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The Rise and Consequences of Cyberbullying

cyber bullying essay examples

Angelica Bottaro is a writer with expertise in many facets of health including chronic disease, Lyme disease, nutrition as medicine, and supplementation. 

cyber bullying essay examples

Michael MacIntyre, MD, is a board-certified general and forensic psychiatrist.

Cyberbullying is the act of intentionally and consistently mistreating or harassing someone through the use of electronic devices or other forms of electronic communication (like social media platforms). Because cyberbullying mostly affects children and adolescents, many people brush it off as just another part of growing up. But cyberbullying can have dire mental and emotional consequences if left unaddressed.

This article discusses cyberbullying, its negative effects, and what can be done about it.

FangXiaNuo / Getty Images

Cyberbullying in the Digital Age

The rise of digital communication methods has paved the way for a new type of bullying to form—one that takes place outside of the schoolyard. Cyberbullying tends to follow kids home, which can make it much more difficult to ignore or cope with.


As many as 15% of young people between the ages of 12 and 18 have been cyberbullied at some point in their lives. However, according to the 2021 Cyberbullying Research Center survey, over 25% of children between the ages of 13 and 15 were cyberbullied in 2021 alone.

According to the same survey, 6.2% of people admitted that they’ve engaged in cyberbullying at some point in the last year. The age at which a person is most likely to cyberbully one of their peers is 13.

Those who are subject to online bullying are twice as likely to self-harm or attempt suicide . The percentage is much higher in young people who identify as LGBTQ, at 56%.

Cyberbullying by Sex and Sexual Orientation

Cyberbullying statistics differ among various groups, including:

State Laws 

The laws surrounding cyberbullying vary from state to state. However, all 50 states have developed and implemented certain policies or laws that are meant to protect children from being cyberbullied both in the classroom and outside of it.

The laws were put into place so that students who are being cyberbullied at school can have access to support systems, and those who are being cyberbullied at home have a way to report the incidents.

Examples of legal policies or programs developed to help stop cyberbullying include:

Are There Federal Laws Against Cyberbullying?

There are no federal laws or policies that protect people from cyberbullying. However, federal involvement may occur if the bullying overlaps with harassment. Federal law will get involved if the bullying is centered around a person’s race, ethnicity, national origin, sex, disability, or religion.

Examples of Cyberbullying 

There are several types of bullying that can occur online, and they all look different.

Harassment can include comments, text messages, or threatening emails all designed to make the person being cyberbullied feel scared, embarrassed, or ashamed of themselves.

Other forms of harassment include:


A person may try to pretend to be the person they are cyberbullying to attempt to embarrass, shame, or hurt them publicly. Some examples of this include:

Other Examples

Not all forms of cyberbullying are the same, and there are other tactics used by cyberbullies to ensure that their target feels as bad as possible. Some tactics include:

How to Know When a Joke Turns Into Cyberbullying

In many cases, people may try to downplay cyberbullying by saying that it was just a joke. However, any incident that continues to make a person feel shame, hurt, or blatantly disrespected is not a joke and should be addressed. People who engage in cyberbullying tactics know that they’ve crossed these boundaries from being playful to being harmful.

Effects and Consequences 

Research has shown that there are many negative effects of cyberbullying, some of which can lead to severe mental health issues.

As previously mentioned, people who are cyberbullied are twice as likely to experience suicidal thoughts, actions, or behaviors and engage in self-harm as those who are not.

Other negative health consequences of cyberbullying are:

If You’re on the Receiving End 

Being on the receiving end of cyberbullying is hard to cope with. It can feel as though you have nowhere to turn and there’s no escape.

However, there are things that can be done to help overcome cyberbullying experiences.

Advice for Preteens and Teenagers

The best thing you can do if you’re being cyberbullied is tell an adult that you trust. It may be difficult to start the conversation, because you may feel ashamed or embarrassed. However, if it is not addressed, it can get worse.

Other ways you can cope with cyberbullying include:

In some cases, therapy may be a good option to help cope with the aftermath of cyberbullying. To get involved in therapy, you’ll have to discuss what’s going on with a trusted adult.

What If Your Friend Is Cyberbullying?

If you have a friend who is bullying someone else, you should tell them that their actions are not acceptable. Let them know of the serious repercussions that can happen to both themselves and the person they are bullying if it doesn’t stop.

Advice for Parents

As a parent, it can be difficult to watch your child experience cyberbullying. To help in the right ways, you can:

Should You Limit Your Child's Time Online?

Taking away your child’s phone or computer after they have been cyberbullied can make them feel as though they’re being punished. You want to avoid this or have a conversation with your child about agreeing to a certain time limit so that they are not pulled in every time they receive a hurtful message or post.

In the Workplace 

Although cyberbullying more often affects children and adolescents, it can also happen to adults in the workplace.

If you are dealing with cyberbullying at your workplace, you can:

How to Take the High Road

Taking the high road may seem difficult, but it is the best thing you can do to protect yourself at your place of employment. You can do this by calmly addressing the bully or ignoring them. If the harassment continues, you will have to take your complaints to your boss or your HR department.

Effective Action Against Cyberbullying

If cyberbullying continues, actions will have to be taken to get it to stop.

Talk to a School Official

Talking to someone at school may be difficult at first, but once you do, you may be grateful that you finally have some support. Remember you are not alone. Schools have policies in place to address cyberbullying so you don’t have to go through it anymore.

Confide in Parents or Trusted Friends 

In some cases, simply talking to your parents or other people you trust about your experience can make it easier to cope with. Having support on your side will make you feel less alone.

Report It on Social Media 

Social media sites have strict rules on the types of interactions and content sharing that is allowed.

If you are being cyberbullied on a social media platform, such as Facebook or Instagram, reporting your aggressor to the site can get them banned. This will eliminate your bully’s ability to contact you.

Block the Bully 

Phones, computers, and social media platforms all contain options to block correspondence from others. Use these blocking tools to help free yourself from cyberbullying.

Other Ways to Get Involved 

Cyberbullying happens all the time, and many people experience harmful consequences because of it. If you are being cyberbullied, or have watched someone be cyberbullied, the best thing you can do is stand up for yourself or other people.

Being an advocate will not only let the bully know that what they’re doing is wrong and won’t be tolerated, it also tells the person who is subject to the bullying that they are not alone.

When you stand up for what you believe in, it takes power away from the bully. This could lead to them stopping their harmful actions.

Help Is Available

If you or someone you know are having suicidal thoughts, dial  988  to contact the  988 Suicide & Crisis Lifeline  and connect with a trained counselor. To find mental health resources in your area, contact the  Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) National Helpline  at  800-662-4357  for information.

Cyberbullying is a form of bullying that takes place over electronic communication methods, such as cellphones, computers, social media, and other online platforms. While anyone can be subject to cyberbullying, it is most likely to occur between the ages of 12 and 18.

Cyberbullying can be severe and lead to serious health issues, such as new or worsened mental health disorders, sleep issues, or thoughts of suicide or self-harm. There are laws in place to prevent cyberbullying from occurring, so it's important to report it when it happens. It might be scary at first, but telling someone is the best way to stop it.

Other tips on coping with cyberbullying include stepping away from your electronics, blocking bullies, and getting support for any issues that may have been caused due to cyberbullying.

A Word From Verywell

Cyberbullying is hard to live with, because it doesn’t stay within the confines of the classroom. It follows you everywhere you go. That being said, being bullied by a peer online says a lot more about them than it does about you.

While it can be hard to accept, you have nothing to be ashamed of because you are being cyberbullied. Speak to your school, a parent or caregiver, or even a close friend about what’s going on. Having a support system can make it easier to deal with and find the help you need to make the bullying stop.

Frequently Asked Questions

While cyberbullying is not in and of itself considered harassment, a type of cyberbullying does fall under that category. Examples of cyberbullying that are considered harassment include using a group chat to gang up on one person to say mean and hurtful things or posting hurtful comments on a person’s page consistently to shame or embarrass them.

Cyberbullying has many health consequences that can negatively affect a person’s mental state. Research has found that people who are cyberbullied are almost twice as likely to attempt suicide or have suicidal thoughts. They are also twice as likely to practice self-harming behaviors.

There are many benefits involved in taking a break from social media. Some of the most beneficial include:

Alhajji M, Bass S, Dai T. Cyberbullying, mental health, and violence in adolescents and associations with sex and race: data from the 2015 youth risk behavior survey . Glob Pediatr Health. 2019;6:2333794X19868887. doi:10.1177/2333794X19868887

Cyberbullying Research Center. Cyberbullying in 2021 by age, gender, sexual orientation, and race .

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services: StopBullying.gov. Facts about bullying .

John A, Glendenning AC, Marchant A, et al. Self-harm, suicidal behaviours, and cyberbullying in children and young people: systematic review .  J Med Internet Res . 2018;20(4):e129. doi:10.2196/jmir.9044

Cyberbullying Research Center. Bullying, cyberbullying, and LGBTQ students .

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services: StopBullying.gov. Laws, policies, and regulations .

Wolke D, Lee K, Guy A. Cyberbullying: a storm in a teacup? . Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2017;26(8):899-908. doi:10.1007/s00787-017-0954-6

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services: StopBullying.gov. Cyberbullying tactics .

Garett R, Lord LR, Young SD. Associations between social media and cyberbullying: a review of the literature . mHealth . 2016;2:46-46. doi:10.21037/mhealth.2016.12.01

Nemours Teens Health. Cyberbullying.

Nixon CL. Current perspectives: the impact of cyberbullying on adolescent health . Adolesc Health Med Ther. 2014;5:143-58. doi:10.2147/AHMT.S36456

Nemours Kids Health. Cyberbullying (for parents) .

By Angelica Bottaro Angelica Bottaro is a professional freelance writer with over 5 years of experience. She has been educated in both psychology and journalism, and her dual education has given her the research and writing skills needed to deliver sound and engaging content in the health space.

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Essays on Cyber Bullying

Cyber bullying essay deals with a new take on bullying that is hard to detect and control. According to cyber bullying essays, it means harming, intimidating, or coercing someone through digital means of communication. All essays on cyber bullying explore its consequences. Cyber bullying can be very harmful to a person's mental health and state, self-esteem, anxiety, or even depression. In some ways, it is more dangerous than physical bullying and cyber bullies, unlike physical bullies, can act incognito and globally through the internet. According to statistics, over 35% of the population was at some point in their life victims of cyber bullying, and most of them – recently. Make the most of our cyber bullying essay samples – even small samples of informative essays can give you an idea of what to include.

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As a social and contemporary factor that affects most youths today, this paper seeks a review article on Cyberbullying in College: Frequency, Characteristics, and Practical Implications. Cyberbullying has a significant negative impact on the lives of many teens, including depression. Cyberbullying in College: Frequency, Characteristics, and Practical Implications is a…

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Essay On Cyber-Bullying

Type of paper: Essay

Topic: Students , Cyber Bulling , Bullying , School , Crime , Criminal Justice , Sexual Abuse , Harm

Published: 01/17/2022



The universal utilization of the Internet, smartphones, and laptops have engendered new kind of bully on the school playground: cyberbullying. What makes cyberbullying an especially dangerous form of bullying is that it often takes place off campus. While schools unquestionably have the authority to punish bullies who threaten or harm children on school grounds, their authority to punish bullying that takes place on the Internet and oftentimes at home is a more difficult issue. As of yet, there is no comprehensive federal law addressing cyberbullying. In turn, the states have largely taken it upon themselves to define and punish cyberbullying offenses. Because cyberbullying is primarily a state-law crime, each state has its own definition and scope of cyberbullying. The internet and its anonymous and instantaneous character are ripe breeding grounds for cyberbullying. Largely due to social media sites and other forms of instantaneously messaging and posting capabilities, a new form of bullying has emerged: cyberbullying. Each day, millions of school-age children use the internet. Many children use the internet unsupervised, and this can give rise to severe consequences. The explosion of internet usage and technology among teenagers in particular has made cyberbullying an ever-increasing problem that schools administrators and officials must face. Speaking in broad terms, cyberbullying is defined as “willful and repeated harm” that causes humiliation, embarrassment, or bullying through any electronic modes of communication (Farbish, 2011, p. 112). One state that has taken a particularly aggressive stand against cyberbullying is New Jersey. New Jersey has specific statutes that address cyberbullying. As recently as 2014, New Jersey passed a Cyber-Harassment statute that makes cyberbullying a crime (N.J.S.A. 2C:33-4.1, 2014). A unique aspect of New Jersey’s Cyber-Harassment statute is that it imposes criminal sanctions for all forms of cyberbullying irrespective of the location in which the cyberullying takes place. New Jersey represents a minority of states that extend criminal liability for cyberbullying offenses that occur off school property (Farbish, 2011, p. 115). Since most cyberbulling incidents necessarily take place outside of school, the New Jersey legislative scheme reflects the reality of cyberbullying. When a student is the victim of cyberbullying by another student, the student will usually look to sue the school district and school officials on the legal theory that these entities were aware of the cyberbullying and did not take reasonable measures to prevent it. Schools act as caretakers of students and are entrusted with an obligation to use reasonable measures to keep students safe and free from harm. Schools usually have much greater financial resources than the actual bully, and thus, the actual bully is usually not named in the suit. In addition, the actual bully is not a state-actor for purposes of the lawsuit and therefore there are many practical obstacles to seeking redress from the bully who perpetrated the harm. New Jersey has taken an aggressive position against cyberbullying and schoolbullying and this is reflected in a recent decision by a New Jersey court. In a 2014 case, the court held that schools that are sued by bullied victims are permitted to seek contribution from the bully who originally carried out the harm (V.B. v. Flemington-Raritan Regional Bd. of Educ., 2014). A bullying victim brought a suit against the school pursuant to New Jersey anti-bullying statutes for failing to properly address the victim’s complaints of bullying and harassment incidents. The defendant school then sought contribution from the bullies, the students who perpetrated the bullying against the victim. The bully sought to dismiss the motion for contribution, but the court allowed the motion to proceed. The significance of this holding was that school bullies and their parents could be held potentially liable for their conduct.

Farbish, S. (2011). Sending the principal to the warden’s office: Holding school officials criminally liable for failing to report cyberbullying. Cardozo Journal of Law & Gender, 109-139. N.J.S.A. 2C:33-4.1 (2014). V.B. v. Flemington-Raritan Regional Bd. of Educ., HNT-L-95-13 (2014).

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Home / Essay Samples / Social Issues / Violence / Cyber Bullying

Cyber Bullying Essay Examples

Cyberbullying is a recent form of aggression that scholars use to humiliate and assault their fewer famous peers. Like traditional bullying, this conduct is based totally on the imbalance of strength among bullies and victims. Cyberbullying grows itself in posting and sharing abusive comments, photos,...

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To start off, what is bullying? It is putting someone in a lower position, to make them feel negative emotions, especially on grounds of race, gender, and sect. Bullying is considered as one of the biggest problems that 21st century has faced. Only in the...

The opportunities provided by the knowledge and technology, with a special stress on the web, became associate integral a part of life. There square measure security problems inside the computer network that represent a security risk and challenge of recent times. The event and application...

Bullying is a term is used for harassing or abusing people with strength (could be physical or verbal) to intimate that person. It is happening for a long time and now in the modern time people are doing this with technology. Bullying using any source...

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In his 2011 study, Faryadi investigated the emotional and physiological effects of cyber bullying on the students. Spot the victims of cyber bullying and critically analyze their spirit and frame of mind so as to produce them with an executable and possible intervention in fighting...

Children are spending more time on smartphones and they are mostly accessing social media and playing video games. They are not using this opportunity to learn new things or gain more knowledge. The amount of time spent on unproductive activities on screens has been affecting...

Screen time does not only mean spending time in front of the television, it also means spending time on smartphones, computers, and other glowing electronic devices. Kids are spending more and more time in front of these devices and they are mostly accessing social media...

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Cyberbullying or cyberharassment is a form of bullying or harassment using electronic communication to bully a person, typically by sending messages of an intimidating or threatening nature.

Forms of cyberbullying are posting rumors, threats, sexual remarks, a victims' personal information, or pejorative labels,internet trolling, and hate raids.

Cyberbullied victims generally manifest psychological problems such as depression, loneliness, low self-esteem, school phobias and social anxiety

About 37% of young people between the ages of 12 and 17 have been bullied online. 23% of students reported that they’ve said or done something mean or cruel to another person online. Girls are more likely than boys to be both victims and perpetrators of cyber bullying. One-fifth of all bullying occurs through social media. Attitudes regarding the pandemic and lockdowns directly contributed to cyberbullying. Most teens have now experienced cyberbullying in some way. The most common specific types of cyberbullying include: Offensive name-calling (31%) Purposeful embarrassment (26%) Physical threats (14%) Stalking (11%) Sexual harassment (11%) Sustained harassment (11%)

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