002
http://www.cdc.gov/nccdphp/oh/fl-info.htm -- retrieved February 18, 2002
http://www.nidcr.nih.gov -- retrieved February 18, 2002
www.nofluoride.com -- retrieved February 18, 2002
Hydrogeological Report on the Lipan Aquifer in Texas
Hydrogeological eport: Lipan Aquifer, Texas Lipan Aquifer in Texas Located in the Lipan Flats area of the counties of Tom Green. western Concho, and southern unnels, the Lipan is a minor aquifer according to classifications of the Texas Water Development Board (TWDB) the Lipan aquifer is used primarily for irrigation with limited consumption for livestock and rural domestic purposes (Lee 1986). However, the chemical quality of the Lipan aquifer water does not meet drinking water standards (Lee, 1986). Drinking water may contain radon at rates just above safety levels provided by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Upwards of 125 feet of saturated alluvial deposits of the Leona Formation of Quaternary age make up the aquifer (Lee 1986). Part of the aquifer constitution (see Figure 1.) is comprised of the "updip portions of the underlying dolomites, limestones, and shale of Permian age" (Lee 1986). These structures, which are hydrologically continuous with…
Aquifers in Paleozoic Rocks, Ground Water Atlas of the United States, HA 730-E. http://pubs.usgs.gov/ha/ha730/ch_e/gif/E118.GIF (Accessed October 11, 2011)
Beach, James A. And Stuart T. Burton, "The Lipan Aquifer," in Ground Water Reports, R360AEPC. (Accessed October 11, 2011)
Beach, James A., Stuart Burton, and Barry Kolarik. Groundwater Availability Model for the Lipan Aquifer in Texas. (2004, June). http://www.twdb.state.tx.us/gam/lipan/
Lipan_GAM_Final%20Report_Part1.pdf (Accessed October 11, 2011)
Justification It Is Only by Conducting Additional
Justification "It is only by conducting additional evaluations that not only cover these issues, but also involve all stakeholders and address limitations of existing data sources, that policymakers will have the information they need to identify and quantify needs and develop more effective case management programs for future disasters," pointed out the U.S. Government Accountability Office (USGAO) in its 2009 report to Congress after the federal management of hurricanes ita and Katrina (2009a, p. 35). Nonetheless while the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) concurred with the USGAO's recommendations, and despite what appears to be some progress at the time of publication (USGAO, 2009a, p. 35), the overall recommendations appear as yet unaddressed, according at least to an undated USGAO Office of Public Affairs Web site describing the findings (USGAO 2009b). The 2009 report lists a variety of areas where performance could be improved, indicating future evaluation may continue to deliver…
Pelofsky, J. And Palmer, K. (2012). Five arrested in alleged Cleveland plot to blow up bridge.
Reuters U.S. Edition 1 May 2012. Retrieved from: http://www.reuters.com/article/2012/05/01/us-usa-security-cleveland-idUSBRE8400UY20120501
United States Environmental Protection Agency (2006). A water security handbook: Planning for and responding to drinking water contamination threats and incidents. EPA Publication No. 817-B-06-001. Office of Ground Water and Drinking Water. Washington, D.C.: U.S. EPA. Retrieved from: www.epa.gov/watersecurity
United States Government Accountability Office (2009a). Disaster assistance: Greater
Marketing Plan for New Evian
The bottled water industry is an extremely dynamic one which has brought the players major revenues. Seeing the great potential for further profits, new companies have emerged and some of the already existent ones merged as to get better comparative advantages. Evian's main competitors are the Perrier Group, Aquafina and Dasani, and all these have engaged in marketing operations to differentiate themselves from the newly entered players and consolidate their position in the international market. The Perrier Group based their marketing campaigns onto radio announcements in order to reinforce their brand; Dasani has launched a new television advertisement featuring the Commodores and other funk stars; and Aquafina (from PepsiCo), has developed a televised campaign based on advertisements featuring celebrities (Hein, 2001). 3.4 Target Market The target market is identified through the application of the segmentation criteria. The most commonly used such criteria include age, cultural background, economic and social status,…
Danone Group 2005-2006 Annual Report, Retrieved at http://finance.danone.com/phoenix.zhtml?c=95168&p=irol-reportsAnnual2005on April 3, 2008
Hein, K., May 21, 2001, Water Competition Heats Up; Summer Awash with a Bevy of Ads, Brandweek
1988-2008, Oxygenated Water, Tools for Wellness, http://www.toolsforwellness.com/oxygenated-water.htmllast accessed on April 3, 2008
2002-2007, the Marketing Mix (the 4 P's of Marketing), Net MBA, Business Knowledge Center, http://www.netmba.com/marketing/mix/last accessed on April 4, 2008
Lithium in Many Ways One
Core skills in the workplace refer to a set of general skills that people need to function effectively in their work. These are not specific to the type of work being performed, but rather refer to the types of attitudes and habits workers need to function to the best of their ability and in the best interest of the company. The seven skills include: working productively, learning effectively, communicating clearly, working cooperatively, acting responsibly, valuing self positively, and thinking critically and creatively. All these skills concern the individual in relationship to him- or herself, to his or her coworkers, and to the work that is being performed. Working productively, for example, means that effective work habits and attitudes are used to produce work on a highly effective level of quality and quantity. A person who learns effectively will possess skills in reading, writing, and computing, be able to learn new…
Everglades Is Essentially a Wide
Moreover, the health of the water in Lake Okeechobee, the main reservoir for South Florida, is in jeopardy as a result of human intervention in the Everglades (Ibid.) There are other agricultural uses for Everglades water. Nurseries grow for use in home gardens. Demand for their product is affected by water shortages that arise from poor management of the Everglades water. This issue is significant in Miami-Dade and Broward counties. In Palm Beach County, sugar is the main agricultural crop, dependent on the Everglades for irrigation (Frogameni, 2008). ater from the Everglades also impacts several other industries as well. Some fishing industries rely on the Everglades to provide clean water and nutrients to estuaries and bays. The mix of salt and fresh water results in a unique ecosystem that supports a rich variety of wildlife, including commercial seafood species including shrimp and stone crabs. The economic impact of Everglades-dependent fisheries…
USGS Circular 1182. Retrieved March 19, 2009 at http://sofia.usgs.gov/publications/circular/1182/
Cave, Damien. (2008). Florida to Buy Sugar Maker in Bid to Restore Everglades. New York Times. Retrieved March 19, 2009 at http://www.nytimes.com /2008/06/25/us/24cnd-sugar.html?hp
No author. (2002). Everglades Information: Water Resources. South Florida Water Management District. Retrieved March 19, 2009 at http://glades.sfwmd.gov/empact/home/02_everglades/05_water_resources/index.shtml
No author. (2007). The Southern Everglades and Florida Bay. The Audobon Society. Retrieved March 19, 2009 at http://www.audubon.org/states/fl/fl/PDFs/pubs_policydocs-florida_bay_report_main.pdf
Solar Stills Limitations of Solar
A light insulation causes a reduction of 14.5% in the efficiency obtained with full insulation. The wind effect is much more limited. The increase of wind velocity from zero to 3.6 mph yielded a slight reduction (2%) in the still performance. Repeated tests have shown that the higher the operating temperature of the still, assuming insulation is equal, correlates with higher efficiency. For example, with each 6 degrees Celsius increase in ambient temperature, a still's output increases 7-8%. The application of this finding means that a still operating in a hot desert climate will produce typically as much as one-third more water than the same unit would produce in a cooler climate. Production of distilled water is also associated with the thermal efficiency of the still itself. Efficiency may range from 30 to 60%, depending on the construction of the still, the amount and type of insulation used, ambient temperatures,…
Shell Companies Presented in the Case Have
Shell Companies presented in the case have been violating and continue to violate the Act on health, environmental and safety concerns. Shell has failed to operate in accordance with relevant international principles, agreements, standards, and objectives. Therefore, Shell should support building local capacities through tight cooperation with local communities such as business interests and promoting business activities in foreign and domestic markets. All these should be consistent with the importance of a sound business practice. Shell has negatively affected the local community activities like fishing and tourism and the local culture. The new project initiated by the company will not provide permanent jobs. The construction will only need hundreds of temporary workers with only a handful of permanent jobs (Kennelly & Mengel, 2011). In addition, the adverse impacts on the environment threatens local tourism, specifically, the risk of contamination of the Carrowmore Lake destroys the tourist sector. Since the company…
Kennelly, J. & Mengel, T. (2011). Shell E&P Ireland Limited (SEPIL) and the Corrib Gas Controversy. North American Case Research Association (NACRA) (Product Number: NA0198-PDF-ENG)
Kiron, D., Kruschwitz, N., Haanaes, K. & Velken, I. (2012). Sustainability Nears a Tipping Point. MIT Sloan Management. Review. (Product Number: SMR412-PDF-ENG)
Werhane, P. & Ofiesh, C. (2001). The Global Water and Food Supply Problem. Darden School of Business (Product Number: UV1916-PDF-ENG)
Groundwater and Hydrology
Groundwater & Hydrology Water is the most cast off natural material in the earth. Irrespective of variations in its supply with the pace of time and location its aggregate quantity remains constant. The transformation of the water takes place through a continuation process referred to as hydrological cycle deriving its momentum through the solar energy and gravity. Down pouring of rain consequent upon condensation of clouds are extracted by the roots of plants, flooded over the surface joining the streams and rivers and to some extent absorbed by the earth to form the reservoir of underwater. Vaporization of water from water reservoirs, and transpiration of plants makes the water back to atmosphere. The invisible underwater, which is the result of the continuous process of hydrological cycle, constitutes the key source of the water. This is also considered as the primary reservoir of pure water in a nation. Presently, the assessments…
Barringer, T.A; Dunn, D; Battaglin, W; Vowinkel, E.F. (1990) "Problems and Methods involved in Relating Land Use to Ground-Water Quality" Water-Resources Bulletin. Volume: 26; No: 1; pp: 1-9.
Cesare, Dosi. (2001) "Agricultural Use of Groundwater: Towards Integration between Agricultural Policy and Water Resources Management" Kluwer Academic Publishers: Dordrecht
Freeze, R. A; Cherry, J.A. (1979) "Groundwater" Prentice Hall, Inc.
Hubbert, M.K. (1956) "Darcy's Law and the Field Equations of the Flow of Underground Fluids" AIME Transact. Volume: 207. pp: 222-239
Christianity Actions Taken to Preserve and Restore Our Environment
Toulmin Model argument in response to one of the following prompts: • What specific action(s) should Christians take regarding the environment and its preservation or restoration? Active in 15 countries, "Target Earth" is a group of individuals, churches, college fellowship and various ministries that are Christian protectors for everything that God created. The group feeds the hungry, saves endangered animals, rebuilds forests, and serves as active voice for environmental concerns. The groups mission is "erving the Earth, erving the Poor," which defines their connection of Christianity to environmentalism as they see it (Target Earth.com). The news media is full of warnings that deal with environmental issues of one kind or the other be it global warming, endangered species, extinction of the rain forest, pollution, nuclear accidents, and so forth. The Christian community seems to apply less attention to these issues than they do to others. It may be because we…
Beisner, E. Calvin. (1990) Prospects for Growth: a Biblical View of Population, Resources, and the Future. Westchester, Ill.: Crossway Books,.
DeWitt, Calvin B., Ed. (1991) The Environment and the Christian: What Can We Learn from the New Testament? Grand Rapids, Mich.: Baker Book House,.
Target Earth http://christianteens.about.com/gi/o.htm?zi=1/XJ&zTi=1&sdn=christianteens&cdn=religion&tm=294&f=20&tt=3&bt=0&bts=0&zu=http%3A//www.targetearth.org/
Yahoo Voices, Simple Steps to Help the Environment
Use of Negative and Positive Consequences to Compel Conservation
Psychology: Environmental Problems Facing its worst drought in 40 years, the State of California took a number of measures to conserve water. It first used positive consequences to compel a 20% reduction in water usage by homes and businesses. The disappointing results led to the addition of negative consequences to compel conservation. In addition, California is now taking emergency measures against the oil and gas industry, which was previously exempt from some of the State's environmental laws. California has shown that an environmental policy must use positive and negative consequences, along with carefully given exemptions, in order to be most effective. Water Control During Drought Evaluate 2 Strategies for Promoting Positive Environmental Behavior The State of California is currently enduring a 3-year drought that is its worst in 40 years and is expected to continue for the foreseeable future (Associated Press, 2014). Californians continued to use water with too little…
Post Homework Help ❯
Drinking Water Have you ever forgotten to water your houseplants or garden? What do you notice? When you give the plants water, what do you see happening? Likely, within…
water v. soda ater is the building block of life; our bodies are composed mostly of water, as is the earth on which we live. If we "are what…
Transportation - Environmental Issues
The EPA had been developing new regulations at a pace that was deemed too slow by Congress. Only one of the interim standards set in 1975 had been updated.…
Cadmium in Wastewater and Drinking Water The importance of efficiently controlling and monitoring potential toxins in water systems is extremely important. The potential contaminant known as Cadmium (Cd) is…
"Raw water and post-treatment water are tested for bacterial, physical, and chemical standards, particularly pH, color, and turbidity. The Safe Drinking ater Act of 1974 established maximum contaminant levels,…
But after local wastewater plants were "...upgraded and farms' management practices were improved, the amount of phosphorus declined and the copper sulfate was no long considered necessary" (Royte, 2007).…
With this information, people can make informed decisions regarding the water they consume. Which additives are healthful? Which are not? These are examples of only some of the questions…
Water, Gatorades and Powerades I am a registered dietician, presenting my piece of work on the different types of beverages. I am giving this presentation because water is an…
Water infrastructure and safety issues are far more pressing in the developing world, and large numbers of research teams and laboratories are engaged in developing better and safer water…
The Leblanc alkali production processes were especially pernicious, but they followed along the lines of previous industrial processes. In other words, the first British environmental legislation was a response…
Water in Sub-Saharan Africa is of special interest because of my background but water is a fascinating issue in general, one that I think will play an increasingly large…
water in your area? ("Your perspective on water differs whether you live near the Great Lakes, in the arid west, or by the coast."(McCarthy, 2009) Outline a brief water…
The role of community in achieving proper water and sanitation standards in times of disaster It is important to note that whenever a natural or manmade disaster hits a…
A) The water from my hometown in the Greater Cincinnati region is produced by the Miller Treatment Plant, which takes surface water from the Ohio River and is responsible…
Black Studies - Philosophy
Rachel Carson, she asserts that water is our most precious natural resource and goes on to state that "most of the earth's abundant water is not usable for agriculture,…
Water Pollution Water is the most precious environmental asset and natural resource on earth. Approximately seventy percent of the earth's surface is covered by water and it affects every…
Drinking Inadequate water One must drink enough pure water on a daily basis for good health. However, many people forego water and concentrate on other fluids which have additional…
Water Scarcity The World Water Council estimates that approximately 1.1 billion people, which translates to one-sixth of the world population, lacks access to safe drinking water. Another 2.6 billion…
History - Israel
While on one hand, the Nile gets the highest discharge from rainfall on the highlands of Ethiopia and upland plateau of East Africa, located well outside the Middle East…
Contaminants in Drinking Water and Wastewater and Effects on Environment Drinking water and wastewater contamination pose a significant threat to the public health sector. The contaminants affect the society…
" As will be shown below, the bottled water market is increasingly competitive and consumers have a dazzling array of choices available to them. It is clear that Voss…
Gray Water System As the world's population continues to grow, there will be an ever greater need for potable or purified water. Most people are completely unaware of just…
Technology Controlling water infrastructure Much contemporary research and literature over the need for water include recognition of ethical issues for example water like a public good assert Gleick (2004)…
Oceans & Waters Surface runoff is the water that makes its way to water collection sites, streams, rivers, lakes and ultimately to the oceans when the ground itself is…
Business - Management
operation and data management of the water-authority with a specific focus on the ability to provide a sustainable water supply for the next century in the Caribbean. This literature…
Differentiations are always brought up by the contemporary mainstream economists and their theories regarding ontological questions and assumptions or mere recognition regarding conformity of preference structures regarding some rules…
Business - Miscellaneous
However, "although not as critical as going without water, missing even a few meals can cause a host of undesirable complications," such as lethargy, confusion and disorientation, poor judgment,…
Clean Water Crisis Introduction Every human being on earth necessitates at least 20 to 50 liters of clean, safe water on an everyday basis for the purposes of drinking,…
The Flint, Michigan water crisis has become a poster child for environmental injustice, environmental racism, and inequitable resource distribution in the United States. It has also represented a case…
Though municipal untreated tap water can be used for premix (as opposed to post mix when soda syrup was mixed on site) that comes from the beloved soda fountain…
Introduction There is a direct correlation between the lack of clean safe water for drinking and cooking with nutritional problems. The lack of clean drinking water leads to diseases…
Water Crisis: Windshield Survey of Jackson, MSJackson, MS is a city located in central Mississippi. As of 2020, the city\\\'s population was estimated to be around 160,000 people. The…
Sara Gruen is a Canadian citizen, moved to United States in 1999 for a technical writing job. After she got laid off she decided to be a writer. She…
Arab-Israeli region is one in which water is a critical problem, and being able to get access to clean, safe water on a regular basis is one element of…
existence of tap water contamination. The topic interests me due to the fact that I have long heard that tap water is contaminated and that, in order to avoid…
We do believe our design will help the kooma people to get access to cheap and clean drinking water from within their very own communities, and in addition to…
Preventing Terrorist Attacks on the Water and Wastewater Systems Sector Terrorism is nowadays an already established threat that is part of every security strategy of modern states. It is…
Sports - Drugs
hile each of these studies has reported a cardioprotective effect of alcohol, they differ over which type of alcoholic beverage provides the greatest benefit" (634). Overlooked in many of…
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- Importance of water
An English Essay on the Importance of Water for the Students
Without water there cannot be life on our planet, that is to say on earth. Because every living organism needs water, and therefore having a good understanding and care for the water is a must for all of us. Hence, students should write an essay discussing the importance of water in the English language.
Writing an essay on such a topic opens a series of good ideas in the mind of the students regarding the role that water plays in our lives, and it can also make the students aware of the importance of water.
Also, if you wish to write an English essay on the topic My aim in life you may find this link helpful My Aim in Life Essay in English for Students | Easy Essay on My Aim in Life (vedantu.com)
Advantages of Writing an Essay on the Importance of Water.
Writing an essay on any topic helps the students be good writers, and the same goes for the topic of, Importance of water, but there are quite a few more advantages to writing the essay.
One of the most important things for everyone is to express oneself, and the practice of doing so must be given to the child from a very young age. And writing an essay helps the students in this very important thing.
For writing a good essay on any topic, the students must have a good understanding of the subject of the essay. And hence, writing an essay on the Importance of water, helps the students in learning about the value of water, not just our lives, which is to say humans, but the life of the whole planet.
In his famous play Hamlet Shakespeare writes, Brevity is the soul of wit, meaning being short or concise is very important in speech, or shortness of words is the essence of intelligence. The same rule applies in writing the essay, and doing as clear an understanding of the topic at hand is required as possible. And hence composing an essay on the importance of water helps the students understand the same.
One of the most important gifts that humans are blessed with is the gift of language, and this gift has to be used effectively. Writing an essay helps the students in learning the methods of using the language in such a manner that it makes everything clear to the reader. A good essay does not only touch the heart of the readers but it opens the mind of the reader, it can move them, that is to say, if a good essay is written on the importance of water it can make the readers aware about the same, and not just aware but also careful about using the water.
Water means Life. Water is a prime natural resource. It is a basic need for humans and a precious asset that living beings have. Water is equally vital for the survival of the plant and animal kingdoms. Soil needs water for sustaining plants. The water cycle is essential for ecological balance too. Though a big portion of the Earth is covered with water, only a small portion of it can be used for various human activities. So we need to be judicious and rational, regarding the usage of water.
Why is water important for our bodies?
Water is important for our body for the following reasons.
Above 70% of our body contains water so it is pivotal for the human race to survive.
Water helps in regulating our body temperature.
Water helps in the digestion of solid food.
It also keeps our skin healthy and hydrated.
Water helps in excreting waste from our body through sweat, urination, and defecation. So replenishing the water in our body is essential to prevent dehydration.
Drinking water also helps in reducing calories and maintaining body weight because it can increase the rate of metabolism.
Water consumption lubricates the joints, spinal cord, and tissues.
Importance of Water
All living organisms, plants, animals, and human beings contain water. Almost 70% of our body is made up of water. Our body gets water from the liquids we drink and the food we eat. Nobody can survive without water for more than a week. All plants will die if they do not get water. This would lead to the death of all the animals that depend on plants for their food. So the existence of life would come to an end.
Role of Water In Life Processes
Water plays an important role in most of the life processes by acting as a solvent. The absorption of food in our body takes place in solution form with water as the solvent. Also, many waste products are excreted in the form of solutions through urine and perspiration.
Water helps in regulating our body temperature. In hot weather, we drink a lot of water. This maintains our body temperature. Also, water evaporates from the surface of our body as sweat. This takes away heat and cools the body.
Water is essential for plants to grow. Plants need water to prepare food. They also absorb dissolved nutrients from the soil through their roots.
Aquatic plants and animals use the nutrients and oxygen dissolved in water for their survival.
Uses of Water In Everyday Life
Water is used for drinking, washing, cooking, bathing, cleaning, in our day-to-day life.
It is used to generate electricity in hydroelectric power stations.
Water is used for irrigating fields and in the manufacture of various products.
Other Uses of Water
Water serves as a means of transportation for goods and people.
It provides a medium for recreational sports such as swimming, boating, and water skiing.
Water is also used to extinguish fires.
Importance of Oceans
Oceans are of immense use to man. They are useful in many ways, directly and indirectly. They not only play a significant role in the climate of adjoining countries but also serve mankind in many ways. They are a storehouse of several resources.
An ocean is a major source of water and forms a major part of the water cycle. Oceans contribute water vapor to the atmosphere and we get the same in the form of precipitation.
The oceans are the biggest storehouse of edible forms of marine food, fish being most important. In addition to food, sea animals provide other products like oil, glue, etc.
Oceans have enormous mineral and chemical wealth. A variety of dissolved salts like sodium chloride (common salt), magnesium chloride, and potassium chloride are found in plenty in the oceans.
Oil and gas are important fuels obtained from oceans.
Importance of Lakes and Rivers
Economic and industrial development
Hydroelectric power generation
Modern multipurpose dams
Source of food
Source of minerals
Tourist attractions and health resorts
Rivers provide fresh drinking water
Ports can be built on them as they form good natural harbors
Although our planet Earth is covered with 71% percent of water and 29% of the land, the fast-growing contamination of water is affecting both humans as well as marine life. The unequal distribution of water on the Earth and its increasing demand due to the increasing population is becoming a concern for all.
Water pollution makes it difficult for marine animals to sustain themselves.
Covering over 71% of Earth’s surface, water is undoubtedly the most precious natural resource that exists on our planet. Without the seemingly invaluable compound comprising Hydrogen and Oxygen, life on Earth would be non-existent.
We are slowly but harming our planet at a very alarming rate.
Characteristics of a Good Essay.
It must be brief: As pointed out earlier, a good essay must be short, and also to the point. So, if students are writing an essay on the importance of water it must only deal with the water, and anything which does not directly serve the purpose must be excluded.
Must cover the whole topic: Though it may seem a little contradicting to the first point, what is meant by covering the whole topic is that the maximum number of aspects dealing with the importance of water must be covered in this essay. For instance, water is important for all living organisms and not just humans, and so the same has to be covered in one or the other way in the essay on the importance of the water.
Must be to the point: The essay must remain true to the central idea of the topic, which is the importance of water in this case. Hence, almost all the sentences written in the essay must serve the main topic in one or another way. And also, writing should not be vague or ambiguous, or illogical.
Human beings should realize how important and precious water is. At the individual level, you can be more responsible and avoid wasting water so that our future generation can make the best use of this natural resource abundantly.
FAQs on Importance of water
1. Why is water important?
Water is important because it sustains all living organisms on Earth.
2. How is ocean water useful to Mankind?
Ocean water is useful to mankind in the following ways.
Oceans are a major source of water through the water cycle.
Oceans have direct control over the climate.
Oceans are the biggest storehouse of marine food.
Oceans have enormous mineral and chemical wealth.
3. How is water important for our Body?
Water helps to carry nutrients and oxygen to each and every cell of our body. It helps in digestion. It keeps our skin healthy and hydrated. Water consumption lubricates the joints, spinal cord, and tissues.
4. What are the uses of water in our Daily Life?
Water is used for drinking, bathing, cooking, cleaning, and irrigation of crops and manufacturing various products.
5. Why should I use the essay provided by Vedantu on the Importance of water?
The essay that Vedantu provides on the topic of the Importance of water is prepared by expert teachers, for the students of the English language. And hence this essay can be used by the students as an outline or an example of the essay on the Importance of water, it does not necessarily mean that the students have to copy it completely, but it serves the purpose of guiding the students in attempting the essay. Furthermore, the essay is completely free for download for all the students and also it is available in a PDF file format.
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