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Expository Essay Example

September 14, 2021

Editorial Staff

What is an expository essay? Addressing this question, even for a seasoned essay writer is key to meeting the requirements of writing a good of such kind. The Cambridge Dictionary defines expository as explaining or describing something. An expository essay aims at explaining or describing a topic in a comprehendible or logical manner. The writer’s opinion or emotion is not required here. Expository essay has the following features;

A student must keep in mind that a typical expository essay sample does not purpose to analyze something or even make a persuasive argument, but informs the audience. Therefore, when a student tasked with writing an expository essay writes a piece whose purpose deviates from the purpose of describing or informing readers, then it is possible that he or she has got the assignment wrong.

Having understood what an expository essay is, it is necessary to also look at expository essay examples most students will likely come across during their studies;

Types of Expository Essay

Descriptive essay.

Descriptive essays are written to describe something, someone or an event. They are based on facts.

Classification Essay

In this example of expository essay, a general topic is simplified or broken down into different categories. Each of the categories is then described or explained with examples.

Cause and Effect Essay

This type of essay describes the relationship between things or items and the effects or outcomes that follow. For instance, deforestation causes low water levels or even drying up of rivers and water catchment areas.

Compare and Contrast Essay

In this case, two or more topics are compared. The readers are given similarities and differences about the topics.

The above types of expository essays also qualify as examples of expository essays.

Writing a Good Expository Essay

When writing an expository essay, one must adhere to the norms and requirements expected of informative writing. The following steps can be used in the process of writing this type of essay;

First Step: Topic Selection, Brainstorming, and Research

Choosing the topic to write about is never always a walk in the park. The writer has to think through their topics. Usually, people tend to have a rough idea about a topic they come across, even with little information or knowledge about the topic. The mind will not draw blank and the rough idea may be based on something someone heard, read about or practices. Brainstorming can be achieved when one takes the initiative to sort out what they know through a number of techniques such as writing freely what immediately comes to the mind. This entails writing quickly, without stopping or editing things which immediately come to your mind about the topic in hand. Writing down the thoughts helps one be aware of what they already know, feel, think on the topic. One should remember that brainstorming exercise does not involve evaluation of ideas; however, it allows the writer to pour out all ideas and background knowledge they have on the topic. Evaluation and organization of the ideas only come later once they have been recorded on a paper.

After brainstorming, one will identify gaps in their knowledge on the topic, and this will direct him or her to conduct research to acquire more information or knowledge. Libraries or internet searches are awash with sources of information and knowledge. Books, journals, reports, conference papers and many other credible sources can be accessed.

One must exercise caution when looking for sources, especially on the internet. Not all websites or information are credible, reliable and reputable. Even when one gets the information they are looking for they must give credit to the authors, or else they risk committing an academic fraud known as plagiarism.

After conducting the research and obtaining the information needed, one should then re-organize their thoughts to evaluate whether they are clear on the topic.

Second Step: How to Write the Introduction

The introduction is the first paragraph of an essay that gives the audience the roadmap for deeper discussion. It introduces the reader to the topic in an interesting way and outlines the main ideas of the writer and also explains how the ideas will be presented in the main discussion or body of the essay.

There are three elements which make up the introduction;  a hook, background information,  and  thesis statement . Expository essay examples contain a first sentence which is interesting and catches the attention of the reader.  A hook  sentence introduces the topic in an interesting way to make the reader to want to quench the thirst of reading the entire article. The  background information  should put into context the topic. It is a build up to the thesis statement.  Thesis statement  is usually put at the end of the introduction. It is very important because it informs the audience about the writer’s position about the topic and also brings out main ideas which will be discussed subsequently. A thesis statement has two main parts – a claim and the supporting information. A claim is a single sentence where the writer makes an assertion based on a generalization. It is debatable since it is not based on fact. Supporting information or details seeks to reinforce the claim made. Therefore, thesis statement combines a claim and supporting details into a single sentence towards the end of the introduction. The introduction of an expository essay sample would be;

Topic: Gun Control Policy by United States Federal Government

Introduction:  That about 115,000 people are shot every year in the United States (according to The Brady Campaign To Prevent Gun Violence) calls for tighter gun control regulations in the country. In 2011 it was reported that in 100 people, there is an average of 88 guns. Indeed, the fear of loss of safety is real in America. Both the proponents and opponents of stricter gun control regulation present genuine concerns. Proponents argue that weaker regulations have caused a proliferation of firearms in the hands or civilization which in so many instances has resulted in may loss of lives due to misuse of the firearms. They are supported by the statistics. Opponents of tighter gun control regulation argue that chipping off their right to bear guns will make them unable to protect themselves and more insecure. Gun control policy is a complex and controversial issue in America, of which understanding requires a national stakeholder dialogue to find a solution to the fears and safety of the American public .

Third Step: How to Write the Body Paragraphs of the Essay

A look at any good expository essay example shows that the body is the most detailed part. It contains logical sentences which include supporting details and evidences. This section has three parts; a topic sentence (gives the main idea of the paragraph), supporting sentence (explains and develops the topic sentence. It includes specific evidence from sources which support the thesis) and concluding sentence (is a concluding thought which also helps to transition to a new paragraph). An example of expository essay body would for instance be:

Gun control policy in United States has been a battlefront which lobby groups have attempted to take control over. The National Rifle Association (NRA) in 2016 spent about $54 million on lobbying and on political advocacy – which included contributions to Trump’s campaigns. The NRA remains one of the most influential interest groups in the politics of America. However, recently Gun control groups have become more organized and vocal, and have increased on their expenditures. Some of these interests groups supported by wealthy individuals have sought to challenge the capability of NRA. A host of factors have threatened the dominance and influence of the NRA on gun control policy. First, is the decrease in the revenues of NRA over the past two years, particularly in 2017 due to reduction in membership. The mid-term 2018 elections also saw proponents of gun control Democrats win a number of key seats.

Fourth Step: How to Write the Conclusion or Summary

This is the final part of the essay. In most expository essay examples the conclusion has close semblance to the introduction. It emphasizes in summary form the main points of the essay. It concludes the essay by reviewing discussions from the body paragraphs giving the audience the final thought.

The conclusion is made of three parts; restatement of the thesis (is done at the beginning of the conclusion, though in a manner different from introduction), summary of main ideas (from each of the body paragraphs to remind the audience) and the final thought (this is the writers final thought, opinion, solution or prediction on the topic or issue. It should also be interesting in order to leave the reader with a strong impression). An expository essay sample would conclude in the following way;

Lack of stronger gun control policies in America has continued to cause many losses of lives each year. Furthermore, many citizens are able to easily acquire firearms. Intense lobbying for and against stricter gun control restrictions have been spearheaded by influential interest groups that also have sought to control America’s politics. The most influential of all has been the NRA. This paper focused on the reasons advanced by the proponents and opponents of tighter gun control mechanisms. Safety of the public is crucial to the development and growth of the country. It suffices to say that there is a need to find a middle ground in the wake of the grandstanding over Gun control policy.

The above steps are guides to ensure the writer observes what is required of an expository essay. However, the following tips will ensure that the essay is written in a correct way.

In conclusion, writing an expository essay is a process which has requirements in order for the article to keep its purpose. Writing this type of essay brings to the fore the skills and talents of the writer. Most students have been confronted with the question what is an expository essay. Answering this question, not just by the students but also by experienced writers, is important in delivering to the audience what is expected. Expository essay is not just any other essay, but it aims to inform a reader through explaining and describing a topic. This is what a proper expository essay example would contain.

Typical examples of expository essays should be able to explain something, someone or an event in a factual manner. An expository essay has three parts; the introduction, the body and the conclusion. Brainstorming and research on the topic enables one to gather as much as needed information and facts on the topic. The topic should be unique and relevant. One must keep in mind that their sources are reliable, credible, reputable and less costly. Key to successful writing of an expository essay is good organization and understanding of the task. Hurrah! We are now good to go with essay writing having learned the tricks.

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110+ Expository Essay Topics


An expository essay is just like any essay: it contains a thesis and three different parts – introduction, body, and conclusion.

A thesis is a single sentence that contains the entirety of your paper. It can be anything, even expository essay topics below can act as a thesis. What a thesis cannot be is your personal belief. Be it religion or otherwise, you should not use it in an essay.

Writing these types of essays is imperative for everyone, not just students. It helps direct your thoughts in a more constructive form, not only on paper but in your daily life as well. Think of how impressive your resume would look with a few dozen of these papers in there to show you can construct a thought-provoking essay.

The introduction is usually a single or half a page long summary of your paper. It should have a positive tone without too much information. It can contain a hook which is a way to attract your audience. A thesis is the final sentence in your introduction.

The body is where all of your arguments go. They need to be researched and rational. The best arguments are simply written and short. Don’t jam in smart words just because they sound academic. If you can use a simple, use it. The body of the essay will have more information about your main topic combined with your evidence as to why you think your research is valuable.

The conclusion is the paragraph that summarizes the main topic and the most important argument(s) from the body. You restate the facts and tie the main idea to your main point.

Possible expository essay topics to choose from

Here are some good expository essay topics that can guide you on your way. These are only optional: your paper can focus on something completely different. Still, it doesn’t hurt to take a look and educate yourself on the full package of possibilities.

After you’ve chosen suitable topics for expository essay

Yes, choosing a topic isn’t easy. There are a lot of subjects out there, with a lot of information floating everywhere. Make sure you pick topics for expository essay that can cover as many pages as you need.

The second advice is to pick something that isn’t too broad. If it is not narrowed properly then you will be in trouble. If you will be writing about animals don’t pick them as a whole but choose a particular animal that you like. For example lions. There is a lot to be said about them with millions of pages of research already done for you. This tip is especially important for college expository essay topics, as this academic level should show your research skills, not just your general wit.

When presenting your paper, sometimes it is good to have some visual aids to help you out. Like a PowerPoint presentation or pictures. Most universities and places where speeches are held have these available for anyone who needs them.

How to Write a Expository Essay

Publication Date: 20 Nov 2017

expository essay

Expository Essay: Simple Tips

The purpose of such an essay type is quite clear. All you need is to explain some subject, without your personal opinion, emotions, and unnecessary references. Usually, when we talk about expository essays, we use such words as “define” and “explain”. For example, your task may sound like “Explain how mobile phones changed our lives”. You don’t have to discuss that fact that mobile phones changed our lives; you don’t have to write your opinion on this issue. Just explain this in a straightforward manner, using simple words and phrases. Despite this simplicity, expository essays often hide difficulties for many students, so we decided to take a closer look at this essay type.

First of all, expository writing is not a skill used only for college papers. We all need such skills in our everyday life, and moreover, some professions are based exactly on this skill. The key secret of the successful essay is a proper structure, and if you don’t know how such a structure should look like, just follow our advice. You don’t have to reinvent the wheel, since the classic expository essay structure consists of five paragraphs: one paragraph of an introduction, three paragraphs of a body part, and the last one for conclusions.

The introduction should include your main idea, which is called a thesis statement . The body part must support your thesis with facts. For the expository essay, this part must include all necessary details about the subject that you’re describing. At last, your conclusions must illustrate the relation between your thesis and everything you wrote in the body part.

To simplify your task even more, we made a short 5-steps guide on the expository essay. Enjoy!

Five Steps for Expository Essay Writing

Before you start, take your time, do a research and note all necessary things about your topic. You have to plan your paper; this will simplify your work, because you’ll be able to write an essay according to the complete structure. Draw up an outline, noting key points of your body part and brainstorming about the best, catchy phrases for your introduction.

Planning the introduction, you should pay special attention to your main statement. Your thesis must be clear and unambiguous. This sentence must reflect your approach and focus your readers on the key issue.

Every point of your essay must be presented in a particular paragraph, and every paragraph must explain a point. We suggest you to make transitions between paragraphs, so that your readers could perceive your text naturally and easy.

The conclusion is a final paragraph where you don’t need to give new information. Just sum up your essay and reinforce your main idea.

Given that an expository essay implies describing some situation, process or event, you must use the third person only. Never use such words as “I” or “you”.

Here you need to check whether your essay meets all necessary requirements or not. You need to do your best, so make sure your thoughts are clear, and logical. All information must be understandable for readers, so make sure that you introduce all specific terms. Remove all unnecessary details and make sure that your text is focused on the topic. Next, check that all your sentences are logically connected; write short transitions between sentences to simplify reading.

Maybe you’ll need to read your essay a few times before you polish it and make it really good, but it’s worth such effort.

Don’t forget that your essay must be grammatically correct and be free of any spelling and stylistic errors. You may need a professional help for it, so if you want somebody to check your grammar , just contact our writers , and your paper will be perfect!

Give your essay to friends or family, let them read it and tell their opinion. Note all their questions and comments. Take into account their feedback and improve your essay. It’s never too late to make it better!

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  1. Expository Essay Example

    An expository essay aims at explaining or describing a topic in a comprehendible or logical manner. In this example of expository essay, a general topic is simplified or broken down into different categories

  2. Expository Essay Examples

    When writing an expository essay, you need to show the deeper side of your chosen subject. Check out our expository essay samples to better understand the process of writing one yourself

  3. 110+ Expository essay topics and tips on writing an excellent paper

    Go through over a hundred expository essay topics to choose the one you can cover; learn some tips and tricks on writing an excellent essay that will get you an A+

  4. Expository Essay: Quick Guide

    For the expository essay, this part must include all necessary details about the subject that you're describing. At last, your conclusions must illustrate the relation between your thesis and everything you wrote in the body part

  5. Example of an expository essay: free download. On-line document store on

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