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How to Structure an Essay | Tips & Templates
Published on September 18, 2020 by Jack Caulfield . Revised on July 23, 2023.
The basic structure of an essay always consists of an introduction , a body , and a conclusion . But for many students, the most difficult part of structuring an essay is deciding how to organize information within the body.
Table of contents
The basics of essay structure, chronological structure, compare-and-contrast structure, problems-methods-solutions structure, signposting to clarify your structure, other interesting articles, frequently asked questions about essay structure.
There are two main things to keep in mind when working on your essay structure: making sure to include the right information in each part, and deciding how you’ll organize the information within the body.
Parts of an essay
The three parts that make up all essays are described in the table below.
Order of information
You’ll also have to consider how to present information within the body. There are a few general principles that can guide you here.
The first is that your argument should move from the simplest claim to the most complex . The body of a good argumentative essay often begins with simple and widely accepted claims, and then moves towards more complex and contentious ones.
For example, you might begin by describing a generally accepted philosophical concept, and then apply it to a new topic. The grounding in the general concept will allow the reader to understand your unique application of it.
The second principle is that background information should appear towards the beginning of your essay . General background is presented in the introduction. If you have additional background to present, this information will usually come at the start of the body.
The third principle is that everything in your essay should be relevant to the thesis . Ask yourself whether each piece of information advances your argument or provides necessary background. And make sure that the text clearly expresses each piece of information’s relevance.
The sections below present several organizational templates for essays: the chronological approach, the compare-and-contrast approach, and the problems-methods-solutions approach.
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The chronological approach (sometimes called the cause-and-effect approach) is probably the simplest way to structure an essay. It just means discussing events in the order in which they occurred, discussing how they are related (i.e. the cause and effect involved) as you go.
A chronological approach can be useful when your essay is about a series of events. Don’t rule out other approaches, though—even when the chronological approach is the obvious one, you might be able to bring out more with a different structure.
Explore the tabs below to see a general template and a specific example outline from an essay on the invention of the printing press.
- Thesis statement
- Discussion of event/period
- Importance of topic
- Strong closing statement
- Claim that the printing press marks the end of the Middle Ages
- Background on the low levels of literacy before the printing press
- Thesis statement: The invention of the printing press increased circulation of information in Europe, paving the way for the Reformation
- High levels of illiteracy in medieval Europe
- Literacy and thus knowledge and education were mainly the domain of religious and political elites
- Consequence: this discouraged political and religious change
- Invention of the printing press in 1440 by Johannes Gutenberg
- Implications of the new technology for book production
- Consequence: Rapid spread of the technology and the printing of the Gutenberg Bible
- Trend for translating the Bible into vernacular languages during the years following the printing press’s invention
- Luther’s own translation of the Bible during the Reformation
- Consequence: The large-scale effects the Reformation would have on religion and politics
- Summarize the history described
- Stress the significance of the printing press to the events of this period
Essays with two or more main subjects are often structured around comparing and contrasting . For example, a literary analysis essay might compare two different texts, and an argumentative essay might compare the strengths of different arguments.
There are two main ways of structuring a compare-and-contrast essay: the alternating method, and the block method.
In the alternating method, each paragraph compares your subjects in terms of a specific point of comparison. These points of comparison are therefore what defines each paragraph.
The tabs below show a general template for this structure, and a specific example for an essay comparing and contrasting distance learning with traditional classroom learning.
- Synthesis of arguments
- Topical relevance of distance learning in lockdown
- Increasing prevalence of distance learning over the last decade
- Thesis statement: While distance learning has certain advantages, it introduces multiple new accessibility issues that must be addressed for it to be as effective as classroom learning
- Classroom learning: Ease of identifying difficulties and privately discussing them
- Distance learning: Difficulty of noticing and unobtrusively helping
- Classroom learning: Difficulties accessing the classroom (disability, distance travelled from home)
- Distance learning: Difficulties with online work (lack of tech literacy, unreliable connection, distractions)
- Classroom learning: Tends to encourage personal engagement among students and with teacher, more relaxed social environment
- Distance learning: Greater ability to reach out to teacher privately
- Sum up, emphasize that distance learning introduces more difficulties than it solves
- Stress the importance of addressing issues with distance learning as it becomes increasingly common
- Distance learning may prove to be the future, but it still has a long way to go
In the block method, each subject is covered all in one go, potentially across multiple paragraphs. For example, you might write two paragraphs about your first subject and then two about your second subject, making comparisons back to the first.
The tabs again show a general template, followed by another essay on distance learning, this time with the body structured in blocks.
- Point 1 (compare)
- Point 2 (compare)
- Point 3 (compare)
- Point 4 (compare)
- Advantages: Flexibility, accessibility
- Disadvantages: Discomfort, challenges for those with poor internet or tech literacy
- Advantages: Potential for teacher to discuss issues with a student in a separate private call
- Disadvantages: Difficulty of identifying struggling students and aiding them unobtrusively, lack of personal interaction among students
- Advantages: More accessible to those with low tech literacy, equality of all sharing one learning environment
- Disadvantages: Students must live close enough to attend, commutes may vary, classrooms not always accessible for disabled students
- Advantages: Ease of picking up on signs a student is struggling, more personal interaction among students
- Disadvantages: May be harder for students to approach teacher privately in person to raise issues
An essay that concerns a specific problem (practical or theoretical) may be structured according to the problems-methods-solutions approach.
This is just what it sounds like: You define the problem, characterize a method or theory that may solve it, and finally analyze the problem, using this method or theory to arrive at a solution. If the problem is theoretical, the solution might be the analysis you present in the essay itself; otherwise, you might just present a proposed solution.
The tabs below show a template for this structure and an example outline for an essay about the problem of fake news.
- Introduce the problem
- Provide background
- Describe your approach to solving it
- Define the problem precisely
- Describe why it’s important
- Indicate previous approaches to the problem
- Present your new approach, and why it’s better
- Apply the new method or theory to the problem
- Indicate the solution you arrive at by doing so
- Assess (potential or actual) effectiveness of solution
- Describe the implications
- Problem: The growth of “fake news” online
- Prevalence of polarized/conspiracy-focused news sources online
- Thesis statement: Rather than attempting to stamp out online fake news through social media moderation, an effective approach to combating it must work with educational institutions to improve media literacy
- Definition: Deliberate disinformation designed to spread virally online
- Popularization of the term, growth of the phenomenon
- Previous approaches: Labeling and moderation on social media platforms
- Critique: This approach feeds conspiracies; the real solution is to improve media literacy so users can better identify fake news
- Greater emphasis should be placed on media literacy education in schools
- This allows people to assess news sources independently, rather than just being told which ones to trust
- This is a long-term solution but could be highly effective
- It would require significant organization and investment, but would equip people to judge news sources more effectively
- Rather than trying to contain the spread of fake news, we must teach the next generation not to fall for it
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Signposting means guiding the reader through your essay with language that describes or hints at the structure of what follows. It can help you clarify your structure for yourself as well as helping your reader follow your ideas.
The essay overview
In longer essays whose body is split into multiple named sections, the introduction often ends with an overview of the rest of the essay. This gives a brief description of the main idea or argument of each section.
The overview allows the reader to immediately understand what will be covered in the essay and in what order. Though it describes what comes later in the text, it is generally written in the present tense . The following example is from a literary analysis essay on Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein .
Transition words and phrases are used throughout all good essays to link together different ideas. They help guide the reader through your text, and an essay that uses them effectively will be much easier to follow.
Various different relationships can be expressed by transition words, as shown in this example.
Because Hitler failed to respond to the British ultimatum, France and the UK declared war on Germany. Although it was an outcome the Allies had hoped to avoid, they were prepared to back up their ultimatum in order to combat the existential threat posed by the Third Reich.
Transition sentences may be included to transition between different paragraphs or sections of an essay. A good transition sentence moves the reader on to the next topic while indicating how it relates to the previous one.
… Distance learning, then, seems to improve accessibility in some ways while representing a step backwards in others.
However , considering the issue of personal interaction among students presents a different picture.
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The structure of an essay is divided into an introduction that presents your topic and thesis statement , a body containing your in-depth analysis and arguments, and a conclusion wrapping up your ideas.
The structure of the body is flexible, but you should always spend some time thinking about how you can organize your essay to best serve your ideas.
An essay isn’t just a loose collection of facts and ideas. Instead, it should be centered on an overarching argument (summarized in your thesis statement ) that every part of the essay relates to.
The way you structure your essay is crucial to presenting your argument coherently. A well-structured essay helps your reader follow the logic of your ideas and understand your overall point.
Comparisons in essays are generally structured in one of two ways:
- The alternating method, where you compare your subjects side by side according to one specific aspect at a time.
- The block method, where you cover each subject separately in its entirety.
It’s also possible to combine both methods, for example by writing a full paragraph on each of your topics and then a final paragraph contrasting the two according to a specific metric.
You should try to follow your outline as you write your essay . However, if your ideas change or it becomes clear that your structure could be better, it’s okay to depart from your essay outline . Just make sure you know why you’re doing so.
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Caulfield, J. (2023, July 23). How to Structure an Essay | Tips & Templates. Scribbr. Retrieved September 5, 2023, from https://www.scribbr.com/academic-essay/essay-structure/
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2 Paragraph Essay Examples: Possible Solutions to Global Warming
Published by gudwriter on September 10, 2017 September 10, 2017
2 Paragraph Essay Examples
Before showing you some examples of a 2 paragraph essay (I have three, scroll down to find them), I would like to quickly point out a few things:
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- Two paragraph essay literally contains two body paragraphs with each paragraph containing 4 – 5 sentences. Too many or few can make your paragraph too vague or overwhelming.
- Be economical with words. You don’t want to put unnecessary information that is not relevant to the essay. Be precise and to the point.
- The best structure is to have one main point per paragraph whereby the first sentence introduces the point and the subsequent sentences support the point.
- Having any difficulties, admission essay writers will assist you with any form of essay you may need.
2 Paragraph Essay Outline
- Opening statement (introduce the first main point)
- Supporting facts (support the first main point)
- Opening statement (introduce the second main point. Include transitional words for smooth transition between paragraphs. Some words include also, likewise, additionally. E.g. Additionally, increasing the adoption of renewable energy could reduce global warming . )
- Supporting facts (support the second main point).
- Concluding statement (summarize your work in one sentence e.g. In conclusion, boosting energy efficiency and adopting renewable energy would reduce global warming.)
Here are two paragraph essay examples on possible solutions to global warming. The 3 essays are double spaced and have been formatted according to APA formatting guidelines .
Possible Solutions to Global Warming -Example 1
Boosting and encouraging use of energy efficiency technologies would lead to reduced energy needs for powering, heating, and cooling of homes, businesses, and industries. This would be effective in reducing global warming as the problem is largely contributed to by the energy used for cooling, heating, and power services in industries, businesses, and homes. In the transportation sector for instance, switching to fuels that are low in carbon, and improving fuel efficiency in terms of miles per gallon would reduce the amount of heat-trapping emissions released into the atmosphere.
Additionally, revving up renewable energy could reduce global warming. The vast majority of energy needs worldwide can be potentially met by such renewable sources of energy as bioenergy, geothermal, wind, and solar energy that apart from reducing pollution, would also create jobs. According to the Environmental Protection Agency’s 2012 report, coal-fired power plants produce approximately 25 percent of total U.S. global warming emissions while natural gas-fired power plants produce 6 percent of total emissions. In contrast, most renewable energy sources produce little to no global warming emissions. Conclusively, boosting energy efficiency and adopting renewable energy would reduce global warming.
Dincer, I., Coplan, C. O. & Kadiouglu, F. (2013). Causes, impacts and solutions to global warming. Springer Science & Business Media.
Langholz, J. & Turner, K. (2008). You can prevent global warming (and save money!): 51 easy ways. Andrews McMeel Publishing.
Lomborg, B. (2010). Smart solutions to climate change: comparing costs and benefits. Cambridge University Press.
Possible Solutions to Global Warming -Example 2
New kinds of geopolitical consensus would ensure that various countries strive to reduce carbon dioxide emissions within their borders. For instance, in 2014, an agreement to combat climate change was signed between the U.S. and China, the two most polluting countries in the world. China agreed to get 20% of its electric power from the sun, wind, fission, and dams. The U.S. promised to enhance its pollution reduction efforts so that the rate of pollution declines by 2% per year (Hawken, 2017).
Additionally, global warming could be reduced through control of methane leaks. Methane is a greenhouse gas that has more global warming effects than even carbon dioxide. Currently, 9% of US greenhouse gas pollution is accounted for by methane (Pittock, 2013). Therefore, within days after their discovery, leaks in methane storage tanks and pipeline as well as other infrastructure should be fixed. Conclusively, global warming would be addressed through new kinds of geopolitical consensus and control of methane leaks.
Hawken, P. (2017). Drawdown: the most comprehensive plan ever proposed to reverse global warming . London, UK: Penguin Publishing Group.
Pittock, A. B. (2013). Climate change: the science, impacts and solutions . New York, NY: Routledge.
Possible Solutions to Global Warming -Example 3
Passing tougher emissions and efficiency standards for cars and power plants would ensure less production of heat-trapping carbon dioxide and smog-forming nitrogen oxides into the atmosphere. This may be possible through better hybrid systems of energy production and efficient internal combustion engines. Such electric cars as Tesla Model S, Nissan LEAF, and Chevy Volt can also help here as long as fossil fuels are not the source of electricity that powers them. The US is already implementing strict high emissions reduction standards for power plants, reducing pollution by 10% since 2005 (Dincer, Colpan & Kadioglu, 2013).
Additionally, global warming could be reduced through greener farming. Farmers could reduce greenhouse emissions through precision agriculture whereby crops are grown efficiently. Farms could also provide energy crops for producing biofules. The amount of carbon dioxide already in the atmosphere could be drawn down by such fuels from plants (Pittock, 2013). In conclusion, tougher emissions and efficiency standards and greener farming would possibly solve global warming.
Dincer, I., Colpan, C. O., & Kadioglu, F. (2013). Causes, impacts and solutions to global warming . Berlin: Springer Science & Business Media.
How to Write a two Paragraph Essay
A two-paragraph essay is a brief piece of writing that explains ideas in a few words. The article is popular among junior scholars or during examinations. While some questions require detailed, lengthy answers, this essay needs you to explain your details in less than two paragraphs.
A large number of students find this challenging. Condensing ideas to make one small, brief and straightforward piece requires proper planning, organization, and economization of language. So, how can you write a compelling 2-paragraph essay? Well, below, I have come up with the perfect guide on how to get all your ideas in two simple parts.
The essay contains 2 paragraphs only, and; they must bear the intended meaning. If you want to come up with the perfect article you must, therefore, know the topic well. You could research prior to writing down the piece.
Then, you require laying out a plan on how to fit your ideas into the two paragraphs. This means that you may have to choose two strong points that supersede the rest. Each section should contain a well-explained idea. So, below is the paragraph structure.
As is the case with all essays, you must have a title at the beginning of your work. This helps the readers to understand what the content is about. Be sure to make the headline bold, explicit and concise. Then, use the paragraphs to explain the title.
What idea are you planning to write about? This should be an opening statement that captures the content of the sentences in the paragraph. It should also provide an answer to the main title. In most cases, it is a logical explanation of the claims presented in the title.
The supportive sentences should follow the topic statement. They should offer details about the point raised in the first sentence. Thus, this is the excellent place for you to use your factual data to prove why the topic statement is valid. You can have four or five supportive sentences to back up your idea.
You will need to conclude your paragraph by affirming to the audience why the topic statement is valid as per the facts you have provided. If it is the first paragraph, you should also use the last sentence as a transition to the next paragraph. But, if it is the second, then you must use a conclusive statement to sign off the article.
After you finish writing the essay, remember to acknowledge the sources of the information provided in your work. Reference your work appropriately, as this makes it credible.
Additional Tips on How to Make a 2 Paragraph Essay
Be sure to present an organized essay. To do this, you should have a plan on how to write. For instance, you can write a rough outline of the ideas and supportive statements. This helps reduce unwanted repetition.
The rule of the thumb of writing anything is to grab the reader’s attention. If your work is well organized, it will have a smooth flow. Relevance and style keeps the audience yearning for more.
To attain a smooth flow, you need to make good use of transitions. For instance, you can use ‘first, secondly or then’ to show that you are introducing another point. This ensures you don’t get the reader confused.
Be economical with words, and well loaded with information. To do this, you need to have the audience in mind. Don’t go overboard trying to overwhelm the readers with unnecessary info. Also, explain your ideas thoroughly to avoid leaving the audience guessing.
If you run into a dead-end while writing your two paragraph essay, feel free to browse our homework help online services and find the right tutor to show you the right way.
A two paragraph essay is popular in elementary and mid-schools. But, many professors also test it at advanced levels when they want students to provide a brief explanation of concepts. Brevity and sticking to the topic are the golden rules of writing a good 2 paragraph essay. Remember to incorporate a good style and editing skills, too.
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How You Can Format 2 Paragraph Essays
Table of Contents
Two paragraphs may not seem like much when writing an essay, but it can be with the proper planning and format.
In this article, we’ll discuss how you can write a 2 paragraph essay format that will discuss all your main points. We’ll also guide you through some pre-writing tips and a format example to help make the writing process much more manageable.
Essays are commonly composed of at least three paragraphs. The first paragraph is an introductory section, followed by the second paragraph that provides support for the thesis with evidence. And it concludes with a final paragraph wrapping up everything that was discussed.
You can still incorporate all the main elements of an essay in just two paragraphs. Read on to learn how.
Pre-Writing Tips for an Effective Essay
Preparation is key to writing an effective essay . Before you start the writing process, here are some pre-writing tips that can help you out.
Understand your assignment: It’s essential to understand the writing task you’ve been given before writing about it. What’s the goal of this essay? What will you be writing about? And are there specific essay requirements you need to follow? You may risk significantly lowering your grade if you don’t follow the proper instructions.
Define a topic: If you can choose your topic, try to pick something you already know a bit about. And something that will grab your readers’ interest.
Do your research: Take notes and read primary and secondary sources to determine your position and angle on the topic. These will serve as evidence to support your points.
Come up with a thesis: A thesis statement is the main point or argument you want to make in your essay. An effective thesis is essential to a focused essay; remember to refer back to it as you write.
Create an outline:
Draw out your essay’s rough structure in an outline. This will help you speed up your writing process and keep track of what to write. If you have a clear idea of what you’ll discuss, in what order, and what evidence you’ll use, you are ready to start writing!
How to Format a 2 Paragraph Essay
Skip the introduction and go straight to the point — or keep your introduction brief..
You only have two paragraphs for all your thoughts, so writing a long introduction is unnecessary. You may dedicate only one short sentence for your intro to ensure a smooth flow of your work or leave it out altogether.
Each paragraph should contain at least 3-5 sentences.
An ideal paragraph length shouldn’t contain more than five sentences. If you have a lot of things to discuss the topic, make use of all five sentences. At the very least, you should write a few words on the subject in general if you’re limited to only two paragraphs. Include all of the necessary ideas in your writing briefly.
Don’t forget about the paragraph structure.
Each essay should have paragraphs with a clear structure. Use a topic sentence, a supporting idea, and a concluding sentence for each point you address.
Be sure to use transitions.
You should make sure that your essay is easy to read and follow, even if it’s just two paragraphs long. It helps to insert a transitional sentence at the end of the first paragraph or make the concluding sentence also transitional.
Don’t overload your paper with information.
You should avoid any empty constructions, additional points, or examples that are not particularly useful for your ideas. Reserve your limited writing space for points that are actually important and specific to your point.
2 Paragraph Essay Format Sample
- Introductory sentence (optional).
- Main point
- Supporting information for the main point
- Concluding sentence for the main point
- Transitional sentence (may also be included in the concluding sentence).
- Secondary Main Point
- Supporting information for the second main point
- Concluding sentence for the second main point
- Summarizing sentence or conclusion
It’s not easy to fit all your ideas into just two paragraphs. But with the help of a 2 paragraph essay format , you can make the most of your work.
Be sure to use transitions to make sure your reader stays interested in the conversation. Keep your introduction short and your argument clear.
Abir is a data analyst and researcher. Among her interests are artificial intelligence, machine learning, and natural language processing. As a humanitarian and educator, she actively supports women in tech and promotes diversity.
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The second paragraph of an essay is also known as the first body paragraph. The second paragraph is an important one. It is where you start making the case for your argument. The second paragraph helps you transition from the introduction to the body of the essay. It contains your most important information or idea and sets the stage for…
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The second paragraph of an essay is also known as the first body paragraph. The second paragraph is an important one. It is where you start making the case for your argument. The second paragraph helps you transition from the introduction to the body of the essay. It contains your most important information or idea and sets the stage for what is to come.
Meaning of the Second Paragraph
The second paragraph is the first body paragraph of an essay. It follows the introductory paragraph and contains the most obvious beginning point for the rest of the essay.
The second paragraph should provide an entry point to the rest of the essay. As the entry point, it should include the strongest argument or the most important information of all the body paragraphs.
Importance of a Second Paragraph
The second paragraph is important because it bridges the introductory paragraph and the rest of the essay. As the bridge, it contains the strongest argument, example, or information of the essay.
Features of the Second Paragraph
The second paragraph is your first chance to make a claim, so it has several important features:
- A topic sentence that states the main point of the paragraph and connects to the thesis statement
- An explanation of your reasoning to support the topic sentence
- Evidence to back up your reasoning
- A smooth transition into the third paragraph
Second Paragraph Example
Below is an example of a second paragraph. Note how it contains all of the key features listed above. It starts with a topic sentence that connects to the thesis statement (college should be free). It includes sentences that explain the reasoning behind the topic sentence. It uses evidence from sources to back up that reasoning. The final sentence prepares the reader for the upcoming third paragraph.
The primary reason college should be free is that it would boost the economy. Most college graduates leave with a lot of student debt. High levels of student debt can cause them to stop buying houses, investing in businesses, or spending money on travel. According to Gallup, student debt has become the largest form of personal debt in the U.S. Recent studies have found young people are not spending on homes or travel like previous generations. Many of them are postponing large purchases due to student debt. If the government paid for college, more people would be able to make large purchases and boost the economy. Free college can also boost the economy in many other ways.
Note how the above example ends with a hint at what is coming next. This last sentence prepares the reader for the main idea of the next paragraph. The reader can guess that the third paragraph will discuss another way free college can boost the economy.
How to Write the Second Paragraph
To write the second paragraph, transition from the first paragraph with a topic sentence, explain your reasoning, and use evidence to support that reasoning. With these steps, you can write a second paragraph in no time! This also contains great sentence starters for the second paragraph.
Steps to Writing the Second Paragraph:
1. Transition from the first paragraph with a topic sentence.
2. Use relationship words as sentence starters to smooth out the transition.
2. Explain your reasoning with support sentences.
3. Provide evidence to back up your statements.
Let's break down these steps to understand them more clearly.
1. Transition from the First Paragraph
Start the second paragraph with a transition from the first paragraph (the introductory paragraph). You need to show how the second paragraph relates to the first paragraph.
A transition is a word or phrase that connects one idea to another. Transitions between paragraphs connect the main ideas of each paragraph.
Think of transitions as bridges. They connect the main ideas of your paragraphs using relationship words .
Relationship words are words that show the relationship between two or more ideas. They are used in transition sentences to demonstrate the relationships between paragraphs.
Use the Topic Sentence to Transition
To transition from the first paragraph to the second paragraph, write a topic sentence that includes relationship words. Relationship words show how the main ideas of each paragraph connect to each other.
A topic sentence is a sentence that states the main idea of a paragraph. It should be the first sentence of the paragraph.
Think about your most important claim. Write it down. That should be the topic sentence of your second paragraph.
Wait! You're not done just yet. The topic sentence still needs to connect to your thesis statement .
The thesis statement is a sentence that states the main idea or argument of an essay. It appears toward the end of the introductory paragraph.
Read what you have written down. Is it clear how your topic sentence relates to the thesis statement? If not, then it is not an effective transition. Consider adding relationship words to the beginning of the sentence to help make it a solid transition.
2. Use Relationship Words as Sentence Starters
Relationship words provide great sentence starters.
Sentence starters are words and phrases that appear at the beginning of a sentence. They start the sentence.
- From the beginning
First of all
- In the first place
- One way/ argument /reason/method/etc.
- To begin with
- The most important
- One of the most important
Quick Tip! Play around! Don't limit yourself. Try a few different relationship words. See how each one fits. Read your topic sentence out loud with each transition to see how it sounds. Choose the one that makes the most sense.
3. Explain Your Reasoning
Now that you have a topic sentence, it's time to explain your ideas. You need support sentences to demonstrate your reasoning.
A support sentence is a sentence that supports the main argument of a paragraph. Support sentences explain the logic of the argument for the reader to follow along.
Imagine you are having a conversation with the reader. You state your argument with a topic sentence. You made a good point! You know you are right.
The reader is interested but wants to know more. The reader asks you "how so?" They want to know how you know this .
Answer this "how so" question with two to three reasons. How do you know your argument is right? How do you know your explanation is true? Give your reasons!
Topic Sentence: The primary reason college should be free is that it would boost the economy.
Supporting ideas (how so?) :
- Graduates have more student debt than ever before
- Less student debt would mean more spending
- More spending would boost the economy
Take those reasons and turn them into sentences that connect to the topic sentence. Now you have support sentences!
4. Provide Evidence
You've made your point, but you still have to prove it. You need to provide evidence that you are right.
There are different types of evidence you can use. Take a look at the list below.
Types of Evidence
- Facts or Statistics
- Expert opinions
Look to your source material to see which types of evidence you have. You probably have a few different sources to choose from. Which sources have information that best supports your ideas?
Source materia l is the collection of objects a writer uses to gather information and ideas. Sources can be written, spoken, audio, or visual materials.
Every point you make needs a related piece of evidence to back it up. You don't want to make claims you can't prove.
For each support sentence, select a piece of evidence from your source material to back it up.
Support Sentence 1: Most college graduates leave with a lot of student debt.
Here's another pair of examples.
Support Sentence 2: High levels of student debt can cause them to stop buying houses, investing in businesses, or spending money on travel.
Evidence 2: Fact from recent studies.
Write a sentence explaining each piece of evidence you have chosen. In each sentence, focus on how this evidence supports your argument.
Sentence Starters for Second Paragraph
Also take note of the sentence starter in this example. It's different from the sentence starter of the second paragraph's topic sentence. That's because it shows a different kind of relationship. You will need relationship words that show how you are continuing the argument from the second paragraph.
Sentence starters that show continuation:
- For example
Transitioning Words for Second Paragraph
To transition from the second paragraph to the third paragraph , use transition sentences at the end of the second paragraph AND the beginning of the third paragraph. These transition sentences should closely relate to each other. The connections between them should be clear.
Start transitioning between ideas at the end of the second paragraph. You should end the second paragraph with a concluding transition sentence .
A concluding transition sentence is a sentence at the end of a paragraph that includes a hint of what is coming next.
The last sentence of a paragraph is a great place to start transitioning to the next paragraph.
Ask yourself: What comes next? How can I hint at the next idea to come?
Free college can also boost the economy in many other ways.
Note how the above example hints at what is to come in the next paragraphs. The reader can guess the third paragraph will discuss another way that free college could boost the economy.
Second Paragraph - Key Takeaways
- The key features of the second paragraph are: a topic sentence, an explanation of your reasoning, evidence , and a smooth transition into the third paragraph .
- To write the second paragraph, transition from the first paragraph with a topic sentence, explain your reasoning, and use evidence to support that reasoning.
- A transition is a word or phrase that connects one idea to another.
- To transition from the second paragraph to the third paragraph , use transition sentences at the end of the second paragraph.
Frequently Asked Questions about Second Paragraph
--> what does second paragraph mean.
Second Paragraph means the first body paragraph of an essay. It follows the introductory paragraph and contains the most obvious beginning point for the rest of the essay.
--> What is an example of a second paragraph?
An example of a second paragraph is as follows:
The primary reason college should be free is that it would boost the economy. Most college graduates leave with a lot of student debt. High levels of student debt can cause them to stop buying houses, investing in businesses, or spending money on travel. According to Gallup, student debt has become the largest form of personal debt in the U.S. Recent studies have found young people are not spending on homes or travel like previous generations. Many of them are postponing large purchases due to student debt. If the government paid for college, more people would be able to make large purchases and boost the economy. Free college can also boost the economy in many other ways.
--> How do you write a second paragraph?
To write a second paragraph, transition from the first paragraph with a topic sentence, explain your reasoning, and use evidence to support that reasoning.
--> What are the features of a second paragraph?
The features of a second paragraph are 1) a topic sentence, 2) an explanation of reasoning, 3) evidence to support that reasoning, and 4) a transition to the third paragraph.
--> How do you transition from the second paragraph to the third paragraph?
To transition from the second paragraph to the third paragraph, use transition sentences at the end of the second paragraph AND the beginning of the third paragraph.
Final Second Paragraph Quiz
Second paragraph quiz - teste dein wissen.
What is the second paragraph of an essay?
Since the second paragraph provides an entry point to the rest of the essay, it should include your strongest ______ or most important _____.
Since the second paragraph provides an entry point to the rest of the essay, it should include your strongest argument or most important information .
What are the key features of the second paragraph?
What is the first step for writing the second paragraph?
Transition from the first paragraph with a topic sentence.
What is a transition?
What is a topic sentence?
The topic sentence of the second paragraph should connect to the _____.
thesis statement in the first paragraph
What type of words should be used as sentence starters to transition between ideas?
What are some examples of relationship words that are appropriate to use as sentence starters for the topic sentence of the second paragraph?
What type of sentences are used to demonstrate reasoning?
What is a support sentence?
A support sentence is a sentence that supports the main argument of a paragraph. Support sentences explain the logic of the argument for the reader to follow along.
Finish this sentence:
Every point needs _____.
What are the different types of evidence?
Where can one look for evidence to support their reasoning?
What is source material?
Source material is the collection of objects a writer uses to gather information and ideas. Sources can be written, spoken, audio, or visual materials.
What are the three different ways to use evidence in a sentence?
What is a concluding transition sentence?
What are some sentence starters that show continuation between the second and third paragraphs?
The second paragraph needs the strongest transition.
False. You need strong transitions throughout.
They show how ideas fit together.
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- Anatomy of a Body Paragraph
When you write strong, clear paragraphs, you are guiding your readers through your argument by showing them how your points fit together to support your thesis. The number of paragraphs in your essay should be determined by the number of steps you need to take to build your argument. To write strong paragraphs, try to focus each paragraph on one main point—and begin a new paragraph when you are moving to a new point or example.
A strong paragraph in an academic essay will usually include these three elements:
- A topic sentence. The topic sentence does double duty for a paragraph. First, a strong topic sentence makes a claim or states a main idea that is then developed in the rest of the paragraph. Second, the topic sentence signals to readers how the paragraph is connected to the larger argument in your paper. Below is an example of a topic sentence from a paper by Laura Connor ‘23 that analyzes rhetoric used by Frederic Douglass, Mary Wollstonecraft, and Karl Marx. In her paper, Connor argues that Marx’s rhetoric was most effective in driving social change. In his numerous writings, Marx critiques capitalism by identifying its flaws. This topic sentence makes a claim that will then need to be supported with evidence: readers can expect that the sentence will be followed by a discussion of what Marx saw as the flaws in capitalism, which will in turn help them understand Connor’s thesis about how these three authors used their rhetoric to effect social change. A topic sentence signals to your readers what idea is most important in that paragraph—and it also helps you know if you’ve effectively made your point. In this case, Connor has set up the expectation for readers that by the end of the paragraph, they will understand Marx’s view of the flaws in capitalism. Imagine that, instead of writing “Marx critiques capitalism by identifying its flaws,” Connor had begun that paragraph with a descriptive sentence. For example, she could have written something like this: “Marx wrote a critique of capitalism.” While that sentence describes something that happened, it does not give readers information about what will be in the rest of the paragraph—and it would not have helped Connor figure out how to organize the paragraph.
- Evidence. Once you’ve made a claim in your topic sentence, you’ll need to help your readers see how you arrived at that claim from the evidence that you examined. That evidence may include quotations or paraphrased material from a source, or it may include data, results, or primary source material. In the paragraph that follows Connor’s topic sentence above, she offers several quotations from Marx that demonstrate how he viewed the flaws in capitalism.
- Analysis. It’s not enough to provide evidence to support a claim. You have to tell your readers what you want them to understand about that evidence. In other words, you have to analyze it. How does this evidence support your claim? In Connor’s paragraph, she follows her presentation of evidence with sentences that tell readers what they need to understand about that evidence—specifically that it shows how Marx pointed to the flaws in capitalism without telling his own readers what to think about it, and that this was his strategy. It might be tempting to end your paragraph with either a sentence summarizing everything you’ve just written or the introduction of a new idea. But in a short paragraph, your readers don’t need a summary of all that you’ve just said. And introducing a new point in the final sentence can confuse readers by leaving them without evidence to support that new point. Instead, try to end your paragraph with a sentence that tells readers something that they can now understand because they’ve read your paragraph. In Connor’s paragraph, the final sentence doesn’t summarize all of Marx’s specific claims but instead tells readers what to take away from that evidence. After seeing what Marx says about capitalism, Connor explains what the evidence she has just offered suggests about Marx’s beliefs.
Below, you’ll find Connor’s complete paragraph. The topic sentence appears in blue . The evidence appears in green . Connor’s analysis of the evidence appears in yellow .
In his numerous writings, Marx critiques capitalism by identifying its flaws. By critiquing the political economy and capitalism, Marx implores his reader to think critically about their position in society and restores awareness in the proletariat class. T o Marx, capitalism is a system characterized by the “exploitation of the many by the few,” in which workers accept the exploitation of their labor and receive only harm of “alienation,” rather than true benefits ( MER 487). He writes that “labour produces for the rich wonderful things – but for the worker it produces privation. It produces palaces—but for the worker, hovels. It produces beauty—but for the worker, deformity” (MER 73). Marx argues capitalism is a system in which the laborer is repeatedly harmed and estranged from himself, his labor, and other people, while the owner of his labor – the capitalist – receives the benefits ( MER 74). And while industry progresses, the worker “sinks deeper and deeper below the conditions of existence of his own class” ( MER 483). But while Marx critiques the political economy, he does not explicitly say “capitalism is wrong.” Rather, his close examination of the system makes its flaws obvious. Only once the working class realizes the flaws of the system, Marx believes, will they - must they - rise up against their bourgeois masters and achieve the necessary and inevitable communist revolution.
Not every paragraph will be structured exactly like this one, of course. But as you draft your own paragraphs, look for all three of these elements: topic sentence, evidence, and analysis.
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What this handout is about.
In this crazy, mixed-up world of ours, transitions glue our ideas and our essays together. This handout will introduce you to some useful transitional expressions and help you employ them effectively.
The function and importance of transitions
In both academic writing and professional writing, your goal is to convey information clearly and concisely, if not to convert the reader to your way of thinking. Transitions help you to achieve these goals by establishing logical connections between sentences, paragraphs, and sections of your papers. In other words, transitions tell readers what to do with the information you present to them. Whether single words, quick phrases, or full sentences, they function as signs that tell readers how to think about, organize, and react to old and new ideas as they read through what you have written.
Transitions signal relationships between ideas—relationships such as: “Another example coming up—stay alert!” or “Here’s an exception to my previous statement” or “Although this idea appears to be true, here’s the real story.” Basically, transitions provide the reader with directions for how to piece together your ideas into a logically coherent argument. Transitions are not just verbal decorations that embellish your paper by making it sound or read better. They are words with particular meanings that tell the reader to think and react in a particular way to your ideas. In providing the reader with these important cues, transitions help readers understand the logic of how your ideas fit together.
Signs that you might need to work on your transitions
How can you tell whether you need to work on your transitions? Here are some possible clues:
- Your instructor has written comments like “choppy,” “jumpy,” “abrupt,” “flow,” “need signposts,” or “how is this related?” on your papers.
- Your readers (instructors, friends, or classmates) tell you that they had trouble following your organization or train of thought.
- You tend to write the way you think—and your brain often jumps from one idea to another pretty quickly.
- You wrote your paper in several discrete “chunks” and then pasted them together.
- You are working on a group paper; the draft you are working on was created by pasting pieces of several people’s writing together.
Since the clarity and effectiveness of your transitions will depend greatly on how well you have organized your paper, you may want to evaluate your paper’s organization before you work on transitions. In the margins of your draft, summarize in a word or short phrase what each paragraph is about or how it fits into your analysis as a whole. This exercise should help you to see the order of and connection between your ideas more clearly.
If after doing this exercise you find that you still have difficulty linking your ideas together in a coherent fashion, your problem may not be with transitions but with organization. For help in this area (and a more thorough explanation of the “reverse outlining” technique described in the previous paragraph), please see the Writing Center’s handout on organization .
How transitions work
The organization of your written work includes two elements: (1) the order in which you have chosen to present the different parts of your discussion or argument, and (2) the relationships you construct between these parts. Transitions cannot substitute for good organization, but they can make your organization clearer and easier to follow. Take a look at the following example:
El Pais , a Latin American country, has a new democratic government after having been a dictatorship for many years. Assume that you want to argue that El Pais is not as democratic as the conventional view would have us believe.
One way to effectively organize your argument would be to present the conventional view and then to provide the reader with your critical response to this view. So, in Paragraph A you would enumerate all the reasons that someone might consider El Pais highly democratic, while in Paragraph B you would refute these points. The transition that would establish the logical connection between these two key elements of your argument would indicate to the reader that the information in paragraph B contradicts the information in paragraph A. As a result, you might organize your argument, including the transition that links paragraph A with paragraph B, in the following manner:
Paragraph A: points that support the view that El Pais’s new government is very democratic.
Transition: Despite the previous arguments, there are many reasons to think that El Pais’s new government is not as democratic as typically believed.
Paragraph B: points that contradict the view that El Pais’s new government is very democratic.
In this case, the transition words “Despite the previous arguments,” suggest that the reader should not believe paragraph A and instead should consider the writer’s reasons for viewing El Pais’s democracy as suspect.
As the example suggests, transitions can help reinforce the underlying logic of your paper’s organization by providing the reader with essential information regarding the relationship between your ideas. In this way, transitions act as the glue that binds the components of your argument or discussion into a unified, coherent, and persuasive whole.
Types of transitions
Now that you have a general idea of how to go about developing effective transitions in your writing, let us briefly discuss the types of transitions your writing will use.
The types of transitions available to you are as diverse as the circumstances in which you need to use them. A transition can be a single word, a phrase, a sentence, or an entire paragraph. In each case, it functions the same way: First, the transition either directly summarizes the content of a preceding sentence, paragraph, or section or implies such a summary (by reminding the reader of what has come before). Then, it helps the reader anticipate or comprehend the new information that you wish to present.
- Transitions between sections: Particularly in longer works, it may be necessary to include transitional paragraphs that summarize for the reader the information just covered and specify the relevance of this information to the discussion in the following section.
- Transitions between paragraphs: If you have done a good job of arranging paragraphs so that the content of one leads logically to the next, the transition will highlight a relationship that already exists by summarizing the previous paragraph and suggesting something of the content of the paragraph that follows. A transition between paragraphs can be a word or two (however, for example, similarly), a phrase, or a sentence. Transitions can be at the end of the first paragraph, at the beginning of the second paragraph, or in both places.
- Transitions within paragraphs: As with transitions between sections and paragraphs, transitions within paragraphs act as cues by helping readers to anticipate what is coming before they read it. Within paragraphs, transitions tend to be single words or short phrases.
Effectively constructing each transition often depends upon your ability to identify words or phrases that will indicate for the reader the kind of logical relationships you want to convey. The table below should make it easier for you to find these words or phrases. Whenever you have trouble finding a word, phrase, or sentence to serve as an effective transition, refer to the information in the table for assistance. Look in the left column of the table for the kind of logical relationship you are trying to express. Then look in the right column of the table for examples of words or phrases that express this logical relationship.
Keep in mind that each of these words or phrases may have a slightly different meaning. Consult a dictionary or writer’s handbook if you are unsure of the exact meaning of a word or phrase.
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How to Create a Multiple-Paragraph Essay
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In addition to the article to follow, here’s a quick video that gives the very basics of how to compose this type of paper.
essaypop organizes the multiple-paragraph into three sections: The introduction, body paragraphs, and the conclusion. Let’s take a look at how students will compose each section.
When the essay is first accessed by students, they are taken to the introduction view that looks like this:
In the introduction, students create their hook and their thesis statement; they add pops (which introduce upcoming body paragraphs, and they write a short closer. You’ll notice that each time a student adds a pop , a new body paragraph appears in the header.
Here’s an example of an introduction that is starting to take shape:
This article from our style guide goes into more detail about the introduction:
Read the article: How to Write a Perfect Essay Introduction?
When finished with the introduction, students can then begin composing their body paragraphs each of which they access by clicking in the header. There will be as many body paragraphs as there are pops in the introduction. A five-paragraph essay, for instance, will have three pops/body paragraphs:
Here is an example of a body paragraph that is starting to take shape:
This article from our style guide goes into more detail about body paragraphs:
The essaypop method for crafting the essay’s conclusion will help students create substantive and reflective final paragraphs. The conclusion writing space is accessed by clicking “conclusion” in the header.
This article from our style guide goes into more detail about conclusions:
Any type of multiple-paragraph essay can be mastered using the essaypop writing frames.
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How to Write a 2 Paragraph Essay: The Only Guide You’ll Need
The two-paragraph essays are among the shortest and the easiest ones to begin developing writing skills. They do not require to disclose the topic thoroughly and in detail, as they are somewhat limited in the word count. However, you should be cautious with this type of assignment as being laconic is often harder than writing a lot. If you have issues with writing your essay, be sure to check our tips on how to write a two-paragraph essay.
How to Get the Knack of Writing a 2 Paragraph Essay
Writing a two-paragraph essay may be both easy and challenging. On the one hand, it shouldn’t be time-consuming: you are about to write 8-15 sentences, which does not require a lot of work. At the same time, you should push all the necessary information in only two paragraphs, while usually, the essay presupposes not less than three: an introduction, a body, and a conclusion. That is why some professors give the assignment to write a short paper to the senior students: they want to check the ability of the writers to provide all the necessary information in a short form. Therefore, while writing your essay in two paragraphs, you should spend enough time choosing the most relevant information, while being able to avoid unnecessary facts and arguments. Here are the few tips on how to write a short essay:
- Skip an introduction and go straight to the point — or make your introduction no longer than one sentence. Remember that you have only two paragraphs for all your thoughts, so writing a long introduction is surely unnecessary. You may leave only one short sentence to ensure the excellent flow of your work or just leave it out completely.
- Write at least 3-5 sentences in each paragraph. The fact that you need to write your essay in two paragraphs only doesn’t mean that you should write a few words on the topic in general. Be sure to include all the necessary ideas in your writing.
- Don’t forget about the paragraph structure. Like every essay, the short one also should have the paragraphs with a clear structure: you should use a topic sentence, a supporting idea, and a concluding sentence for each point you are writing on.
- Be sure to use transitions. Although you have only two paragraphs in your essay, you should ensure that it is easy to read and follow. Therefore, either add a transitional sentence at the end of the first paragraph or make the concluding sentence also the transitional one.
- Don’t overload your paper with information. It would be hard, but you should avoid any empty constructions, additional points, and examples that are not extremely necessary for the support of your ideas.
The Outline for a Two-Paragraph Essay
Apart from choosing only the most necessary information, maintaining a suitable structure within only two paragraphs may be really challenging. For this reason, we advise you to stick to the basic outline that is recommended for writing a short essay. You may see it below:
1. The first paragraph
- Introducing sentence (optional).
- Main point 1.
- Supporting information for the main point 1.
- Concluding sentence for the main point 1.
- Transitional sentence (optional, may be included in the concluding sentence).
2. The second paragraph
- Main point 2.
- Supporting information for the main point 2.
- Concluding sentence for the main point 2.
- Summarizing sentence.
If you are not feeling confident while writing the two-paragraph essay, you can always get professional assistance from myeasypaper.com experts. Just order an essay, attach your instructions, and wait a bit to get your perfect paper done.
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How to start a second paragraph in an essay
The second paragraph of an essay is essential for connecting the ideas presented in the first paragraph to the ensuing ideas in the rest of the essay. To start a second paragraph in an essay, it is important to begin with a smooth transition from the previous paragraph. Depending on the length of the essay and the topic, transitions between paragraphs can be as simple as a one word phrase that leads into the next or longer phrases that explain how the two paragraphs are connected.
To start a second paragraph, it is also important to consider how the new paragraph will contribute to the overall essay. This can be done by including a topic sentence that states the purpose of the paragraph and connects back to the essays main argument. For example, if the first paragraph explains why one opinion is incorrect, the second paragraph could start by presenting a stronger argument in its favor.
The introduction of evidence is also a crucial step in starting a second paragraph in an essay. This could include facts, statistics, quotes, examples, or any other evidence that supports the topic sentence and main argument. By including evidence, authors can strengthen their claims and make them more credible to readers.
Finally, authors should consider using various types of language in their essays to keep readers engaged. This could include rhetorical questions, strong adjectives and adverbs, vivid metaphors and similes, or even rhetorical devices. By adding variety to their writing, authors can effectively capture their readers attention and make their essays more interesting.
In summary, starting a second paragraph in an essay is essential for making connections between paragraphs and ensuring that readers understand the authors argument. This can be done by including a smooth transition, a strong topic sentence, supporting evidence, and engaging language.
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What To Do If You Need an Essay Written in Two Hours
Try not to get in the position where you have to write an out of class essay in a few hours. Always plan ahead and have a schedule that you stick to when you are assigned a paper. If you end up in a position where you must write an essay in two hours or less, follow these tips:
- If you have a regular writing tutor or use a writing company on a regular basis, call for help. You may have to pay an emergency fee to get an appointment or assistance, but they can help you finish the essays on time.
- If you cannot rely on outside help, then you must begin with an organized strategy. The very first step will require you to pick a topic. You might want to skip being creative, and instead use a tried and true topic.
- Build an outline. While you may think it will take u p too much time, the case is quite the opposite. Having an outline will save you time because you will know what each part of the paper is and you will then quickly write the parts.
- Do you research first, do not do you research as you go. While you are working on an outline, decide which parts will need research and support. Go ahead at that time and find the research. If you wait to find the research until you need the research, you will have many interruptions as you write the paper.
- Make sure that you are working at a quite, distraction-free zone. Being in a place where you have no interruptions will allow you to focus 100% on the essay.
- Be careful as you write and try to spell correctly. You may not have the time to go back and edit and correct, so try to get it right the very first time.
- Ask for help if you need it from a friend or family member. They may be able to look up research as you work the outline or they can act as an extra pair of eyes for editing. Always see if someone can help you in the process of writing a quick paper.
As you can see, it is possible to write an essay in two hours or left. If you ever have to do so, feel free to follow these wise tips to aid you in the process.
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How to Write a Two Page Essay Quickly
Last Updated: March 28, 2023 References
This article was co-authored by Megan Morgan, PhD . Megan Morgan is a Graduate Program Academic Advisor in the School of Public & International Affairs at the University of Georgia. She earned her PhD in English from the University of Georgia in 2015. There are 9 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. This article has been viewed 92,063 times.
Writing a two page essay can be a daunting task. After all, writing takes specific skills and a lot of practice. If you are well-organized and have a specific plan, it can be done both successfully and quickly. College students, high school students, and people in most professions have to write from time to time (or every day). For many people, writing can be stressful. It helps to have a system in place to help make the process as efficient (and painless) as possible.
- If your instructor has given you a clear prompt, decide now how you will approach the question. For example, if the given assignment is "Write an essay on the women's movement. Was it successful?", you will need to decide which side you are going to take. Once you narrow your focus, your essay will be much easier to organize.
- If you have a much broader assignment, it will be up to you to focus your topic. For example, if your assignment is "Write about something that interests you", you will not want to make the topic of your essay "Sports," especially for a short two-page essay. Choose a very specific topic, such as "Tailgating in the American South."
- It's unlikely that you will need further research for a two-page paper, but if you aren't sure about the requirements, ask your teacher.
Drafting Your Essay
- For example, if you're supposed to write a two-page essay about something that interests you, think about who your audience is (and how much explaining you'll have to do), what is the most relevant information, and why your topic is interesting to you.
- Branching is another technique you can use while creating your thesis. Try to imagine your topic as a tree. Write your basic idea in the middle of your paper, and then "branch" out from there, adding ideas and thoughts to your central topic.
- Another approach to try is brainstorming. To do this, write down anything and everything you know or need to know about your topic. Don't edit yourself, just get some thoughts down on paper. Once you can see your ideas, they will start to take shape. It's often helpful to do this before you try to write a formal outline, as you'll have a better idea of what you want to cover.
- For example, if you were writing an essay about college sports, a poor thesis would be, "College sports are very controversial in many ways." This is too vague, and it does not clearly take a position to argue. It will leave your reader wondering what argument you are making in your essay.
- An example of a strong thesis for the same topic might be, "College athletes should be paid a salary for playing their sport." This is more successful because it indicates the topic you will address. It's also limited enough that you can adequately discuss it in a two-page paper.
- You don't necessarily need to do a formal outline to start with. Brainstorming or making a list-type outline, where you list out ideas that are related to your topic without putting them in a specific order, can help you know what you want to write about.
- Once you have listed the ideas that support your thesis, you'll have a better sense of how to organize them.
- Note that not all teachers prefer or even accept this type of thesis, which is often referred to as a "multi-prong" or "three-prong" thesis. However, this type of thesis is often appropriate for very short writing assignments such as a two-page essay. If you're not sure what your teacher's preferences are, ask before you begin writing.
- It's helpful to list specific examples in your outline, so that you know what evidence you have for each point. This can also be helpful to show you whether you have gaps or imbalances in your approach. For example, do you have just one example for one point, but three for another point? It would be better to use roughly the same number of examples per point, or even see if the less-supported point could be incorporated elsewhere.
- One type of citation is known as parenthetical documentation. For this method, you provide information about the source within the text of your essay. An example of this would be, "Brown argues that Einstein's theory of relativity is the most important scholarly achievement of the twentieth century (292)." The name Brown refers to the author of the book in this example, and 292 is the page number where this information is found. There are different ways to cite various sources, so make sure you know how to properly credit all of the sources you plan to use.  X Research source
- Sometimes you may be asked to use footnotes or endnotes. While less common in brief essays, some teachers and bosses prefer them. Footnotes and endnotes include more thorough information about the source used. Often, when they replace parenthetical documentation, a Works Cited page is not required.  X Research source
Writing Your Essay
- Make sure that each body paragraph has a topic sentence . This sentence makes it clear to your reader what each paragraph is about. For example, if you were writing an essay about the labor force during World War II, you might say, "Women were an important part of the workforce in World War II because they learned new jobs that were previously reserved only for men."
- Include specific supporting examples in each body paragraph. For instance, if you were writing an essay about the labor force during World War II, you might say, "Many women became welders during World War II, which illustrates that gender roles in the workplace were changing."
- Start off with a broad contextual statement, but don't make it so broad as to have no relevance. Statements that begin like "Throughout history" or "In modern society" are "fluff" statements and don't provide any real context for your argument.
- A good way to think of your introduction is as an inverted pyramid. Start with the broad statement that sets the scene, and then narrow down until you reach your thesis.
- Include your thesis statement at the end of the conclusion.
- Spend some time on your first sentence. It should be interesting and grab the attention of your reader. Try starting with a fascinating example or an exciting quotation.
- Use your conclusion to tie together the strands of your argument. In some cases, such as persuasive essays , it's appropriate to include a call to action. You can also return to an anecdote or theme you brought up in the introduction to give your paper great symmetry.
- Watch out for the passive voice. Beginning writers often use the passive voice because it's wordier, which may be mistaken for "fancier." Here's an example of the passive voice: "It is believed by many that today's growing social violence is being caused by video games." Be verbs are often signs of passive voice. Reword it actively this way: "Many people blame video games for today's growing social violence." This is a clear grammatical order: People (subject) blame (verb) video games (direct object).
- Avoid wordy constructions such as "It is believed that" or "This is suggestive of that." You can communicate these ideas more clearly and concisely: "People believe that" or "This suggests that."
- Some short essays may be more appropriate in the first-person, using "I." If you've been assigned to write a personal or persuasive essay, the first-person voice is often more personal and effective than using third-person.
- Aim for parallel structure in sentences. Often, sentences end up sounding clunky if you ignore parallel structure. For example: "Paying college athletes is more important than to give them scholarships." Convert the infinitive "to give" to the gerund form "giving" for parallelism: "Paying college athletes is more important than giving them scholarships."
- Here are some examples of transition words: similarly, in comparison, as a result, otherwise. During the editing process, you can try using several variations to see which best fits your style of writing.  X Research source
Editing Your Essay
- Be aware that the "grammar check" in word processors is often incorrect about issues, and may even suggest changes that make your writing incorrect. Don't rely only on technology.
- There are several methods for creating a title. One idea is to begin your title with a question, such as "How..." or "Why...". Another method is to choose a specific example that occurs within your paper and use that as a starting point for your title.  X Research source
- Take a break if you need to. Writing takes a lot of practice! Ask for help if you need it, and just keep practicing and editing. Thanks Helpful 0 Not Helpful 0
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- ↑ https://apastyle.apa.org/style-grammar-guidelines/citations/basic-principles/parenthetical-versus-narrative
- ↑ https://www.trentu.ca/academicskills/documentation-guide/chicago-style/footnotes-and-endnotes
- ↑ https://writingcenter.uagc.edu/body-paragraphs
- ↑ https://writingcenter.unc.edu/tips-and-tools/introductions/
- ↑ https://apastyle.apa.org/style-grammar-guidelines
- ↑ https://www.tacoma.uw.edu/sites/default/files/2021-05/accs_elements-and-structure-of-an-essay_rev2016.pdf
- ↑ https://grammar.yourdictionary.com/style-and-usage/list-transition-words.html
- ↑ https://researchguides.uic.edu/c.php?g=252299&p=1683205
- ↑ https://writing.umn.edu/sws/assets/pdf/quicktips/titles.pdf
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