Home — Essay Samples — Literature — Marxist Criticism

one px

Essays on Marxist Criticism

Ideological criticism of marxist ideology and meta ideology, the great gatsby through a marxist lens, made-to-order essay as fast as you need it.

Each essay is customized to cater to your unique preferences

+ experts online

A Marxist Criticism of a Streetcar Named Desire

Rated by a GradeFixer's writer

Analysis of W. Blake's Poem "London" Using Marxist Critisism

Marxist criticism of the watsons go to birmingham, analysis of people’s key drives on the example of prebble’s enron and marlowe’s doctor faustus, let us write you an essay from scratch.

  • 450+ experts on 30 subjects ready to help
  • Custom essay delivered in as few as 3 hours

Analysis of Little Red Riding Hood Through Marxist Theory

Marji and marxism: the detrimental effects of consumerism and religion in persepolis, marx's ideas of society in austen's pride and prejudice, bertolt brecht’s 'the caucasian chalk circle' as a marxist play, get a personalized essay in under 3 hours.

Expert-written essays crafted with your exact needs in mind

Reading Wuthering Heights Through Marxist Lens

"balzac and the little chinese seamstress" psychoanalytic-marxist analysis of luo, features of the sociological criticism standards in story analysis, "harlem" by langston hughes: meaning of the marxist technique.

Marxist critisism is a form of cultural criticism that applies Marxist theory to the interpretation of cultural texts.

Marxist criticism places a literary work within the context of class and assumptions about class. A premise of Marxist criticism is that literature can be viewed as ideological, and that it can be analyzed in terms of a Base/Superstructure model. Economic means of production within society account for the base. Human institutions and ideologies that produce art and literary texts comprise the superstructure. Marxist criticism thus emphasizes class, socioeconomic status, power relations among various segments of society, and the representation of those segments.

Several concepts are indispensable for Marxist criticism: class, ideology, alienation, base and superstructure.

Terry Eagleton (Marxism and Literary Criticism (1976)), Fredric Jameson (Marxism and Form (1971), The Political Unconscious (1981)), Lukács (History and Class Consciousness (1923)), Pierre Macherey (A Theory of Literary Production (1978)), Raymond Williams.

Karl Marx was a 19th century German thinker most famous for developing a notion of communism in The Communist Manifesto. His notion of communism was not simply a utopia presented in a vacuum, it was a political program meant to critique the social conditions of capitalism.

Relevant topics

  • Literary Criticism
  • The Story of An Hour
  • Of Mice and Men
  • Into The Wild
  • Bartleby The Scrivener
  • The Great Gatsby
  • Things Fall Apart
  • The Outsiders

By clicking “Check Writers’ Offers”, you agree to our terms of service and privacy policy . We’ll occasionally send you promo and account related email

No need to pay just yet!


We use cookies to personalyze your web-site experience. By continuing we’ll assume you board with our cookie policy .

We can help you get a better grade and deliver your task on time!

  • Instructions Followed To The Letter
  • Deadlines Met At Every Stage
  • Unique And Plagiarism Free

marxist lens essay

English Summary

Introduction to Marxism

Back to: Literary Theory in English Literature

Marxism is a political and social movement as well as a critique of capitalism. It presents an analysis of society, its problems and a solution. Its works were written by German philosophers Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels .

Let us understand how do Marx and Engels interpret literature. Marx’s major contribution was to the development of its ideas. Engels, on the other hand, contributed ideas and popularized Marxism. Marx and Engels announced a system in Communist Manifesto as Communism based on their ideas. They opposed the domination of one class over another and imagined a classless society.

The Marxist theory originated in the mid-nineteenth century and its development and systematization became possible in the 1920s after the October Revolution of 1917.

In the consequence of the revolution, the ‘ socialist realism ’ emerged as a literary tradition which focuses on the struggle of the socio-economic condition of the working class in relation to the suppressive power structure.

Marxism’s influence is not limited to the socialist realism of Soviet Russia only, it also glimpses in the works of eminent writers such as Sartre, Simone de Beauvoir , and Bertolt Brecht.

Marxism analyzes society in terms of class struggle between the oppressed and the oppressor, “ The history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles. ” Marx’s Communist Manifesto explains the historical background that led to the development of modern capitalist society wherein the bourgeois (ruling class) exploits the proletariat (working class).

Marx gives the solution to social problems as a classless society whose development is theoretically based on the development of each individual. Marxism aims at achieving this goal through the revolutionary process, through the annihilation of the capitalist system.

Marxist literary criticism holds the view that a writer’s work is shaped by social institutions and prevailing discourse of his time. It does not regard writers as autonomous individuals. Marxist approach interprets a work of art by putting it into its historical context and analyses conflicts of historical forces and social classes.

The Marxist approach is based on ‘ dialectical materialism ’. The term was coined by German Marxist Joseph Dietzgen in 1887 . This concept focuses on the material conditions of society. It emphasizes matter as the fundamental basis of nature. It, thus emphasizes that consciousness is determined by social existence.

Marx viewed that material conditions have contradictions. These contradictions are what Marxism resolves. The concept is inspired by Hegelian dialectics. Marx’s dialectics differs from Hegel’s in a way that Marx’s focus is on material while Hegel sees contradictions in ideas. Hegel holds the view that consciousness determines social existence.

marxist lens essay

Marxist Criticism Essay

Introduction, economic forces, materialistic values, class conflicts, works cited.

We will write a custom Essay on Marxist Criticism specifically for you for only 9.35/page

808 certified writers online

Steered by Terrence Malick, Days of Heaven is an affirmative piece of masterwork, set in the dawn of the twentieth century in America. Malick qualifies in presenting the then weird conditions of America that fueled economical change. The film sets in during a time when industrialization was on the rise.

It is a time when people were yearning for the long-awaited days: the days of heaven, when the world was to take a new shape of economy. Marxism theory underscores the theme of this movie that, social conflicts between the rich and the poor fueled the social change that America underwent along her the path to capitalism.

Malick successfully creates a picture of a society that bears two categories of people, powerful (the owners) and the powerless (the workers). Abby and her Boyfriend Bill exemplify the powerless class while the wealthy lonely owner of a wheat farm stands in for the powerful lot.

This follows since the two poor jobless lovers end up seeking refuge from the rich farmer. According to them, he is more powerful than they are. Worth noting is that the two groups of people are not depicted with equal attention. The powerless class draws lesser attention from the movie compared to the powerful.

For instance, Linda says “…we used to roam the streets. There were people suffering of pain and hunger. Some people their tongues were hanging’ out of their mouth” (Malick). These words are symbolic in that, they refer to the poor countries that end up in crises, only for the powerful countries like America to ignore their cries. However, when the reverse occurs, all of them must respond. I admire the Bourgeoisie because this group stays on top of the world watching the others serve under its commands.

On the other hand, the proletariat class is subject to sympathy because it has to struggle to cope up with the standards of the former group. In fact, Dirk asserts, “The foreman, riding in a buggy, chides everyone to work hard, while the owner sits in a padded chair in the middle of a field” (Para. 14).

The powerful people have their power because they own vast lands and are rich. However, they deny it to others in fear of competition as well as the fear of losing the work force, which they get from the powerless class. Malick symbolically shows a fight between Bill, a worker, and a wealth man to show that this power comes through violence.

Concerning the then distribution of power and wealth,the 1916 setting of this movie tells it all. It pictures America as the only powerful and wealthy nation assuming the front line in World War I. The author provides sufficient evidence of conspicuous consumption.

The film is set in a time when electricity and expensive things were rare. ”…the owner sits in a padded chair in the middle of a field” (Dirk Para. 16). The workers, earning $3 a day cannot afford a padded chair; therefore, the owner only intents to show his wealth, hence a conspicuous consumption.

The society brought to light by the author value things to convey their social status and not their usefulness. The scenario between the farmer and the workers exemplifies the social value this society places on things as opposed to their usefulness. The farmer owns a gothic mansion but when the workers are tired of working in the wheat farms, they can only camp outside the star-lit night and not in the mansion. It is of no use to them.

The work done by the powerless lot is not a product of the culture that produces it. The taking by force of poor Bill’s girlfriend by the rich man symbolizes how the culture on study delights in things from elsewhere and not in its own products. Bill bases his decision to persuade his girlfriend to fall in love with the rich man on material rather than spiritual reasons. The two want to benefit economically from the wealthy man.

The characters employed in the film picture two different social classes. There is the class of the poor workers like Bill, Abby, and Linda and that of the wealthy men like Robert Wilke, the rich rancher. The two classes are in a struggle with each other. Each class wants to develop itself economically.

For instance, Bill tells his girlfriend never to give up the fake love affair because he knows what he expects in return. “Just have to get fixed up first. Things are not always gonna be this way” (Malick). On the other hand, Abby feels oppressed following the advantage that the rich man makes out of her, which is no more than a manipulation of workers. It is worth noting that this bourgeoisie lot manipulates the less powerful through religion. For instance, Linda says, “Unless one is…saved by God’s mercy in heaven…” (Malick).

The powerful lot wants the less powerful people to think that it can save them if they serve it but Linda comes in to declare God as the only savior of humanity. There is a sufficient evidence of alienation and fragmentation in the film when the workers are warned not to enter in the owners’ houses. As the films unfolds, when Bill protests against the charges subjected to Abby because of her poor work, he fears being fired showing how the working class admits their powerlessness.

The Days of Heaven is a must-watch masterpiece for any person interested the economic history of the current powerful countries like America. People tend to think that the power that America boasts today came in overnight; however, Malick shows the struggles and conflicts Americans faced as the economy walked down the path to capitalism. It is an informative piece of composition.

Dirk, Tim. Days of Heaven Review, 2004. Web.

Malick, Terrence, dir. Days of Heaven. Twentieth Century Fox, 1978. Film.

Need a custom essay sample written from scratch by professional specifically for you?

807 certified writers online

  • Chicago (N-B)
  • Chicago (A-D)

IvyPanda. (2019, October 28). Marxist Criticism. https://ivypanda.com/essays/marxist-criticism/

IvyPanda. (2019, October 28). Marxist Criticism. Retrieved from https://ivypanda.com/essays/marxist-criticism/

"Marxist Criticism." IvyPanda , 28 Oct. 2019, ivypanda.com/essays/marxist-criticism/.

1. IvyPanda . "Marxist Criticism." October 28, 2019. https://ivypanda.com/essays/marxist-criticism/.


IvyPanda . "Marxist Criticism." October 28, 2019. https://ivypanda.com/essays/marxist-criticism/.

IvyPanda . 2019. "Marxist Criticism." October 28, 2019. https://ivypanda.com/essays/marxist-criticism/.

IvyPanda . (2019) 'Marxist Criticism'. 28 October.

  • The Function of Place and Space in “Days of Heaven” by Terence Malick
  • Aunt Zhu’s Long-Awaited Visit
  • “Days of Heaven” the Film by Terrence Malick: Narrative and Cinematography
  • “Days of Heaven” the Film by Terrence Malick
  • "Days of Heaven" and "Night Cries" Films Analysis
  • Theatre History in Grossmont College Production and Terrence Especially
  • A Tree of Life film Analysis
  • Drug and Alcohol Addiction: Abby’s Case
  • Compare and Contrast: The New World and The General Historie of Virginia
  • "The Business of Being Born" by Abby Epstein
  • "Point Blank: Guns and Violence in America" by Gary Kleck
  • TSA Screening Is Essential
  • Should Homosexuals be Allowed to Legally Marry?
  • Is Creon a Good Leader According to Machiavelli and Hobbes?
  • Justice on guns control

Home / Essay Samples / Literature / Books / The Story of An Hour

How Kate Chopin Uses a Marxist Lens in The Story of An Hour

Essay details

Book Review , The Story of An Hour

  • Words: 1268 (3 pages)

How Kate Chopin Uses a Marxist Lens in The Story of an Hour

Please note! This essay has been submitted by a student.

The Marxist Lens as It Relates to “The Story of an Hour”

Get quality help now

marxist lens essay

Prof. Johnson

Verified writer

Proficient in: Literature

marxist lens essay

+ 75 relevant experts are online

More The Story of An Hour Related Essays

The Kate Chopin’s “The Story of an Hour” is one of the interesting stories that I have read ever in my life. What I mostly liked about the story is that it is full of mystery and irony as it ends up with so many doubtful ...

Style, tone, and language are crucial aspects used in writing. It gives the story meaning, or a certain feeling, and helps the reader know what the author is trying to say in a story. The style that the “The Story of an Hour” ...

Too many individuals in western society, marriage is a spiritual union between two people who are in love with one another. However, others may view it as a mere contract that bounds them for eternity. Mrs. Mallard is a ...

During the late nineteen centuries, the sole purpose of a women was encouraging and nurturing her kids and husband from her home. Women weren’t able function like men in society because they fall under the category, which ...

Looking through the Story of an Hour through a gender lens made it easier to view the story. For example, The man and the women act differently and respond to things differently throughout the passage. The man and the women have ...

In Jacquelyn Small’s book “Becoming Naturally Therapeutic: A Return to the True Essence of Helping,” She described the skills needed to become a helpful and caring counselor. Small provided the ten important characteristics or ...

In spite of the fact that a piece of the book, obviously, takes after Mrs. Rupa Mehra's mission to locate "an appropriate kid" for Lata, and Lata's journey to pick a spouse for herself, this story string is in no way, shape or ...

“Darkness lies just underneath the lamp”- Humayun Ahmed, (Badshah Namder). ‘Badshah Namder’ a historical book written by Humayun Ahmed is a mouthwatering treat for every kind of people. It is published by Anyaprokash, in the ...

“Huswifery” by Edward Taylor is deepening us readers minds to show us the life Edwards, Taylor longs to have to Grow more from, and with God. This poem strongly portrays desperation and begging. Edward was a priest, along with a ...

We use cookies to offer you the best experience. By continuing, we’ll assume you agree with our Cookies policy .

Choose your writer among 300 professionals!

You cannot copy content from our website. If you need this sample, insert an email and we'll deliver it to you.

Please, provide real email address.

This email is exists.


  1. Viewing Brecht Through a Marxist Lens Essay Example

    marxist lens essay

  2. PPT

    marxist lens essay

  3. Marxist and feminist lenses 2014

    marxist lens essay

  4. Marxist Lens/Social Class Lens Song Analysis Essay with Prompts

    marxist lens essay

  5. PPT

    marxist lens essay

  6. Through the Lens of Marxist Criticism

    marxist lens essay


  1. Marxist Political Economy

  2. Why Can't We Explore Indian History Through an Abrahamic/Marxist Lens?

  3. Refuting a Marxist Materialist on Epistemology

  4. Marxism: Unveiling the Foundation of Revolutionary Ideology

  5. The Dual Power

  6. Exploring The SAG-AFTRA Union Labor Strike Through a Marxist Lens


  1. What Is Marxist Feminism?

    Marxist Feminism refers to a particular feminist theory focusing on the ways in which women are oppressed through capitalist economic practices and the system of private property. The gendered division of labor is one of the most important ...

  2. What Is a Cultural Lens?

    A cultural lens is another term for viewing things from the perspective of a foreign culture. In order to apply a cultural lens on a situation, soft skills like empathy and understanding are needed.

  3. What Is the Function of the Lens?

    The two main functions of the lens of the eye are to focus light onto the retina and to help the eye focus on objects at various distances. The lens of the eye is a rubbery, jellylike structure.

  4. ≡Essays on Marxist Criticism. Free Examples of Research Paper

    Home — Essay Samples — Literature — Marxist Criticism. Essays on Marxist Criticism. Essay examples. Essay topics. General Overview. 14 essay samples found.

  5. Marxist Criticism Essays

    Free Essays from 123 Help Me | Marxist Criticism Introduction Marxist literary criticism is based upon the political and economic theories of the German...

  6. Essay On Marxist Criticism In Literature

    Marxist literary criticism holds the view that a writer's work is shaped by social institutions and prevailing discourse of his time. It does not regard writers

  7. The Marxist Lens

    The theory of Marxism, and more specifically the effectiveness of Marxist literary criticism, can be easily diminished when not supported with

  8. Marxist Lens for Death of a Salesman

    Marxist Lens for Death of a Salesman. ✓ Paper Type: Free Essay, ✓ Subject: English Literature. ✓ Wordcount: 2179 words, ✓ Published: 14th

  9. The Importance Of Expressing Oneself: A Marxist Lens On

    Without the ability to successfully think or communicate, humanity becomes no different than a machine.… For full essay go to Edubirdie.Com.

  10. Marxist Criticism

    Marxism theory underscores the theme of the movie Days of Heaven that, social conflicts between the rich and the poor fueled the social

  11. How Kate Chopin Uses a Marxist Lens in The Story of an Hour

    Through the Marxist lens, readers gain insight into the lives of characters and they see how these characters and their stories relate to their lives as

  12. Marxist Criticism The Great Gatsby Essay

    Free Essays from Bartleby | Lois Tyson writes in her “Marxist Criticism” about the ideas of Marxist theory, and specifically how “The Great Gatsby”...

  13. Marxist Criticism In literature various theories exist

    Essay Sample: In literature, various theories exist that allow one to evaluate and better understand literary works through the application of those

  14. Marxist Theory Essays: Examples, Topics, Titles, & Outlines

    This basically means that the criticism to feminist political theories resembles more the substance of other I theories. 6. First off, we should discuss the