cause obesity essay

Causes of Obesity

Introduction: Obesity, also referred to as being overly overweight, is a condition caused when one eats excessive amounts of food leading to storing more calories than one burns. These calories are stored as fats1. Obesity can develop from several causes and is usually influenced by genetics. Causes of Obesity : According to the National Institute of Health, the most familiar causes of obesity can be categorized into four causes; lifestyle, environmental, hereditary and medical causes2. However, the main cause of obesity worldwide is still unhealthy diets. Livestrong, a health-issues magazine, reported that our environment and daily routine influence obesity in the sense that people have become inactive. Inactivity can be based on two factors; physical factors and emotional factors3. Lack of Exercise: Technology, which is developing rapidly on a daily basis, is aimed to ease people's lives by providing passive shortcuts, causing them to become lazy4. This action results in shortage of movement and exercise. Therefore, technology causes obesity indirectly5. One's surrounding can also affect one's health. People have stopped buying healthy food due to its inavailability and expense issues.4 They alternated to eating fast, unhealthy and high-fat meals. This phenomenon is also supported by food companies which encourage this movement towards an unhealthy lifestyle by advertising fast food as more delicious, less expensive and more power providing6. Gender: The statistics showed that around 31% of women are obese compared to around 18% men.7 Women are more affected by obesity due to lifestyles. The inaccessibility of safe side walks, cultural and social factors, taking care of kids are some of the reasons that play a vital part... ... middle of paper ... ...ian Syndrome (PCOS) is one of the most common female endocrine conditions. It affects about 5 to 10 percent of women of reproductive age14. Women who have PCOS often suffer from high levels of hormones called androgens – a steroid hormone that regulates the development of male characteristics-14. This syndrome results in obesity, excessive hair growth, reproductive problems and other health issues. Conclusion: Obesity is a common condition that affects thousands around the world. Its causes may vary from simply eating too much to not getting the exercise needed to attempting to quit smoking. Treatment of this condition may be as simple as getting the right diet or exercise, or a planned schedule from one’s physician. Obesity may be heredity or may be a result of any of the above mentioned causes. It is a serious matter to be dealt with yet may be treated easily.

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Essay on Obesity

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Obesity is a chronic health condition in which the body fat reaches abnormal level. Obesity occurs when we consume much more amount of food than our body really needs on a daily basis. In other words, when the intake of calories is greater than the calories we burn out, it gives rise to obesity.

Audience: The below given essays are exclusively written for school students (Class 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12 Standard), college, science and medical students.


Obesity means being excessively fat. A person would be said to be obese if his or her body mass index is beyond 30. Such a person has a body fat rate that is disproportionate to his body mass.

Obesity and the Body Mass Index:

The body mass index is calculated considering the weight and height of a person. Thus, it is a scientific way of determining the appropriate weight of any person. When the body mass index of a person indicates that he or she is obese, it exposes the person to make health risk.

Stopping Obesity:

There are two major ways to get the body mass index of a person to a moderate rate. The first is to maintain a strict diet. The second is to engage in regular physical exercise. These two approaches are aimed at reducing the amount of fat in the body.


Obesity can lead to sudden death, heart attack, diabetes and may unwanted illnesses. Stop it by making healthy choices.

Obesity has become a big concern for the youth of today’s generation. Obesity is defined as a medical condition in which an individual gains excessive body fat. When the Body Mass Index (BMI) of a person is over 30, he/ she is termed as obese.

Obesity can be a genetic problem or a disorder that is caused due to unhealthy lifestyle habits of a person. Physical inactivity and the environment in which an individual lives, are also the factors that leads to obesity. It is also seen that when some individuals are in stress or depression, they start cultivating unhealthy eating habits which eventually leads to obesity. Medications like steroids is yet another reason for obesity.

Obesity has several serious health issues associated with it. Some of the impacts of obesity are diabetes, increase of cholesterol level, high blood pressure, etc. Social impacts of obesity includes loss of confidence in an individual, lowering of self-esteem, etc.

The risks of obesity needs to be prevented. This can be done by adopting healthy eating habits, doing some physical exercise regularly, avoiding stress, etc. Individuals should work on weight reduction in order to avoid obesity.

Obesity is indeed a health concern and needs to be prioritized. The management of obesity revolves around healthy eating habits and physical activity. Obesity, if not controlled in its initial stage can cause many severe health issues. So it is wiser to exercise daily and maintain a healthy lifestyle rather than being the victim of obesity.

Obesity can be defined as the clinical condition where accumulation of excessive fat takes place in the adipose tissue leading to worsening of health condition. Usually, the fat is deposited around the trunk and also the waist of the body or even around the periphery.

Obesity is actually a disease that has been spreading far and wide. It is preventable and certain measures are to be taken to curb it to a greater extend. Both in the developing and developed countries, obesity has been growing far and wide affecting the young and the old equally.

The alarming increase in obesity has resulted in stimulated death rate and health issues among the people. There are several methods adopted to lose weight and they include different diet types, physical activity and certain changes in the current lifestyle. Many of the companies are into minting money with the concept of inviting people to fight obesity.

In patients associated with increased risk factor related to obesity, there are certain drug therapies and other procedures adopted to lose weight. There are certain cost effective ways introduced by several companies to enable clinic-based weight loss programs.

Obesity can lead to premature death and even cause Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. Cardiovascular diseases have also become the part and parcel of obese people. It includes stroke, hypertension, gall bladder disease, coronary heart disease and even cancers like breast cancer, prostate cancer, endometrial cancer and colon cancer. Other less severe arising due to obesity includes osteoarthritis, gastro-esophageal reflux disease and even infertility.

Hence, serious measures are to be taken to fight against this dreadful phenomenon that is spreading its wings far and wide. Giving proper education on benefits of staying fit and mindful eating is as important as curbing this issue. Utmost importance must be given to healthy eating habits right from the small age so that they follow the same until the end of their life.

Obesity is majorly a lifestyle disease attributed to the extra accumulation of fat in the body leading to negative health effects on a person. Ironically, although prevalent at a large scale in many countries, including India, it is one of the most neglect health problems. It is more often ignored even if told by the doctor that the person is obese. Only when people start acquiring other health issues such as heart disease, blood pressure or diabetes, they start taking the problem of obesity seriously.

Obesity Statistics in India:

As per a report, India happens to figure as the third country in the world with the most obese people. This should be a troubling fact for India. However, we are yet to see concrete measures being adopted by the people to remain fit.

Causes of Obesity:

Sedentary lifestyle, alcohol, junk food, medications and some diseases such as hypothyroidism are considered as the factors which lead to obesity. Even children seem to be glued to televisions, laptops and video games which have taken away the urge for physical activities from them. Adding to this, the consumption of junk food has further aggravated the growing problem of obesity in children.

In the case of adults, most of the professions of today make use of computers which again makes people sit for long hours in one place. Also, the hectic lifestyle of today makes it difficult for people to spare time for physical activities and people usually remain stressed most of the times. All this has contributed significantly to the rise of obesity in India.

Obesity and BMI:

Body Mass Index (BMI) is the measure which allows a person to calculate how to fit he or she is. In other words, the BMI tells you if you are obese or not. BMI is calculated by dividing the weight of a person in kg with the square of his / her height in metres. The number thus obtained is called the BMI. A BMI of less than 25 is considered optimal. However, if a person has a BMI over 30 he/she is termed as obese.

What is a matter of concern is that with growing urbanisation there has been a rapid increase of obese people in India? It is of utmost importance to consider this health issue a serious threat to the future of our country as a healthy body is important for a healthy soul. We should all be mindful of what we eat and what effect it has on our body. It is our utmost duty to educate not just ourselves but others as well about this serious health hazard.

Obesity can be defined as a condition (medical) that is the accumulation of body fat to an extent that the excess fat begins to have a lot of negative effects on the health of the individual. Obesity is determined by examining the body mass index (BMI) of the person. The BMI is gotten by dividing the weight of the person in kilogram by the height of the person squared.

When the BMI of a person is more than 30, the person is classified as being obese, when the BMI falls between 25 and 30, the person is said to be overweight. In a few countries in East Asia, lower values for the BMI are used. Obesity has been proven to influence the likelihood and risk of many conditions and disease, most especially diabetes of type 2, cardiovascular diseases, sleeplessness that is obstructive, depression, osteoarthritis and some cancer types.

In most cases, obesity is caused through a combination of genetic susceptibility, a lack of or inadequate physical activity, excessive intake of food. Some cases of obesity are primarily caused by mental disorder, medications, endocrine disorders or genes. There is no medical data to support the fact that people suffering from obesity eat very little but gain a lot of weight because of slower metabolism. It has been discovered that an obese person usually expends much more energy than other people as a result of the required energy that is needed to maintain a body mass that is increased.

It is very possible to prevent obesity with a combination of personal choices and social changes. The major treatments are exercising and a change in diet. We can improve the quality of our diet by reducing our consumption of foods that are energy-dense like those that are high in sugars or fat and by trying to increase our dietary fibre intake.

We can also accompany the appropriate diet with the use of medications to help in reducing appetite and decreasing the absorption of fat. If medication, exercise and diet are not yielding any positive results, surgery or gastric balloon can also be carried out to decrease the volume of the stomach and also reduce the intestines’ length which leads to the feel of the person get full early or a reduction in the ability to get and absorb different nutrients from a food.

Obesity is the leading cause of ill-health and death all over the world that is preventable. The rate of obesity in children and adults has drastically increased. In 2015, a whopping 12 percent of adults which is about 600 million and about 100 million children all around the world were found to be obese.

It has also been discovered that women are more obese than men. A lot of government and private institutions and bodies have stated that obesity is top of the list of the most difficult and serious problems of public health that we have in the world today. In the world we live today, there is a lot of stigmatisation of obese people.

We all know how troubling the problem of obesity truly is. It is mainly a form of a medical condition wherein the body tends to accumulate excessive fat which in turn has negative repercussions on the health of an individual.

Given the current lifestyle and dietary style, it has become more common than ever. More and more people are being diagnosed with obesity. Such is its prevalence that it has been termed as an epidemic in the USA. Those who suffer from obesity are at a much higher risk of diabetes, heart diseases and even cancer.

In order to gain a deeper understanding of obesity, it is important to learn what the key causes of obesity are. In a layman term, if your calorie consumption exceeds what you burn because of daily activities and exercises, it is likely to lead to obesity. It is caused over a prolonged period of time when your calorie intake keeps exceeding the calories burned.

Here are some of the key causes which are known to be the driving factors for obesity.

If your diet tends to be rich in fat and contains massive calorie intake, you are all set to suffer from obesity.

Sedentary Lifestyle:

With most people sticking to their desk jobs and living a sedentary lifestyle, the body tends to get obese easily.

Of course, the genetic framework has a lot to do with obesity. If your parents are obese, the chance of you being obese is quite high.

The weight which women gain during their pregnancy can be very hard to shed and this is often one of the top causes of obesity.

Sleep Cycle:

If you are not getting an adequate amount of sleep, it can have an impact on the hormones which might trigger hunger signals. Overall, these linked events tend to make you obese.

Hormonal Disorder:

There are several hormonal changes which are known to be direct causes of obesity. The imbalance of the thyroid stimulating hormone, for instance, is one of the key factors when it comes to obesity.

Now that we know the key causes, let us look at the possible ways by which you can handle it.

Treatment for Obesity:

As strange as it may sound, the treatment for obesity is really simple. All you need to do is follow the right diet and back it with an adequate amount of exercise. If you can succeed in doing so, it will give you the perfect head-start into your journey of getting in shape and bidding goodbye to obesity.

There are a lot of different kinds and styles of diet plans for obesity which are available. You can choose the one which you deem fit. We recommend not opting for crash dieting as it is known to have several repercussions and can make your body terribly weak.

The key here is to stick to a balanced diet which can help you retain the essential nutrients, minerals, and, vitamins and shed the unwanted fat and carbs.

Just like the diet, there are several workout plans for obesity which are available. It is upon you to find out which of the workout plan seems to be apt for you. Choose cardio exercises and dance routines like Zumba to shed the unwanted body weight. Yoga is yet another method to get rid of obesity.

So, follow a blend of these and you will be able to deal with the trouble of obesity in no time. We believe that following these tips will help you get rid of obesity and stay in shape.

Obesity and overweight is a top health concern in the world due to the impact it has on the lives of individuals. Obesity is defined as a condition in which an individual has excessive body fat and is measured using the body mass index (BMI) such that, when an individual’s BMI is above 30, he or she is termed obese. The BMI is calculated using body weight and height and it is different for all individuals.

Obesity has been determined as a risk factor for many diseases. It results from dietary habits, genetics, and lifestyle habits including physical inactivity. Obesity can be prevented so that individuals do not end up having serious complications and health problems. Chronic illnesses like diabetes, heart diseases and relate to obesity in terms of causes and complications.

Factors Influencing Obesity:

Obesity is not only as a result of lifestyle habits as most people put it. There are other important factors that influence obesity. Genetics is one of those factors. A person could be born with genes that predispose them to obesity and they will also have difficulty in losing weight because it is an inborn factor.

The environment also influences obesity because the diet is similar in certain environs. In certain environments, like school, the food available is fast foods and the chances of getting healthy foods is very low, leading to obesity. Also, physical inactivity is an environmental factor for obesity because some places have no fields or tracks where people can jog or maybe the place is very unsafe and people rarely go out to exercise.

Mental health affects the eating habits of individuals. There is a habit of stress eating when a person is depressed and it could result in overweight or obesity if the person remains unhealthy for long period of time.

The overall health of individuals also matter. If a person is unwell and is prescribed with steroids, they may end up being obese. Steroidal medications enable weight gain as a side effect.

Complications of Obesity:

Obesity is a health concern because its complications are severe. Significant social and health problems are experienced by obese people. Socially, they will be bullied and their self-esteem will be low as they will perceive themselves as unworthy.

Chronic illnesses like diabetes results from obesity. Diabetes type 2 has been directly linked to obesity. This condition involves the increased blood sugars in the body and body cells are not responding to insulin as they should. The insulin in the body could also be inadequate due to decreased production. High blood sugar concentrations result in symptoms like frequent hunger, thirst and urination. The symptoms of complicated stages of diabetes type 2 include loss of vision, renal failure and heart failure and eventually death. The importance of having a normal BMI is the ability of the body to control blood sugars.

Another complication is the heightened blood pressures. Obesity has been defined as excessive body fat. The body fat accumulates in blood vessels making them narrow. Narrow blood vessels cause the blood pressures to rise. Increased blood pressure causes the heart to start failing in its physiological functions. Heart failure is the end result in this condition of increased blood pressures.

There is a significant increase in cholesterol in blood of people who are obese. High blood cholesterol levels causes the deposition of fats in various parts of the body and organs. Deposition of fats in the heart and blood vessels result in heart diseases. There are other conditions that result from hypercholesterolemia.

Other chronic illnesses like cancer can also arise from obesity because inflammation of body cells and tissues occurs in order to store fats in obese people. This could result in abnormal growths and alteration of cell morphology. The abnormal growths could be cancerous.

Management of Obesity:

For the people at risk of developing obesity, prevention methods can be implemented. Prevention included a healthy diet and physical activity. The diet and physical activity patterns should be regular and realizable to avoid strains that could result in complications.

Some risk factors for obesity are non-modifiable for example genetics. When a person in genetically predisposed, the lifestyle modifications may be have help.

For the individuals who are already obese, they can work on weight reduction through healthy diets and physical exercises.

In conclusion, obesity is indeed a major health concern because the health complications are very serious. Factors influencing obesity are both modifiable and non-modifiable. The management of obesity revolves around diet and physical activity and so it is important to remain fit.

In olden days, obesity used to affect only adults. However, in the present time, obesity has become a worldwide problem that hits the kids as well. Let’s find out the most prevalent causes of obesity.

Factors Causing Obesity:

Obesity can be due to genetic factors. If a person’s family has a history of obesity, chances are high that he/ she would also be affected by obesity, sooner or later in life.

The second reason is having a poor lifestyle. Now, there are a variety of factors that fall under the category of poor lifestyle. An excessive diet, i.e., eating more than you need is a definite way to attain the stage of obesity. Needless to say, the extra calories are changed into fat and cause obesity.

Junk foods, fried foods, refined foods with high fats and sugar are also responsible for causing obesity in both adults and kids. Lack of physical activity prevents the burning of extra calories, again, leading us all to the path of obesity.

But sometimes, there may also be some indirect causes of obesity. The secondary reasons could be related to our mental and psychological health. Depression, anxiety, stress, and emotional troubles are well-known factors of obesity.

Physical ailments such as hypothyroidism, ovarian cysts, and diabetes often complicate the physical condition and play a massive role in abnormal weight gain.

Moreover, certain medications, such as steroids, antidepressants, and contraceptive pills, have been seen interfering with the metabolic activities of the body. As a result, the long-term use of such drugs can cause obesity. Adding to that, regular consumption of alcohol and smoking are also connected to the condition of obesity.

Harmful Effects of Obesity:

On the surface, obesity may look like a single problem. But, in reality, it is the mother of several major health issues. Obesity simply means excessive fat depositing into our body including the arteries. The drastic consequence of such high cholesterol levels shows up in the form of heart attacks and other life-threatening cardiac troubles.

The fat deposition also hampers the elasticity of the arteries. That means obesity can cause havoc in our body by altering the blood pressure to an abnormal range. And this is just the tip of the iceberg. Obesity is known to create an endless list of problems.

In extreme cases, this disorder gives birth to acute diseases like diabetes and cancer. The weight gain due to obesity puts a lot of pressure on the bones of the body, especially of the legs. This, in turn, makes our bones weak and disturbs their smooth movement. A person suffering from obesity also has higher chances of developing infertility issues and sleep troubles.

Many obese people are seen to be struggling with breathing problems too. In the chronic form, the condition can grow into asthma. The psychological effects of obesity are another serious topic. You can say that obesity and depression form a loop. The more a person is obese, the worse is his/ her depression stage.

How to Control and Treat Obesity:

The simplest and most effective way, to begin with, is changing our diet. There are two factors to consider in the diet plan. First is what and what not to eat. Second is how much to eat.

If you really want to get rid of obesity, include more and more green vegetables in your diet. Spinach, beans, kale, broccoli, cauliflower, asparagus, etc., have enough vitamins and minerals and quite low calories. Other healthier options are mushrooms, pumpkin, beetroots, and sweet potatoes, etc.

Opt for fresh fruits, especially citrus fruits, and berries. Oranges, grapes, pomegranate, pineapple, cherries, strawberries, lime, and cranberries are good for the body. They have low sugar content and are also helpful in strengthening our immune system. Eating the whole fruits is a more preferable way in comparison to gulping the fruit juices. Fruits, when eaten whole, have more fibers and less sugar.

Consuming a big bowl of salad is also great for dealing with the obesity problem. A salad that includes fibrous foods such as carrots, radish, lettuce, tomatoes, works better at satiating the hunger pangs without the risk of weight gain.

A high protein diet of eggs, fish, lean meats, etc., is an excellent choice to get rid of obesity. Take enough of omega fatty acids. Remember to drink plenty of water. Keeping yourself hydrated is a smart way to avoid overeating. Water also helps in removing the toxins and excess fat from the body.

As much as possible, avoid fats, sugars, refined flours, and oily foods to keep the weight in control. Control your portion size. Replace the three heavy meals with small and frequent meals during the day. Snacking on sugarless smoothies, dry fruits, etc., is much recommended.

Regular exercise plays an indispensable role in tackling the obesity problem. Whenever possible, walk to the market, take stairs instead of a lift. Physical activity can be in any other form. It could be a favorite hobby like swimming, cycling, lawn tennis, or light jogging.

Meditation and yoga are quite powerful practices to drive away the stress, depression and thus, obesity. But in more serious cases, meeting a physician is the most appropriate strategy. Sometimes, the right medicines and surgical procedures are necessary to control the health condition.

Obesity is spreading like an epidemic, haunting both the adults and the kids. Although genetic factors and other physical ailments play a role, the problem is mostly caused by a reckless lifestyle.

By changing our way of living, we can surely take control of our health. In other words, it would be possible to eliminate the condition of obesity from our lives completely by leading a healthy lifestyle.

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Causes and Effects of Obesity

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Causes and Effects of Obesity Essay

Introduction, laziness as the main cause of obesity, social effects of obesity, effects of obesity: health complications.


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Maintaining good body weight is highly recommended by medical doctors as a way of promoting a healthy status of the body. This is to say that there is allowed body weight, which a person is supposed to maintain. Extreme deviations from this weight expose a person to several health complications.

While being underweight is not encouraged, cases of people who are overweight and increasing effects of this condition have raised concerns over the need of addressing the issue of obesity in the society today, where statistics are rising day and night. What is obesity? This refers to a medical condition in which a person’s body has high accumulation of body fat to the level of being fatal or a cause of serious health complications. Additionally, obesity is highly associated with one’s body mass index, abbreviated as BMI.

This denotes the value obtained when a person’s weight in kilograms is divided by the square of their height in meters (Burniat 3). According to medical experts, obesity occurs when the BMI exceeds 30kg/m 2 . While this is the case, people who have a BMI of between 25 and 29 and considered to be overweight. Obesity has a wide-range of negative effects, which may be a threat to the life of a person.

The fist effect of obesity is that it encourages laziness in the society. It is doubtless that obese people find it hard and strenuous to move from one point to the other because of accumulated fats. As a result, most of these people lead a sedentary lifestyle, which is usually characterized by minimal or no movement. In such scenarios, victims prefer being helped doing basic activities, including moving from one point to another.

Moreover, laziness makes one to be inactive and unproductive. For example, a student who is obese may find it hard to attend to his or her homework and class assignments, thus affecting performance. With regard to physical exercises, obese people perceive exercises as punishment, which is not meant for them (Korbonits 265). As a result, they do not accept simple activities like jogging because of their inability to move.

In line with this, obese people cannot participate in games like soccer, athletics, and rugby among others. Based on this sedentary lifestyle, obese people spend a lot of their time watching television, movies, and playing video games, which worsen the situation.

The main effect of obesity is health complications. Research indicates that most of the killer diseases like diabetes, heart diseases, and high blood pressure are largely associated with obesity. In the United States, obesity-related complications cost the nation approximately 150 billion USD and result into 0.3 million premature deaths annually.

When there is increase in body fat, it means that the body requires more nutrients and oxygen to support body tissues (Burniat 223). Since these elements can only be transported by the blood to various parts of the body, the workload of the heart is increased.

This increase in the workload of the heart exerts pressure on blood vessels, leading to high blood pressure. An increase in the heart rate may also be dangerous due to the inability of the body to supply required blood to various parts. Moreover, obesity causes diabetes, especially among adults as the body may become resistant to insulin. This resistance may lead to a high level of blood sugar, which is fatal.

Besides health complications, obesity causes an array of psychological effects, including inferiority complex among victims. Obese people suffer from depression, emanating from negative self-esteem and societal rejection. In some cases, people who become obese lose their friends and may get disapproval from teachers and other personalities (Korbonits 265). This is mainly based on the assumption that people become obese due to lack of self-discipline. In extreme cases, obese people may not be considered for promotion at workplaces, because of the negative perception held against them.

Due to inferiority complex, obese people avoid being in public and prefer being alone. This is because they imagine how the world sees them and may also find it hard being involved in public activities because of their sizes.

This further makes them to consider themselves unattractive based on their deviation from what is considered as the normal body size and shape. Regardless of how obese people are treated, they always believe that they are being undermined because of their body size.

In summary, obesity is a major cause of premature deaths in the United States and around the world. This health condition occurs when there is excess accumulation of body fat, caused by unhealthy lifestyles. Obesity is largely associated with several killer diseases like high blood pressure, diabetes, and diseases of the heart.

These diseases drain world economies since most of them are fatal and expensive to manage. Additionally, obesity promotes sedentary life where victims minimize movement by adopting an inactive lifestyle. Moreover, obese victims suffer psychologically because of societal rejection. In general, obesity has a wide-range of negative effects, which may be a threat to the life of a person.

Burniat, Walter. Child and Adolescent Obesity: Causes and Consequences, Prevention and Management . United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press, 2002. Print.

Korbonits, Márta. Obesity and Metabolism . Switzerland: Karger Publishers, 2008. Print.

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Argument essays, graphs, other writing, and speaking for ielts, pet, and toefl, cause and effect: obesity.

This is a cause and effect essay on obesity (being overweight or too fat). It is divided into four paragraphs:

Try to aim at three causes and three effects. Give examples for each one. Here is a diagram with some ideas – click for a larger image.

Obesity has become a major problem in the UAE. Over 60% of Emirati nationals are overweight. This is a difficult problem with many serious effects on the individual and country.

Obesity can be divided into three main causes –  diet, lifestyle and education. One of the chief causes is diet. Young Emiratis eat more and more high-carbohydrate, high-fat burgers and pizza in fast-food restaurants. However, some traditional foods are also very oily, and because of increasing affluence are eaten more often than in the past. Lifestyle is a second main cause of obesity. As a result of cheap foreign labour, many Emiratis now have sedentary jobs, and do not exercise regularly. However, one of the main causes is lack of education and awareness. The society’s attitude to food often leads to over-consumption. Parents do not teach good eating habits to children, and many people lack knowledge about good nutrition or a balanced diet.

Obesity affects the individual and the country. The biggest effect is on the individual. First of all, being overweight has health risks . Obesity can lead to heart disease, diabetes, and other conditions. The quality of life suffers, as it is difficult to enjoy exercise or move. Another result is lack of self-esteem. This can lead to depression, eating disorders and crash diets. The country is also affected. It becomes very expensive for the government to provide advanced medical care such as heart transplants. Unhealthy citizens are also less productive. and their children learn poor eating habits. 

Obesity or even being overweight has serious effects on the individual and the society. Both need to take action to examine the causes of this problem and find solutions.

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Causes and effects of obesity

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What Are the Causes of Obesity?

Readers offer their opinions in response to a guest essay asserting that scientists aren’t sure.

cause obesity essay

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As a subscriber, you have 10 gift articles to give each month. Anyone can read what you share.

To the Editor:

Re “ Scientists at Least Know What Doesn’t Cause Obesity ,” by Julia Belluz (Opinion guest essay, Nov. 27):

Having practiced clinical dentistry and clinical nutrition for 40 years, I almost fell off my chair when I read this essay. Calling obesity a chronic condition rather than a chronic disease is a mistake!

We know that obesity is a combination of genetic and epigenetic factors. People are eating highly processed, pesticide-laden foods with excessive amounts of high-fructose corn syrup, salt, junk fats and various added sugars.

Factors like sedentary lifestyles, poor access to unprocessed foods in urban settings, lack of exercise, junk food advertising, poor eating habits, emotional eating and consuming too much fast food are additional causes of American and worldwide obesity. All of these factors can cause genetic mutations, add stress to our endocrine system, increase systemic inflammation and activate predispositions to all chronic disease.

Moreover, the end game of years of chronic obesity includes chronic diseases like heart disease, cancer, diabetes and nonalcoholic fatty liver as well as fertility issues.

We have had an epidemic of obesity in America for the past 50 or 60 years. This short timeline in our human genetic evolution makes it impossible to handle the changes in our Western diet. Our metabolism is not prepared to handle what our industrialized culture did to our food chain for the past three generations.

Sadly, obesity has now defined Western civilization — that is, “better living through food chemistry!”

Stanley E. Kacherski Hopewell Junction, N.Y.

Thank you, thank you, thank you, Ms. Belluz! This is the first mainstream article I’ve seen that addresses these issues involving obesity in an accessible and up-to-date manner.

I’m in my late 60s and have recently been diagnosed with lipedema — a chronic condition of excess fat that I’ve likely had since my teens. That’s 50 years of mistakenly assuming that I struggle with obesity because of a flaw in my character and am a failure because I cannot diet and exercise away the fat.

It’s been horrifying to learn that — while well meaning — so many doctors are clueless about these realities. In my case, I’ve been overwhelmed by what I’ve learned. I’m sad, angry and very grateful that I have insurance and access to a top-notch specialist.

Susan Milrod West Hollywood, Calif.

Big Food plays a crucial role in the ever-spreading obesity epidemic in the United States and abroad. Multinational corporations increasingly use sophisticated chemistry and technology to engineer food to appeal to our instinctual desires for sugar, fat and salt.

Julia Belluz rightly mentions banning “junk food marketing” in schools and school vending machines. But enhanced education about nutrition, and attention to corporate practices and advertising, are vital as well.

Governments may be “accused of being nanny states” if they regulate, but without such action, national medical and public health costs will continue to soar. Heightened recognition and appreciation of these additional factors, and of the larger costs of inaction, can help stymie this growing pandemic.

Robert Klitzman New York The writer is a professor of psychiatry and director of the bioethics masters program at Columbia University.

I appreciate this essay’s emphasis on the fact that a person with a larger body is not an issue of personal responsibility, choice, laziness or any other individual characteristic. And the author is absolutely correct that fat shaming is harmful and stigmatizing.

However, the anti-obesity researchers that this author cites have an underlying assumption that being in a larger body is bad, and that in fact we are in the midst of an “obesity epidemic.” But is this actually true? The author herself says that “not everyone with obesity goes on to develop its associated complications, which include cancer, Type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, heart attack, stroke and premature death.” So what if being in a larger body is correlated with some of these negative health outcomes, but is not actually the cause?

Furthermore, what if all of the interventions that we’ve been pursuing in the past 20 to 40 years to combat this “epidemic” have actually led to worse outcomes for the population, including fat shaming and weight stigma; chronic dieting, which leads to weight cycling, which does lead to bad health outcomes; and driving people of all ages, genders, shapes and sizes to have unhealthy relationships with food and their bodies, including but not limited to full-blown eating disorders?

Given everything we know about how harmful our “war on obesity” has been, we must start looking more critically at the science on this issue, and start questioning the assumptions of anyone using the term “obesity epidemic.”

Rachel Shands St. Paul, Minn.

We may not know precisely what has caused the recent increases in obesity rates. But we do know that obesity is a symptom of the larger challenges families face in America and that smart, equitable policy changes can help reverse the trends.

Food policy successes in two programs point the way forward.

A little more than a decade ago, nutrition standards were updated for the school meal programs and for the federal W.I.C. nutrition program. Healthier school meals are now associated with a reduced risk of obesity among children in poverty. The healthier W.I.C. food package is associated with a drop in obesity rates among participating children. Together, these programs serve millions of children.

We can build on this momentum by putting the health of children and families at the center of our policies. And committing as a nation to addressing community conditions like housing, dignified employment at a living wage, clean air and water, and access to health care and healthy food, all of which we know influence whether a child can grow up healthy and at a healthy weight.

Jamie Bussel Princeton, N.J. The writer is a senior program officer at the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.

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Abstract Numbers continue to climb for those who have childhood obesity. This serious issue has been brought to the attention of the public who have been taking preventative measures and action in hopes to reduce the number of cases. In a number of countries, public policies have been implemented to prevent obesity. However, in the U.S. efforts made are not enough or have not been effective to stop the obesity rate from increasing. Proposals for solutions to this health problem […]

Childhood Obesity in the American Nation

Childhood obesity is still rising in this nation. One out of three Americans is obese. The outlook for children is not much better, because adolescent obesity has quadrupled over the last thirty years. “As of 2012, almost 18 percent of children aged 6-11 years were obese”(Newman, 1). In spite of the way that the welfare effects on obesity are notable by the public, this force precedes undefeated. The image for youngsters isn’t much improved; in the course of recent years […]

Childhood Obesity: a Review of Increased Risk

Childhood obesity, a current epidemic which affects 33% of adolescents aged 2-19. I will present a descriptive study which highlights the seriousness of childhood obesity and its long-term influence on quality of life. Obesity, is described as accumulating an excess in body fat, more specifically, obesity is the outcome of a long-lasting caloric imbalance, with the relation of more caloric intake consumed than what is burned each day. A screening tool utilized to measure body fat is the body mass […]

Factors that Influence Childhood Obesity

The cause of pediatric obesity is multifactorial (1). There is not a single cause, nor solution, found that leads to all cases of pediatric obesity. Parental discipline in regard to the child is not proven to lead to less adiposity or obesity in children. Parental feeding strategy may actually be a cause of obesity with restrictive approach to food by the parent shown to increase the proclivity for the restricted foods (2). Likewise, when parents allowed their children to have […]

Childhood Obesity Today

In America, childhood obesity is on a rise today. Children can gain obsessive weight because of environmental factors. Vending machines, low cost on snacks, and a increase in the fast food chain are contributing factors towards obesity. Genetics can also play a part in childhood obesity. Many children come from a generation of overweight families. Most parents don’t see the harm in letting their children gain tons of weight. Obesity can cause many health problems. Childhood obesity affects the health […]

Childhood Obesity, a Crisis that could be Cure

Obesity is a crisis that is affecting many countries with their more vulnerable citizens, which are children. Bad eating habits, high calories intake, genetics, and lack of activities or exercise are some of the elements that either combine or by themselves are the cause for childhood obesity in America, Latin America and many other nations. In the United States rural areas have higher rates of children obesity as well as Hispanics and blacks (Davis 2011). Keywords: Obesity, Childhood Our writers […]

Tackling Childhood Obesity in Rural Mississippi

Childhood obesity is a growing health issue in the United States. Children with higher Body Mass Indexes than the recommended by the National Institutes of Health are more prone to adverse health effects later in life. Obesity in early age can translate into adulthood and increases the risk of developing cardiovascular diseases and diabetes (Franks 2010). The highest rates of childhood obesity can be observed in the southeastern corner of the United States, Mississippi, in particular, with the highest prevalence […]

Related topic

Essay About Obesity Introduction This is a medical hypothesis that the person who has more Body Mass Index (BMI) will have mild obesity, which is linked with high tension and high concentration of cholesterol in the human body. Its reverse mechanisms are not easily understood as the other diseases. The patients who have more body mass index (BMI) linked with pneumonia have a higher ratio of death as compared to the patients who have normal values of (BMI) body mass index, this is known as the “Obesity paradox”. The chance to survive in this disorder is in very elderly people which shows the delayed response of this disease. The normal value of cholesterol is also harmful in those people who don`t show any kind of symptoms according to this specific disease. Scientific Discussion Obesity has become a serious health problem and also the most neglected by people. Different scientists with various findings suggest that, the concern of Obesity paradox with heart problem like narrowing of coronary artery problems with the increasing proportion of tension. Further information related to the disease shows that body weight and obesity cause a delay as well as an acute response to the body. Obesity also causes severe body-related disorders like Diabetes (type II). The reverse action of this negative impact is legally unclear but Adipose tissues are the fat-storing tissues that are fully available for the study of paradox. The patients related to this problem were first reported in 1999 in those patients which were suffering from kidney disorder and significantly observed in heart patients. The patients with heart failure who have a lower (BMI) have a lower rate of death has been seen. People who have low body weight become the victim of many diseases due to the protective fat layer in the body. Pathogenic mechanisms and many other hormones that related to protein also reveal the obesity paradox. Obesity causes various heart problems by different mechanisms. Obesity has been involved in causing major roles for artery and renal problems and hypertension disorders that show that the obesity paradox is mainly due to body overweight. Recent studies and findings show the vital outcome of the obese people with heart and artery disorder also treated for hypertension and the death rate was 30% lower in humans that are obese and overweight. People with no heart problem and have higher “body mass index (BMI)” have a much lower rate of death as compared to people with have the cardiac disorder. Bovine parathyroid cells play an important role in the deactivation of parathyroid hormone and also activate Vitamin D. This vitamin increase obesity and uptake by adipose tissue, also serum containing calcium is ultimately linked with obesity and causing vitamin D deficiency. There is an inverse relationship between Vitamin D and parathyroid hormone in obesity which causes “hyperthyroidism”. Hyperthyroidism also influences the concentration of plasma in blood and also impacts the peripheral system then it expands the vessels. In obese people, the calcitonin gene is found. This gene is capable of the activation of K channels in smooth muscles which impacts on the cardiovascular system as well as the contraction of the heart in humans. Commentary Section The reverse mechanism of paradox obesity is still unknown so how it should be believed that paradox obesity exists just on the basis of BMI evaluation? It does not show the clear and authentic result that it decrease or increase the risk factor for health disorder so how can it be admitted that it’s base on reality? Conclusion People with obesity have a great risk of various diseases such as heart problem, kidney disease, and hypertension People with obesity have greater chances of survival as compared to those whose values of BMI are normal. Those people which have chronic kidney diseases have better chances of survival although with a higher BMI range. People with chronic pulmonary problems with increasing BMI 1KG decrease the death rate up to 5%. Increase in those people which are underweight and normal weight

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Essay on Obesity for Children and Students

Sri Chaitanya AITS

Obesity is a condition wherein a lot of excess fat accumulates in the body. It generally occurs when a person consumes excessive food and does not indulge in physical activity on a regular basis. Obesity increases the chances of incurring diseases such as diabetes, sleep apnea and osteoarthritis. Obesity is usually caused due to regular intake of excessive food and lack of proper physical exercise. It is also suspected to be a genetic problem. This condition increases the chances of developing various health problems requiring urgent attention. Here are some essays of varying lengths to help you with the topic in your exams.

Long and Short Essay on Obesity in English

Obesity essay 1 (200 words).

Obesity generally occurs when a person consumes more than the required amount of food on a regular basis and does not indulge in physical activities to burn the excess fat. The problem can also be genetic and may even be caused as a side effect of certain medicines or psychological factors such as sadness, depression, nervousness, etc.

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The problem can be prevented by following below-mentioned tips:

Obesity is not just a problem in its own; it can lead to various serious health problems such as cardiovascular diseases, brain stroke, infertility, sleep apnea and diabetes. If you do not prevent this problem from occurring, you will have to undergo extensive treatment to cure it. While doctors prescribe medicines, make changes in the patient’s diet and devise an exercise regime to treat this problem, in certain cases the patients may even have to undergo a surgery.

Obesity Essay 2 (300 words)

Obesity is mostly the outcome of a combination of two things – regular intake of excessive food and absence of physical activity. It may usually, not necessarily, be a genetic problem and might even occur as a side effect of certain medicines. Here is a detailed look at the causes of this condition and the ways to prevent and treat it.

Causes of Obesity

One of the leading causes of obesity is the regular consumption of more than the required quantity of food combined with lack of proper physical activity.

It has been observed that some people tend to eat excessively when they are going through a tough time in life. This eventually leads to weight gain and obesity.

Obesity may even be inherited from the parents in certain cases.

Regular intake of certain medicines such as oral contraceptives and antidepressants may also lead to weight gain and eventually result in obesity.

Methods to Prevent Obesity

Here is how to prevent this health condition from occurring:

It is essential to have a healthy diet that includes fresh fruits, green leafy vegetables, whole grains and cereals. Avoid oily and sugary food items.

Even as you choose to eat healthy, keep a tab on how much you eat and also the frequency of your meals.

Make it a habit to indulge in 30-45 minutes of exercise each day.

Keep a check on your body weight and waist line.

While it is best to prevent obesity by following the aforementioned tips, however if you fall prey to this condition it is best to consult a doctor immediately to get it cured as it is not only a problem in its own but can also lead to many other health issues such as heart problem, gallstones, sleep apnea and infertility, to name a few.

Obesity Essay 3 (400 words)

Obesity usually occurs when a person makes it a habit to consume more than the required quantity of food and does not indulge in enough physical activity. This condition may even be inherited and might occur due to certain other reasons too. Here is a detailed look at the various reasons that cause obesity, the impact it has on a person’s health and also the ways to avoid it.

As stated earlier, the main cause of developing this condition is regular intake of more than the required amount of food coupled with lack of physical activity.

It has been observed that some people tend to eat excessively when they are going through a tough time.

Obesity may even run in the family. If either of the parents has this problem then it is likely for the child to develop it.

Certain oral contraceptives, antidepressants and other medicines might also result in weight gain and having these over a period of time may lead to obesity.

Effects of Obesity

Obesity can have several negative repercussions on a person’s body. It may lead to the following:

Ways to Prevent Obesity

As grave as this problem is, it can be prevented by making some simple yet healthy lifestyle choices. Here is a look at the same:

Keep a check on your calorie intake and have a fibre and nutrient-rich diet that includes green leafy vegetables, fresh fruits, whole grains and cereals.

Merely choosing healthy food options is not enough, you must also keep a watch on how much and how frequently you eat. It is best to have five to six small meals at regular intervals during the day rather than gulping three large meals.

Indulge in moderately intense exercise for 150-300 hours per week. This can include jogging, swimming, cycling and dancing among others.

Keep a tab on your body weight as well as your waist size in order to ensure that things are under control.

Obesity, a growing problem around the world, can be prevented by following a healthy diet plan and setting a regular exercise regime. However, in case the problem occurs due to any reason then it is suggested to seek medical help to get it treated at the earliest.

Obesity Essay 4 (500 words)

Obesity is said to be an outcome of regular consumption of excessive food and absence of enough physical activity to burn the extra fat accumulated in the body. Read on to have a detailed look at the causes of obesity, the ways in which it impacts our body and also the methods to prevent and treat this problem.

Why does Obesity Occur?

As mentioned above, obesity occurs because of excessive consumption of food and lack of enough physical activity. Here is a look at the other reasons that lead to obesity:

A person is likely to incur this problem in case both or one of his/ her parents suffers from this problem.

Emotions such as boredom, nervousness, anger and stress impact eating habits in certain people. These people increase their food intake as a response to these negative emotions.

Some antidepressants, anticonvulsants and oral contraceptives may lead to weight gain and it may ultimately result in obesity.

Health problems such as polycystic ovary syndrome and hypothyroidism may also lead to obesity.

How to Prevent Obesity?

Following healthy eating habits helps in curbing this issue to a large extent.

Make sure you do not have heavy meals. It is suggested to have 4-5 small meals during the day rather than having 3 large meals.

It is essential to be active through the day. Indulge in physical activities. It is suggested to squeeze in at least half an hour per day to indulge in moderately intense physical activities such as swimming, jogging, dancing and cycling among others.

Keep a check on your body weight and waist size. Make necessary changes in your diet and increase your exercise time in case you see an upward trend.

What are the Repercussions of Obesity?

An obese person stands a high risk of suffering from the below mentioned health problems:

How to Treat Obesity?

Here is how to treat the problem:

An immediate change in the diet plan is essential to overcome this problem. Make sure you consult a doctor to get the dietary changes made.

Indulging in physical exercise is the next big step towards controlling this problem. It helps in shedding the extra calories.

These pills are effective in reducing weight. However, they may have some negative side effects.

It is best to consult a doctor and get medicines prescribed to overcome this problem.

This option is particularly suggested to those whose body mass index is 40 or higher or in case the body mass index is greater than 30 and in addition to it, the person has at least one medical condition directly linked to obesity.

Though a serious health problem, obesity can be cured by following a healthy lifestyle. It is essential to follow a healthy diet plan and exercise regime to prevent this problem from developing.

Obesity Essay 5 (600 words)

Obesity is a health condition wherein a person puts on excessive weight due to regular consumption of more than the required amount of food and lack of physical activity. This condition may even be genetic or might develop because of psychological factors or as a side effect of certain medicines. Here is a detailed look at the causes and effects of obesity and also the ways to curb this problem.

Here are the various causes of obesity:

Overeating : Regular consumption of more than the required amount of food, particularly that rich in fats, leads to weight gain. The frequency of food intake also impacts the metabolism.

Genetic : A person is likely to develop this condition if one or both parents suffer from obesity. This is because genetics impact the hormones involved in fat regulation.

Lack of Physical Exercise : People who do not indulge in enough exercise burn fewer calories as compared to those who are active. Consuming excessive food without indulging in physical activity often leads to obesity.

Medicines: There are certain medications such as antidepressants, valproate, anticonvulsants, some diabetes medicines and oral contraceptives that may result in weight gain and might ultimately cause obesity.

Health Conditions : Health conditions such as hypothyroidism, polycystic ovary syndrome and insulin resistance may also cause obesity.

Psychological Factors: Emotions like boredom, stress and sadness influence some people’s eating habits. They increase their food intake as a response to these emotions.

Impacts of Obesity

Obesity increases the risk of developing various health problems including:

Obesity can even have a negative impact on a person’s social and economic life. People suffering from obesity are often discriminated and are prone to depression.

Here are the ways in which obesity can be prevented:

Ways to Cure Obesity

It is better to prevent the problem from occurring rather than looking for ways to treat the same later. However, those who develop it owing to any reason must get it treated at the earliest so as to prevent the risk of developing aforementioned health problems. Here are the ways in which this problem is treated:

Dietary Changes : Making changes in your diet is the first step towards controlling obesity. If you have already developed this condition, it is suggested to consult a physician to help you make the required dietary changes.

Over-the-Counter Diet Pills: Over the counter diet pills include ingredients that help in reducing weight and maintaining it over time. However, these pills may have side effects such as heart palpitation.

Exercise: It is essential to devote 45-60 minutes to exercise each day. Indulge in moderately intense exercises during this time to burn the excess body fat.

Prescribed Pills: Rather than going for over the counter diet pills, it is suggested to have pills as suggested by your doctor in order to cure the problem.

Surgery : Weight loss surgery is suggested for those whose body mass index (BMI) is 40 or higher or in case the BMI is 30-35 or greater and in addition to it, the person has a minimum of one medical condition directly linked to obesity.

Obesity is a serious health problem that gives way to many other major health issues including heart disease, sleep apnea, asthma, gallstones and infertility, to name a few. Caused mainly due to excessive fat accumulation in the body, it can be prevented by following healthy eating habits, regular exercise and keeping a tab on your body weight.

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Obesity Essay

Essay on obesity for children.

Obesity is a condition that involves excessive weight gain in the body. There will be a higher risk of health problems due to increased amounts of body fat. It is basically an excessive accumulation of fat in the body. The height and weight of the body determines the Body Mass Index (BMI). Generally, people are considered overweight if their BMI is above 25. Moreover, it is said that a BMI above 30 is considered to be obesity. With an ever changing way of living, people are gaining obesity due to unhealthy lifestyles. Obesity results in various health conditions in humans. Due to this, a person  suffers from heart diseases, high cholesterol level, high blood pressure, respiratory and other chronic ailments. 

The main cause of obesity is due to overeating and unhealthy lifestyles. In today’s world, we have seen kids from an early age exposed to junk food and reduction in physical activity. This leads to excess accumulation of fat in the body. In order to overcome obesity, kids must be introduced to a healthy lifestyle along with nutritious food. Besides this, regular exercise and physical activity would help in reducing the weight leading to a healthy life. In this obesity essay, we will discuss the causes, complications and preventive measures. 

Causes Of Obesity 

When an excessive amount of energy is consumed and returned in less quantity, then the rest gets accumulated in the adipose tissue leading to obesity. Therefore, a person consuming more food and releasing less energy results in weight gain. Some of the causes of obesity are mentioned below:

Also explore: Essay on Sports and motivation essay .

Complications Of Obesity

Obesity is increasing rapidly across the world. The intake of calories and outlet of energy determines the body weight. If a person is eating more and not burning their calories, it will lead to an increase in body fat. There are major health problems due to obesity. Some of the problems are mentioned below:

How To Prevent Obesity?

Obesity creates major health issues in humans. To overcome this Issue, it is important to focus on losing weight and avoiding things that can cause weight gain. Preventing obesity will help people in reducing the high risk of health problems. It is vital for everyone to stay fit, eat healthy and sleep well to avoid weight gain.  Some of the ways to prevent obesity are mentioned below:

Obesity is the condition which leads to weight gain due to overeating and unhealthy lifestyles. The main cause of obesity is overeating, reduced physical activities and sleep. Due to this, a person may suffer from severe health problems such as heart diseases, high cholesterol and blood pressure, respiratory problems, etc. To prevent obesity, a person must eat a balanced diet, avoid overeating, exercise regularly, eat food on time, get enough sleep, etc. 

We hope this obesity essay was useful to you. Check essays for kids for more topics. 

Frequently Asked Questions On Obesity Essay

What is an obesity essay.

It is a short write up on obesity which is a condition that results in weight gain leading to many health problems.

What is the main cause of obesity?

The main causes of obesity are overeating, unhealthy lifestyle, less physical activities, genetic and psychological factors.

How to prevent obesity?

The different ways to prevent obesity are eating balanced food, regular exercise, eating food on time, avoiding unhealthy food, increasing physical activity, getting enough sleep, etc.


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